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James Philander Dodge, Jr. Papers


James Philander Dodge, Jr. (1893-1967), a native of St. Augustine, Florida, was living at Linville Falls, North Carolina, when the United States entered World War I. Dodge served in Europe in both World Wars. In between and after the wars he worked for the State Highway Commission.As this collection of materials now stands, it is made up almost altogether of maps, photographs, typescripts, military orders and ephemera brought together by Dodge during the three epochs in his life as army officer and claims adjuster. There is but very little touching his life outside those areas.

Title

James Philander Dodge, Jr. Papers

Collection Number

PC.1684

Date(s)

1916 - 1946

Language

English

Physical Description
Genre/Physical Characteristic

Maps

Genre/Physical Characteristic

Newspapers

Genre/Physical Characteristic

Posters

Physical Description
Items
111
Physical Description
Items
111.00
Abstract

James Philander Dodge, Jr. (1893-1967), a native of St. Augustine, Florida, was living at Linville Falls, North Carolina, when the United States entered World War I. Dodge served in Europe in both World Wars. In between and after the wars he worked for the State Highway Commission.

As this collection of materials now stands, it is made up almost altogether of maps, photographs, typescripts, military orders and ephemera brought together by Dodge during the three epochs in his life as army officer and claims adjuster. There is but very little touching his life outside those areas.

Physical Location

For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Western Regional Archives.

Physical Location

WRA:7C06

Creator

Dodge, James Philander, Jr.

Repository

Western Regional Archives, State Archives of North Carolina


Available for research.


Copyright is retained by the authors of these materials, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law (Title 17 US Code). Individual researchers are responsible for using these materials in conformance with copyright law as well as any donor restrictions accompanying the materials.


Processed by George Stevenson, July, 2000

Encoded by Lee Todd, April, 2008


James Philander Dodge, Jr. (1893-1967), a native of St. Augustine, Florida, was living at Linville Falls, North Carolina, when the United States entered World War I. Inducted into Battery F, 113th Field Artillery, he and the remainder of his regiment were trained at Camp Sevier, Tennessee. Dodge was commissioned a second lieutenant on January 16, 1918. Assigned to the 55th Brigade, 30th Division of the American Expeditionary Force, his regiment was sent to France in April, 1918, where it was engaged in the St. Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne offensives and in the defensive sectors of Lucey, Avocourt, and Troyen. Dodge was promoted to first lieutenant on October 18, 1918. After the armistice, his regiment remained in the Army of Occupation until March, 1919, when it was returned to the United States, its officers and men discharged from active duty, and Dodge transferred into the Reserve Officers Corps.

Following a brief stay in Florida after the war, Dodge was employed in 1925 as an accountant by the State Highway Commission, and within two years he was a claims adjuster. In 1934, when acquisition of rights-of-way commenced for the portion of the Blue Ridge Parkway to be built in North Carolina, Dodge was appointed senior claims adjustor. He continued in that position until the United States entered World War II when Dodge re-entered active military service from the Reserve Officers Corps and was sent to Europe. Here his experience in claims adjustment was put to use, and Dodge, now a major, was assigned to a claims team with duties in England, and in Belgium and France following the war. Once he was put on the inactive list again, Dodge returned to his employment with the State Highway Commission, serving as safety director in 1948 and 1949, and as an administrative officer from 1950 until his retirement.


Dodge, Robert J.


[Identification of item], PC.1684, James Philander Dodge, Jr., Papers, State Archives of North Carolina, Western Regional Archives, Asheville, NC, USA.


Gift, Robert J. Dodge, Raleigh, N.C., 1981. During March-April, 2012, these records were moved from the State Archives building in Raleigh to the Western Regional Archives, Asheville, N.C.


From the period of World War I, there is a collection of German army documents and maps ranging in date from 1916 to 1918 brought together by Dodge as souvenirs of war. They include issue no. 3, 1916, of  "Sachsen im Feld and in der heimat"; a catalog for an art exhibition at Charleville that included five works by the German crown prince; work passes for French citizens in Rethel and Nanteuil; German-French decrees issued in June, July, and August, 1917, from the office of the State Commander; German army orders; the September 29, 1918, issue of the  "Konigsberger Allgemeine Beitung"; preliminary and finished maps of the vicinity of Rethel, Mezieres, Langres, and Chateau-Porcien in France, and the area around Courtrai in Belgium. Another small group of five souvenir maps relates to Hessen-Nassau, Wiesbaden, and Neustadt-an-der-Hardt. A larger group of souvenir maps appears to have been captured during the Meuse-Argonne offensive. This group includes an unused contour field map to the scale of 1:25000 for the area around Combres and Fresnes-en-Woevre; a print and manuscript plan of the German trenches at Combres; an  "artillerie-tageskarte" centered on a field of fire north of Mourmelon-le-Grand on August 23 and 24, 1918; a print and manuscript map showing the position of the 48th Infantry Regiment (German) at Fresnes-enWoevre; three manuscript overlay maps showing company positions on first and second nights, third night, and third day and fourth night; an overlay with a manuscript ink drawing of the Combres west sector; a manuscript overlay drawn to the scale of 1:10,000,  "Aufstellung der Inf.-M.G.u.M.W. w√§hrend des Kampfes um die Friedrichs-und-Wilhelm zone in der Bogen stellung"; and a manuscript chart to a scale of 1:2500 of the tunnel, picket, first and second lines in the angle at lea Eparges. A few American publications for servicemen are included in the collection: two copies of a circa 1916 isolationist leaflet,  "What are you fighting for? For Belgium?"; two copies of the October 30, 1918, issue of  "America in Europe"; a ticket for the theatre de Charleville (1919); and  "American Field Service Bulletin" no. 80, Jan. 28, 1919. A group photograph of Battery F, 113th Field Artillery, made at Le Mans on March 1, 1919, completes the World War I materials.

World War II materials are printed maps and include Belgium and Maastricht; London and Oxford; France, northeast France, Le Mans, and Paris; Germany; central Europe; and Bartholomew's  "Route Chart of the World."  "Operation Crossroad", an account of the atomic bomb tests at Bikini Atoll in 1946, published by Joint Task Force One, is included, though extrinsic to the collection.

Generally speaking, the materials relating to Dodge's work with the Blue Ridge Parkway consists of maps. His correspondence and files on the subject, naturally, will be found in the records of the State Highway Commission (now the Division of Highways in the Department of Transportation). Ephemera in the collection includes three photographic negatives from 1935, the 1939 and 1940 brochures issued by the National Park Service, and an  "official car" sticker for the 1940 dedication of the Great Smoky Mountains National Park. The collection includes, too, copies of the printed highway laws of North Carolina from 1926 to 1931, a copy of the state highway map for 1933, and a 1938 map showing the projected southern extension of the Blue Ridge Parkway into Georgia. The greater part of parkway-related maps in the collection is made up of U.S.G.S. quadrangle sheets, some of them marked, but most of them not: Cranberry, Morganton, Mount Mitchell, Pisgah and Pisgah National Forest, and Roan Mountain. A copy of the Federal Highway Administration's  "Environmental Action Plan Report", no. 4, July, 1976, relating to the proposed extension of the Blue Ridge Parkway was added to his father's papers by the donor.

Personal materials among the papers include two 1940 letters from the North Carolina Society for the Preservation of Antiquities, two 1932 photographs of the dedication of the Joseph Hewes monument at Edenton, N.C. and of the ruins of the home of Col. John Martin in Stokes County, two 1934 photographs (and five negatives) of the interior and exterior of Fort Macon, five 1934 photographs of U.S. Highway 221 between Crossnore and Linville, North Carolina, and undated photographs of the tombstone of Peter Stewart Ney and the memorial stone to Patrick Ferguson on King's Mountain. There are, as well, five photographs of aircraft: two of a bird-like glider photographed presumably on a Florida beach in the early 1920s, and three of airplanes and Dodge's three sons at Raleigh Municipal Airport in the late 1930s.


  • Ferguson, Patrick, 1744-1780
  • Hewes, Joseph, 1730-1779
  • Ney, Peter Stuart, d. 1846
  • Must Assign Value.
  • Raleigh Municipal Airport
  • United States. Army. Field Artillery Regiment, 113th. Battery F
  • Gliders (Aeronautics)
  • Maps, Military
  • World War, 1914-1918--France
  • World War, 1914-1918--Maps
  • World War, 1914-1918
  • Highway planning
  • Blue Ridge Parkway (N.C. and Va.)--Maps
  • Fort Macon (N.C.)
  • Blue Ridge Parkway (N.C. and Va.)
  • Photographs
  • Quadrangle maps