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Daniel G. Fowle Papers, Addition


Daniel Gould Fowle (1831-1891), son of Martha Barney Marsh and Samuel Richardson Fowle of Woburn, Massachusetts, was elected governor of North Carolina in 1888 only to die suddenly while in office. Born in Washington, North Carolina, Fowle served in the 14th and 31st N.C. regiments until captured and paroled at Roanoke Island. He also served as a state legislator, state adjutant general, a superior court judge, delegate to the 1868 conservative convention and chairman of the central committee to theConstitutional Union Party (subsequently the Democratic Party), and defense attorney in Ku Klux Klan prosecutions.The bulk of these materials are speeches made by Daniel G. Fowle (1876-1889), lett ... (more below)

Title

Daniel G. Fowle Papers, Addition

Collection Number

PC.1638.2-4

Date(s)

1852 - 1957

Language

English

Physical Description
Items
ca. 451
Boxes
3
Physical Description
Items
787.00
Folders
1.00
Images
105.00
Abstract

Daniel Gould Fowle (1831-1891), son of Martha Barney Marsh and Samuel Richardson Fowle of Woburn, Massachusetts, was elected governor of North Carolina in 1888 only to die suddenly while in office. Born in Washington, North Carolina, Fowle served in the 14th and 31st N.C. regiments until captured and paroled at Roanoke Island. He also served as a state legislator, state adjutant general, a superior court judge, delegate to the 1868 conservative convention and chairman of the central committee to the  "Constitutional Union Party" (subsequently the Democratic Party), and defense attorney in Ku Klux Klan prosecutions.

The bulk of these materials are speeches made by Daniel G. Fowle (1876-1889), letters written to him during his tenure as governor of North Carolina (1889-1890), and materials relating to Governor Fowle's daughter, Mary Haywood Fowle Stearns, including letters written to her (1899-1957).

Physical Location

For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Public Services Branch, State Archives of North Carolina.

Creator

Fowle, Daniel G. (Daniel Gould), 1831-1891.

Repository

State Archives of North Carolina


Arranged by type of material into five series: Fowle Letters, 1864-1890; Stearns Letters, 1899-1957; Fowle Speeches, 1876-1889, n.d.; Miscellaneous Papers 1861-1942, n.d.;Photographs, 1905-1906, n.d.


Available for research.


Copyright is retained by the authors of these materials, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law (Title 17 US Code). Individual researchers are responsible for using these materials in conformance with copyright law as well as any donor restrictions accompanying the materials.


Processed by G. Stevenson, [ca. after 1977]

Encoded by Dietra Stanley, July, 2006; Additional encoding by Ashley Yandle, May, 2007.


Daniel Gould Fowle (1831-1891), son of Martha Barney Marsh and Samuel Richardson Fowle of Woburn, Massachusetts, was born in Washington, North Carolina, attended the Bingham School, graduated from Princeton College (1851) studied law at Richmond Hill under Judge Richmond M. Pearson, and opened a law practice in Raleigh in 1853. After outbreak of the Civil War, Fowle served in the 14th and 31st N.C. regiments until captured and paroled at Roanoke Island. During the remainder of the war years he served in the state legislature or as state adjutant general. Appointed in 1865 to a superior court judgeship, Fowle was confirmed in the appointment by the General Assembly in the summer of 1866, but resigned in the late autumn of 1867 in protest against intrusion of the federal military into judicial matters. A delegate to the 1868 conservative convention off the  "Constitutional Union Party" (subsequently the Democratic Party), Fowle was elected chairman of the central committee and remained thenceforth a key party member. In 1870 he was defense attorney in the Ku Klux Klan prosecutions, and in 1876 his name was suggested as Democratic candidate for governor (Vance, however, being nominated on the first ballot). In the hotly contested election of 1876, Fowle campaigned widely in what became a successful attempt to turn the Republican Party out of office for the first time since the end of the war. In 1880, Fowle was defeated in the gubernatorial election by Jarvis. In the 1884 campaign he fought strongly for Cleveland while standing, himself, unsuccessfully, as a candidate for Congress. In 1888 Fowle was elected governor and died suddenly in office in April, 1891.

Fowle was married first to Ellen Brent Pearson, daughter of Judge Pearson, who died in 1862 leaving daughters Margaret Pearson (Mrs. P. H. Andrews) and Martha Barnet (Mrs. David B. Avery). In 1866 he married Mary E. Haywood, daughter of Dr. Fabius Haywood of Raleigh. The second Mrs. Fowle was educated in St. Mary's School, as were her daughters: Helen Whitaker Fowle (Mrs. Thomas D. Knight) and Mary Haywood Fowle (Mrs. Walter Stearns). Of their two sons, Fabius Haywood Fowle died young, while Daniel G. Fowle, Jr., lived to adulthood serving in the Spanish American War, the Philippine Insurrection,and World War I.


Daniel Gould Fowle (1831-1891), son of Martha Barney Marsh and Samuel Richardson Fowle of Woburn, Massachusetts, was born in Washington, North Carolina, attended the Bingham School, graduated from Princeton College (1851) studied law at Richmond Hill under Judge Richmond M. Pearson, and opened a law practice in Raleigh in 1853. After outbreak of the Civil War, Fowle served in the 14th and 31st N.C. regiments until captured and paroled at Roanoke Island. During the remainder of the war years he served in the state legislature or as state adjutant general. Appointed in 1865 to a superior court judgeship, Fowle was confirmed in the appointment by the General Assembly in the summer of 1866, but resigned in the late autumn of 1867 in protest against intrusion of the federal military into judicial matters. A delegate to the 1868 conservative convention off the  "Constitutional Union Party" (subsequently the Democratic Party), Fowle was elected chairman of the central committee and remained thenceforth a key party member. In 1870 he was defense attorney in the Ku Klux Klan prosecutions, and in 1876 his name was suggested as Democratic candidate for governor (Vance, however, being nominated on the first ballot). In the hotly contested election of 1876, Fowle campaigned widely in what became a successful attempt to turn the Republican Party out of office for the first time since the end of the war. In 1880, Fowle was defeated in the gubernatorial election by Jarvis. In the 1884 campaign he fought strongly for Cleveland while standing, himself, unsuccessfully, as a candidate for Congress. In 1888 Fowle was elected governor and died suddenly in office in April, 1891.

Fowle was married first to Ellen Brent Pearson, daughter of Judge Pearson, who died in 1862 leaving daughters Margaret Pearson (Mrs. P. H. Andrews) and Martha Barnet (Mrs. David B. Avery). In 1866 he married Mary E. Haywood, daughter of Dr. Fabius Haywood of Raleigh. The second Mrs. Fowle was educated in St. Mary's School, as were her daughters: Helen Whitaker Fowle (Mrs. Thomas D. Knight) and Mary Haywood Fowle (Mrs. Walter Stearns). Of their two sons, Fabius Haywood Fowle died young, while Daniel G. Fowle, Jr., lived to adulthood serving in the Spanish American War, the Philippine Insurrection,and World War I.


[Identification of item], PC.1638.2-4, Daniel G. Fowle Papers Addition, State Archives of North Carolina, Raleigh, NC, USA.


Gift of Charles P. Wood, Lizard Lick, N.C.


Additional information on topics found in this collection may be found in the Manuscript and Archives Reference System (MARS)  http://www.ncarchives.dcr.state.nc.us.

  1. PC.1638, Daniel G. Fowle Papers, State Archives of North Carolina, Raleigh, N.C. (129 items).

The bulk of these materials are speeches made by Daniel G. Fowle during the period from 1876 to 1889, and letters written to him during his tenure as governor of North Carolina in 1889 and 1890 (but considered personal papers rather than official records). Except for an 1852 and 1853 Sloan family letter, and the typescript of an 1864 letter, the remainder of these materials relate to Governor Fowle's daughter, Mary Haywood Fowle Stearns, including letters written to her between 1899 and 1957.

The earliest Fowle letter in this collection is a typescript of a May 3, 1864, letter from Martha M. Fowle (Governor Fowle's sister) describing the evacuation of Washington, N.C., by the federal forces who had recently held it by occupation. The remaining letters were all written to Governor Fowle during 1889 (eight letters) and 1890 (266 letters). Several of these are purely personal letters written by friends and family members, but most of them are letters written privately to the governor and are concerned with appointments to vacancies in state offices; speaking engagements at public functions; requests for the governor's personal recommendation of the writer to a third party; Democratic Party politics; petitions for pardon of felons whose indictments and convictions were said to have been politically motivated, and so forth.

The letters written to Governor Fowle's daughter, Mary Haywood (Fowle) Stearns, include six written by her brother, Daniel G. Fowle, Jr., between the years 1899 and 1943. The first five relate to his service in the Philippine Insurrection and the sixth relating to division of family property. Other items include two courtship letters written by Walter Stearns to Mary Fowle in 1906 and letters from friends.

Fowle's political speeches are also included in the collection as well as speeches on the occasion of civic and patriotic celebrations. His common theme is reconciliation between the North and the South after the Civil War. Fowle's political speeches characterize the Republican Party as a  "wicked political organization." There are many allusions to Governor Holden's actions during the  "Kirk-Holden war."

There are various miscellaneous materials from both nineteenth and twentieth century in the collection, however most of them arising from the life and interests of Mrs. Stearns. The last series of the collection is a group of 105 photographs relating to the governor and his family.

Arranged by type of material into five series: Fowle Letters, 1864-1890; Stearns Letters, 1899-1957; Fowle Speeches, 1876-1889, n.d.; Miscellaneous Papers 1861-1942, n.d.;Photographs, 1905-1906, n.d.


The bulk of these materials are speeches made by Daniel G. Fowle during the period from 1876 to 1889, and letters written to him during his tenure as governor of North Carolina in 1889 and 1890 (but considered personal papers rather than official records). Except for an 1852 and 1853 Sloan family letter, and the typescript of an 1864 letter, the remainder of these materials relate to Governor Fowle's daughter, Mary Haywood Fowle Stearns, including letters written to her between 1899 and 1957.

The earliest Fowle letter in this collection is a typescript of a May 3, 1864, letter from Martha M. Fowle (Governor Fowle's sister) describing the evacuation of Washington, N.C., by the federal forces who had recently held it by occupation. The remaining letters were all written to Governor Fowle during 1889 (eight letters) and 1890 (266 letters). Several of these are purely personal letters written by friends and family members, but most of them are letters written privately to the governor and are concerned with appointments to vacancies in state offices; speaking engagements at public functions; requests for the governor's personal recommendation of the writer to a third party; Democratic Party politics; petitions for pardon of felons whose indictments and convictions were said to have been politically motivated, and so forth.

The letters written to Governor Fowle's daughter, Mary Haywood (Fowle) Stearns, include six written by her brother, Daniel G. Fowle, Jr., between the years 1899 and 1943. The first five relate to his service in the Philippine Insurrection and the sixth relating to division of family property. Other items include two courtship letters written by Walter Stearns to Mary Fowle in 1906 and letters from friends.

Fowle's political speeches are also included in the collection as well as speeches on the occasion of civic and patriotic celebrations. His common theme is reconciliation between the North and the South after the Civil War. Fowle's political speeches characterize the Republican Party as a  "wicked political organization." There are many allusions to Governor Holden's actions during the  "Kirk-Holden war."

There are various miscellaneous materials from both nineteenth and twentieth century in the collection, however most of them arising from the life and interests of Mrs. Stearns. The last series of the collection is a group of 105 photographs relating to the governor and his family.


  • Holden, W. W. (William Woods), 1818-1892.
  • Kirk, George W. (George Washington), 1837-1905.
  • Stearns, Mary Haywood Fowle.
  • Sloan family.
  • Democratic Party (N.C.)
  • Governors--North Carolina--Correspondence.
  • Love-letters.
  • Politicians
  • Reconciliation--Political aspects--United States.
  • Republican Party (N.C.)
  • Philippines--History--Philippine American War, 1899-1902.
  • United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Personal narratives, Confeder
  • Washington (N.C.)
  • Photographs.
  • Speeches.

Physical Description
277 items

The earliest Fowle letter in this collection is a typescript of a May 3, 1864, letter from Martha M. Fowle (Governor Fowle's sister) describing the evacuation of Washington, N.C., by the federal forces who had recently held it by occupation; the evacuation was accompanied by the blowing up of the Yankee fortifications to prevent their falling intact into the hands of the Confederates and the burning of the town. The remaining 274 Fowle letters were all written to Governor Fowle during 1889 (eight letters) and 1890 (266 letters). Several of these are purely personal letters written by friends and family members, but most of them are letters written privately to the governor (or written for his personal attention), and areconcerned with appointments to vacancies in state offices; speaking engagements at public functions (such as academic commencements, Memorial Day ceremonies, patriotic anniversaries, municipal celebrations); requests for the governor's personal recommendation of the writer to a third party, or seeking his endorsement of the writer's scheme; Democratic Party politics; petitions for pardon of felons whose indictments and convictions were said to have been politically motivated, and so forth. Several of the letters written to Fowle during the month of July, 1890, have as their topic the nomination of the Democratic candidate for the 5th Judicial District judgeship, and an equal number of those written during the latter part of July and August concern the nominations of Justices Merrimon and Clark as Democratic candidates for Supreme Court seats. July letters have as their topic, too, the summer encampment of the State Guard at Charlotte and the difficulties Adjutant General James D. Glenn had with some of the officers. Correspondence on the subject of the State Guard ends in these papers following Glenn's acknowledgement in August of Governor Fowle's prohibition of further personal letters from the adjutant general to the governor in regard to public matters. (Governor's Letter Books 72 and 74 ought to be consulted for the remainder of Adjutant General Glenn's letters to the governor.)

Physical Description
27 items

These are letters written to Governor Fowle's daughter, Mary Haywood (Fowle) Stearns. They include six written by her brother, Daniel G. Fowle, Jr., between the years 1899 and 1943, the first five relating to his service in the Philippine Insurrection, and the sixth relating to division of family property. A later letter dated November 29, 1918, addressed to Mrs. Fowle at Washington, N.C., encloses a newspaper clipping with a story denying the likelihood of truth in the rumors of Captain Fowle's death in the Argonne Forest, and announcing his having been cited for gallantry and recommended for the Legion of Honor. Two courtship letters written by Walter Stearns to Mary Fowle in 1906 are included in this small scattering of letters, the remainder of which are letters from friends that have little research value as mere survivors from what ought to be a much larger body of correspondence.

Physical Description
l7 items plus 1 folder
Physical Description
Items
7.00
Folders
1.00

These include some of Fowle's political speeches as well as speeches on the occasion of civic and patriotic celebrations. His common theme is reconciliation--that the South, as the injured party, ought to be the first to forgive, and thus bring about a joining of heart and hand that really would heal the union of the states so badly wounded by the Civil War. Fowle's political speeches characterize the Republican Party as a  "wicked political organization" responsible for suspending the writ of Habeas Corpus in time of peace, as having invaded the rights of states and persons, as having devastated and impoverished the South, as having deprived an innocent Mrs. Mary Surratt of her life, and as having poisoned the wellsprings of public virtue. There are many allusions to Governor Holden's actions during the  "Kirk-Holden war". All the same when George W. Swepson shot and killed Adolphus Moore of Alamance County (who had been one of the democrats victimized earlier during the  "Kirk-Holden war"), Fowle acted for Swepson's defense and helped secure his acquittal when indicted for murder in the June, 1876, term of Wake County Superior Court. Except for the Swepson defense speech, most of Fowle's speeches draw from one another for the same imagery, including wording, and almost always urge a healing of the nation through reconciliation of North and South.

The speeches are arranged by date.

17442
, Election Campaign (The Condition of Public Affairs)
1876

17443
, Election Campaign (My Countrymen)
1876

17444
, Election Campaign (fragments of speeches)
1876

17445
, Defense of Swepson in Wake County Superior Court
June, 1876

17446
, Commencement Address. (U.N.C. ; Wake Forest; Davidson)
1877

17447
, Speech at Wadesboro, N.C.
Aug 10, 1879

17448
-Retrenchment, Reform, Reconciliation (Notes)
1876-1880

17449
, Charlotte, N.C. (Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence)
May 20, 1879

17450
, Hendersonville, N.C. (Upon completion to Hendersonville of the Spartanburg and Asheville Railroad)
July 4, 1879

17451
, Greensboro, N.C. (Memorial Day address)
May 10, 1880

17452
, [Centennial of the Battle of King's Mountain]
Sept. 26, 1880

17453
, Warrenton, N.C. (opening his Canvass--incomplete)
1880

17454
, Chatham County. (U.S. Presidential. Election)
1884

17455
, Smithfield, N.C, (Aide-memoir for his speech)
June, 1884

17456
, Oxford, N.C. (Upon completion to Oxford of the Durham and Clarksville Railroad)
Apr. 18, 1888

17457
, Washington, N.C. (Memorial. Day address)
May 10, 1888

17458
[St. Mary's School, Raleigh, Commencement?]
1889?

17459
n.d., Eulogy [William A. Graham?]

17460
n.d., Fragments of Speeches

Physical Description
25 items

These include both nineteenth and twentieth century materials, most of them arising from the life and interests of Mrs. Stearns. From her parents, however, the materials include a composition,  "Blighted Affection" from Governor Fowle's school days, and a commonplace book that had belonged to Mary E. Haywood (presumably when a student at St. Mary's School). The commonplace appears to have fallen into the hands of Captain Roger W. Woodbury of the 3d New Hampshire volunteers, presumably while his regiment was acting as provost guard at Wilmington, N.C. between January and April, 1865. While the book was in his hands, Captain Woodbury could not resist writing his own name, as well as the names of others (including that of Robert E. Lee and Ulysses S. Grant), in places reserved for autographs of Miss Haywood's schoolmates, and otherwise scribbling in the book before it was returned to Miss Haywood. The little book was subsequently used in drawing up an extensive address list (pages 194-210), the purpose of which is uncertain. Otherwise, the miscellaneous materials are:

Folder: 1  
Commonplace Book, Mary E. Haywood (c.)
1861-1865

Folder: 2  
Christ Church, Raleigh (history)

Folder: 3  
Genealogy (Haywood Fowle)

Folder: 4  
Haywood Hall, Raleigh, N.C.

Folder: 5  
Joel Lane House, Raleigh, N.C.

Folder: 6  
Miscellaneous Family Papers

Folder: 7  
Newspaper Clippings ()
pre-1865

Folder: 8  
Personal, Mrs. Stearns

Folder: 9  
Poetry (Elizabeth Whitfield McKay)

Folder: 10  
Student Composition, Daniel G. Fowle

Folder: 11  
Wills (Mary Haywood Fowle, ) and (Mrs. Bell Andrews Taylor,1942)
1906 1942

Physical Description
105 photos
Physical Description
Images
105.00

Folder: 1  
Governor Fowle

Folder: 2  
Family, Friends, and Dogs

Folder: 3  
Graham Kenan

Folder: 4  
Beaufort, N.C.
1905

Folder: 5  
Florida
1906

Folder: 6  
Lake Toxaway

Folder: 7  
Massachusetts

Folder: 8  
Raleigh, N.C.