North Carolina Marine Resources Center Audiocassettes, AV.5231

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North Carolina Marine Resources Center Audiocassettes, AV.5231

Abstract

The North Carolina Marine Resources Center Audiocassettes, 1979-1985, 2019, comprises 17 unique audio recordings primarily related to black history on Roanoke Island and the Outer Banks of North Carolina. The recordings include conference proceedings and oral history interviews. Topics discussed include the Roanoke Island Freedmen's Colony and Pea Island Life-Saving Station. The materials in this collection were created by North Carolina Marine Resources Center staff and historian Patricia Click.

Descriptive Summary

Title
North Carolina Marine Resources Center Audiocassettes
Call Number
AV.5231
Creator
North Carolina Marine Resources Center (Roanoke Island, N.C.)
Date
1979-1985, 2019
Language
English
Repository
Outer Banks History Center

Restrictions on Access & Use

Access Restrictions

Available for research. Audiovisual materials may be inaccessible pending reformatting. Contact the Outer Banks History Center for more information.

Use Restrictions

Copyright is retained by the authors of these materials, or their descendants, as stipulated by the United States copyright law (Title 17 US Code). Individual researchers are responsible for using these materials in conformance with copyright law as well as any donor restrictions accompanying these materials.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], AV.5231, North Carolina Marine Resources Center Audiocassettes, Outer Banks History Center, Manteo, NC, U.S.A.

Collection Overview

This collection consists of 17 unique audio recordings on 18 audiocassettes created by or donated to the North Carolina Marine Resources Center at Roanoke Island. These recordings primarily focus on black history on Roanoke Island and North Carolina's Outer Banks, with a particular focus on the Roanoke Island Freedmen's Colony and the Pea Island Life-Saving Station. The tapes include oral history interviews with local citizens and recordings of conference proceedings, exhibit unveilings, and other events. The interviews were conducted with African American descendants of residents of the Roanoke Island Freedmen's Colony and surfmen at the Pea Island Life-Saving Station (such as Maulsie Phillips, Herbert Collins, Cora Tillett Scarborough, Arounia Mae Berry, and Virginia Tillett) as well as elderly white members of the Roanoke Island community. These interviews were conducted by Marine Resources Center Staff and historian Patricia Click. Events documented in the collection include a 1981 presentation on the black experience on Roanoke Island, a 1985 exhibition opening of artwork by James Melvin featuring the Pea Island surfmen, and a 1981 humanities forum and symposium on preserving local history.

Also included is a folder of supplementary papers photocopied by Patricia Click related to the Summer Humanities Series grant to collect interviews and create programming, as well as a description and historical sketch of the collection created by North Carolina Aquarium staff.

Arrangement Note

Original order has been retained. The collection is arranged into two series: Marine Resources Center Materials and Patricia Click Materials.

Biographical/Historical

The recordings in this collection were either created by or donated to the North Carolina Marine Resources Center (MRC), now known as the North Carolina Aquarium on Roanoke Island, primarily in pursuit of documenting the area's black history. The MRC had had connections to black history from its earliest inception; when a U.S. Navy infirmary was demolished to construct the MRC in 1974, workers rediscovered the grave of Richard Etheridge, first black keeper of the all-black Pea Island Life-Saving Station.

Several years later, the town of Manteo and the MRC used the approaching 400th anniversary of English exploration in America as a catalyst to facilitate local history projects and events related to the black experience on the Outer Banks. Grant funding was obtained to bring in historian Patricia Click as a "Humanist-in-Residence" in 1981 to research local history and to help organize the Summer Humanities Series, a series of three presentations on local history topics. The series featured three presentations: "Wind, Water and Sand: Transportation, Bridges, and Wind Power;" "The Black Experience on Roanoke Island;" and "Preserving Local History: Using Roanoke Island as an Experiment." This collection documents the latter two of those presentations. Additionally, Click's research (primarily consisting of oral history interviews with local residents) led to the creation of additional MRC exhibits and programming on black history.

Upon completion of her residency, Click donated the recordings she created to the MRC for long-term preservation. The tapes were then misplaced and believed to be lost until they were found by North Carolina Aquarium staff in 2018.

Contents of the Collection

1. Marine Resources Center Materials, 1979-1985

Interview with Herbert Collins, Pea Island Station, Conducted by Les Picker, E. Kays, and Dale Martin [audiocassette], 5 June 1979
AV Box 1
Interview with Maulsie Pigford Phillips, Born 1886 [audiocassette] [2 copies], circa 1980
AV Box 1
The Black Experience on Roanoke Island Presentation: Bliven [audiocassette], 15 July 1981
AV Box 1
The Black Experience on Roanoke Island Presentation: Bogger [audiocassette], 15 July 1981
AV Box 1
The Black Experience on Roanoke Island Presentation [audiocassette], 15 July 1981
AV Box 1
Unveiling of Portraits of Pea Island Lifesavers by James Melville (Black Lifesaver Exhibit) [audiocassette], 12 November 1985
AV Box 1

2. Patricia Click Materials, 1981, 2019

Interview with Edna Evans Bell, Conducted by Patricia Click [audiocassette], 16 July 1981
AV Box 1
Interview with John Edmond Ferebee, Conducted by Patricia Click [audiocassette], 16 July 1981
AV Box 1
Interview with Arounia Mae Berry, Conducted by Patricia Click [audiocassette], 23 July 1981
AV Box 1
Interview with Cora Tillett Scarborough, Conducted by Patricia Click [audiocassette], 23 July 1981
AV Box 1
Interview with Maulsie Pigford Phillips, Conducted by Patricia Click [audiocassette], 10 August 1981
AV Box 1
Interview with William McKinley Simmons, Conducted by Patricia Click [audiocassette], 11 August 1981
AV Box 1
Interview with Minerva Golden Brown, Conducted by Patricia Click [audiocassette], 24 August 1981
AV Box 1
Interview with Virginia Tillett and William Tillett, Conducted by Tommy Bogger and Bill Ward [audiocassette], 12 August 1981
AV Box 1
Interview with Maloyd Berry, Conducted by Tommy Bogger and Bill Ward [audiocassette], 12 August 1981
AV Box 1
Humanities Forum: Preserving Local History, Reel 1 [audiocassette], 12 August 1981
AV Box 1
Humanities Forum: Preserving Local History, Reel 2 [audiocassette], 12 August 1981
AV Box 1
Supplemental Papers (originals dated 1981), 2019
AV Box 1

Subject Headings

  • Pea Island Life-Saving Station (U.S.)
  • African Americans--North Carolina--Roanoke Island--History
  • African Americans--North Carolina--Roanoke Island--Social conditions
  • African Americans--North Carolina--Outer Banks--History
  • Freedmen--North Carolina--Roanoke Island--History
  • Freedmen--North Carolina--Roanoke Island--Social conditions
  • Acquisitions Information

    Donated by the North Carolina Aquarium on Roanoke Island, June 2019.

    Processing Information

  • Processed by Samantha Crisp, December 2019.