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Women-In-Action for the Prevention of Violence and its Causes, Inc., Durham Chapter Records


Women-In-Action for the Prevention of Violence and Its Causes, Inc. was founded by Elna B. Spaulding on September 4, 1968, shortly after a public appeal was made to women of the Durham community to form a civic coalition of African-American and white women from all levels of society to work toward the prevention of violence. At that time, Durham was in the throes of ablack buying boycott, and tensions were mounting. The new organization worked with the principal groups involved (Black Solidarity Committee, Chamber of Commerce, Merchants Bureau), held open forums on the grievances, and contributed to a settlement which was effected in February, 1969. Anticipating public unrest over the court- ... (more below)

Title

Women-In-Action for the Prevention of Violence and its Causes, Inc., Durham Chapter Records

Collection Number

Org.195

Date(s)

1968 - 1973

Language

English

Physical Description
Boxes
2
Abstract

Women-In-Action for the Prevention of Violence and Its Causes, Inc. was founded by Elna B. Spaulding on September 4, 1968, shortly after a public appeal was made to women of the Durham community to form a civic coalition of African-American and white women from all levels of society to work toward the prevention of violence. At that time, Durham was in the throes of a  "black buying boycott," and tensions were mounting. The new organization worked with the principal groups involved (Black Solidarity Committee, Chamber of Commerce, Merchants Bureau), held open forums on the grievances, and contributed to a settlement which was effected in February, 1969. Anticipating public unrest over the court-ordered school desegregation plan, Women-In-Action opened a Center for School Support on July 29, 1970. The role Women-In-Action played in helping to foster a healthy climate for the transition was cited by state and local officials.

This group of general records of Women-In-Action dates from 1968 to 1973. Materials relate to the organization's work to prevent violence in the Durham, N.C., area during the 1960s and 1970s including boycotts, school desegregation, providing a problem clearinghouse to serve as an independent ombudsman for Durham citizens and serving as a rumor control center investigating complaints, rumors, and problems dealing with unemployment, drug abuse, medical care, substandard housing, consumer affairs, and other issues.

Physical Location

For current information on the location ofthese materials, please consult the Public Services Branch, State Archives of North Carolina.

Creator

Women-in-Action for the Prevention of Violence and Its Causes, Inc. Durham Chapter (Durham, N.C.)

Repository

State Archives of North Carolina


This collection is organized into 6 series by year:

  1. 1968: News Articles 1969: Administrative and Miscellaneous Records 1970: Administrative and Miscellaneous Records 1971: Administrative and Miscellaneous Records 1972: Administrative, Biographical, and Miscellaneous Records 1973: Conference, January Agenda

Series 2-5, containing the largest quantity of material, include folders arranged by topic and type of material. At the end of each series there is a sub-series entitled  "Non-Women-In-Action Materials".


Available for research.


Copyright is retained by the authors of these materials, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law (Title 17 US Code). Individual researchers are responsible for using these materials in conformance with copyright law as well as any donor restrictions accompanying the materials.


Processed by Ellen Z. McGrew, November, 1974

Encoded by Fran Tracy-Walls, June, 2003

Additional encoding by Ashley Yandle, June, 2007


Women-In-Action for the Prevention of Violence and Its Causes, Inc. was founded by Elna B. Spaulding on September 4, 1968, shortly after a public appeal was made to women of the Durham community to form a civic coalition of African-American and white women from all levels of society to work toward the prevention of violence. At that time, Durham was in the throes of a  "black buying boycott," and tensions were mounting.

The new organization worked with the principal groups involved (Black Solidarity Committee, Chamber of Commerce, Merchants Bureau), held open forums on the grievances, and contributed to a settlement which was effected in February, 1969. Anticipating public unrest over the court-ordered school desegregation plan, Women-In-Action opened a Center for School Support on July 29, 1970. The role Women-In-Action played in helping to foster a healthy climate for the transition was cited by state and local officials.

As an outgrowth of the school support center, Women-In-Action established a Problem Clearinghouse in October, 1970, to serve as an independent ombudsman for Durham citizens. The program was expanded the following year to encompass a branch of the national Call for Action program. Activities in 1970 and beyond reflected the group's involvement in a variety of issues in the Durham community and beyond. These areas included civic improvement, education, communications, housing, human relations, police-community relations, and welfare.

The organization's first affiliate was founded in Raleigh in September, 1971, stemming from a two-day statewide workshop for women's organizations held in Durham in April, 1971.


Women-In-Action for the Prevention of Violence and Its Causes, Inc. was founded by Elna B. Spaulding on September 4, 1968, shortly after a public appeal was made to women of the Durham community to form a civic coalition of African-American and white women from all levels of society to work toward the prevention of violence. At that time, Durham was in the throes of a  "black buying boycott," and tensions were mounting.

The new organization worked with the principal groups involved (Black Solidarity Committee, Chamber of Commerce, Merchants Bureau), held open forums on the grievances, and contributed to a settlement which was effected in February, 1969. Anticipating public unrest over the court-ordered school desegregation plan, Women-In-Action opened a Center for School Support on July 29, 1970. The role Women-In-Action played in helping to foster a healthy climate for the transition was cited by state and local officials.

As an outgrowth of the school support center, Women-In-Action established a Problem Clearinghouse in October, 1970, to serve as an independent ombudsman for Durham citizens. The program was expanded the following year to encompass a branch of the national Call for Action program. Activities in 1970 and beyond reflected the group's involvement in a variety of issues in the Durham community and beyond. These areas included civic improvement, education, communications, housing, human relations, police-community relations, and welfare.

The organization's first affiliate was founded in Raleigh in September, 1971, stemming from a two-day statewide workshop for women's organizations held in Durham in April, 1971.


[Identification of item], Org.195, Women-In-Action for the Prevention of Violence and its Causes, Inc., Durham Chapter Records, State Archives of North Carolina, Raleigh, NC, USA.


Placed on loan by Elna Bridgeforth Spaulding (Mrs. Asa Spaulding), president and founder of the organization, Durham, N.C., 1974.


Additional information on topics found in this collection may be found in the Manuscript and Archives Reference System (MARS)  http://www.ncarchives.dcr.state.nc.us.


This group of general records of Women-In-Action dates from 1968 to 1973. Materials relate to the organization's work to prevent violence in the Durham, N.C., area during the 1960s and 1970s including boycotts, school desegregation, providing a problem clearinghouse to serve as an independent ombudsman for Durham citizens and serving as a rumor control center investigating complaints, rumors, and problems dealing with unemployment, drug abuse, medical care, substandard housing, consumer affairs, and other issues. Includes records of subcommittees dealing with problems in the areas of civic improvement, education, communications, housing, human relations, police-community relations, and welfare. Principal groups involved with the group during the boycott include Black Solidarity Committee, Chamber of Commerce, Merchants Bureau. There are also clippings and material relating to the Raleigh chapter of the organization. Persons represented include Elna B. Spaulding, founder and president.

This collection is organized into 6 series by year:

  1. 1968: News Articles 1969: Administrative and Miscellaneous Records 1970: Administrative and Miscellaneous Records 1971: Administrative and Miscellaneous Records 1972: Administrative, Biographical, and Miscellaneous Records 1973: Conference, January Agenda

Series 2-5, containing the largest quantity of material, include folders arranged by topic and type of material. At the end of each series there is a sub-series entitled  "Non-Women-In-Action Materials".


This group of general records of Women-In-Action dates from 1968 to 1973. Materials relate to the organization's work to prevent violence in the Durham, N.C., area during the 1960s and 1970s including boycotts, school desegregation, providing a problem clearinghouse to serve as an independent ombudsman for Durham citizens and serving as a rumor control center investigating complaints, rumors, and problems dealing with unemployment, drug abuse, medical care, substandard housing, consumer affairs, and other issues. Includes records of subcommittees dealing with problems in the areas of civic improvement, education, communications, housing, human relations, police-community relations, and welfare. Principal groups involved with the group during the boycott include Black Solidarity Committee, Chamber of Commerce, Merchants Bureau. There are also clippings and material relating to the Raleigh chapter of the organization. Persons represented include Elna B. Spaulding, founder and president.


  • Black Solidarity Committee (Durham, N.C.)
  • Greater Durham Chamber of Commerce.
  • Merchants Bureau (Durham, N.C.)
  • African Americans--Civil rights--North Carolina--Durham.
  • African Americans--North Carolina--Economic conditions.
  • Boycotts--North Carolina--Durham.
  • Civic improvement--North Carolina--Durham.
  • Consumer protection--North Carolina--Durham.
  • Discrimination in housing--North Carolina--Durham.
  • Drug abuse
  • Education--North Carolina--Durham.
  • Housing--North Carolina--Durham.
  • Medical care
  • Ombudsman--North Carolina--Durham.
  • Police-community relations--North Carolina--Durham.
  • Race relations--History--20th century.
  • School integration--North Carolina--Durham.
  • Unemployment
  • Welfare recipients
  • Women--Societies and clubs--North Carolina--Durham.
  • Durham (N.C.)
  • Raleigh (N.C.)
  • Wake County (N.C.)

This small series gives a glimpse of the beginnings of the organization, Women-in-Action, that would be formally established the following year. It contains  "Kick-Off Message," September 4, Asa Spaulding,  Durham Morning Herald, 1 page, December 29.

Box: 1  
Spaulding, Asa T. (Asa Timothy), News Article
1968

Scope and Content

Like his wife, Elna Spaulding, Asa T. Spaulding had many civic, religious, educational, policial interests. He was also a prominent businessman and associated with two successful Durham establishments, the North Carolina Mutal Life Insurance Company and the Mechanics and Farmers Bank. While Asa T. Spaulding was author of the article, Elna Spaulding is credited with the vision of the Women-In-Action organization. This vision took on concrete shape in 1968 after Mrs. Spaulding attended a national conference on  "What Women Can Do to End Violence in America."

Women-in-Action was registered on June 19, 1969 as a non-profit corporation through the office of the North Carolina Secretary of State. This series reflects the following activities during that period: establishment of by-laws, guidelines, etc., and formation of an executive committee and a number of sub-committees. These sub-committees began to explore problems in areas of education, civil improvement, communications, housing, human relations, police-community relations, welfare, etc. The series also contains some correspondence, workshop material, clippings, material concerning its first anniversary celebration, along with miscellaneous and non Women-In-Action materials.

16449
By-Laws

16450
Articles of Incorporation

16451
Guidelines; Bibliography; Literature

16452
Executive Committee, Steering Committee, Agenda General Meeting, Program

16453
Sub-Committee Reports, Opinionnaire, etc.

Civic Improvement Committee
Police and Community Relations-EqualProtection Under the Law
Employment Committee
Communications Committee

16458
General Correspondence

16459
Workshop, July

16460
Workshop, July

16461
First Anniversary Dinner

Program
Address
Correspondence

16465
Newspaper Clippings

16466
Miscellaneous

Summary
September 1968 - August, 1969
Resolutions and Insights, The McCall Forum Conference Revisited, n.d.
Notes on the nature of violence, n.d.
Answers to Questionnaire on directions for second year
Statement on major cause of tension in our society, addressed to Durham County Board of Commissioners, n.d.

16472
Non Women-In-Action Materials

News Release, Human Relations Commission, Durham
Capital Briefs, Washington Office of National Board of YWCA's, November-December
Who's Who in Housing, League of Women Voters
Miscellaneous Newspaper Clippings
Minutes, Joint Meeting (Minority Group Housing Committee, Housing for Displaced Families Committee, Urban Renewal Committee), October 16

This series includes agendas, minutes, program information, some correspondence. The records of 1970 reflect the addition of a board of advisors, board of directors, and standing committee. Sub-committees continued to explore problems in areas of education, civil improvement, communications, housing, human relations, police-community relations, welfare, etc.

16478
Board of Directors, Executive Committee

Memoranda
Agenda
Minutes

16482
Advisory Board

Minutes and Agenda

16484
General Meetings

Minutes
Programs

16487
Center for School Support

Scope and Content

Anticipating public unrest over the court-ordered school desegregation plan, Women-In-Action opened a Center for School Support on July 29, 1970. Women of both races manned telephones, answering questions of harried parents worried about school assignments and busing, stifling rumors, etc. In addition, PTA conferences, parent-teacher-student seminars, and informal social gatherings were held during the transition period. The Durham public schools opened in the fall without major incidents and the Center was able to close September 4, 1970. The role Women-In-Action played in helping to foster a healthy climate for the transition was cited by state and local officials.

Correspondence, etc.

16489
Clearinghouse

Scope and Content

In October, 1970, as an outgrowth of the school center, Women-In-Action established a Problem Clearinghouse to serve as an independent ombudsman for Durham citizens. It served as a rumor control center, investigating complaints and rumors and handling problems dealing with unemployment, drug abuse, abortions, medical care, substandard housing, consumer affairs, etc.

16490
General Correspondence

16491
Sub-Committees Reports, etc.

Scope and Content

Women-In-Action continued its sub-committees charged with exploring problems reflected by their various names.

Civic Improvement
Communications Committee
Human Relations Committee
List of Standing Committee Chairmen

16496
Finances

16497
Newsletters; News Releases

16498
Membership and Officers

16499
Awards

George Washington Honor Medal, Freedoms Foundation, Valley Forge
June 8 [1970]
Distinguished Service in the Field of Human Relations, National Conference of Christians and Jews
October 6 [1970]

16502
Newspaper Clippings

16503
Organizations, List of

16504
Miscellaneous (Women-In-Action)

16505
Non Women-In-Action Materials

Call for Action Perspective, , Vol. 2, No. 1
1970
Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (founded 1915 by Jane Adams), November bulletin
Invitation,Action '70 Day,Pines of CarolinaGirl Scout Council, Inc., Greensboro
September [1970]
Program: Forum, N.C. Council of Women's Organizations,Women-In-Action--1970, Meredith College
September [1970]
Newsletter,Link,, Housing Authority, Durham,Vol. X, No. 2
December [1970]
Miscellaneous Newspaper Clippings
Report on successful integration of schools in Hoke County, text delivered before Select Committee on Equal Educational Opportunity : in Washington, D.C.
June 17, [1970]
Program,World Understanding Workshop, n.d.
Scope and Content

Topic and panelists only.

This series includes a president's report on  "Highlights of 1970"; minutes and agendas of the main organization and executive committee, with amendments to by-laws; some correspondence, financial, workshop, and Clearinghouse material; clippings. Also, there is an awards folder, with a National Volunteer Award citation. A folder is devoted to the formation of the organization's first affiliate, founded in Raleigh in September, 1971. The series ends with the president's third anniversary report.

Box: 2  
Report of the President,Highlights of 1970

21361
Board of Directors

Executive Committee Agenda
Minutes
Amendments to By-Laws

16518
General Meetings

Agenda
Minutes

16521
General Correspondence

16522
Membership, Officers

16523
Sub-Committees

Reports

16525
Clearinghouse

Scope and Content

On November 1, 1971, the Clearinghouse project was expanded to encompass a branch of the national Call for Action program.

16526
Call for Action

Scope and Content

The Call for Action program provided help by telephone for individuals who are unable to have grievances settled through normal channels. This telephone service was sponsored and partly funded by Raleigh radio-television station WRAL.

16527
Workshop

16528
Workshop

16529
Newspaper Clippings

16530
Award

Citation, National Volunteer Award

16532
Finances

16533
Raleigh Chapter

16534
President's Third Anniversary Report
September 4, 1972

This series includes minutes and agendas of the main organization and its executive committee; some correspondence and Clearinghouse material; newsletters; clippings, and related, but non-Women-In-Action materials. Special projects include a workshop with the PTA and a concern with Christmas toys with violent themes. A folder on Special Projects, 1970-72 provides some biographical information on Mrs. Spaulding.

16535
Executive Committee, General Meetings Minutes, Agenda

16536
General Correspondence

16537
Membership, Officers

16538
Clearinghouse

16539
Workshop with PTA

16540
Newsletter (March)

16541
Newspaper Clippings

16542
Tax Status, United Fund

16543
Finances

16544
Violent Christmas toys

16545
Report on Special Projects
1970-1972

item
Spaulding, Elna B. (Elna Bridgeforth) Biographical Information
Scope and Content

Mrs. Spaulding was also known as Mrs. Asa Spaulding, as wife of Asa T. Spaulding (1902-1990), Afro-American actuary and insurance company executive. As noted earlier, Mrs. Spaulding was president and founder of Women-In-Action for the Prevention of Violence and Its Causes, Durham Chapter.

16546
Non-Women-In-Action Materials

Duke University, Letter, Department of Education, funds for school program, n.d.
Duke University, Fact Sheet regarding Duke and OEO health care for poor, n.d.
Lincoln Community Health Center, Overview and program
Charlotte-Mecklenburg Schools,The Information Center

This small series gives a glimpse of an organization broadening beyond its original purpose of easing racial violence surrounding school desegregation.

16551
January Agenda
1973