United States Weather Bureau Expense Book of Observation Office at Cape Hatteras, N.C., ORG.5051

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United States Weather Bureau Expense Book of Observation Office at Cape Hatteras, N.C., ORG.5051

Abstract

The United States Signal Service was founded in 1860 to provide support for communications and operations of the United States Army. Beginning in the 1870s, the Signal Service constructed weather observation stations across the country in support of a congressionally-mandated national weather service. The Cape Hatteras observation station was founded in 1874. The station's officers warned local Outer Banks residents of approaching storms by word of mouth, by boat, or by dropping announcements over remote islands in sealed tubes. The United States Weather Bureau Expense Book of Observation Office at Cape Hatteras, N.C., 1875-1891, tracks expenditures for the Cape Hatteras office. Expenditures include both goods and services, such as horse hires, boat hires, repairs, transportation, rent (paid to H.W. Styron), and shipment of supplies.

Descriptive Summary

Title
United States Weather Bureau Expense Book of Observation Office at Cape Hatteras, N.C.
Call Number
ORG.5051
Creator
United States. Weather Bureau. Cape Hatteras Station (Cape Hatteras, N.C.)
Date
1875-1891
Extent
0.17 cubic feet
Language
English English
Repository
Outer Banks History Center

Series Quick Links

    Restrictions on Access & Use

    Access Restrictions

    Available for research.

    Use Restrictions

    Copyright is retained by the authors of these materials, or their descendants, as stipulated by the United States copyright law (Title 17 US Code). Individual researchers are responsible for using these materials in conformance with copyright law as well as any donor restrictions accompanying these materials.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], ORG.5051, United States Weather Bureau Expense Book of Observation Office at Cape Hatteras, N.C., Outer Banks History Center, Manteo, NC, U.S.A.

    Collection Overview

    The United States Weather Bureau Expense Book of Observation Office at Cape Hatteras, N.C., 1875-1891, tracks expenditures for the Cape Hatteras office. Expenditures include both goods and services, such as horse hires, boat hires, repairs, transportation, rent (paid to H.W. Styron), and shipment of supplies. Beginning in 1891, the title at the head of each page, "Signal Service U.S.A.," is crossed out and overwritten with "Weather Bureau," presumably reflecting the reorganization of the United States Weather Bureau that same year.

    Arrangement Note

    Chronological

    Biographical/Historical

    The United States Signal Service was founded in 1860 to provide support for communications and operations of the United States Army. Beginning in the 1870s, the Signal Service constructed weather observation stations across the country in support of a congressionally-mandated national weather service. The Cape Hatteras observation station was founded in 1874, first operating out of the Cape Hatteras Lighthouse Keeper's Quarters, then moving briefly to the Hatteras Life-Saving Station, before settling at a private residence, the Styron House, in 1883. The station's officers warned local Outer Banks residents of approaching storms by word of mouth, by boat, or by dropping announcements over remote islands in sealed tubes.

    In 1891, the Weather Bureau was separated from the United States Army and absorbed into the Department of Agriculture, and the Cape Hatteras office began referring to itself as the Cape Hatteras Weather Bureau Station. In 1902, the station was moved to a new location in the village of Hatteras, where it remained in operation until 1946. As of 2017, this building still stands and operates as a welcome center.

    Contents of the Collection

    Subject Headings

  1. United States--Army--Signal Corps
  2. United States--Weather Bureau
  3. Hatteras, Cape (N.C.)--History
  4. Hatteras (N.C.)--History
  5. Acquisitions Information

    Donated by H.M. "Skip" Lange, February 2016.

    Processing Information

  6. Processed by Samantha Crisp, December 2017.