James P. Buchanan Papers, PC.1855


James P. Buchanan Papers, PC.1855


James P. Buchanan was a member of Macon Local Union of the North Carolina Division of the Farmers' Educational and Cooperative Union.
The collection consists of seven items, including a volume of minutes, 1919-1923, of the Wendell Farmers' Union Cooperative Warehouse; a memorandum book and five leaves from a farm account book, with information on the Buchanan farm near Wendell, N.C., 1923-1926.

Descriptive Summary

James P. Buchanan Papers
Call Number
Buchanan, James P.
1919 - 1926
7.00 items
State Archives of North Carolina

Series Quick Links

    Restrictions on Access & Use

    Access Restrictions

    Available for research.

    Use Restrictions

    Copyright is retained by the authors of these materials, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law (Title 17 US Code). Individual researchers are responsible for using these materials in conformance with copyright law as well as any donor restrictions accompanying the materials.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], PC.1855, James P. Buchanan Papers, State Archives of North Carolina, Raleigh, NC, USA.

    Collection Overview

    The materials in this collection relate both to the warehouse operation and to Buchanan's farm operations. These include the following:
    1).Wendell Farmer's Union Warehouse Company. The volume with the directors and stockholders minutes for May 1919 to Feb. 3, 1923, also contains a list of the stockholders arranged by local union: Archers, Knightdale, Little River, Macon, Piney Grove, Wilsons Mills, Wake Cross Roads, Wilders Grove, Eagle Rock Academy, Middlesex, and Corinth. These local unions were in eastern Wake, northern Johnston, and southern Nash counties. The minutes are concerned chiefly with finances accruing to the company from the warehouse in Wendell, and the debts and mortgages of the company. Contractural agents operated the warehouse, so operations at the warehouse are not detailed in these minutes.
    2.)Buchanan Farm Accounts, 1923-1926. These are five leaves removed from a standard post-bound record book, almost all of which was a blank volume. They contain records of the tobacco sales and cotton sales of both Buchanan and his tenants/share croppers as well as some tenants'/laborers' accounts. A brood stock record dated in 1924 includes swine and cows.
    3.)Memorandum of Accounts, 1923. This small booklet includes records of various persons owing for fertilizer, soda, potash, corn, cotton seed, tobacco cloth, tobacco sticks, cucumber seed, potatoes, hay, meal, and so forth. It is unclear whether the debtors are laborers, tenants, sharecroppers, or others.

    Biographical Note

    James P. Buchanan of Route 2, Wendell, was a member of Macon Local Union of the North Carolina Division of the Farmers' Educational and Cooperative Union. The principal crops on his farm, located near Lizard Lick and Wendell in Mark's Creek Township, eastern Wake County, were cotton and tobacco. When the Wendell Farmer's Union Warehouse Company was chartered in 1919, Buchanan was elected secretary and treasurer.

    Contents of the Collection

    Subject Headings

  1. National Farmers' Union (U.S.)
  2. Wendell Farmer's Union Warehouse Company.
  3. National Farmers' Union (U.S.). North Carolina Division
  4. Wendell Farmers' Union Warehouse Co.
  5. Cooperative societies.
  6. Farmers.
  7. Marketing
  8. Tenant farmers.
  9. Tobacco.
  10. Tobacco industry
  11. Johnston County (N.C.)
  12. Nash County (N.C.)
  13. Wake County (N.C.)
  14. Acquisitions Information

    Deposited Feb. 21, 1990; given Feb. 4, 1997, by Mrs. Marshall Ledford, Zebulon, N.C.

    Processing Information

  15. Processed by George Stevenson, February 1997. Encoded and later updated for publication in DOC by Fran Tracy-Walls, July 2002, and April 2020.