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North Carolina Museum of Art, Black Mountain College Research Project, Interviews


The Black Mountain College Research Project (BMCRP) was conducted by the North Carolina Museum of Art from May 1, 1970 - February 14, 1973 and funded primarily by two grants from the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH). The purpose of the project was to gather information and materials for an exhibit on Black Mountain College and its contributions to the arts in the United States.Interviews (Subseries 4) contains audio recordings and transcripts of interviews conducted by the Black Mountain College Research Project with former BMC students, faculty and related individuals.

Title

North Carolina Museum of Art, Black Mountain College Research Project, Interviews

Collection Number

61.12.4

Language

English

Physical Description
Boxes
39
Cubic feet
15.6
Abstract

The Black Mountain College Research Project (BMCRP) was conducted by the North Carolina Museum of Art from May 1, 1970 - February 14, 1973 and funded primarily by two grants from the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH). The purpose of the project was to gather information and materials for an exhibit on Black Mountain College and its contributions to the arts in the United States.

Interviews (Subseries 4) contains audio recordings and transcripts of interviews conducted by the Black Mountain College Research Project with former BMC students, faculty and related individuals.

Physical Location

For current information on the location ofthese materials, please consult the Western Regional Archives.

Creator

North Carolina Museum of Art

Repository

State Archives of North Carolina


Arranged by release status of interview and then alphabetically. Listening copies of taped interviews are located at the end of the subseries.


Available for research with some restrictions.


Copyright is retained by the authors of these materials, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law (Title 17 US Code). Individual researchers are responsible for using these materials in conformance with copyright law as well as any donor restrictions accompanying the materials.


Processed by Ashley Yandle, April 10, 2002

Encoded by Ashley Yandle, April 24, 2002

This collection was processed with the support of a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities. Mary Emma Harris served as a consultant during the period of the grant.

Revised by Ashley Yandle, September, 2004




[Identification of item], 61.12.4, North Carolina Museum of Art, Black Mountain College Research Project, Interviews, State Archives of North Carolina, Western Regional Archives, Asheville, NC, USA.


 [see series description] During March-April, 2012, these records were moved from the State Archives building in Raleigh to the Western Regional Archives, Asheville, N.C.


Additional information on topics found in this collection may be found in the Manuscript and Archives Reference System (MARS)  http://www.ncarchives.dcr.state.nc.us.

  1. Black Mountain College Records, 1933-1956  PC.1678, Martin Duberman Collection, 1933-1980  North Carolina Museum of Art, Black Mountain College Research Project [series description]

Interviews (Subseries 4) contains audio recordings and transcripts of interviews conducted by the Black Mountain College Research Project with former BMC students, faculty and related individuals. See the Administrative Files subseries for correspondence between interviewees and employees of the research project concerning interviews and interview releases. Some of these materials were not released before the project ended. Only released tapes or transcripts are available for research.

Arranged by release status of interview and then alphabetically. Listening copies of taped interviews are located at the end of the subseries.


Interviews (Subseries 4) contains audio recordings and transcripts of interviews conducted by the Black Mountain College Research Project with former BMC students, faculty and related individuals. See the Administrative Files subseries for correspondence between interviewees and employees of the research project concerning interviews and interview releases. Some of these materials were not released before the project ended. Only released tapes or transcripts are available for research.


  • Black Mountain College (Black Mountain, N.C.)
  • Art--Study and teaching--North Carolina--History--20th century.
  • Arts--Experimental methods.
  • College students--North Carolina--Social life and customs--20th century.
  • College teachers--North Carolina--Social life and customs--20th century.
  • Dance--Study and teaching--North Carolina--History--20th century.
  • Drama--Study and teaching--North Carolina--History--20th century.
  • Education, Humanistic.
  • Music--Instruction and study--North Carolina--History--20th century.
  • Universities and colleges--North Carolina--Curricula.

Box: 28  
Alexander, Paul --
Dec. 29, 1971

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: the G. I. Bill; painting at BMC in the 1950s; Joe Fiore; Ann Simone; Eloise Mixon; post-BMC move to New York and California; the last year of the college; student life; the college's isolation; food; living arrangements; the importance of painting and art.

28433
Ames, Winslow --
March 18, 1971

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: print exhibit; Erwin Bodky; John Cage; Josef Albers; Anni Albers; Peter Grippes; Satie Festival; student attitudes and discipline; living conditions; Richard Lippold; Theodore Dreier; Elaine and William de Kooning; Ames' lecture; polio epidemic; State University of Iowa.

28434
Amino, Leo --
Feb. 23, 1971

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: introduction of Amino to Albers through Leonard Schwartz; nature of sculpture class at BMC; comparison of college atmosphere during the two summers; BMC students; Josef Albers and Jackson Pollock's painting.

28435
Archer, Charles --
Dec. 18, 1971

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: value of "credentials" in education; direction to BMC through veterans' hospitals; influence of Charles Olson on BMC; Hazel-Frieda Larsen (Archer); money raising campaigns; college atmosphere and interpersonal relationships; H. McGuire Wood and his houses in Black Mountain; Natasha Goldowski.

28436
Atkinson, Stuart --
Dec. 3, 1971

Scope and Content

Photocopy of original corrected transcript. Subjects covered include: interest in BMC through articles; Elliott Merrick's writing class; M. C. Richards' writing class; Karl Niebyl and Julie Scheir; conflict between "artists" and "social science" students; BMC as prototype for "participatory democracy"; work program; relationship of BMC to the surrounding communities; John Wallen's classes; Bill Levi's courses; Atkinson's post-BMC work in psychology; influence of BMC on Atkinson; reading of captions from Atkinson's BMC scrapbook.

28437
Baermann, Walter P. --
Feb. 11, 1972

Scope and Content

Photocopy of original corrected transcript. Subjects covered include: Bearmann's theory of education; definition of "self-realization"; living in NC; BMC as an artificial existence; Baermann's teaching at Cranbrook and organizing the industrial design department; comparing BMC and Cranbrook; Lawrence Kocher; different educational theories; Chermayeff and design; furniture designing; local painting exhibitions; the opportunities at the NC State School of Design; "Bucky" Fuller as friend and designer.

28438
Baker, Betty --
Oct. 29, 1970

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: BMC 1954-1955; town (Black Mountain) impressions of the college; David Weinrib and Karen Karnes; the farm and faculty relationship; closing of the college; Charles Olson; Wesley Huss; the ceramics department.

28439
Barnhart, Raymond --
Dec. 6, 1971

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: Amedee Ozenfant and BMC painting; related painting by Barnhart; Josef Albers's classes; Jean Charlot's classes; Amedee Ozenfant's classes; informality of the college; comparison of the Institute of Design and BMC and the relationship between Moholy-Nagy and Albers; Jose de Creeft; Anni Albers; value of summer programs at BMC; influence of Albers and Moholy-Nagy on Barnhart's teaching; Summer Music Institute.

28440
Bauer, Marilyn (Greenwald) --
Oct. 18, 1971

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: Graduation examination under Marli Ehrmann; construction program; lodges; Jane Slater; relationship between Josef Albers and Anni Albers and students; contemporary value of weaving; Anni Albers's weaving class; activitites and objectives; interest in BMC through Cleveland Museum of Art; Roman Maciejczyk; problems and advantages of a small faculty; attitude toward the intellectual; Jose de Creeft bullfight burlesque; Alex "Bill" Reed; relationship to other experimental schools; Mary Gregory; description of student studies; Biltmore weavers.

28441
Bergman, Henry Porter, et al. --
Nov. 26, 1971

Scope and Content

Also know as the "Portland Group" tape. Interview also includes David C. Schauffler, Manuel Schauffler, John Wallen, Rachel Wallen, Harry W. Weitzer, Jr., (with participants Allen Schauffler, and Chrissie Weitzer). Subjects covered include: Henry Bergman's education background, application to and arrival at BMC; discussion by Harry Weitzer and Henry Bergman of Josef Albers's teaching methods and activities; Harry Weitzer's educational background and application to BMC; Henry Berman's experience as a student representative on the Board of Fellows; discussion by David Schauffler and others of Edward Lowinsky's teaching methods and his relationship with students; Charlotte Schlesinger's music class; Harry Weitzer's description of Lowinsky concert of Schutz in the African American church in Black Mountain; Louis Selders and music group; Mary Gregory's class in woodworking; development of Harry Weitzer's interest in woodworking; printing under James Tite; football game: "Cro-Magnons" vs. the "Sticky Attitutes"; Jean Varda; Greek Festival of the 1946 Summer Arts Institute; 1947 summer session; relationship between the arts and the social sciences; faculty salaries and living arrangements; John Wallen's educational and professional background and reasons for teaching at BMC; description by John Wallen of Ilya Bolotowsky's art classes.

28442
Bliss, Robert Lewis --
Nov. 22, 1971

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: BMC grading system; Louis Adamic article; service building; Edward DuPuy; Charles Godfrey; Studies Building; post-BMC study at MIT; Lawrence Kocher; Alex "Bill" Reed; BMC and Harvard; roofing of the Jalowetz House; Roy's; Josef Albers's classes; value of physical and intellectual work; University of Utah architectural program; John Rice.

28443
Bolotowsky, Ilya and Elvine R. Magruder (V. V. Rankine) --
Aug. 16, 1971

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: Bolotowsky's coming to BMC; group of American abstract artists; Bolotowsky's classes; Bolotowsky's students; veterans at BMC; Max Dehn; Fritz Hansgirg; William Levi as rector; Ted Dreier; Franziska Mayer; Mary Gregory; John Wallen; community factions; financial support by the Dreiers and the Forbes; Natasha Goldowski; Bolotowsky's visit to Chapel Hill; nature of community of BMC; black students; work program; Charles Bell; evaluation of BMC education; grading system; effect of the size of the community; creative potential of students.

Box: 29  
Borregaard, Ebbe and Paul Alexander --
Dec. 29, 1971

Scope and Content

Photocopy of original corrected transcript. Subjects covered include: physical condition of BMC at its closing; Borregaard's application to BMC and his arrival; movement to San Francisco after the closing; BMC "initiation"; Joseph Fiore; Grey Stone; Basil King; Joy Aiken.

28445
Breeskin, Aydelyn --
Nov. 14, 1971

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: Jean Charlot's Studies Building frescoes; Josef Albers's classes; Heinrich Jalowetz and the music program; faculty and students; Blue Ridge campus; Amedee Ozenfant, Albers and the Bauhaus atmosphere; M. C. Richards; pottery; Anni Albers's weaving; relationship between arts and crafts; Franz Kline; the BMC program in general.

28446
Brown, Samuel Emmons --
Feb. 1, 1972

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: Edward "Jimmie" Jamieson; Brown's educational background; curriculum at BMC; music faculty; Frederic Cohen; influence of Arnold Schoenberg; Heinrich Jalowetz; 1944 faculty crisis; Gashouse Gang; faculty ownership of the college; St. John's College; Edward Lowinsky; importance to BMC of the European immigration; music students; Ruthabeth Krueger; graduation process at BMC; BMC parties; William Robert Wunsch; Brown's post-BMC professional activities.

28447
Burchard, Charles --
Oct. 12, 1971

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: educational background at Harvard; faculty candidate, 1945; 1948 Summer Session in the Arts; Burchard's class at BMC; summer faculty; Buckminster Fuller's class; Willem de Kooning; interaction between faculty and students; VPI curriculum; Walter Gropius at Harvard; comparison of School of Design at Harvard and BMC; Peter Grippe.

28448
Burchard, John E. --
March 25, 1971

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: BMC construction; Robert Bliss; community conflicts; BMC Advisory Board; A. Lawrence Kocher as an educator and architect; Josef Albers; Theodore Dreier; proposal for a guest house; effectiveness of democratic government; problems with BMC student trying to transfer to universities; Anni Albers; value and influence of a BMC education.

28449
Burns, Terrence Frank and Mona Stea (Burns) --
March 16, 1971

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: atmosphere at the college in 1953; Joseph Fiore's classes; 1952 Pottery Seminar; John Cage and David Tudor; car accident involving Thomas Field; the farm; Flola Shepard; writing classes with Charles Olson, Robert Creeley and Robert Hellman; BMC drama productions and Wesley Huss; Tony Landreau and the weaving program; Creeley's writing; BMC and New York connections.

28450
Burns, Terrence Frank and Mona Stea (Burns) --
March 17, 1971

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include:  Midsummer Night's Dream production; Harvey Harmon; the closing of the college; drama productions; community life; Edward Dorn; John Wieners; post-BMC activities.

28451
Callahan, Harry --
March 16, 1971

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: Hazel-Frieda Larsen (Archer); Aaron Siskind; Arthur Siegel; class structure; the Institute of Design; Jonathan Williams; college atmosphere;  Black Mountain Review.

28452
Caviani, Louis J. --
Nov. 12, 1971

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: invitation from Buckminster Fuller for Caviani to attend BMC; cable-tubular structure erected in Chicago, 1948-1949; architectural project undertaken at BMC; dome projects by Don and Bob Richter and Jeff Lindsay; dwelling unit developed by Fuller and students at the Institute of Design, 1948-1949; college atmosphere.

28453
Chamberlain, Marcia Russell --
Dec. 20, 1971

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: Chamberlain's academic and professional background; classes; freedom and responsibility of students; Robert Motherwell and Aaron Siskind; post-BMC activities.

28454
Cole, Dorothy Lawrence (Ruddick) and Elvine R. Magruder (V. V. Rankine) --
May 12, 1971

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: Cole at Radcliffe and transfer to BMC; comparison of the regular sessions with the summer sessions; Heinrich Jalowetz and the music department; Josef Albers's classes; Jean Varda; Ilya Bolotowsky's influence on Kenneth Noland; opinions of BMC and the effect of the college on students; M. C. Richards; Arthur Penn; Mary Gregory; set design; paper constructions; visiting faculty and students from Harvard's architecture program; Josef Alber's opinion of BMC; politics at BMC; William Levi; post-BMC activities; speculations over the closing of BMC; faculty factions in the late forties; isolation of BMC; Stony Point.

28455
Corkran, David III and Howard Rondthaler --
Nov. 27, 1971

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: H. Rondthaler's educational background; Theodore Rondthaler's job as treasurer, etc.; connections between Reed College and BMC; ages of Corkran children at BMC; faculty children's memories of the college; David Corkran's relationship to the college community; Max Dehn and mountain hikes; Levi-Trayer fight; attitudes of local people toward the college; D. Corkran III's educational and professional background; Karl Niebyl and Julius Scheir's political activities at BMC; Peek's Tavern.

28456
Cullis, Mary Irene --
Oct. 29, 1970

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: 1944 Summer Art Institute; art department; Josef Albers's classes; Bernard Rudofsky; Anni Albers; Belle Boas; Barbara Morgan.

Box: 30  
de Staebler, Stephen --
Dec. 13, 1971

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: de Staebler's interest in BMC through Fielding Dawson in St. Louis; Fielding Dawson; Robert Motherwell's class and his attempt to dissuade de Staebler from artistic pursuits; Ben Shahn's class; de Staebler paintings from BMC; education at Princeton and professional background; Nick Cernovich; Joseph Fiore; Mary Fitton; Charles Olson; Cy Twombly; Robert Rauschenberg's painting at BMC; Ben Shahn's painting at the college; Peter Voulkos; de Staebler's sculpture.

28458
DuPuy, Edward --
June 13, 1971

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: work as a carpenter and photographer; framing of Josef Albers's paintings; woodworking as taught by DuPuy at BMC; construction of chair designed by Albers; relationship between the town of Black Mountain and the college; Albers's painting,  "There hang the heavens full of fiddles"; Poteat House, use of "slump brick"; photographing Karen Karnes and David Weinrib, their pottery, and the Pot Shop; batter bowl by Karen Karnes; crafts of western North Carolina and surrounding states; DuPuy's book on craftsmen.

28459
Fick, George Leroy and Cynthia Homire Metcalf (Fick) --
Feb. 4, 1972

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: graduation of Fick with examination by Franz Kline; graduation of Ed Dorn; suicide attempts during the summer of 1955; nature of Fick's painting at BMC; Joseph Fiore; Cynthia Homire's interest in BMC through Jane Slater; Fick's friendship with Robert Creeley; Creeley at BMC; the 1955 car wreck involving Thomas Field; the American scene in the 1950s; the Pottery Seminar; relationship between Charles Olson and Franz Kline; Kline's paintings as "idiograms"; Charles Olson's basic tenets; Fielding Dawson; Norman Solomon; Neo-Dada; Fick's role in bringing Cass Tech students to BMC; the closing of BMC; comparison between the early 1930s college and the 1950s college; effect of the atom bomb on historical perspective.

28460
Fletcher, Norman --
March 30, 1971

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: the Architects' Collaborative and designs for the Lake Eden campus; dormitory designs; Josef Albers; community involvement in the plans for the new campus; Mary Gregory.

28461
Florsheim, Claire (Zeisler) --
Nov. 8, 1971

Scope and Content

Photocopy of original corrected transcript.

Photocopy of original corrected transcript. Subjects covered include: Josef Albers's teaching method and personality; general atmosphere of BMC; Jacob Lawrence; relationship between the college and the surrounding community; Florsheim's studies at Columbia and the Institute of Design.

28462
Fuller, R. Buckminster --
Oct. 3, 1971

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include:  Ruse of the Medusa directed by Arthur Penn; Clemens Kalischer's photographs of the production; Fuller's view of the history of BMC; Theodore Dreier; Charles Olson; Fuller's association with North Carolina State College in Raleigh; 1949 Summer Institute, Fuller as director, building domes with students from the Institute of Design; Josef Albers's classes; tensegrity and Kenneth Snelson; "The Finishing School," John Cage and Merce Cunningham; Ruth Asawa; Mary Phelan Outten; Natasha Goldowski.

28463
Godfrey, Eugene and Mary Jo Slick (Godfrey) --
Nov. 24, 1971

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: Ruth Asawa and the Asawa family; domes and other architectural projects undertaken by Buckminster Fuller and students at the Institute of Design (1948-1949) and by that same group at BMC during the 1949 Summer Institute; conflicts between Fuller's group and BMC faculty and students; parties; faculty brought to BMC by Fuller; Kenneth Snelson and tensegrity; geodesic projects undertaken by the Godfreys; the Institute of Design during Fuller's time; Arch Evan; Hazel-Frieda Larsen (Archer); Frank Eisendrath; Piet Swiestra; Don and Bob Richter; post-BMC activities; Bill Asawa; Harold Young; Warren Paul "Pete" Jennerjahn; the reputation of Josef Albers; evaluation of the summer at BMC.

28464
Goldberg, Bertrand --
Nov. 4, 1971

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: Josef Albers's emphasis on "seeing"; Goldberg's background at Harvard and the School of Landscape Architecture; recommendation to Bauhaus by Frost; Albers's work at Bauhaus; plans for rammed-earth studio at BMC as memorial to Goldberg's first wife, Claire; Goldberg's recommendation of Buckminster Fuller to BMC in the summer of 1948; Albers's use of the square at Bauhaus; influence of Anni Albers on her husband; Albers's house at Black Mountain; Goldberg's Albers paintings.

28465
Goldsmith, Nell (Heyns) --
Feb. 11, 1972

Scope and Content

Photocopy of original corrected transcript. Subjects covered include: when and how Nell Goldsmith went to BMC; faculty members and courses at BMC; the work program; construction of the Music Cubicle; Lawrence Kocher; Anni Albers's weaving class; senior division examination; Josef Albers's drawing class; BMC atmosphere during World War II; fellow students' contact with the world outside BMC; two songs for student productions, other productions; kitchen workers.

Box: 31  
Gregory, Mary "Molly" --
March 31, 1971

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: how Gregory came to BMC; Josef Albers's class; building the Jalowetz House; Lawrence Kocher; Gregory's teaching style; construction projects at the Lake Eden campus; the BMC farm; The Architects Collaborative's plan for the Studies Building; fundraising efforts; Alexander "Bill" Reed and the Quiet House; Quakers; the BMC community and atmosphere; comparison of regular school year with the Summer Institutes; post-BMC activities at the Woodstock Country School and Concord Academy; BMC as a learning experience; faculty as administrators; Heinrich Jalowetz; integration of the college.

28467
Guermonprez, Trude (Elsesser) --
Dec. 8, 1971

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: Guermonprez's immigration to the U.S.; educational background in German; the weaving program at BMC; Guermonprez's weaving at BMC; weaving students; Anni Albers's philosophy of weaving; the BMC community, social life; race issues; post-BMC activities at Pond Farm; Heinrich and Johanna Jalowetz; Josef Albers's lack of interest in ceramics.

28468
Halpern, Ruth van Frank (Sicular) --
Dec. 23, 1971

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: how Halpern came to BMC; atmosphere at BMC; the issue of homosexuality at the 1950 Summer Session; post-BMC interest in drama and puppets.

28469
Harris, Hazel (Robinson) --
Oct. 27, 1970

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: Bernard Rudofsky's dress-making class; Josef Albers's classes; Drama department productions; BMC community life; Jean Charlot's murals on the Studies Building's pylons; Jose de Creeft.

28470
Harrison, Lou --
Jan. 5, 1972

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: how Harrison came to teach at BMC; Mills College summer programs; Harrison's educational and professional background; the BMC community; music department at BMC; Harrison's  Repunzel, opera composed at BMC; John Cage and David Tudor; Harrison's sketches by Franz Kline; Bill Masselos; importance of twelve tone method to music education; isolation at BMC; art department at BMC in the early 1950s; Robert Rauschenberg; Jonathan Williams and a publication for Jargon by Harrison.

28471
Haugaard, Dan --
April 10, 1971

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: Windsor Mountain School connection with BMC; Joseph Fiore and Warren Paul "Pete" Jennerjahn; BMC faculty; personality conflicts; influence of Josef Albers at BMC after his departure from the college; comparison between the regular school year and the summer sessions; Theodoros Stamos and Leo Amino; reasons for leaving BMC; comparison between the early 1930s college and the 1950s college; value of BMC; Bauhaus.

28472
Hawley, Robert --
Jan. 5, 1972

Scope and Content

Photocopy of original corrected transcript.

Photocopy of original corrected transcript. Subjects covered include: Charles Olson as poet and teacher; BMC community and atmosphere in 1956; closing of the college and the condition of the campus; Oyez Press; the publication of Olson's  Special View of History and Ann Charters;  Black Mountain Review.

28473
Herlihy, James Leo --
Nov. 13, 1972

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: Herlihy's interest in BMC through a friend in the Navy; tuition situation at BMC; Herlihy's interest in writing and psychology; Ilya Bolotowsky's drawing class; value of BMC, quality of the faculty; attitudes towards sex at BMC; M. C. Richards "Reading" and "Writing" classes; Herlihy's writing style and the styles of other BMC students; preference for the avant-garde and conformity at BMC; Isaac Rosenfeld's attempt to discourage Herlihy from writing; Arthur Penn; acting and writing plays; Leo Krikorian; importance of BMC to Herlihy; visit to BMC in the summer of 1953; Charles Olson; drama productions;  Ruse of Medusa; flexibility of course structure; English grammer with Theodore Rondthaler; George Leonard's  Education for Ecstasy; work program; personality conflicts; validity of BMC as an educational environment; Lyle Bonge; Jose M. Gonzales y Zayas; visit by Anais Nin.

Box: 32  
Herrmann, Jacqueline (Gourevitch) --
March 13, 1971

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: Hazel-Frieda Larsen's photography; Andy Oates; Theodoros Stamos's teaching style; Kenneth Noland; Clement Greenberg's class; art department; dance and music programs; art education; destructive qualities of BMC; reasons for leaving BMC; Paul Goodman; visit to BMC in 1954; community life; Mervin Lane; Joan Stack; construction of the Science Building.

28475
Holl, Harry William --
April 15, 1971

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: 1947 Summer Session; Herbert Miller; sculpture shed; Josef Albers and Ilya Bolotowsky; faculty factions and personality conflicts in the college community; Holl and Fritz Hansgirg's experiments with color; John Wallen's course on group dynamics; the Estacade, Oregon commune; social activism at BMC; Bolotowsky's class and students; Holl's sculpture course; Raymond Thayer; Natasha Goldowski; BMC curriculum; student life; attitudes towards sex and relationships at BMC; issue of BMC becoming an art school; printing press; Minimum House; Holl's slides.

28476
Jennerjahn, Elizabeth Schmitt and Warren P. "Pete" Jennerjahn --
March 25, 1972

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: Educational background of W.P. Jennerjahn; comparison of BMC with other educational experiences; Josef Albers's classes; resignations of Albers and Theodore Dreier; Light, Sound, Movement Workshop; W.P. Jennerjahn's percussion class; E.S. Jennerjahn's interest in BMC; dances and the dance department; 1949-50 faculty; N. O. Pittinger; faculty salaries; the role of college staff; Camp Hill communities; print shop; fire drills; the Jennerjahn's resignation from BMC; post-BMC educational and professional activities.

28477
Kalischer, Clemens --
June 7, 1972

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: Kalischer's visit to Stefan Wolpe at BMC in the 1950s; nature of the college in the 1950s; visit to Beaumont Newhall at BMC in 1948; photographs made at BMC; nature of the college during the 1948 Summer Session in the Arts; Buckminster Fuller; James Tite; Dick Spahn.

28478
Karnes, Karen --
April 9, 1972

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: Karnes educational background at Brooklyn College and Alfred; invitation to teach at BMC; 1946 Summer Art Institute and Josef Albers's class; Bauhaus people at Brooklyn College; relationship of Karnes and David Weinrib to the college, financial arrangements; Karnes and Weinrib's work at BMC; outlets for pottery sales; locations of some pots done at the college; Jack Rice and David Weinrib's addition to the Pot Shop; Edward DuPuy's photographs; John Cage's "happening" at BMC; pageant in celebration of Wesley Huss's birthday; Stefan Wolpe; faculty and students at BMC in the 1950s; Charles Olson; 1952 Pottery Seminar; the 1953 Summer Session potters: Warren Mackenzie, Peter Voulkos, and Daniel Rhodes; ceramics at BMC; post college transition problems for potters; 1953-54 school year, closing of the Dining Hall and Studies Building; Stony Point (Gate Hill Cooperative).

28479
Lane, Mervin Louis --
Jan. 10, 1972

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: the work program; atmosphere at the college; influence of the BMC building program; Herb Cable; BMC as a practical existence; 1970s communes; isolation at BMC; San Francisco area alumni; type of people attracted to BMC; descriptions of faculty members; Josef Albers; Edward Lowinsky; printing press; visit by the Fellowship of Reconciliation; Anais Nin; James "Jimmie" Tite; poetry readings with patients at a local hospital; variety of experiences and events at BMC; June Rice Lane; closeness of the community; Charles Olson; writing poetry; Lane's post-BMC activities; Paul Goodman; Lane's experiences teaching children; Ruth Asawa; Nicholas Muzenic burning his painting; the importance of environment to artists; lack of structure at BMC; calligraphy; Lane's photographs; Charles Bloomstein; Mary "Mickey" Miller; the influence of western North Carolina on BMC students.

28480
Leighton, Claire --
March 10, 1971

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: Leighton's visit to BMC during the 1944 Summer Art Institute; Alfred Kazin's class; BMC atmosphere and faculty members; Duke Art Department in the early 1940s; Josef Albers; how Leighton came to North Carolina.

28481
Levine, Josephine (Sporn) --
Oct. 25, 1971

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: Jean Varda's class; Josef Albers's design and color classes; Sporn's switch from painting to crafts; Trojan horse and the Greek party; students and faculty during the 1946 Summer Art Institute; student freedom and responsibility; comparison of the teaching styles of Josef Albers and Hans Hofmann; Sporn's education at Wayne State and work as a craftsman; experience in Asheville with African American students; Bernard Rudofsky's sandals.

28482
Levy, Jerrold --
Nov. 30, 1971

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: Levy's interest in BMC through his step-father, Herbert Bayer; Levy's interest in the arts and switch to academic subjects; Arthur Penn's drama productions; comparison of Ilya Bolotowsky's class and Willem de Kooning's class; creative writing at BMC in the late 1940s; printing press under the direction of James Tite; comparison of the regular sessions with the summer sessions; debate between John Cage and Erwin Bodky over Beethoven; Buckminster Fuller and his domes; Levy and Richard Negro's spoofing of modern poetry; photography at BMC; freedom and the nature of classes; Theodore Dreier's class; Natasha Goldowski; importance of BMC to the later achievements of students; type of students attracted to BMC and the decline of the college; Levy's post-BMC graduate work in anthropology at the University of Chicago; BMC students and the student list.

Box: 33  
Lippold, Richard --
June 5, 1972

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: Lippold's introduction for Josef Albers's  Homage to the Square series; invitation for Lippold to participate in the 1948 Summer Session in the Arts; professional background at Goddard College; art exchange between Lippold and Anni Albers; Lippold series  "Variations on a Sphere" and  "Devotions"; Louise Lippold; Satie Festival; balance between freedom and discipline at BMC; faculty factions, Josef Albers's departure and the college's closing; relationship between Albers's work and that of Robert Rauschenberg and Ray Johnson; the Lippold hearse; shared interests of Lippold and John Cage; evolution of Cage's philosophy; importance of chance elements to the philosophy and work of Cage and Lippold; Buckminster Fuller; James Leo Herlihy; Cage's connection with Paul Williams and the Stony Point (Gate Hill Cooperative) community; Ray Johnson; the value of BMC to Lippold; the Art Institute of Chicago; graduation examination of Vera Williams; Lippold's experiences sharing studios with Johnson and Cage; Robert Rauschenberg; Merce Cunningham; Hazel-Frieda Larsen's photographs; role of Miriam Willard and Katherine Kuh in art dealing; New York galleries of the 1940s and 1950s.

28484
Lynch, Patricia (Davenport Wood) --
Jan. 20, 1972

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: the  Mademoiselle article about BMC; BMC attitude towards learning; John Evarts; the drafting of the male students in World War II; BMC curriculum; parties, skits and entertainment; BMC students as forerunners of students of the 1960s; drama productions and drama competitions in Chapel Hill; Mary Gregory; importance of the college's natural surroundings; importance of BMC to the European refugees and vice versa; M. C. Richards and William Albert Levi; the music faculty; Heinrich Jalowetz; the Surette Music Library; Edward Lowinsky; John Cage and the Satie Festival; the "feud" between Cage and Erwin Bodky; atmosphere at BMC; post-BMC professional activities; William Robert Wunsch as rector; Stony Point (Gate Hill Cooperative); Wood's interest in early music.

28485
Magruder, Elvine R. (V. V. Rankine) --
Feb. 19, 1971

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: Rankine's visit to Jean Varda at the 1946 Summer Art Institute; Arshile Gorky; Amedee Ozenfant's drawing of the BMC landscape; Josef Albers as a teacher; relationship between Rankine and the Dreier family; Jean Varda; Kenneth Noland; summer faculty and students in1946; Albers and Lazlo Moholy-Nagy; 1948 Summer Session in the Arts and the Satie Festival; Buckminster Fuller's classes and projects; Willem de Kooning's classes; summer faculty and students in 1948; square dances, dishwashing competition, BMC breakfast, and community life; former BMC students in Europe and Washington, D.C.; Josef Albers's reaction to the closing of BMC; costume parties.

28486
Marquis, Lucian C. and Elizabeth Jane Slater (Marquis) --
Jan. 18, 1972

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: Heinrich Jalowetz; the search for "community" and "wholeness"; Richard Gothe; Marquis on Josef Albers; Gashouse Gang; Erwin Walter Straus as a teacher and psychologist; music concerts; Marquis's educational background in Europe and immigration to the United States; freedom and structure in a college community; value of a BMC education; Eric Bentley; Jerry Wolpert; isolation of BMC and relationship to the surrounding community; "enemy aliens" and Marquis's attempt to enlist during World War II; post-BMC professional and educational activities.

28487
Marquis, Lucian C. and Elizabeth Jane Slater (Marquis) --
Jan. 23, 1972

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: Maurovsky's post-BMC activities teaching art; applying to BMC and the type of students at the college in the late 1940s; Ilya Bolotowsky; Josef Albers; Arthur Penn; visiting artists and the art department; student exhibitions; studios; "Mush Day"; work program and college buildings; relationship between the artist and the natural environment at BMC; Stony Point (Gate Hill Cooperative); factions and the atmosphere at BMC; conflict between middle class family values and the freedom of BMC; relationships between the faculty and students; Masurovsky's theories on teaching and art education; comparison of Albers and Bolotowsky's teaching styles; art classes at BMC; John Wallen; M. C. Richards; the work program and the carpentry crew; people that Masurovsky knew at BMC; play by William Saroyan; John Cage concert; Gustave Falk's study; African American students; Peek's Tavern; John Wallen's teaching method; individual expression and the closing of the college.

28488
Masurovsky, Gregory --
Oct. 9, 1972

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: Miller's interest in BMC through UCLA students and Herb Cable; folk music; nature of the college community; Josef Albers's class; Ilya Bolotowsky's class; Asheville area folk songs recorded by Mary Ellen "Mickey" Miller for Folkways Records; freedom at BMC; work program and a typical day at the college; Herb Cable; post-BMC activities at UCLA; Topanga Center and Escalen; Miller's continuing associations with BMC students.

28489
Miller, Mary Ellan --
Jan. 12 1972

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: Miller's interest in BMC through UCLA students and Herb Cable; folk music; nature of the college community; Josef Albers's class; Ilya Bolotowsky's class; Asheville area folk songs recorded by Mary Ellen "Mickey" Miller for Folkways Records; freedom at BMC; work program and a typical day at the college; Herb Cable; post-BMC activities at UCLA; Topanga Center and Escalen; Miller's continuing associations with BMC students.

Box: 34  
Mollenhoff, Fritz --
Nov. 4, 1971

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: Moellenhof's application to the college through the Albers; friendship with the Albers in Germany; Josef Albers as a teacher and artist; Moellenhoff's psychology course at BMC; Xanti Schawinsky; freedom and structure in the community; relationship between John Rice and Josef Albers; post-BMC professional activities.

28491
Morgan, Barbara --
May 12, 1972

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: BMC exhibit of Morgan's work; J. B. Neumann; Morgan's educational and professional background at UCLA and interest in photography; Morgan's photography class during the 1944 Summer Art Institute; atmosphere at BMC; photographing of the Albert Barnes Collection; the Museum of Modern Art.

28492
Mulholland, Roderick Louis, et al. --
Nov. 28, 1971

Scope and Content

Also includes Henry Porter Bergman and Dorothy Elizabeth Raattama (Bergman). Subjects covered include: Mulholland's ambitions as a writer and his interest in BMC through Herb Cable; Herb Cable and his novel; M. C. Richards's class; other writing students; Mulholland's experiences in carpentry; John Wallen; Albert William Levi; organization at BMC of the Viewpoint Community; the Viewpoint Community in Oregon; type of person attracted to BMC; graduation at BMC and the value of a degree; Mulholland's experiences with Harry Weitzer and the Viewpoint Workshop; the value and nature of the BMC experience; freedom at BMC; Robert Walcott's class; Max Dehn's class; North Carolina insects; Julius Scheir and Karl Niebyl and their political involvement at BMC; integration at BMC; trips to Asheville; quality of food at BMC; students and college life; Lake Eden campus buildings.

28493
Nakagawa, Masato --
Nov. 8, 1971

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: invitation by Buckminster Fuller to attend the 1949 Summer Institute; architectural projects undertaken during the summer; atmosphere at BMC; isolation of the Institute of Design group; Nakagawa's career as a designer.

28494
Newhall, Beaumont and Nancy --
January 30, 1972

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: Museum of Modern Art and an invitation from Josef Albers to teach at BMC; the Greek party during the 1946 Summer Art Institute; faculty salaries; photography courses in 1946, 1947, and 1948; building a dark room at BMC; Buckminster Fuller's domes; food at BMC and "Mush Day"; photographs taken by the Newhalls at BMC; Josef Albers's class; second edition of Beaumont Newhall's History of Photography; Max and Toni Dehn; atmosphere at BMC; 1948 attempts to reorganize the college; letters written by the Newhalls at BMC to Nancy Newhall's mother; the music department.

28495
Noble, Suzanne (Gordon) and Emil Willimetz --
April 17, 1971

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: experimental schools; Blue Ridge Campus; how Noble and Willimetz became students at BMC; scholarships; difficulties in graduate school after BMC; educational theory at BMC; examination system at BMC; Noble's student study; Josef Albers; John Rice; Mendez Marks and college songs; Frances Goldman; Harriet Engelhardt; the Schawinskys and the Mollenhoffs; drama productions,  "Macbeth"; Fernand Leger; visitors to the college; St. Johns; Heinrich Jalowetz; Naomi Doniger; Thomas Wolfe's mother at BMC; the print shop, David Way, Stephen Forbes, and Bob Haase; Eva Zhitlowsky (Milton); drama productions; Josef Albers's Werklehre class; costume parties; Paco and Fernando Leon; refugees at BMC; Richard Gothe and the work camp; post-BMC activities.

28496
Oppenheimer, Joel --
June 10, 1972

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: Oppenheimer's interest in BMC through Vera Williams; Art Students League; "Cowboy and Indian War" at BMC; Oppenheimer's decision to drop painting as a career choice in favor or writing; the print shop; Charles Olson's estate and the University of Connecticut; Guy Fielding "Fee" Dawson; advice on contacting Nick Cernovich, Joseph Fiore, and Mary Fitton Fiore; M. C. Richard's writing class; Olson's writing class; Olson as a teacher and community member; Peek's Tavern; curriculum in the 1950's; Jargon #2 and the Sad Devil Press; BMC broadsides; BMC baseball games; Ezra Pound,  "The Cantos," and their importance at BMC; the confrontation between Albert William Levi and Raymond Trayer; Paul Goodman's class and Reichian exercises; Eleanor Roosevelt's visit; educational freedom and structure at BMC; Paul Leser's anthropology class; the strengths of the college; reasons for leaving BMC; John McCandless;  The Dutiful Son and Oppenheimer's visit to BMC to read poems; the relationship between Robert Creeley and Charles Olson; relationship of Oppenheimer's writing to Olson's writing; physical condition of the campus and its relationship to education; financial problems and the "okra summer"; the closing of the college.

Box: 35  
Outten, Warren, et al. --
Dec. 13, 1971

Scope and Content

Also includes Albert Lanier, Ruth Asawa (Lanier), and Polly Outten. Subjects covered include: Outten's background in St. Louis and other St. Louis students at BMC; construction of Minimum House; the work program in the late 1940s; Theodore Dreier and Albert William Levi as rectors; Buckminster Fuller's architecture class and venetian blind dome; the Institute of Design in Chicago; Josef Albers's class, Joseph Fiore, and the manure matiere; Bob Abell; Otten and Konrad Wachsmann at the Institute of Design; Eleanor Roosevelt's visit to BMC; students and staff at BMC in the late 1940s.

28498
Page, Don --
Dec. 8. 1970

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: weaving at BMC under Anni Albers; fabric sample designed by Page at BMC; relationship of the college to N.C. mills and weavers; Page's summer job with the WPA weaving program in N.C. and Georgia; 1938 Bauhaus exhibit at the Museum of Modern Art; importance of music and art at BMC; Xanti Schawinsky's teaching style and drama productions; Robert Wunsch's drama productions; Irene Schawinsky's clothing designs; Page's application to Harvard after BMC; Lawrence Kocher as a teacher and architect; construction of the Studies Building; Charles Godfrey; Alexander "Bill" Reed; Claude Stoller and the roofing of the Jalowetz House.

28499
Phelan, Mary (Outten Bowles) --
Dec. 21, 1971

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: Phelan's interest in BMC through Robert Wunsch's visit to the John Burroughs School; the cultural variety in the BMC student body; Edward Lowinsky's class; Albert William Levi's class; Josef Alber's classes; M. C. Richard's classes and role on campus; BMC as a "hippie community"; Peggy Bennett (Cole); Josef Albers as a teacher; Ilya Bolotowsky; Mary "Molly" Gregory; the work program; changes in the college community after World War II; Karl Niebyl and his political followers; polarization of community factions; 1946 Summer Art Institute; Jean Varda's class and his role on campus; costumes for the Greek party; comparison of Albers and Varda; Jacob Lawrence; 1948 Summer Session in the Arts; post-BMC activities and interest.

28500
Pinchuk, Rene C. --
Dec. 21, 1971

Scope and Content

Photocopy of original corrected transcript. Subjects covered include: Pinchuk's interest in BMC through Ray Johnson; BMC students from Detroit's Cass Technical High School; Jean Varda as a teacher; Jacob Lawrence's class; Josef Albers's class; atmosphere at BMC; the Studies Building; the 1946 Summer Art Institute; Jean Varda, his role at BMC and at Sausalito; post-BMC educational and professional activities; comparison of BMC to Cranbrook Academy and other schools; travel by Southern Railway to Black Mountain; Ray Johnson; limited art market in the United States and related problems for the artist.

28501
Reckendorf, Angelica --
Oct. 26, 1970

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: Studies Building; Reckendorf's experiences in Germany; pre-BMC experiences in New York; scholarship to UNC, 1945; teaching art at Pembroke College; 1952 Pottery Seminar at BMC; classes at Pembroke; Horace McGuire Wood; international textile exhibit in Greensboro; Lamar Dodd.

Box: 36  
Regensteiner, Else --
Nov. 3, 1971

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: background in weaving at the Institute of Design and the Art Institute of Chicago; Marli Ehrmann; the BMC weaving program under Anni Albers; Josef Albers's design and color classes; Marilyn Bauer as a student instructor in weaving; Regensteiner's designs for industrial production and pictorial weavings; value of the Studies Building; back-strap loom at BMC; commissions for work by Ehrmann or Regensteiner; the Elm Shop.

28503
Rhodes, Daniel --
Oct. 20, 1971

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: 1953 Summer Session students and faculty; pottery classes; water pageant by David Weinrib and M. C. Richards; costume party; David Tudor concert of Pierre Boulez and John Cage compositions; conflict over modern and classical music; Charles Olson, his speaking abilities and role at the college; general atmosphere, living conditions and the physical decline of the campus; Esteban Vicente's class; influence of BMC visit on Rhodes's work; snakes; Rhodes's interest in Vincente's work; the Pot Shop and Jack Rice's addition to it; Karen Karnes and David Weinrib's work at BMC; Natasha Goldowski; Marie Murelius, weaving instructor; Nell Rice; the loss of the college's farm; beauty of the surrounding area; 1952 Pottery Seminar.

28504
Rice, Jack Edward and Barbara Stone Rice --
Jan. 12, 1972

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: Jack Rice's interest in BMC through a friend in the Marine Corps; application of Jack and Dan Rice to the college; Social Science department; Edward Dahlberg; Charles Olson's class, 1948-49; the Rice's arrival and first impressions of BMC in 1948; the influence of faculty ownership on the atmosphere at the college; resignations of Josef Albers and Theodore Dreier and the transition away from Bauhaus influence; Jack Rice's studies in Anthropology at BMC; dramatization of Federico Garcia-Lorca's  "Lament for Ignacio Sanchez Mejias"; Jack Rice's return to BMC as a faculty member in 1952; grades and structure at BMC; Jack Rice's job as "Student Work Coordinator"; the building of the tobacco barn and the expansion of the Pot Shop; the Rice's activities between 1949 and 1952; the Studies Building; evaluation of the physical facilities at BMC; Olson's attempt to turn the college into a performing arts center and artists' community; Paul Williams; lack of financial support; Jack Rice's resignation; Peter Voulkos;  "New Sciences of Man" seminar; Jack Rice's post-BMC professional activities as a stonemason.

28505
Roberts, Richard Edwin and Janet Heling (Roberts) --
Nov. 24, 1971

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: Josef and Anni Albers; Dr. Miller and the Black Mountain Survey; Heling's job as dietician; Alfred Kazin; Eric Bentley and the 1944 faculty crisis; the mica mine; descriptions of faculty members and students, 1943-47; Mary Gregory and wood working; integration at BMC; Christmas play performed in Asheville by BMC students; community life at the college; Karl H. Niebyl; Freedom Riders; interaction between the college and the Black Mountain community; Peggy Bennett; touch football; the work program; Theodore Dreier; the emotional atmosphere at the college; the affect of the GI students on BMC; the type of student attracted to the college; the Roberts's connections with BMC alumni; post-BMC activities; the encouragement of art at BMC; the possibility of a new BMC.

28506
Robertson, Ronald --
Jan. 11, 1972

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: Robertson's interest in BMC through classmates from Cass Technical High School; 1951 summer session; BMC class "Critique of Sources"; conflict between Ben Shahn and Aaron Siskind; Shahn's painting at BMC; Robert Motherwell's class and painting; Aaron Siskind and Harry Callahan's photography classes; work program; cutting timber to raise money for the college; lack of students for the 1951 fall semester; Joseph Fiore's class; descriptions of faculty members and students; Kafka's  Trial preformed at BMC with music by David Tudor and Lou Harrison; atmosphere at the college; "group letter" to Marvin Daniels; Kenneth Chorley; post-BMC professional and educational activities.

Box: 37  
Schawinsky, Xanti

Scope and Content

Essay in lieu of interview. Subjects covered include: pre-BMC activities; arrival at BMC; Schawinsky's drawing and "Stage Studies" classes; atmosphere at the college; race relations; John A. Rice; Schawinsky's involvement with the music and drama departments;  Spectodrama: Play, Life and Illusion; plans for the Lake Eden campus; 1937 trip to Massachusetts;  The Danse Macabre: A Sociological Study;  Mondo Nova; conflict between Josef Albers and John Rice; Schawinsky's resignation from BMC; post-BMC activities.

28508
Sihvonen, Eine Irene --
March 13, 1971

Scope and Content

Photocopy of original corrected transcript. Subjects covered include: Josef Albers's classes; Trude Guermonprez; atmosphere at the college; Eine Sihvonen's class studies for Albers's classes; BMC class "Geometry for Artists."

28509
Sihvonen, Joan Couch (Loveless) --
April 10, 1971

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: educational theories at BMC; Joan Sihvonen's experiences teaching at Georgetown Day School; Josef Albers's classes; Anni Albers's weaving class; Max Dehn; Oli Sihvonen; Harriet Engelhardt Textile Collection; Joan Sihvonen's recent teaching experiences; community life at BMC; intensity and isolation of BMC; John Cage and Merce Cunningham; faculty members and curriculum; descriptions of students; Ruth Asawa; Theodore and Bobbie Dreier; Heinrich and Johanna Jalowetz; work program; Edward Lowinsky and the Southern Negro Youth Conference; personality conflicts.

28510
Smith, Eleanor Robson (Leon) --
Oct. 29, 1971

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: Eleanor Smith's interest in BMC through her sister, Sue Smith; music department in the mid 1940s; Fernando Leon; Smith's job at the art supply store at BMC; furniture by Mary Gregory.

28511
Smith, Nancy Alice (Wright) --
March 30, 1971

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: faculty during 1944-45; Josef Albers's classes; art and education; 1944 Summer Art Institute; music department; work program; descriptions of students; curriculum; community life, dances, and meetings.

28512
Snelson, Kenneth D. --
May 25, 1972

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: pre-BMC experiences at the University of Oregon; interest in BMC through Jack Wilkenson; Roger Lovelace; Josef Albers's design class; Irwin Lubroth; studying with Buckminster Fuller in 1948; Snelson's experimentation with models between the 1948 and 1949 summer sessions and development of the tensegrity principle; Fuller's class in philosophy of structures; identification of photographs by Masato Nakagawa, Diana Woelffer, and Beaumont and Nancy Newhall; Albers's Chinese dovetail problem;  The Ruse of the Medusa; cross country trip to BMC; 1949 Summer Institute; "the Spheres," the Institute of Design students; Joy Ballon (Meyer); relationship between Fuller and Snelson during the summer of 1949; tensegrity model; Fuller's domes; descriptions of students; Natasha Goldowski; costume parties; conflict between Fuller's students and other students; atmosphere at BMC and its importance to summer students; post-BMC activities.

28513
Spayth, Sue (Wolpert Riley) --
Feb. 23, 1972

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: the problem of transferring BMC credits; how Spayth came to BMC; scholarships; John A. Rice and his teaching methods; the drama department and drama productions; photograph identifications; Heinrich Jalowetz; John Reis and his books for children; curriculum, 1938-1940; Mary Barnes and her spelling tutorial; Spayth's friends from BMC; post-BMC experiences.

28514
Stepner, Bacia (Edelman) --
Nov. 12, 1971

Scope and Content

Photocopy of original corrected transcript. Subjects covered include: discussion of photographs taken during the 1946 Summer Art Institute; comparison of the sculpture classes of Leo Amino and Concetta Scaravaglione; notes from Josef Albers's design class; the Rhode Island School of Design; Stepner's studies with Amino in New York; experiences in Black Mountain: square dances and tonsillitis; Josef Albers's classes.

28515
Stiles, Leonard D. "Knute" --
Dec. 9, 1971

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: BMC students; integration at BMC; Louis Adamic's Harper's article and Eric Bentley's  Partisan Review articles; Ralph Thomas Field; cliques at BMC during 1946-47: the artists, Karl Niebyl's students, and John Wallen's students; Gregory Masurovsky; Arthur Penn; Ilya Bolotowsky's class and students; Stile's work with color theories; M. C. Richards's writing class; "The Place" bar in San Francisco; Leo Krikorian; the relative success or failure of BMC; personality conflicts; the effect of the size of the student body on the college community; faculty meeting discussions about individual students and Stiles's departure from BMC; post-BMC experiences.

Box: 38  
Stoller, Claude --
Dec. 7, 1971

Scope and Content

Corrected version of transcript. Subjects covered include: BMC emblem; effect of trips to Mexico on Josef Albers's work; Stoller's interest in BMC through New Bauhaus exhibits in New York; Josef Albers's classes, class studies, and teaching style; construction at Lake Eden, 1940-41; Stoller's direction of the Jalowetz House construction; Lawrence Kocher as an architect and teacher; educational value of student construction; Charles Godfrey; Ross Penley; college interaction with people from Black Mountain; work program; Mary Gregory; furniture design and construction at BMC; discussion of photographs by Stoller; photography at BMC; Heinrich Jalowetz; Erwin Walter Straus; post-BMC experiences.

28517
Stone, Jane Robinson --
March 27, 1971

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: Stone's transfer to BMC; Kenneth Kurtz as an advisor; studying the book  The Magic Mountain in Kurtz's class; intensity and closeness of the college community; the BMC learning process; factions; Josef and Anni Albers; effect of the size of the college community; rules at BMC; Paul Radin; graduation examinations; Eric Bentley; BMC library; the problem of accreditation; the Studies Building, the building program and the work program; Theodore and Bobby Dreier; William Robert Wunsch; drama productions; Mendez Marks; Josef Albers as an artist; 1944 faculty crisis; value of BMC; Goddard College; students at BMC, 1940-1944; Robert Wunsch's writing class.

28518
Straus, Erwin Walter and Gertrude Straus --
Oct. 14, 1971

Scope and Content

Gertrude Straus's words are not released. Interview may only be summarized, not quoted. Subjects covered include: recommendation of BMC by Frank Aydelotte and Dr. Moellenhoff; basic philosophy of BMC; Josef Albers's attitude toward the academic; Fernand Leger; Erwin Straus's education and background; the arts in the BMC curriculum; freedom vs. responsibility; the Summer Institutes; 1944 Summer Music Institute; conflicts within the faculty; discussion of photographs from the college records; music activities and concerts; visitors.

28519
Swackhamer, John Merideth --
Dec. 17, 1971

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: John Swackhamer's interest in BMC through Louis Adamic's article; the state of the college in 1939; William Robert Wunsch as a drama teacher; Josef Albers; music faculty, 1939-43; relationship between Edward Lowinsky, Frederic Cohen, Heinrich Jalowetz, and John Evarts; Jalowetz's relationship with Arnold Schoenberg; Bela John Martin; nature of the music program at BMC; life style of Lowinsky; post-BMC studies with Ernst Krenek and Roger Sessions; work program and the construction of the Studies Building; interpersonal relationships with the college community; 1944 Summer Music Institute; Bela Bartok at BMC.

28520
Thomas, Howard --
March 10, 1971

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: painting by Josef Albers; Thomas's first visit to BMC, 1941; graduation examination of Francis Foster, 1948; influence of BMC; Josef Albers; students and teachers at BMC; researchers working on the topic of BMC; Lazio Moholy-Nagy; food at BMC; music cubicles; Hazel-Frieda Larsen (Archer); Walter Gropius.

28521
Turner, Robert --
Oct. 20, 1971

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: pre-BMC experiences at Alfred University; design, construction and financing of the Pot Shop at BMC; visit by Turner in the spring of 1949; Natasha Goldowski and Eric Renner after leaving BMC; leadership transitions and power struggles after the departure of Josef Albers; M. C. Richards; nature of the ceramics program under Turner; native NC potters, Kaolin mines and feldspar materials; comparison of Penland with BMC; pottery as a commercial venture; Turner's decision to leave BMC; N. O. Pittinger; John H. McCandless; Warren Paul "Pete" Jennerjahn and Joseph Albert Fiore; 1950 summer session; Turner's pottery during the BMC period; descriptions of students, ca. 1949-1951; Paul Williams and the Pot Shop.

28522
van de Wiele, Gerald --
April 9, 1971

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: van de Wiele's introduction to BMC; Cass Technical High School; Joseph Fiore; 1949 faculty crisis; influence of the New York abstract expressionist painters at BMC; Stefan Wolpe; Charles Olson; Robert Duncan; students at BMC in the 1950s; Wesley Huss and the drama department; post-BMC experiences; BMC community life; comparison of BMC in the early and late years; classes; importance of BMC to van de Wiele.

Box: 39  
Vanderbeek, Edward Stanley --
March 29, 1971

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: Vanderbeek's introduction to BMC; New York art scene in the late 1940s; publication of the first issue of  Black Mountain Review; photography at BMC; Stony Point (Gate Hill Cooperative); William Levi's art criticism course; community life; Raymond Trayer; BMC farm; importance of the college; Vanderbeek's visit to the campus after the closing of the college; Vanderbeek's interest in film.

28524
Vincente, Esteban and Elvine R. Magruder (V. V. Rankine) --
Aug. 17, 1971

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: comparison between BMC in the 1930s and the 1950s; BMC alumni at the Cedar Bar in New York; Josef Albers as a teacher; Stefan Wolpe; Charles Olson; reasons that the college closed; comparison of Olson, Albers, and John A. Rice and their management of the college; food and the Dining Hall; community life; type of people drawn to BMC; Dan and Jack Rice; campus buildings; Michael Weaver's research on BMC; BMC students and faculty; attitudes of people in Black Mountain towards the college; beards; the Cedar Bar in New York and Tenth St. gatherings; the New York art scene in the 1950s; Phil Pavia's publication  It Is; art as a business.

28525
Voulkos, Peter --
Dec. 24, 1971

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: snakes; 1953 summer session as Voulkos's first exposure to the avant-garde; trips to Asheville to see movies with David Tudor; the Pot Shop and ceramics classes; Voulkos's professional and educational background; Voulkos's pottery from BMC; teaching situation at Berkeley; BMC students and faculty; the closing of the college; the New York art scene in the 1950s; Esteban Vicente and Robert Motherwell.

28526
Weston, Anne Chapin --
Oct. 26, 1971

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: Rollins College and John A. Rice's dismissal; progressive education; Rice's "Athenian Civilization" class and the formation of BMC; Rice's "Socratic method"; personality conflicts between Rice and others; value of the work program; the role of administration within the college; emphasis on art at BMC; post-BMC activities; William Robert Wunsch and the drama department; Zora Hurston; Xanti Schawinsky's productions; Josef Albers's classes; visit to the Barnes Collection with Josef and Anni Albers; Rice's leave of absence from BMC; role of the arts at BMC; pros and cons of a BMC education; visitors.

28527
Wieners, John --
April 18, 1971

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: Wieners's introduction to BMC; Charles Olson as a writer, speaker, and teacher; Wieners's writing and the influence of BMC; the drama department; Robert Creeley; students and faculty in 1955; the Studies Building; poems by Wieners written at BMC; post-BMC activities; role of Ezra Pound in the history of poetry.

Box: 40  
Williams, Paul Francis and Betsy Ann Weinrib (Williams) --
April 22, 1971

Scope and Content

Includes 2 copies of interview. Subjects covered include: David H. Corkran; Mary "Molly" Gregory and woodworking at BMC; Minimum House; Josef Albers's classes; Albers's resignation from BMC; the building program and the Architects Collaborative; administrative structure at the college; the 1949 faculty crisis; classes in the 1940s; summer sessions; Stony Point (Gate Hill Cooperative); Charles Olson; changes in the college community in the 1940s and 1950s; faculty members; movies; Wesley Huss and drama productions; the Science Building; summer sessions; Merce Cunningham; the importance of BMC; isolation of the college and the relationship with the local community; Max Dehn; college cliques; reason that Weinrib left BMC in 1953; pageant in celebration of Wesley Huss's birthday; 1953 summer session.

28529
Williamson, Margaret (Peterson) --
Oct. [29 or 30?], 1971

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: Williamson's background at McGill University and at Los Angeles Art Center School; atmosphere at BMC; Josef Albers's classes; Lyonel Feininger's seminars; Roland Hayes; post-BMC experiences as writer and illustrator of children's books and as photographer.

28530
Willimetz, Emil and Suzanne Noble (Gordon) --
April 17, 1971

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: experimental schools; Blue Ridge Campus; how Noble and Willimetz became students at BMC; scholarships; difficulties in graduate school after BMC; educational theory at BMC; examination system at BMC; Noble's student study; Josef Albers; John Rice; Mendez Marks and college songs; Frances Goldman; Harriet Engelhardt; the Schawinskys and the Mollenhoffs;  Macbeth; Fernand Leger; visitors to the college; St. Johns; Heinrich Jalowetz; Naomi Doniger; Thomas Wolfe's mother at BMC; the print shop, David Way, Stephen Forbes, and Bob Haase; Eva Zhitlowsky (Milton); drama productions; Josef Albers's Werklehre class; costume parties; Paco and Fernando Leon; refugees at BMC; Richard Gothe and the work camp; post-BMC activities.

28531
Woelffer, Emerson and Diana --
Jan. 19, 1972

Scope and Content

Subjects covered include: invitation from R. Buckminster Fuller to teach during the 1949 Summer Institute; trip to the Yucatan followed by Charles Olson; summer faculty from the Institute of Design; the Woelffers's relationship with Jonathan Williams; Emerson Woelffer's exhibit at BMC; Diana Woelffer's photographs from BMC; atmosphere at the college; Emerson Woelffer's painting class; sculpture class; BMC students.

28532
Zhitlowsky, Eva (Milton) --
Dec. 14, 1971

Scope and Content

Photocopy of original corrected transcript. Subjects covered include: Zhitlowsky's educational background at Hessian Hills School; introduction to BMC through Mary Elizabeth "Betty" Young; role of Mary Barnes at BMC; Dr. Cooley; relationship with the local communities; the Spanish Civil War; Josef Albers's classes; weavings done by Zhitlowsky at BMC; role of graduation at BMC; Highlander Folk School; Anni Albers's philosophy of weaving; discussion of photographs taken at BMC; Miles Horton and integration at Highlander; Heinrich Jalowetz; community life at BMC, 1939-1942; Zhitlowsky's conflicts with Erwin Walter Straus; "liberals" and "conservatives" at BMC; Alexander "Bill" Reed, death of Mark Dreier and the construction of the Quiet House; photographs by John Stix; Maude Dabbs (Haase);  Macbeth performance; BMC students.

28533
Untaped interviews

Scope and Content

Notes taken by Mary Emma Harris during untaped interviews. Includes interviews with Josef Albers, John Allcott, Joseph Breitenbach, Joseph Fiore, Margaret Hays, Tony Landreau, Jeffrey Lindsay, Susan Moore, Marie Murelius, Kenneth Noland, Alex "Bill" Reed, Kenneth Rexroth, Donald Richter, Emily Wood, Marguerite Wildenhain.

These interviews have not been released for research by the interviewees or their heirs. As a result, these interviews are not available for research. Once releases have been obtained these materials will be moved to the Released Interviews sub-series. Some interviews include correspondence concerning the release status of the materials.

Box: 41  
Bogart, Richard

28535
Breuer, Marcel

28536
Creeley, Robert

28537
Duncan, Robert

Box: 42  
Greenberg, Clement

Scope and Content

Interview tapes, carbon copy and rough draft of transcript were destroyed on January 23, 1997 as per the instructions of Mrs. Clement Greenberg.

28539
Joseph, William

28540
Schawinsky, Xanti -
Dec. 11, 1970

28541
Schawinsky, Xanti -
Feb. 22, 1971

28542
Sillman, Sewell

28543
Walley, John and Jano

Box: 43  
Interview Status/Disposition

Scope and Content

Lists of reminder letters and releases to be sent out.

28545
Asawa, Ruth - BMCsp #100

28546
Asawa, Ruth - BMCsp #101

28547
Bergman, Henry and Mrs., with Rod Mulholland

28548
Dreier, Theodore - BMCsp #38

28549
Dreier, Theodore - BMCsp #39

Box: 44  
Harmon, Harvey

28551
Motherwell, Robert

28552
Rice, Dan

Box: 45  
Richards, M.C. - BMCsp #48

28554
Richards, M.C. - BMCsp #198

28555
Siegel, Arthur

28556
Stone, Fred

28557
Twombly, Cy

Box: 46  
Aiken, Joy

28559
Flax, Jerome

28560
Gillespie, Merrill

28561
Huss, Wesley - BMCsp #86

28562
Huss, Wesley - BMCsp #87

28563
Josephs, Phyllis (Thomas)

Box: 47  
Kennedy, Ernest

28565
Lanier, Albert

28566
Parks, Mary (Washington)

28567
Richter, Robert

28568
With, Karl

Box: 48  
Adamy, Edward

28570
Bishop, James

28571
Brunell, Richard

28572
Cowan, Curtiss

28573
de Creeft, Jose and Lorrie Goulet

28574
Fullman, Delores

28575
Greene, Balcomb

28576
Hebel, Stanley

28577
Hult, Martha

Box: 49  
Kaye, Edwin

28579
Kennedy, Evelyn

28580
Kurtz, Kenneth

28581
Litz, Katherine

28582
Lowinsky, Gretel

28583
Muzenic, Nicholas

28584
O'Neill, Ruth (Burnette)

28585
Prestini, James

Box: 50  
Reiss, John

28587
Rice, June (Lane Christensen)

28588
Stevens, Hope

28589
Swackhammer, Egbert

28590
Swartzbaugh, Katherine (Frankforter)

28591
Wright, Nanette

These interviews have not been transcribed and released for research by the interviewees or their heirs. As a result, these interviews are not available for research. Once releases have been obtained these materials will be moved to the Released Interviews sub-series.

Box: 51  
Andrews, Richard Lloyd

28593
Barab, Seymour

28594
Breeskin, Dorothy (Brown)

28595
Bunting, Bainbridge

28596
Chamberlain, Elaine

28597
Cole, Margaret Bennett

28598
Creeley, Robert

28599
Dabbs, Maude (Haase)

28600
Davidoff, Judith

28601
du Plessix, Francine (Gray)

28602
Evarts, John

28603
Forberg, Charles Lewis

28604
Gray, Walter

28605
Gropius, Beate "Ati" (Forberg Johansen)

28606
Girsh, Sylvia (Ashby)

28607
Haas, Robert

28608
Hahn, Hannalore

28609
Hamilton, John and Elizabeth

28610
Harmon, Clifton

28611
Heller, Joan

28612
Hendrickson, George

28613
Jalowetz, Elisabeth

28614
Johnson, Raymond Edward

28615
Kadden, Lore (Lindenfeld)

Box: 52  
King, Basil and Martha Davis (King)

28617
Larsen, Hazel-Frieda (Archer)

28618
Marx, Josef

28619
von Moltke, Willo

28620
Murphy, Robert

28621
Murray, Faith (Britton)

28622
Oldenberg, Nan (Stoller Black) and Claude Stoller

28623
Oline, Sheila (Marbain) and Lorna Blaine Howard (Halper)

28624
Olson, Charles

28625
Oppenheimer, Rena (Rosequist)

28626
Osbourne, Betty Jean [Osbourne, Elizabeth (Richards)?]

28627
Schauffler, D.

Scope and Content

[David C.? If so, released but not transcribed]

28628
Siegel, Ellen

28629
Siskind, Aaron

28630
Stix, John

28631
Tavroges, Marie (Stilkind)

28632
Three elderly women

28633
Urbain, John and Elaine Schmitt (Urbain)

28634
Watkins, William

28635
Watson, William

28636
Williams, Carroll

28637
Zabriskie, George

Boxes 53-66 include tapes of released interviews. In cases where the tape has been withdrawn the researcher should refer to the transcript available in the Released Transcripts sub-series. Master copies of these tapes are located at the end of the collection.