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Joseph John Jackson Papers


Joseph John Jackson, son of Samuel S. and Elizabeth Jackson, was educated at the University of North Carolina (B.A.,1838, M.A., 1843), and later served as trustee of the university (1858-1868). As an attorney practicing in Pittsboro, Jackson was active in Chatham County and state politics.The papers in this collection date from 1836 to 1930, with a majority created during the course of Jackson's professional life, or arising as evidences relating to real property in which he had an interest or was an owner.

Title

Joseph John Jackson Papers

Collection Number

PC.1147

Date(s)

1836 - 1930

Language

English

Physical Description
Items
480
Genre/Physical Characteristic

including manuscript and typescript letters, petitions, affidavits, memoranda; printed Congressional bills and resolutions, broadsides, orders, reports, and circulars; contracts, deeds, powers of attorney, bills and receits, and so forth; 1 photocopy of an 1838 diploma of membership issued by the Dialectic Society, UNC.

Physical Description
Items
960.00
Abstract

Joseph John Jackson, son of Samuel S. and Elizabeth Jackson, was educated at the University of North Carolina (B.A.,1838, M.A., 1843), and later served as trustee of the university (1858-1868). As an attorney practicing in Pittsboro, Jackson was active in Chatham County and state politics.

The papers in this collection date from 1836 to 1930, with a majority created during the course of Jackson's professional life, or arising as evidences relating to real property in which he had an interest or was an owner.

Physical Location

For current information on the location ofthese materials, please consult the Public Services Branch, State Archives of North Carolina.

Creator

Jackson, Joseph John, 1817-1902.

Repository

State Archives of North Carolina


The papers fall into four categories: Cotton Claim Papers, 1863-1928; Horneville Property Papers, 1850-1903; Pittsboro Property Papers, 1836-1871; and, Miscellaneous Papers, 1866-1930.


Available for research.


Copyright is retained by the authors of these materials, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law (Title 17 US Code). Individual researchers are responsible for using these materials in conformance with copyright law as well as any donor restrictions accompanying the materials.


Processed by George Stevenson, August, 2003

Encoded by Fran Tracy-Walls, October, 2003


Joseph John Jackson (1817-1902), Pittsboro attorney-at-law, was the son of Samuel S. and Elizabeth Jackson. Educated at the University of North Carolina, Jackson was awarded the degree of Bachelor of Arts in 1838, and Master of Arts in 1843, having, in the interim, represented Chatham County in the House of Commons during the 1842-1843 session of the General Assembly. He subsequently served as county attorney for Chatham County for 18 years, and was a trustee of the University of North Carolina from 1858 to 1868. Jackson married one of the daughters of Gov. Jonathan Worth, Lucy Jane Worth, in 1849. (His brother, Samuel Spencer Jackson, Jr., married another Worth daughter, Elvira.) J. J. Jackson was survived by five children: J. W. and S. S. Jackson of Chicago, Mrs. Henry Armand London and Miss Carrie Jackson of Pittsboro, and Mrs. J. H. Currie of Cumberland.


Joseph John Jackson (1817-1902), Pittsboro attorney-at-law, was the son of Samuel S. and Elizabeth Jackson. Educated at the University of North Carolina, Jackson was awarded the degree of Bachelor of Arts in 1838, and Master of Arts in 1843, having, in the interim, represented Chatham County in the House of Commons during the 1842-1843 session of the General Assembly. He subsequently served as county attorney for Chatham County for 18 years, and was a trustee of the University of North Carolina from 1858 to 1868. Jackson married one of the daughters of Gov. Jonathan Worth, Lucy Jane Worth, in 1849. (His brother, Samuel Spencer Jackson, Jr., married another Worth daughter, Elvira.) J. J. Jackson was survived by five children: J. W. and S. S. Jackson of Chicago, Mrs. Henry Armand London and Miss Carrie Jackson of Pittsboro, and Mrs. J. H. Currie of Cumberland.


[Identification of item], PC.1147, Joseph John Jackson Papers, State Archives of North Carolina, Raleigh, NC, USA.


Gift, Katherine Lee Jerome Conely, Southern Pines, N.C., 2003; photocopy transferred from Miscellaneous Papers in 1961.


Additional information on topics found in this collection may be found in the Manuscript and Archives Reference System (MARS)  http://www.ncarchives.dcr.state.nc.us.


The papers in this collection were created during the course of Jackson's professional life, or otherwise served as evidences relating to real property in which Jackson had an interest or was an owner.

The Cotton Claim Papers series begins with Jackson's efforts, as appointed agent, to demand, collect, and receive for the benefit of the state all cotton and other property belonging to the state in various counties. When United States Treasury agents seized 74 bales of the cotton belonging to the state and refused to allow Jackson to take possession of it, he entered into a contract with Gov. Tod Caldwell to attempt recovery of the value of the cotton from the U.S. government. Jackson later conveyed his legal interest under the state contract to his son, Samuel Spencer Jackson, who continued to press the claim until a successful conclusion was reached in 1928. The Horneville Property Papers series concerns tracts of land purchased by J.J. Jackson, among others, on Deep River in the coal region of Chatham County. In 1851, these tracts were incorporated as the Chatham Mining and Manufacturing Company (commonly called the Horneville Coal Company). The Pittsboro Property Deeds include muniments of title to Joseph John Jackson's town property in Pittsboro, N.C. There is also a Miscellaneous Papers series.

The papers fall into four categories: Cotton Claim Papers, 1863-1928; Horneville Property Papers, 1850-1903; Pittsboro Property Papers, 1836-1871; and, Miscellaneous Papers, 1866-1930.


The papers in this collection were created during the course of Jackson's professional life, or otherwise served as evidences relating to real property in which Jackson had an interest or was an owner.

The Cotton Claim Papers series begins with Jackson's efforts, as appointed agent, to demand, collect, and receive for the benefit of the state all cotton and other property belonging to the state in various counties. When United States Treasury agents seized 74 bales of the cotton belonging to the state and refused to allow Jackson to take possession of it, he entered into a contract with Gov. Tod Caldwell to attempt recovery of the value of the cotton from the U.S. government. Jackson later conveyed his legal interest under the state contract to his son, Samuel Spencer Jackson, who continued to press the claim until a successful conclusion was reached in 1928. The Horneville Property Papers series concerns tracts of land purchased by J.J. Jackson, among others, on Deep River in the coal region of Chatham County. In 1851, these tracts were incorporated as the Chatham Mining and Manufacturing Company (commonly called the Horneville Coal Company). The Pittsboro Property Deeds include muniments of title to Joseph John Jackson's town property in Pittsboro, N.C. There is also a Miscellaneous Papers series.


  • Horne, William T.
  • Jackson family.
  • London, Betty Louise Jackson, 1853-1930.
  • Scott, John W.
  • Chatham Mining and Manufacturing Company.
  • University of North Carolina (1793-1962). Dialectic Society.
  • Cotton growing
  • Merchants--North Carolina--Caswell County
  • Scuppernong--North Carolina--History.
  • Sheriffs--North Carolina--Caswell County
  • United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Claims.
  • Chatham County (N.C.)
  • Pittsboro (N.C.)

Physical Description
Approximately 320 items.

During the Civil War, Governor Vance had purchased cotton in various counties to be sold on the state's account. In the summer and autumn of 1865 and again in 1866 Joseph John Jackson was appointed agent to demand, collect, and receive for the benefit of the state all cotton and other property belonging to the state in various counties. United States Treasury agents, supported by the United States Army then occupying North Carolina, seized 74 bales of the cotton belonging to the state and refused to allow Jackson to take possession of it. After the cotton had been sold for the benefit of the U.S. Treasury, Jackson in 1874 entered into a contract with Gov. Tod Caldwell to attempt recovery of the value of the cotton from the U.S. government, and to take as his fee a proportionate share of what he might be able to recover.

Before his death, Jackson conveyed to his son, Samuel Spencer Jackson, his legal interest under the state contract. His son continued to press the claim through the first quarter of the twentieth century. It took 54 years for Jackson and his son to prosecute the claim to a successful conclusion, but finally, in 1928, Congress settled the claims of several states, including $96,835 for North Carolina's cotton seized in 1865. Correspondents of the two Jacksons include Governors W.W. Holden, Jonathan Worth, Tod R. Caldwell, Charles B. Aycock and Angus W. McLean; U.S. Senators John Pool, Augustus S. Merrimon, Matt W. Ransom, Zebulon B. Vance and Lee S. Overman; U.S. Representatives James M. Leach, Joseph J. Davis, Alfred Moore Waddell, and Furnifold M. Simmons.

The Cotton Claim Papers are arranged chronologically no matter what the form of the document, whether letter, receipt, deposition, affidavit, petition, bill, report, or other.

Physical Description
Approximately 136 items.

In 1848 or 1849 J. J. Jackson, William Beverhout Thompson, William T. Home, Thomas Hill, and Nathan A. Stedman purchased tracts of land on Deep River in the coal region of Chatham County, and in 1851 were incorporated as the Chatham Mining and Manufacturing Company (commonly called the Horneville Coal Company). Each man then transferred his share of the land to the corporation, becoming in exchange, holder of an equal fifth share in the capital stock of the company. In 1860 Jackson purchased Hill's share, and in 1869 began to look out for the interests of Mrs. W. B. Thompson (her husband having returned to Georgetown, D.C., before the Civil War and since died).

In 1881 John W. Scott of Sanford, N.C., secured control of 8/15 interest in the property and took over its management from Jackson whose financial situation began a decline after the panic of 1873. Eventually Jackson was obliged to take advantage of the Homestead Exemption Act in order to protect a modicum of his property from his creditors. Among the property he listed as part of his homestead was his fifth interest in the Horneville property (mortgaged by him to his sister-in-law, Elvira Worth Moffitt in 1887). This file of papers appears to have been preserved as evidentiary matter reflecting his title to a fifth-share of the Horneville property and establishing his claim against the heirs of William Beverhout Thompson for recovery of his expenses in looking out for Mrs. Thompson's interest in the property.

Arrangement of the Horneville Property papers is chronological by category: history, correspondence, deeds; bills and receipts, contracts, powers of attorney, rents, and taxes.

Physical Description
12 items.

These warranty, sheriff, quitclaim and mortgage deeds are the muniments of title to Joseph John Jackson's town property in Pittsboro, N.C. (Lots 76, 77, 78, 79, 81, 82, and 83).

These materials are arranged chronologically.

Physical Description
12 items.

These twelve documents include an 1866 note from Jackson to Governor Worth asking him to forward as soon as possible to "Brother Jack" a box of scuppernong grape cuttings; an 1870 holograph will written by Jackson on the eve of a trip; advice written to his wife in 1875 on how to deal with such realty as remained after his financial failure; an undated manuscript drawing and description of an improved piece of equipment for cotton growing (a cotton blocker); part of a 1930 newspaper obituary of Jackson's daughter, Bettie Louise (Mrs. Henry Armand London); and a negative photostat of J. J. Jackson's certificate of membership in good standing in the Dialectic Society at the University of North Carolina, 1838.