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Terry Sanford Governor's Papers


Terry Sanford was born in Laurinburg, N.C. on August 20, 1917 to Cecil L. Sanford and Elizabeth Martin Sanford. After graduating from the University of North Carolina, he work for two years with the Federal Bureau of Investigation and then served in World War II as a member of the 517th Parachute Combat Team. Sanford returned to the University of North Carolina for his law degree and, after two years as assistant director of the Institute of Government, began practicing in Fayetteville in 1948. He served as president of the North Carolina Young Democratic Clubs in 1949 and as a state senator from 1953-1955. The following year he managed former Governor W. Kerr Scott's campaign for the United ... (more below)

Title

Terry Sanford Governor's Papers

Collection Number

MARS NUMBER 368.2

Date(s)

1959 - 1965

Language

English

Physical Description
Boxes
649
Volumes
12
Physical Description
Audio tape reels
2.00
Boxes
1744.00
Volumes
14.00
Abstract

Terry Sanford was born in Laurinburg, N.C. on August 20, 1917 to Cecil L. Sanford and Elizabeth Martin Sanford. After graduating from the University of North Carolina, he work for two years with the Federal Bureau of Investigation and then served in World War II as a member of the 517th Parachute Combat Team. Sanford returned to the University of North Carolina for his law degree and, after two years as assistant director of the Institute of Government, began practicing in Fayetteville in 1948. He served as president of the North Carolina Young Democratic Clubs in 1949 and as a state senator from 1953-1955. The following year he managed former Governor W. Kerr Scott's campaign for the United States Senate. On June 25, 1960, he was nominated as the Democratic candidate for governor; he won the election and served as governor from 1961-1965.

This collection contains the official records of Governor Terry Sanford and his office, including general correspondence, speeches, statements, reports, extraditions and requisitions documents, and commissions of appointments. It also includes the records of several special offices, commissions and committees.

Physical Location

For current information on the location ofthese materials, please consult the Public Services Branch, State Archives of North Carolina.

Creator

Sanford, Terry, 1917-1998.

Repository

State Archives of North Carolina


Series include: General Correspondence; Extraditions and Requisitions; Speeches, Statements, and Press Releases; Clipping File; Appointments; Governor's Office Appointment Books; Special Assistant to the Governor on Educational and Cultural Affairs, John Ehle, General Correspondence; Press Secretary's General Files; Mayors' Cooperating Committee on Race Relations Records; Governor's Commission on the Status of Women, General Records; Tape Recording of Inaugural Address; Guest Registers; Miscellaneous Subject Files; Board of Paroles; School Childrens' Letters; 517th Parachute Combat Team Reunion Records. See the finding aids for each series for further information about their arrangement.


Available for research.


Copyright is retained by the authors of these materials, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law (Title 17 US Code). Individual researchers are responsible for using these materials in conformance with copyright law as well as any donor restrictions accompanying the materials.


The finding aids for the first series were completed in 1963 and various archivists processed later series as they were accessioned into the collection. The majority of the collection was arranged and described between the years 1963-1966 with subsequent additions made in 2001 and 2002. Processing archivists include: Frances T. Council, C.F.W. Coker, Betsy R. Fleshman, Don Nichols, David O. Stephens, Maurice S. Toler, Sharon Sandling, William H. Brown, and Mark Valsame.

Encoded by Ashley Yandle, August, 2006


Terry Sanford was born in Laurinburg, N.C. on August 20, 1917. He was the son of Cecil L. Sanford, a merchant and realtor, and Elizabeth Martin Sanford, a public school teacher. He attended Presbyterian Junior College and later, as a depression-age student at the University of North Carolina, Sanford delivered newspapers, washed dishes, and performed other jobs. Following graduation and two years with the Federal Bureau of Investigation, he served in World War II as a member of the 517th Parachute Combat Team. During the period from 1942 to 1945, he took part in campaigns in Italy, Frances, Belgium and Germany. Sanford returned to the University of North Carolina for his law degree and after two years as assistant director of the Institute of Government began practicing in Fayetteville in 1948. He married Margaret Rose Knight, a University student from Hopkinsville, Kentucky, on July 4, 1942.

Terry Sanford served as president of the North Carolina Young Democratic Clubs in 1949 and served as a state senator from 1953-1955. The following year he managed former Governor W. Kerr Scott's campaign for the United States Senate. On June 25, 1960, he was nominated as the Democratic candidate for governor; he won the election and served as governor from 1961-1965. During his tenure, Sanford strongly supported education and championed community colleges, a school for the gifted, and a school of the arts. He pushed for more teachers, increased teacher salaries, library expansions, and improved curriculum. Sanford established several committees to look into social issues facing the state in the 1960s, including the  "Mayors' Cooperating Committee on Race Relations" and the  "Governor's Commission on the Status of Women." On the one hundredth anniversary of the Emancipation Proclamation, he announced the formation of a  "Good Neighbor Council" to encourage employment without regard to race.

In 1969, he was appointed president of Duke University and he remained in that position until his retirement in 1985. In 1986, he was elected as a United States Senator from North Carolina and served until 1993. He then returned to North Carolina to promote the arts and education until his death in 1998. [Information for this biographical sketch was found in: Beth G. Crabtree's  North Carolina Governors, 1585-1974: Brief Sketches (Division of Archives and History, Department of Cultural Resources, Raleigh, North Carolina. Third Printing, Revised, 1974) and Duke University Archives  list of Duke University presidents.]


Terry Sanford was born in Laurinburg, N.C. on August 20, 1917. He was the son of Cecil L. Sanford, a merchant and realtor, and Elizabeth Martin Sanford, a public school teacher. He attended Presbyterian Junior College and later, as a depression-age student at the University of North Carolina, Sanford delivered newspapers, washed dishes, and performed other jobs. Following graduation and two years with the Federal Bureau of Investigation, he served in World War II as a member of the 517th Parachute Combat Team. During the period from 1942 to 1945, he took part in campaigns in Italy, Frances, Belgium and Germany. Sanford returned to the University of North Carolina for his law degree and after two years as assistant director of the Institute of Government began practicing in Fayetteville in 1948. He married Margaret Rose Knight, a University student from Hopkinsville, Kentucky, on July 4, 1942.

Terry Sanford served as president of the North Carolina Young Democratic Clubs in 1949 and served as a state senator from 1953-1955. The following year he managed former Governor W. Kerr Scott's campaign for the United States Senate. On June 25, 1960, he was nominated as the Democratic candidate for governor; he won the election and served as governor from 1961-1965. During his tenure, Sanford strongly supported education and championed community colleges, a school for the gifted, and a school of the arts. He pushed for more teachers, increased teacher salaries, library expansions, and improved curriculum. Sanford established several committees to look into social issues facing the state in the 1960s, including the  "Mayors' Cooperating Committee on Race Relations" and the  "Governor's Commission on the Status of Women." On the one hundredth anniversary of the Emancipation Proclamation, he announced the formation of a  "Good Neighbor Council" to encourage employment without regard to race.

In 1969, he was appointed president of Duke University and he remained in that position until his retirement in 1985. In 1986, he was elected as a United States Senator from North Carolina and served until 1993. He then returned to North Carolina to promote the arts and education until his death in 1998. [Information for this biographical sketch was found in: Beth G. Crabtree's  North Carolina Governors, 1585-1974: Brief Sketches (Division of Archives and History, Department of Cultural Resources, Raleigh, North Carolina. Third Printing, Revised, 1974) and Duke University Archives  list of Duke University presidents.]


[Identification of item], MARS Number 368, Terry Sanford Governor's Papers, State Archives of North Carolina, Raleigh, NC, USA.


Accessioned March 8, 1963; audits for the year ending June 30, 1962 accessioned May 7, 1964; extraditions and requisitions (1962) accessioned March 5, 1964; general correspondence, (1963) accessioned January 25, 1965; general correspondence (1964), accessioned January 25, 1966; appointment files accessioned May 7, 1964, October 1, 1964, March 11, 1965 and February 26, 1970; records of John Ehle (1961-1964) and press secretary's general files (1961-1964), accessioned January 7, 1965; Mayor's Cooperating Committee on Race Relations Records accessioned January 31, 1965; and appointment books accessioned February 29, 1972.


Additional information on topics found in this collection may be found in the Manuscript and Archives Reference System (MARS)  http://www.ncarchives.dcr.state.nc.us.

  1. Governor's Office Appointment Books, 1949-1968, State Archives of North Carolina.
  2. Terry Sanford Papers, 1946-1993, Southern Historical Collection, Manuscripts Department, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
  3.  Sanford (Terry) Papers, 1926-1995, Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library, Duke University.

This collection contains the official records of Governor Terry Sanford and his office, including general correspondence, speeches, statements, reports, extraditions and requisitions documents, and commissions of appointments. It also includes the records of special offices such as: the correspondence of John Ehle, Special Assistant to the Governor on Educational and Cultural Affairs (1961-1964); the general files of Graham Jones, Press Secretary to the governor (1961-1964); the records of the "Mayors' Cooperating Committee on Race Relations" (1963-1964); and the "Governor's Commission on the Status of Women" (1963-1965). Many of the files in several series include information about public education and educational institutions, such as the Governor's School for Gifted High School Students and the North Carolina School of the Arts.

Additional materials include two reels of audio tape containing Governor Sanford's 1961 Inaugural Address, twenty-nine boxes of school children's letters to the governor, and one box of records concerning the reunion of the 517th Parachute Combat Team (1964).

Series include: General Correspondence; Extraditions and Requisitions; Speeches, Statements, and Press Releases; Clipping File; Appointments; Governor's Office Appointment Books; Special Assistant to the Governor on Educational and Cultural Affairs, John Ehle, General Correspondence; Press Secretary's General Files; Mayors' Cooperating Committee on Race Relations Records; Governor's Commission on the Status of Women, General Records; Tape Recording of Inaugural Address; Guest Registers; Miscellaneous Subject Files; Board of Paroles; School Childrens' Letters; 517th Parachute Combat Team Reunion Records. See the finding aids for each series for further information about their arrangement.


This collection contains the official records of Governor Terry Sanford and his office, including general correspondence, speeches, statements, reports, extraditions and requisitions documents, and commissions of appointments. It also includes the records of special offices such as: the correspondence of John Ehle, Special Assistant to the Governor on Educational and Cultural Affairs (1961-1964); the general files of Graham Jones, Press Secretary to the governor (1961-1964); the records of the "Mayors' Cooperating Committee on Race Relations" (1963-1964); and the "Governor's Commission on the Status of Women" (1963-1965). Many of the files in several series include information about public education and educational institutions, such as the Governor's School for Gifted High School Students and the North Carolina School of the Arts.

Additional materials include two reels of audio tape containing Governor Sanford's 1961 Inaugural Address, twenty-nine boxes of school children's letters to the governor, and one box of records concerning the reunion of the 517th Parachute Combat Team (1964).


  • Sanford, Terry, 1917-1998.
  • Governor's School of North Carolina.
  • North Carolina. Governor's Commission on the Status of Women.
  • North Carolina. Mayors' Cooperating Committee on Race Relations.
  • North Carolina School of the Arts.
  • United States. Army. Parachute Combat Team, 517th--History.
  • African Americans--Civil rights
  • Children--Writing.
  • Education
  • Extradition.
  • Governors--North Carolina--Archives.
  • Guest books--North Carolina--Raleigh.
  • Politicians
  • Race relations--Political aspects.
  • Women--Social conditions--20th century.
  • Audiotapes.
  • Clippings files.
  • Press releases.
  • Speeches.
  • Visitors' books.
  • Ehle, John, 1925-
  • Jones, Graham.

Physical Description
446 boxes
Physical Description
Boxes
892.00

Correspondence, reports, memoranda, parole requests, budget proposals, legislative bills, invitations, telegrams, clippings, published reports, speeches, statements, press releases, meeting minutes, and agendas documenting all facets of the operation of the Office of the Governor, state government, and various issues before the governor. Correspondents include the general public, state agency and commission officials, political organizations, and federal agency officials. Generally copies of the governor's or his private secretary's response, along with supporting information, are attached to incoming correspondence. The general correspondence series contains the bulk of Governor Sanford's executive papers. Larger subject files within the general correspondence series include education (see also "Assembly, General" subject heading, "education" subheading), educational institutions, black educational institutions, Conservation and Development, and highway programs. Also includes records relating to the United Forces for Education Legislature Program, Educational Television, the Governor's School for Gifted High School Students, and the North Carolina School of the Arts. There is considerable correspondence from the general public supporting and attacking the governor's program to finance improvements in public education, as well as information on the 1963 state senatorial redistricting program, which includes information on redistricting programs in other states.

Arranged alphabetically. This material has not been weeded and the original order, as maintained in the governor's office, has been strictly adhered to.

19006  
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce" normal="1961"><extref xlink:href="./sa_gov_sanford_terry_correspondence1961.xml" xlink:type="simple">1961</extref></unitdate>
<extref xlink:href="./sa_gov_sanford_terry_correspondence196

Descriptive Information
Physical Description
127 boxes
Physical Description
Boxes
127.00

Scope and Content

Included in certain of Governor Sanford's files is correspondence carried forward from the administration of Governor Luther H. Hodges.

19007  
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce" normal="1962"><extref xlink:href="./sa_gov_sanford_terry_correspondence1962.xml" xlink:type="simple">1962</extref></unitdate>
<extref xlink:href="./sa_gov_sanford_terry_correspondence196

Descriptive Information
Physical Description
115 boxes
Physical Description
Boxes
115.00

Scope and Content

Also includes printed reports of audits for various state agencies for the year ending June 30, 1962 by the office of the State Auditor.

19008  
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce" normal="1963"><extref xlink:href="./sa_gov_sanford_terry_correspondence1963.xml" xlink:type="simple">1963</extref></unitdate>
<extref xlink:href="./sa_gov_sanford_terry_correspondence196

Descriptive Information
Physical Description
113 boxes
Physical Description
Boxes
113.00

19009  
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce" normal="1964"><extref xlink:href="./sa_gov_sanford_terry_correspondence1964.xml" xlink:type="simple">1964</extref></unitdate>
<extref xlink:href="./sa_gov_sanford_terry_correspondence196

Descriptive Information
Physical Description
91 boxes
Physical Description
Boxes
91.00

Physical Description
30 boxes
Physical Description
Boxes
30.00

Correspondence, legal briefs, extradition and requisition forms, court orders, and affidavits regarding extraditions to and from North Carolina. Includes formal requisitions for extradition from the governors of various states, as well as Governor Sanford. Also includes correspondence relating to licensing and bonding for special police officers who were appointed by the governor, licensed and bonded by the state, and employed by various private corporations.

Arranged chronologically, then alphabetical by fugitive.

Physical Description
9 boxes
Physical Description
Boxes
9.00

Originals and copies of speeches, statements and press releases made by the governor in an official capacity. The records reflect a variety of Governor Sanford's programs and initiatives as well as general local and statewide issues and events. Includes a chronological index of appointments, speeches, releases, statements and appearances made by the governor.

Arranged chronologically.

Physical Description
24 boxes
Physical Description
Boxes
24.00

Files of clippings from newspapers and other publications related to prominent issues. Includes files on the ABC Board, bonds, bills, the Democratic and Republican parties, education, the Highway Commission, the National Guard, prisons, capital punishment, the General Assembly,  "Under the Dome" articles, poverty, and other issues.

Arranged alphabetically by subject and then, within subjects, arranged chronologically in two periods: 1960-1962 and 1963-1965. Boxes 22-24 are the exception to this rule and are arranged chronologically.

Physical Description
48 boxes
Physical Description
Boxes
48.00

These records consist of copies of commissions of appointment, correspondence, and other miscellaneous items concerning the appointments made by Governor Sanford. There are also letters of recommendation written to him and copies of his replies, suggesting names for appointment to various state offices, or requesting his endorsement of persons for various Federal appointments, and oaths of office.

Arranged alphabetically by office.

Physical Description
20 boxes
Physical Description
Boxes
20.00

Correspondence, pamphlets, reports, clippings, applications, and transcriptions relating to the work of the Governor's Special Assistant for Educational and Cultural Affairs, John Ehle. The records reflect initiatives in several progressive educational programs including: the North Carolina School for the Performing Arts, the Governor's School for Gifted High School Students, the Institute of Outdoor Drama, North Carolina Volunteers, the North Carolina Fund, the North Carolina Film Board, the Peace Corps, the North Carolina Advancement School, and the Learning Institute of North Carolina. This series also includes information on the Governors' Conference series, a series of discussions with national authorities on the future of North Carolina, including Edward Higbee, R. Buckminster Fuller, Jerome B. Wiesner, John Ivey, and William O. Baker. Also includes printed transcriptions of these discussions.

Arranged alphabetically by topic, then chronologically.

Physical Description
19 boxes
Physical Description
Boxes
19.00

These records are principally the correspondence and general file of Mr. Graham Jones, press secretary for Governor Terry Sanford, and his office for the period 1961-1964. The series also includes memoranda, correspondence, invitations, reports, schedules, and agendas reflecting public appearances and statements by Governor Sanford. In addition, the records contain memoranda authorizing releases to the press, files on various subjects (such as Democratic groups; education; the Good Neighbor Council; radio and television station managers; and segregation, among others), statements regarding demonstrations, special messages to the General Assembly, press clippings, and requests for information.

Arranged alphabetically by topic.

Physical Description
1 box
Physical Description
Boxes
1.00

Questionnaires, correspondence, speeches, ordinances, and meeting minutes relating to the Mayors' Cooperating Committee on Race Relations. The committee, composed of twelve North Carolina mayors, was charged by Governor Sanford to develop guidelines and strategies to maintain law and order during civil rights demonstrations, while simultaneously opening discussions with civil rights leaders. Governor Sanford believed that local municipalities should be the focal point for any state response to these demonstrations. The committee sent questionnaires to various cities and towns across North Carolina to assess municipal responses to civil rights protests. The responses to these surveys compose the bulk of these records. Also included in a copy of the published findings of the committee entitled,  North Carolina and the Negro.

Arranged alphabetically by topic.

Physical Description
10 boxes
Physical Description
Boxes
10.00

Reports (printed and drafts), pamphlets, questionnaires, charts, graphs, meeting minutes, and correspondence documenting the work of the several committees of the governor's commission. Establish by Governor Sanford in 1963, the commission was charged to  "review the progress, consider the potential, and make recommendations" on areas affecting women professionally and domestically. The committees of the commission were as follows: Social Insurance and Taxes; Protective Labor Legislation; Employment Policies; Civil and Political Rights; Voluntary Organizations and Expanded Services; Educational Training; Health, Family, and Welfare Services; and Citizen Participation. Dr. Anne Firor Scott served as the chair of the commission.

Arranged topically and chronologically. Inasmuch as these files had been maintained by two separate Executive Secretaries, several clerical assistants, and the individual committee chairmen during the fifteen months of the Commission's operation, their arrangement was not completely satisfactory for reference or research purposes. Accordingly weeding, removal of extra copies in excess of two, and rearrangement of these records have been accomplished.

Physical Description
1 box, 2 audio tape reels
Physical Description
Audio tape reels
2.00
Boxes
1.00

A tape recording of Governor Terry Sanford's inaugural address, January 5, 1961. Includes two reels located in "Box 5."

Physical Description
2 volumes
Physical Description
Volumes
2.00

Registers of visitors to the Governor Terry Sanford's office and to the Executive Mansion.

Arranged chronologically.

Item: 1  
Office Guest Register
January 5, 1961-January 2, 1965

Item: 2  
Executive Mansion Guest Register
January 5, 1961-January 8, 1965

Physical Description
9 boxes
Physical Description
Boxes
9.00

These records represent a miscellaneous series of documents detailing various activities and projects conducted by Governor Terry Sanford and his administrative staff. Many of the subjects deal with key issues of Governor Sanford's administration, such as education, poverty, and state government efficiency. There are also records detailing Governor Sanford's work with various state commissions. In addition, there are items concerning Terry Sanford's personal activities while governor. These records relate to Methodist College, Society of Prodigal Sons, and honorary awards. The series also includes speeches and press releases, similar to records found in the Press Secretary's General Files. The X-100 file was specifically designed to handle miscellaneous items created by the governor.

Arranged alphabetically by subject.

Physical Description
2 boxes
Physical Description
Boxes
2.00

Commutation, pardon and reprieve certificates granted by Governor Terry Sanford in accordance with his powers of clemency under Section 6, Article III of the North Carolina Constitution. During the Sanford gubernatorial administrations, the Board of Paroles investigated any requests for executive clemency, and then passed their recommendations on to the Executive Branch. For additional information, refer to series of  "Paroles" in Governor Sanford's General Correspondence, 1961-1965.

Arranged alphabetically by subject.

Physical Description
29 boxes
Physical Description
Boxes
29.00

On March 1, 1962, Governor Terry Sanford made a statewide television address on the subject of education entitled  "To the Students of North Carolina," in which he invited the school children of the state to write to him. Several thousand letters were received in response. Most of the letters contain student responses to the televised address and expressions of future career aspirations. These letters were formerly placed in temporary binders by the Prison Department for exhibit purposes.

Arranged alphabetically by geographical location.

Physical Description
1 box
Physical Description
Boxes
1.00

Records concerning the reunion of the 517th Parachute Combat Team (  "Battling Buzzards"), which was held in Raleigh, North Carolina on August 14-16, 1964. Governor Terry Sanford was a former member of this unit, and was instrumental in bringing the reunion activities to Raleigh. In addition, members of the Governor's staff assisted in the planning and execution of the reunion. Includes correspondence, information about events, history of the 517th Parachute Combat Team, itineraries, newsletters and press releases, and committee files.

Arranged alphabetically by topic.