Finding Aid of the Theodore and Barbara Loines Dreier Black Mountain College Collection (Dreier BMC Collection), 1925 - 1988, PC.1956

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Finding Aid of the Theodore and Barbara Loines Dreier Black Mountain College Collection (Dreier BMC Collection), 1925 - 1988, PC.1956

Abstract

Theodore (Ted) Dreier trained as an engineer at Harvard (A.B., 1923; S.B., 1925), and began working for the General Electric Company (GE). He and Barbara Loines Dreier (Bryn Mawr, A.B., 1928, Enlish Literature and Art History) were married in 1928 and initially lived in Schenectady, New York, home of GE headquarters. In 1930, Ted Dreier changed his career to education and took a faculty position in physics at Rollins College, Winter Park, Florida. In 1933, John Andrew Rice was fired and a portion of faculty, including Dreier, either resigned or were dismissed during a controversy over academic freedom and tenure at the college.

Several of the dissidents agreed to establish a college of their own, in part a response to poor prospects for employment during the Great Depression. At least equally significant, the founders, particularly Rice and Dreier, were inspired by the progressive educational ideals of John Dewey. They envisioned an intimate educational community that would learn, live, and work together (typically farming and later, building projects). Focus was on the development of the whole person and the quest for knowledge as part of a wider aim of learning to use knowledge and of living intelligently. As a reaction to the founders' experience at Rollins College, there would be no outside control via an administration or board of trustees. In essence, the creation of the college was a constructive criticism of higher education based on rigid methods and governance.

Named Black Mountain College (BMC) and located in the Blue Ridge Mountains of North Carolina, the college initially drew a small following of former Rollins students and a few recruited from the northeast. Early on, the founders decided to stress the practice, not just the study of the arts and to raise the arts courses to full curricular status. Into this venture, Dreier brought his supportive wife, Barbara, and two young sons. (Another son and a daughter were born in 1937 and 1946, respectively.) The Dreiers remained at BMC until 1949, during which time Dreier taught and served variously as administrator, fund-raiser, treasurer, rector, and served continuously on the Board of Fellows, responsible for the finances of the college and hiring and firing of faculty. The Dreiers possessed and nourished a strong network of family, extended family, and friends, many of whom were highly influential and supportive in a variety of ways of the college and its ideals. From the founding of the college in 1933 until 1949, when the Dreiers departed, Ted Dreier brought to the college a remarkable spirit of adventure, enthusiasm, dedication, and discipline; and he contributed immeasurably to the community's tradition of independent thought and idealism.

The Dreier Black Mountain College Collection represents a variety of papers created by or collected by Theodore and Barbara Loines Dreier during their sixteen years at Black Mountain College (1933-1949), and for several years prior to and following their tenure at the college--as early as 1925 and as late as 1988. This collection contains papers and correspondence and other materials relating to Ted and Barbara Dreier, their extensive connections and network of family and friends; and it also documents the educational, administrative, and fund raising activities associated with Dreier's various positions within the college, including his role as one of the college's founders. Other than correspondence, the collection includes clippings, programs, and articles; class notes and papers; files on individuals with Black Mountain College connections and various topics such as music and art; manuscripts, mostly those of Ted Dreier; the personal professional files of Dreier as treasurer, Board of Fellows, faculty member; notes; official correspondence; college publications, and miscellaneous files, and special items such as Ted Dreier's scrapbook; Barbara Dreier's course notes; printed materials, from the college and those written about the college; a Gropius-Breuer portfolio; photographs and negatives of family at BMC, and various students and faculty. The bulk of the material dates from 1933 to 1949, though there are some papers dating from the time before and after the Dreier's marriage in 1928; some correspondence and materials dated during Ted Dreier's tenure as an assistant professor of physics at Rollins College (1930-1933); and there is some material, including correspondence during the period of post-Black Mountain College, as late as 1988, from individuals previously associated with the college. See the container list below for more detailed information about each series in the collection.

The Dreier Black Mountain College Collection represents a variety of papers created by or collected by Theodore and Barbara Loines Dreier during their sixteen years at Black Mountain College (1933-1949), and for several years prior to and following their tenure at the college--as early as 1925 and as late as 1988.

Descriptive Summary

Title
Theodore and Barbara Loines Dreier Black Mountain College Collection (Dreier BMC Collection)
Call Number
PC.1956
Creator
Dreier, Theodore, 1902-1997
Date
1925 - 1988
Extent
166.00 boxes, 60.00 cubic feet, 6.00 fibredex boxes, 4.00 folders, 5.00 items, 62.00 letters, 115.00 negatives
Language
English
Repository
Western Regional Archives, State Archives of North Carolina

Restrictions on Access & Use

Access Restrictions

Available for research.

Use Restrictions

Copyright is retained by the authors of these materials, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law (Title 17 US Code). Individual researchers are responsible for using these materials in conformance with copyright law as well as any donor restrictions accompanying the materials.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], PC.1956, The Theodore and Barbara Loines Dreier Black Mountain College Collection (Dreier BMC Collection), State Archives of North Carolina, Western Regional Archives, Asheville, NC, USA.

Arrangement Note

The collection is arranged in the following series:

Biographical Note on the Dreie

Theodore and Barbara Loines Dreier were commited to Black Mountain College as a means of improving and vitalizing education. As expressed in some of Theodore Dreier's correspondence, they believed in the power of education to enhance individual's lives and to foster a better society. As a couple and separately, the Dreiers possessed the confidence and idealism to venture boldly in founding with others, an experimental college. They brought to this endeavor their own qualities, personalities, and talents, yet the influence and support of their respective families surely contributed to the strength of their efforts.

Born in 1902 in Brooklyn, New York, Theodore was part of a prominent family who were leaders in the arts, and in cultural, social, and civic affairs. Theodore's mother, Ethel Eyre Valentine Dreier, served for many years as president of the Women's City Club of New York; was head of the Women's Suffrage Party of Brooklyn; and was appointed to Advisory Council for BMC in 1933 and continued in that position into the 1940s. Her husband, Henry Edward Dreier, known as Edward, was a successful businessman with various commercial interests, including presidency of his father's iron import business and of the Lock Stub Company. In accord with his wife and sisters, Edward Dreier was a supporter of women's suffrage and was active in education and social reform.
Theodore's Dreier aunts and an uncle were notable leaders and philanthropists in their own right. Margaret Dreier Robins and Mary Elizabeth Dreier fought for women's suffrage and for improved conditions for the mentally ill, and were active in the Women's Trade Union League of New York. Margaret emerged as an international leader in the movement to improve the condition of women and children in industry during the first decades of the 20th century. Her husband was Colonel Raymond Robins, who had led the American Red Cross mission to Russia during the Russian Revolution of 1917-1918. Subsequently, the couple moved to Robin's 2,000-acre estate in Florida, Chinsegut Hill. In 1932 they gave their property to the Federal Government as a Wildlife Refuge, Forest Preserve and Agricultural Experiment Station. Edward's two other sisters, Dorothea and Katherine Sophie Dreier, also championed women's sufferage and were active in settlement houses. They both studied painting in Europe in the early part of the 20th century, with Katherine eventually credited with bringing modern art to America. Along with Marcel Duchamp and Man Ray she founded the Societe Anonyme, which promoted much of the progressive artistic experimentation in the United States at that time.
Barbara Loines Dreier, like her husband, was part of an affluent and protective family that also nourished independent, idealistic, and adventurous spirits. Born in New York City in 1907, Barbara spent her summers from infancy on at Martha's Vineyard. Her father, Russell Hillard Loines (1874-1922), a lawyer, helped start Dongan Hall, a girls' school on Staten Island. Devoted to poetry, he was involved in a number of publication projects and a prize for poetry was established in his name at the National Institute of Arts and Letters. Barbara's mother, Katherine Hillard Loines, and her aunt, Elma Loines, wrote books based on family adventures stemming from travel to and life in China from 1829 to 1834. Barbara's grandmother, Mary Hillard Loines (1844-1944) was appointed as a teacher for the National Freedmen's Relief Association and later became a suffragette. As a student at Bryn Mawr, Barbara carried on the tradition of social service and independent thinking by changing the faltering Christian Association into a broader-based, more active social service organization. Barbara's younger sister, Margot performed in various off-Broadway and summer stock roles, and married Dwight Morrow, the brother of Anne Morrow (1906-2001) or Mrs. Charles Lindbergh. Within that family, Barbara developed a particularly strong relationship and a spiritual affinity with Anne Morrow Lindbergh.

Contents of the Collection

1. Theodore and Barbara Loines Dreier Correspondence, 1930 - 1949; undated

Collection Overview:

Collection Arrangement:

Arranged chronologically within each subseries.

Access Restrictions:

Available for research.

Processing Information:

Processed by Fran Tracy-Walls, June, 2008

Encoded by Fran Tracy-Walls, July, 2008

Consultation by Mary Emma Harris as part of agreement with donors.

Correspondence from Theodore Dreier to Barbara Loines Dreier, 1930 - 1949, Undated, 1930-1949

August 6 - October 19, 1930, August 6 - October 19, 1930
October 22 - November 2, 1930, October 22 - November 2, 1930
June 10 - October 7, 1931, June 10 - October 7, 1931
January 31 - September 14, 1933, January 31 - September 14, 1933
July 3- July 10, 1935, July 3- July 10, 1935
May 28, December 28, 1936, May 28, December 28, 1936
December 28, 31, 1937, December 28, 31, 1937
March 20 - July 31, 1938, March 20 - July 31, 1938
August 3 - December 12, 1938, August 3 - December 12, 1938
February 23 - June 25, 1939, February 23 - June 25, 1939
July 4 - August 30, 1939, July 4 - August 30, 1939
October 1 - 15, 1939, October 1 - 15, 1939
September 24 - 29, 1939, September 24 - 29, 1939
October 17 - 30, 1939, October 17 - 30, 1939
November 1 - 13, 1939, November 1 - 13, 1939
November 16 - 30, 1939, November 16 - 30, 1939
December 1 - 19, 1939, December 1 - 19, 1939
January 1 - 30, 1940, January 1 - 30, 1940
February 5 - 28, 1940, February 5 - 28, 1940
April 23 - November 18, 1940, January 1 - 30, 1940
January 10 - March 30, 1941, January 10 - March 30, 1941
April 2 - November 24, 1941, April 2 - November 24, 1941
January 4 - June 30, 1942, January 4 - June 30, 1942
July 2 - September 7, 1942, July 2 - September 7, 1942
April 14 - May 15, 1943, April 14 - May 15, 1943
May 16 - September 21, 1943, May 16 - September 21, 1943
January 3 - December 31, 1944, January 3 - December 31, 1944
January 5 - July 11, 1945, January 5 - July 11, 1945
June 11, 1946, June 11, 1946
May 26 - September 15, 1947, May 26 - September 15, 1947
January 12 - October 23, 1948, January 12 - October 23, 1948
January 11 - March 12, 1949, January 11 - March 12, 1949
No Date, No Date

Correspondence from Barbara Loines Dreier to Theodore Dreier, 1930 - 1949, undated, 1930-1949

May - October 19, 1930, May - October 19, 1930
October 22 - November 4, 1930, October 22 - November 4, 1930
June 3 - September 18, 1931, June 3 - September 18, 1931
September 30 - October 6, 1931, September 30 - October 6, 1931
April 3, 5, 1932, April 3, 5, 1932
January 24 - December 1933, January 24 - December 1933
March 17 - August 1, 1934, January 24 - December 1933
June 13 - July 23, 1935, June 13 - July 23, 1935
May 25, 26, 1936, May 25, 26, 1936
June 3, 9. 1937, June 3, 9. 1937
March 15 - March 27, 1938, March 15 - March 27, August 6, 1938
June 13 - August 25, 1939, June 13 - August 25, 1939
November 15 - 21, 1940, November 15 - 21, 1940
March 12 - April 14, 1941, March 12 - April 14, 1941
June 3 - November 25, 1941, June 3 - November 25, 1941
January 6 - February 15, 1942, January 6 - February 15, 1942
June 2 - 30, 1942, June 2 - 30, 1942
July 2 - September 15, 1942, 1947
April 14 - 30, 1943, April 14 - 30, 1943
May 2 - 30, 1943, May 2 - 30, 1943
June 16 - December 18, 1943, June 16 - December 18, 1943
September 21 - December 29, 1944, September 21 - December 29, 1944
January 1 - November 1, 1945, January 1 - November 1, 1945
July 4 - 31, 1946, July 4 - 31, 1946
February 15 - October 15, 1947, February 15 - October 15, 1947
March 17 - August 13, 1948, March 17 - August 13, 1948
September 1 - October 19, 1948, September 1 - October 19, 1948
January 13 - 18, 1949, January 13 - 18, 1949
Undated

2. Barbara Loines Dreier Correspondence and Papers, 1927 - 1984

scopecontent:

Collection Arrangement:

Arranged chronologically within each subseries and sub-subseries.

Access Restrictions:

Available for research.

Processing Information:

Processed by Fran Tracy-Walls, 2008, with the assistance of interns Jennifer Davis and Terri Jones

Encoded by Fran Tracy-Walls, 2008, with the assistance of Lindsay Matson.

Consultation by Mary Emma Harris as part of agreement with donors.

Family Correspondence of Barbara Loines Dreier 1927 - 1949, undated, 1927-1949

scopecontent:

This subseries consists of family correspondence, arranged with Barbara Loines Dreier's (BLD's) letters in chronological order to a family correspondent; followed by the correspondent's letters arranged in chronological order. The primary correspondents are arranged in the following sequence: Mary Hillard Loines, BLD's paternal grandmother; Katherine Conger Loines, BLD's mother; Sylvia Loines Dalton, and Hilda and Elma Loines, BLD's paternal aunts; a small quantity from other aunts, including those with the surnames Conger and Williams; to Margot Loines Morrow [later Wilkie], BLD's sister, and a small quantity from Margot and her husband, Dwight Whitney Morrow, Jr., and a small quantity to and from Dwight's sister, Anne Morrow Lindbergh; Ethel Eyre Dreier and Henry Edward Dreier, Theodore Dreier's (TD's) parents; Katherine Sophie Dreier; Margaret Dreier Robins; Raymond Robins, TD's aunts and his uncle by marriage; Lisa von Borowsky, who lived with the Robins and they regarded as a daughter, and also the manager of their Chinsegut Hill Sanctuary and estate near Brooksville, Florida; Mary Elisabeth Dreier, TD's aunt; John Caspar Dreier, TD's brother, and John's wife, Louisa Richardson Dreier; Antoinette (Nan) Dreier Stearly, TD's sister; and one of BLD's maternal aunts, Mary () Conger Vanamee.

Note that this subseries is described to the item level, with a listing of letters by date and when available, the address of the correspondent and/or recipient. With the intent of making the reading of a computer screen easier, the online version of the finding aid displays initials of names that are frequently repeated, particuarly Barbara Loines Dreier (BLD), Theodore Dreier (TD), and Black Mountain College (BMC).

Mary Hillard Loines (Paternal Grandmother) of Barbara Loines Dreier
Box PC.1956.5
Barbara Loines Dreier (BLD) to Mary Hillard Loines
1934, 1935, 1938, 1934, 1935, 1938
Mary Hillard Loines (MHL) to Barbara Loines Dreier (BLD)
1930 - 1932, 1930 - 1932
1933, 1933
1934, 1934
1935, 1935
1936, 1936
1937, 1937
1938, 1938
January - August 1939, January - August 1939
September - December 1939, September - December 1939
1940, 1940
1941, 1941
Undated, with No Year, Undated
Katherine Conger Loines (Mrs. Russell Hillard Loines). Mother of Barbara Loines Dreier.
Barbara Loines Dreier (BLD) to Katherine Conger Loines (KCL)
Box PC.1956.6
1930, 1930
1931, 1931
1932, 1932
January - April 1933, January - April 1933
May - December 1933
1934, 1934
1935, 1935
1936, 1936
1937, 1937
1938, 1938
1941, 1941
January - July 1945, January - July 1945
August - December 1945, August - December 1945
1946, 1946
1947, 1947
1948, 1948
1949, 1949
Undated
Katherine Conger Loines (Katherine Conger Loines), to Barbara Loines Dreier (BLD) [Mother of BLD], 1930 - 1949, no letters for 1946
Box PC.1956.7
1930, 1930
1931, 1931
1932, 1932
1933, 1933
1934, 1934
1935, 1935
1936, 1936
1937, 1937
1938, 1938
1939, 1939
1940, 1940
1941, 1941
1942, 1942
1943, 1943
1944, 1944
1945, 1945
1947, 1947
1948, 1948
1949, 1949
Incomplete or Missing Dates
Sylvia Loines Dalton (Paternal aunt) and William Dalton
Barbara Loines Dreier (BLD) to Sylvia Loines Dalton (SLD) and, Occasionally, William Dalton
Box PC.1956.8
1932 (Rollins College Era), 1932
1933 (End of Rollins College Era and Beginning of Black Mountain College Era), 1933
1934, 1934
1935, 1935
1936, 1936
1937, 1937
1938, 1938
1939, 1939
1940, 1940
1941, 1941
1942, 1942
1943, 1943
1944, 1944
1945, 1945
1946, 1946
1947, 1947
1948, 1948
1949, 1949
Incomplete or Missing Date, and post-1949
Sylvia Loines Dalton to Barbara Loines Dreier (BLD)
1931 - 1948, 1931
William Dalton (uncle by marriage) to Barbara Loines Dreier (BLD)
1938, 1946, 1938
Barbara Loines Dreier (BLD) to William Dalton and Sylvia Loines Dalton
Dalton, John and Katy (BMC Staff, 1938-1939, and wife; stepson of BLD's aunt, Sylvia Loines Dalton, and son of William Dalton)
John and Katy Dalton to Barbara Loines Dalton
1936, 1939, 1947 and undated, 1936
Hilda Loines and Elma Loines (Paternal Aunts of Barbara Loines Dreier)
Barbara Loines Dreier (BLD) to Hilda Loines and Elma Loines
1934 - 1974, 1934
Hilda Loines (Paternal Aunt) to Barbara Loines Dreier (BLD)
1935 - 1945, 1935
Elma Loines (Paternal Aunt) to Barbara Loines Dreier (BLD)
1932 - 1945, 1932
Conger Family, Williams Family, and Related Family
Related Families: Relatives on Maternal Side of Barbara Loines Dreier (BLD)
1930, 1932, undated, 1930
Margot Loines Morrow [Wilkie], Sister of Barbara Loines Dreier
Barbara Loines Dreier (BLD) to her Sister, Margot Loines Morrow [Wilkie]
1930 - 1947, undated, 1930
Margot Loines Morrow [Wilkie], Sister, to Barbara Loines Dreier (BLD)
Dwight W. Morrow, Jr., Brother-in-Law, of Barbara Loines Dreier
Dwight W. Morrow, Jr. and Margot Loines Morrow to Barbara Loines Dreier (BLD)
1937 - 1944, 1937
Anne Morrow Lindbergh, Sister of Dwight Morrow and Sister-in-Law of Margot Loines Morrow [Wilkie]
Barbara Loines Dreier (BLD) to Anne Morrow Lindbergh
Anne Morrow Lindbergh to Barbara Loines Dreier (BLD)
Henry Edward Dreier and Ethel Eyre Dreier (Parents of Theodore Dreier)
Box PC.1956.9
Barbara Loines Dreier (BLD) to Henry Edward Dreier and Ethel Eyre Dreier
1927, 1929, 1934, 1927
1930, 1930
1931, 1931
1932, 1932
1933, 1933
1934, 1934
1935, 1935
1936, 1936
1937, January - June, 1937
1937, July - December, 1937
1938, 1938
1939, 1939
1940, 1940
1941, 1941
Box PC.1956.10
1942, 1942
1943, 1943
1944, 1944
1945, 1945
1946, 1946
1947, 1947
1948, 1948
1949, 1949
Undated
Ethel Eyre Dreier (EED) to Barbara Loines Dreier (BLD)
Box PC1956.11
1930 - 1948 and undated, 1930
Henry Edward Dreier to Barbara Loines Dreier (BLD)(Her father-in-law)
1930 - 1949, 1930
Katherine Sophie Dreier (Aunt Kate: Paternal Aunt of Theodore Dreier)
Barbara Loines Dreier (BLD) to Katherine Sophie Dreier
1939, 1941, 1950, 1939
Katherine Sophie Dreier (KSD) to Barbara Loines Dreier (BLD)
1934, - 1950, 1958, 1984, 1934
Margaret Dreier Robins (Mrs. Raymond Robins) (Nickname: Bimini) (Paternal Aunt of Theodore Dreier) to Barbara Loines Dreier
Barbara Loines Dreier (BLD) to Margaret Dreier Robins
ca. 1944, ca. 1944
Margaret Dreier Robins to Barbara Loines Dreier (BLD)
1930 - 1931, 1930
1932, 1932
1933 - 1939, 1933
1940 - 1944, undated, 1940
Raymond Robins (Margaret Dreier Robins's Husband) (Nickname: Ahhochee) (Uncle by marriage of Theodore Dreier) to Barbara Loines Dreier
Box PC.1956.12
Barbara Loines Dreier (BLD) to Raymond Robins
1945, 1945
Raymond Robins to Barbara Loines Dreier (BLD)
1933 - 1949, 1933
Lisa von Borowksy (Curator of Wildlife Preserve at Chinsegut Hill) Correspondence to Barbara Loines Dreier and Miscellaneous
Lisa von Borowksy to Barbara Loines Dreier (BLD)
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1937</unitdate>, 1937
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1939</unitdate>, 1939
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1948</unitdate>, 1948
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1949</unitdate>, 1949
Miscellaneous Correspondence of Lisa von Borowsky and Barbara Loines Dreier, Including Some Documents Relating to Property Owned and/or Being Purchased by the Dreier's
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1948</unitdate>, 1948
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1949</unitdate>, 1949
Miscellaneous Materials on Chinsegut Hill In Lisa von Borowsky's Files
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1938</unitdate>, 1938
Undated
Mary Elisabeth Dreier (Mimi) (Theodore Dreier's Aunt)
Mary Elisabeth Dreier to Barbara Loines Dreier (BLD)
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1931</unitdate>, 1931
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1932</unitdate>, 1932
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1933</unitdate>, 1933
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1935</unitdate>, 1935
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1937</unitdate>, 1937
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1939</unitdate>, 1939
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1940</unitdate>, 1940
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1941</unitdate>, 1941
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1942</unitdate>, 1942
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1943</unitdate>, 1943
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1944</unitdate>, 1944
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1945</unitdate>, 1945
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1946</unitdate>, 1946
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1947</unitdate>, 1947
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1948</unitdate>, 1948
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1949</unitdate>, 1949
Undated
John Dreier (Brother of Theodore Dreier)
Barbara Loines Dreier (BLD) to John Dreier
Undated: No Year
John Dreier to Barbara Loines Dreier (BLD)
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1931</unitdate>, 1931
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1933</unitdate>, 1933
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1934</unitdate>, 1934
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1935</unitdate>, 1935
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1940</unitdate>, 1940
Louisa (Isa) Richardson Dreier (Wife of John Dreier)
Louisa Richardson Dreier to Barbara Loines Dreier (BLD)
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1946</unitdate>, 1946
Undated, With No Year
Antoinette (Nan) Dreier Stearly (Mrs. Garrett Stearly) (Sister of Theodore Dreier)
Antoinette Dreier Stearly to Barbara Loines Dreier (BLD)
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1930</unitdate>, 1930
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1932</unitdate>, 1932
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1935</unitdate>, 1935
Mary Conger Vanamee (Aunt Molly, a Maternal Aunt)
(Aunt Molly) to Barbara Loines Dreier
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1937</unitdate>, 1937
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1940</unitdate>, 1940
Barbara Loines Dreier to (Aunt Molly)
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1944</unitdate>, 1944
Partially Identified Family Correspondence
Barbara Loines Dreier to [Name Missing]
Undated
Family Friends
Barbara Loines Dreier to Gilbert Schroeder, Jr., New Haven, CT
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">5 March 1929</unitdate>, 5 March 1929
Barbara Loines Dreier to Colette [?], probably in Brooksville, FL, near Chinsegut Hill
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">23 February</unitdate>, 23 February

Correspondence of Barbara Loines Dreier with Black Mountain College (BMC) Faculty, Faculty Spouses, Students, and with Friends, BMC Era,1933-1949

scopecontent:

Subseries description: Contains the personal correspondence between Barbara Loines Dreier(BLD) and various friends, primarily those who were faculty, spouses of faculty, and students, college visitors, during the Dreier's tenure at Black Mountain College years, until their departure from the college in 1949. The majority of the correspondence consists of letters addressed to Barbara Loines Dreier. Her own letters to the non-family correspondents appear to have been always been handwritten, usually with no copies or drafts made. One outstanding exception is a set of drafts of letters from Alexander Reed, to whom BLD was close, particulary in the aftermath of the tragic death of her young son, Mark, when Bill was instrumental in the designing and building of a memorial to him, the Quiet House. Another notable exception is BLD's draft of a five page letter in 1949 to John Evarts with her perspective of personalities and events, in the latest college crisis, from September of 1948, to the Dreier's departure from the college, mid-semester early in 1949.

In this subseries, the letters include a range of topics, including college events, people, travel. Of particular interest are Barbara Loines Dreier's letters from John Evarts. Noted as an improvisational pianist, Evarts had been on the BMC music faculty from 1933 until his departure in 1942 for active duty in the U.S. Army. Instead of returning to BMC as expected, Evarts remained in Europe many years beyond the war, maintaining a longterm friendship and correspondence with Barbara and also with Theodore Dreier. Other correspondents include such Black Mountain College standouts as Mary Caroline Richards (known as M.C. and married during most of her BMC years to another faculty member, Albert William Levi); Mary Gregory (); and R. Buckminster Fuller (Richard Buckminster) (), acclaimed inventor and visionary who served as guest faculty during the summer sessions of 1948 and 1949. Also of possible interest, are a small quantity of letters to BLD from Carol Hemingway Gardner, a former student at Rollins College and sister of Ernest Hemingway and Leicester Hemingway (Clarence).

Note that this subseries is described to the item level with each correspondent being given one or more folders in the collection. With the intent of making the reading of a computer screen easier, the online version of the finding aid displays initials of names that are frequently repeated, particuarly Barbara Loines Dreier (BLD), Theodore Dreier (TD), and Black Mountain College (BMC).

American Friends Service Committee, May 9, 1940
Box PC 1956.13
Applegate, John (BMC Student), 07/30/1934 - 11/21/1938
Bailey, David (BMC Student), November 18, 1944
Barnes, Betsy
Bauer, Marilyn (BMC Student, married name: Greenwald), 05/10/1946 - 01/28/1948
Benfey, Lotte (Sister of Anni Albers and mother to BMS Student Renate Benfey. Married name: Wilkins), June 6, 1942
Bliss, Robert (BMC Student)
Boyden, Elizabeth (BMC Staff), May 15, 1940
Boyer, Donald, August 19, 1934
Breitenbach, Josef (BMC Guest Faculty), September 11, 1944
Breuer, Marcel and Constance (BMC Visitor and wife), 11/21/1939 - 12/29/1948
Brice, Carol (BMC Guest Faculty), January 7, 1948
Carr, Cynthia (BMC Student, married Roland Boyden, BMC Faculty), 1944, undated
Charlot, Zohmah (Wife of Jean Charlot, BMC Guest Faculty), 12/11/1946 - 02/11/1948
Chase, Fielding T. (grandmother of BMC student Mirande Geissbuhlar), circa 1946
Cole, Dorothy (BMC Student)(Married Name: Ruddick)
Cole, Peggy Bennett (BMC Student), 09/24/1946 - 04/23/1949
Cole, William Morse and Fanny (BMC Auditor and wife), 11/20/1946 - 12/12/1948
[Collette], February 23, 1949
Corkran, Marion (BMC Faculty wife)
Cragin, Suzanne Catherine (BMC Student) and mother, Mrs. Cragin, 04/15/1937 - 05/1939
Cramer, Doughton (BMC Student), 08/09/1935 - 10/26/1943
David (BMC Student)
Dehn, Toni (BMC Faculty wife), 10/20/1947 - 10/24/1947
Dwinell, Rachel (BMC Staff), September 17, 1941
Emerson, Fran and Amelia F. (Unknown connection; apparently not BMC), 12/03/1937 - 09/02/1939
Evarts, John (BMC Faculty)
BLD to John Evarts
1949, 1949
John Evarts to BLD and TD
1934-1939, 1934 - 1939
1940 - 1941, 1940 - 1941
1942, 1942
1943, 1943
1944 - 1945, 1944 - 1945
1947 - 1949, 1947
Undated
Feininger, Julia and Lyonel (BMC Guest Faculty), June 1, 1946
Box PC 1956.14
Fiorillo, Mary (Wife of BMC Faculty), May 25, 1937
Forbes, Ethel, 1933 - 1942
Forbes, Ethel (Widow of Malcolm Forbes; became wife of Copley Amory, ca. 1944)

Access Restrictions:

MIA

BLD to Ethel Forbes (Amory), February 2, 1944
Forbes, J. Malcolm (Mac)(Friend of the Dreiers; BMC donor and Advisory Council member), 1930 - 1941
Forberg, Charles (BMC Student), 1942 - 1948
French, Eleanor C. (Mother of BMC Students), 1938 - 1941
French, Ruth "Peg" Barton (BMC Student; Married Nathaniel French, BMC Student), 1935 - 1942
Fuller, Buckminster ,(BMC Guest Faculty), 1948
Green, Jesse Dawes (BMC Student), January 3, 1948
Gregory, Mary "Molly" (BMC Faculty), 1944 - 1948
Gropius, Walter and Ise (BMC Guest Faculty and Wife), 1944 - 1948
Hackett, Signe Tolsvig, 1945 - 1948
Hansgirg, Maria (BMC Tutor and Faculty Wife), Febrary 18, 1945
Heineman-Rufer, Ulli (BMC Student), 1949
Hemingway, Carol "Beefy" (BMC Visitor), 1932
de Hofmannsthal, Emilio (BMC Student), 1943
Hoyt, Maria L.
Hughes, Langston (BMC Visitor), February 19, 1949
[Irene], February 15, 1933
Jackson, Jock and Lisa, January 22, 1952
Jalowetz, Heinrich, Johanna, and Lisa (BMC Faculty; BMC Student), 1941
Jamieson, Anna (Mother of BMC Student; Advisory Council)
Jenks, Edward "Ted" (BMC Student), 1933 - 1944
Johnson, H. C., 1933
Kahl, Elsa (BMC Faculty)
Kopp, Marianne (BMC Faculty), 1944 - 1945
Lamb, Beatrice Pitney (BMC Guest Faculty), 1931 - 1941
Leavitt, Clara Gordon, June 20, 1940
Lehmann, Otto, November 9, 1939
Leon, Carmen (Mother of BMC Students), 1940 - 1945
Leon, Eleanor "Ellie" Smith (BMC Student; Married BMC Student Fernando Leon)
Leon, Fernando (BMC Student; Married BMC Student Eleanor Smith Leon), 1940 - 1945
Lipsy, Rubye (BMC Cook), October 1943
Lowinsky, Edward (BMC Faculty), 1946 - 1948
Lowinsky, Gretel (Wife of BMC Faculty; BMC Tutor; and Guest Faculty), October 8, 1947
Maciejczyk, Roman (BMC Student, Killed in war), November 22, 1942
Mangold, Anne Gilbert (BMC Staff; Wife of BMC Faculty), 1944
Mangold, Rebecca F.
Marden, Robert (BMC Student), November 27, 1943
Martha, May 20, 1930
Martin, Bela (BMC Student), 1940 - 1944
Martin, Christina Mason, December 20, 1933
McClenahan, Rachel, 1941
Miscellaneous correspondence, 1931 - 1948
Moles, Clifford and Shirley (BMC Faculty and Wife), December 15, 1948
Muzenic, Nicolas (BMC Student), 1949
Nakata, Isaac (Ike) (BMC Student), December 29, 1943
Box PC 1956.15
Nancy, January 14, 1941
Newhall, Beaumont and Nancy (BMC Faculty and Wife), December 11, 1947
Norman, Dorothy
Page, Charles Donald "Don" (BMC Student), 1939 - 1944
Ruth Paine (Mrs. G. Lyman Paine, Jr.)
Payne, Ruth M. (BMC Student), 1939 - 1942
Pessl, Yella (BMC Guest Faculty), 1937 - 1941
Portell-Vila, Lea and Herminio(BMC Faculty and Wife), 1940 - 1941
Randall, George (BMC Student)
Raper, Martha (Wife of BMC Guest Faculty), November 10, 1941
Reed, William Freeborn "Bill", AKA Alex Sylvester (BMC Student and BMC Instructor)
BLD to Bill (Alex) Reed, Drafts of Letters: Folder 1, 1943
BLD to Bill (Alex) Reed, Drafts of Letters: Folder 2, 1944 - 1945
Bill (Alex) Reed to BLD, Folder 1
Bill (Alex) Reed to BLD, Folder 2, September 1943 - December 1943
Bill (Alex) Reed to BLD, Folder 3, 1944
Bill (Alex) Reed to BLD, Folder 4, 1945 - 1949
Reed, Elizabeth E. (Aunt of BMC Student Bill Reed (William Freeborn <emph render="doublequote">Bill,</emph> AKA Alex Sylvester (BMC Student and BMC Instructor)), 1940 - 1943
Box PC 1956.16
Reed, Mary N. (Mother of BMC Student Bill Reed), 1942
Reiss, John, December 7, 1945
Richard, Faith
Rollins, Gordon, January 14, 1944
Rudofsky, Berta (BMC Guest Faculty), October 16, 1944
Russ, Nancy (BMC Student), January 11, 1940
St. John, Jim and Nancy, December 1947
Schauffler Family (BMC Students), Christmas 1944
Schawinsky, Irene (BMC Instructor; BMC Faculty Wife)
Schenck, Emmy
Schlesinger, Charlotte "Bimbus" (BMC Faculty)
Shawn, Ted (BMC Visitor), 1934 - 1946
Simpson, Eloise Cummings
Skeel, Emily, 1939
Smith, Mary R. S., 1942 - 1945
Speiden, Rachel, 1942 - 1945
Sproul, Hal (BMC Guest Faculty), 1931 - 1948
Sproul, Kathleen (Wife of BMC Guest Faculty Hal Sproul), 1934 - 1935
Stephens, Eleanor Waddell, May 4, 1939
Stevenson, Alex and Helene
Stix, John (BMC Student), 1940 - 1944
Stone, Annette Dabney (BMC Hostess; Mother of BMC Student Fred Stone), September 20, 1942
Straus, Erwin W. (BMC Faculty), March 27, 1948
Surette, A. M. (Wife of BMC Faculty T.W. Surette), March 27, 1937
Surette, T. W. (BMC Advisory Council; BMC Guest Faculty), December 1, 1937
Swan, Nellore (Mother of BMC Student Alice Lee Swan), 1940
Turnbach, Emma Barber, November 3, 1937
Wale, Helen, August 1, 1944
Wang, Dahong (BMC Student)
Way, Marion (BMC Student), November 4, 1941
Werleman, Anne, February 17. 1943
Weston, Norman Betts (BMC Student; BMC Treasurer), July 28, 1944
Wilcox, Paul H., M.D., December 4, 1944
Williams, Jonathan (BMC Student), December 26, 1957
Willimetz, Emil (BMC Student), January 3, 1940
Wyman, Jeffries (BMC Visitor), November 5, 1943
Yglesias, Jose (BMC Student), June 2, 1947
Zabriskie, George and Elizabeth (BMC Faculty and Wife), 1945 - 1947
Zhitlowsky, Eve (BMC Student; Married name: Milton), 1942 - 1944

Barbara Loines Dreier: Black Mountain College Era and Other Miscellaneous Papers,1931-1977

scopecontent:

This subseries contains miscellaneous papers and notes of Barbara Loines Dreier (BLD), most of which were written during the Dreier's Black Mountain College (BMC) era, 1933-1949, though a few items date from years just before and after that time. Of particular interest are notes made by BLD during the Black Mountain College era, reflecting some of her interests and college involvements. These include dressmaking, taught by Irene Schawinsky; photography, July and August, 1944; weaving, 1944, taught by Anni Albers; Color, undated, taught by Josef Albers. There are various clippings relating to BMC or to former college faculty. There is also an obituary and memorial address following the death of Gertrude Lukashik Straus () in 1977; a copy of poem written by Trudi Straus in 1939 and its English translation, as well as a letter by a neighbor, Tony Zappone, addressed to Mrs. Mangold [Anne Gilbert?] regarding Mrs. Straus' condition before her death. There are a few items relating to period before BMC, when the Dreiers were at Rollins College, 1930-1933 and visited the nearby , a coastal property owned by Ted Dreier's aunt Margaret Dreier () Robins and her husband Raymond; and a few items relating to BLD's alma maters, Dongan Hall and Bryn Mawr.

Rollins College Era and Bimini's Isle Visits
Box PC 1956.17
Dongan Hall Alumnae Association Bulletin, 1932 - 1938
Bryn Mawr, 1934 - 1941
Black Mountain College file, 1938 - 1944
Christmas cards
Cultural events, 1939 - 1940
Miscellaneous notes, 1941, 1941 - [ongoing]
Miscellaneous notes, 1942, 1942
Miscellaneous notes, 1943, 1943
Miscellaneous notes, undated
Peru Lecture Notes, 1935 - [ongoing]
Psychology Notes, taught by Irwin Strauss, 1938 - 1939
Dressmaking Course, Irene Schawinski, circa 1936-1938
Photography notes, Summer 1944
Weaving notes [Course taught by Anni Albers], 1, circa 1944
Weaving notes, 2, circa 1944
Color Course A, Josef Alber, instructor, circa 1935
Black Mountain College Clippings, 1950 - 1979
Straus, Trudi Obituary, Memorial, Poem and Other Materials, 1977 - [ongoing]

Correspondence of Barbara Loines Dreier with Black Mountain College Faculty and Students and with Friends,1950-1984

scopecontent:

This subseries includes primarily letters to Barbara Loines Dreier (BLD) from Black Mountain College-affiliated faculty, faculty spouses, students, and other friends who maintained contact after the time of the Dreier's active association with Black Mountain College, 1933-1949. The correspondence includes a variety of topics, including college events, people, travels, and the lives and careers of the correspondents.

Of particular interest is Barbara Loines Dreier's correspondence from John Evarts, whose letters to her and also Theodore Dreier began as early as 1934. Noted as an improvisational pianist, Evarts had been on the BMC music faculty from 1933 until his departure in 1942 for active duty in the U.S. Army. Instead of returning to BMC as expected, Evarts remained in Europe past the war, maintaining a longterm friendship with the Dreiers. There is a large quantity of correspondence from Alexander Reed, to whom BLD was close, particulary in the aftermath of the tragic death of her young son, Mark, when Bill was instrumental in the designing and building of a memorial to him, known as the Quiet House. There is one letter from Charles Olson, noted poet and faculty member who wrote BLD regarding repairs to the Quiet House. There is also an announcment of a printing of Olson's , a volume published by Jonathan Williams, 1953.

Other correspondents include such Black Mountain College standouts as Ruth Asawa, a former BMC student and artist, and her husband Albert Lanier, an architect, also a former BMC student, and their six children; Mary Gregory, former faculty member and artist, also known as ); Mary Caroline Richards, former faculty member, artist and writer, known as M.C. and (married during most of her BMC years to another faculty member, Albert William Levi). There is a small quanity of correspondence from Walter Gropius, founder of the Bauhaus and The Architects Collaborative, during BLD's Black Mountain College tenure, and more correspondence from Gropius' wife, Ise, during the post-college period. There is also a small quantity of correspondence from famed inventor and thinker/visionary R. Buckminster Fuller (Richard Buckminster) (), who served as guest faculty during the summer sessions of 1948 and 1949.

Note that this subseries is described to the item level with each correspondent being given one or more folders in the collection. With the intent of making the reading of a computer screen easier, the online version of the finding aid displays initials of names that are frequently repeated, particuarly Barbara Loines Dreier (BLD), Theodore Dreier (TD), and Black Mountain College (BMC).

Allen, Fannie
Aronson, Lisa Jalowetz and Boris (BMC Student; Daughter of BMC Faculty Heinrich and Johanna Jalowetz), 1950 - 1962
Box PC 1956.18
Asawa, Ruth (BMC Student; married to BMC Student Albert Lanier)
Auerbach, Claudia (BMC Student), January 27, 1950
Beard, Wally and Rebecca, June 15, 1952
Bliss, Robert and Ann (BMC Student and Wife)
Boyden, Cynthia Carr (BMC Student), July 12, 1982
Breuer, Constance "Connie" (Wife of BMC Visitor and Architect, Marcel Breuer), 1952 - 1976
Charlot, Zohmah (Wife of BMC Guest Faculty Jean Charlot), 1949 - 1976
Cole, Peggy Bennett (BMC Student), 1950 - 1968
Cole, William Morse and Fanny Rolfe (BMC Auditor and Wife), 1950 - 1955
Corkran, Marion (BMC Faculty Wife), August 13, 1949
Davison, Marie
Dehn, Max and Toni (BMC Faculty and Wife), 1949 - 1954
Evarts, John (BMC Faculty)
John Evarts to BLD and TD
1948 - 1949, 1948
1950 - 1954, 1950 - 1954
1955 - 1959, 1955 - 1959
1960 - 1969, 03/20/1960 - 10/29/1969
1970 - 1979, 1970
1980-1984, 10/01/1980 - 05/16/1984
Forberg, Ati Gropius (Daughter of Ise and Walter Gropius), May 18, 1970
Box PC 1956.19
Forbes, Ethel (Wife of Malcolm Forbes, later Mrs. Copley Amory), 04/08/1950 - 04/28/1966
French, Ruth "Peg" Barton (BMC Student; Married Nathaniel French, BMC Student), 12/13/1976 - 08/27/1982
French, Sophie (Wife of BMC Faculty), December 22, 1956
Freud, Oliver and Henny (BMC Guest Faculty and wife), May 2, 1948
Fuller, Anne (Wife of BMC Guest Faculty), 10/20/1955 - 10/12/1961
Fuller, Buckminster "Bucky" (BMC Guest Faculty), 1948 - 1983
Gardener, Carol, 12/29/1949 - 12/25/1953
Goldowski, Anna (BMC Tutor; Mother of Natasha Goldowski, BMC Faculty; and Mother-in-law of BMC Student Eric Renner), August 25, 1949
Greenwald, Marilyn "Widget" Bauer (BMC Student), 04/11/1949 - 07/26/1949
Gregory, Mary "Molly" (BMC Faculty), 01/08/1953 - 11/01/1978
Gropius, Ise (Wife of BMC Guest Faculty Walter Gropius), 02/28/1950 - 1972
Guermonprez, Trude (BMC Faculty; Daughter of Heinrich and Johanna Jalowetz), 04/25/1949 - 06/1960
Halper, Lorna Blaine Howard (BMC Student)(Married first to Tasker Howard, BMC student and faculty; married later to Albert Halper), 03/18/1957 - 08/20/1970
Hansgirg, Maria (BMC Faculty Wife), 05/30/1949 - 12/12/1957
Huss, Wesley (BMC Faculty), August 9, 1951
Jalowetz, Johanna (BMC Faculty; Wife of Heinrich Jalowetz), 07/08/1949 - 11/29/1956
Jamieson, Anna (Mother of BMC Student; Advisory Council), No date
Jennerjahn, W. P. (BMC Student and Faculty), March 5, 1969
Joseph, William "Willie" (BMC Student), 05/02/1957 - 12/10/1965
King, James Gore (BMC Faculty), October 14, 1949
Kronenberg, Lisa (BMC Student) (Married name: Herwitz), July 1, 1949
Lamb, Anita, 04/28/1967 - 08/13/1967
Lamb, Beatrice Pitney (BMC Guest Faculty), 11/01/1927 - 09/01/1978
Lanier, Ruth Asawa (Professional Name: Ruth Asawa; BMC Student; Married BMC Student Albert Lanier), 04/20/1951 - 01/12/1984
Box PC 1956.20
Lanier children (Children of BMC Students Ruth Asawa and Albert Lanier: Aiko, Xavier, Laurie, Hudson, Adam, Paul), 10/07/1958 - 05/08/1962
Leon, Carmen (Mother of BMC Students), Undated
Leon, Eleanor "Ellie" Smith (BMC Student; Married BMC Student Fernando Leon), 05/25/1949 - 04/30/1952
Leon, Fernando (BMC Student; Married BMC Student Eleanor Smith), 10/17/1949 - 01/17/1983
Lowinsky, Edward (BMC Faculty), 05/04/1949 - 01/19/1950
Lytle, Gertrude (BMC Housekeeping and Childcare for the Dreiers), 05/11/1949 - 06/11/1982
Mangold, Anne Gilbert (BMC Staff; Wife of BMC Faculty Frederick Mangold), 12/1949 - 06/17/1976
Mangold, Frederick (BMC Faculty), April 27, 1971
Muzenic, Nicolas (BMC Student), September 14, 1960 and undated
Oates, Andrew (BMC Student), July 3, 1959
Olson, Charles (BMC Faculty), December 16, 1954
Page, Charles Donald "Don" (BMC Student; BMC Student Teacher), 02/12/1950 - 01/10/1966
Pessl, Yella (BMC Guest Faculty), 09/14/1949 - 07/15/1951
Reed, William Freeborn "Bill" AKA Alex Sylvester (BMC Student; BMC Instructor), 10/19/1949 - 10/29/1963
Reed, Elizabeth (Aunt of BMC Student), 08/06/1950 - 12/10/1967
Box PC 1956.21
Richards, M. C. (BMC Faculty), 04/14/1954 - 12/31/1954
Rondthaler, Theodore and Alice(BMC Faculty; BMC Staff), 12/02/1951 - 01/16/1952
Ross, Malcolm (BMC Visitor)
Rudofsky, Berta and Bernard (Both were BMC Guest Faculty), February 8, 1952
Russ, Nancy (BMC Student), April 27, 1975
Schawinsky, Alexander "Xanti" (BMC Faculty), February 11, 1964
Schlesinger, Charlotte "Bimbus" (BMC Faculty), 01/16/1951 - 1955
Shawn, Ted (BMC Visitor), 1966 - [ongoing]
Sihvonen, Joan Couch (BMC Student; Married BMC Student Oli Sihvonen; Later Married David Loveless), 02/22/1950 - 04/10/1963
Sillman, Sewell "Si" (BMC Student), 02/15/1950 - 11/16/1962
Sproul, Hal (BMC Guest Faculty)
Sproul, Kathleen (Wife of BMC Guest Faculty Hal Sproul), April 3, 1962
Steinau, Morton (BMC Student; BMC Staff), December 15, 1949
Stone, Jane Robinson (BMC Student; Married BMC Student Fred Stone), 01/05/1978 - 04/11/1978
Swierstra, Piet (BMC Dietician)
BLD to Piet Swierstra
Undated
Piet Swierstra to BLD and TD
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1953</unitdate>, 1953
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1954</unitdate>, 1954
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1955</unitdate>, 1955
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1956</unitdate>, 1956
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1957</unitdate>, 1957
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1963</unitdate>, 1963
Undated
Weston, Norman and Anne (Nan) Howard Chapin (Norman: BMC Student, BMC Staff) (Anne: BMC Student: BMC Apprentice Teacher)
Norman and Nan Weston to BLD and TD
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1979</unitdate>, 1979
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1982</unitdate>, 1982
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1983</unitdate>, 1983
Undated
Whiting, Megan
Megan Whiting to BLD and TD
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1972</unitdate>, 1972
Wilbur, Thomas Brown
Tom Wilbur to BLD
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1956</unitdate>, 1956
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1958</unitdate>, 1958
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1961</unitdate>, 1961
Undated
Wildenhain, Marguerite (BMC Guest Faculty; Married until early 1950s to Frans Wildenhain)
Marguerite Wildenhain to BLD
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1949</unitdate>, 1949
Undated
Wildenhain, Marjorie (Second wife of former BMC Visitor, Frans Wildenhain)
Marjorie Wildenhain to BLD and TD
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1954</unitdate>, 1954
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1955</unitdate>, 1955
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1956</unitdate>, 1956
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1958</unitdate>, 1958
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1963</unitdate>, 1963
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1965</unitdate>, 1965
Wilkins, Renate Benfey (BMC Student; Niece of Anni Albers)
Renate Wilkins to BLD
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1951</unitdate>, 1951
Wood, Emily (Wife of BMC Faculty Horace McGuire)
Emily Wood to BLD
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1976</unitdate>, 1976
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1978</unitdate>, 1978
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1983</unitdate>, 1983
Notes and Correspondence: Unidentified Correspondents
BLD to Andy [?],20 September 1973
BLD to Jeanette and Hugh [?], 3 May 1983
Various Letters with First Names Only, Undated
Notes and Drafts, Undated

3. Theodore Dreier Correspondence and Papers, 1925 - 1988

Collection Overview Collection Overview:

Series description: Consisting of ten subseries, this series contains the correspondence and papers of Theodore Dreier, with the earliest material, a scrapbook, dating as early as 1925; followed by printed material, correspondence, memoranda and minutes from Dreier's years as assistant professor at Rollins College, 1930-1933, just preceding and influencing his Black Mountain College venture beginning in the summer of 1933. Correspondence in the collection from and to his parents, Ethel Eyre Dreier, and Henry Edward Dreier, dates from 1930 to 1949; correspondence with other family and extended family are within that date range. The bulk of the materials in this series fall during the period of Dreier's active involvement with Black Mountain College (BMC), from 1933 to 1949, with late February of that year marking the official end of his duties. Overall, the series relects Dreier's strong commitment to the college, his optimism, and his ongoing efforts to articulate and promote its ideals, beginning in 1933 when he and John Andrew Rice and others founded the college without the benefit of endowment or any assurance of stable outside funding. However, this experimental college beat the odds and attracted numerous artistic, musical, and intellectual luminaries and leaders of the time, from Josef Albers, refugee of Nazi Germany and a leading figure in the Bauhaus artistic movement, to Thomas Whitney Surette, influential music educator, to R. Buckminster Fuller Fuller, inventor of the geodesic dome. Letters to and from these individuals and a host of others are part of the BMC Correspondence subseries, with some correspondence from key individuals also found in the College Related Correspondence, Post BMC Era, subseries.

Overall the series documents important ingredients in the college's success for a number of years, including Theodore Dreier's idealism along with his ongoing efforts to bring financial stability to the college. Throughout the correspondence in the series, Dreier showed his dedication in using his numerous contacts and those of his family and friends to raise money for the college, to elevate its profile, and to ensure its continuation as long as possible. Family news was often interspersed in the college correspondence, and college news interlaced with his family correspondence. The post-Black Mountain College correspondence and the Writings subseries indicate that Dreier continued to reflect on the Black Mountain College experience, from late 1949 to 1979, long after he had moved on to other pursuits. The Black Mountain College Miscellaneous Materials, 1934-1980 and undated do not relate directly to Dreier, yet suggest his interest in preserving a variety of materials reflecting the college's history. These range from class papers written for John Andrew Rice's Plato class, 1936, to two audio cassettes of John Evart's performance at the Bauhaus Archive in Berlin, September 18, 1980. One featured two songs sung at BMC's Thanksgiving program, 1939, prompting Evarts to write on the program, In addition to correspondence, and other materials previously mentioned, the series includes telegrams, administrative files, notes, drafts, writings, reports, proposals, programs, articles, lectures, audio cassette tapes, and drawings.

The series consists of ten subseries of Theodore Dreier's correspondence and papers: Family Correspondence, 1930-1974 (Bulk: 1930-1948) and undated; Personal Materials, 1925-1932; Rollins College Materials, 1930-1934; Black Mountain College Founders and Founding Documents, 1933-1939; Black Mountain College Administrative and Subject Files, 1933-1948 and undated; Black Mountain College Correspondence, 1933 - 1949 and undated, primarily with Black Mountain College prospective faculty, permanent and visiting faculty, advisory council, students, and college supporters, 1933-1949 (BMC Era); Black Mountain College Related Correspondence, Post BMC Era, 1949 - 1979 and undated; Black Mountain College Miscellaneous Materials, 1934-1980 and undated; Theodore Dreier Writings, Notes, Interviews, on Black Mountain College, Education, and Other Topics, 1935-1979 and undated; and Black Mountain College Related Clippings File, 1932-1979 and undated. More detailed descriptions can be found at the subseries level.

Note: the majority of Theodore Dreier's letters are carbon copies that he maintained in the office filing system. Typical of that era's business copy papers, these are of poor quality and hasten the deterioration of better quality papers adjacent to them. As a preservation measure, the staff has placed acid free barrier papers as needed.

Collection Arrangement:

The series is arranged in the following subseries:

Access Restrictions:

Available for research.

Processing Information:

Processed by Fran Tracy-Walls, 2008

Encoded by Fran Tracy-Walls, January 2009

Consultation by Mary Emma Harris as part of agreement with donors.

Theodore Dreier Family Correspondence, 1930 - 1974 Bulk: 1930-1948 1930-1948

Collection Overview Collection Overview:

Subseries description: Contains chiefly correspondence between Theodore Dreier and family members during the Dreier's tenure at Black Mountain College, beginning in 1933. Most family letters discuss the activities of family members, and in many cases life, events, and conditions at Black Mountain College. Some but not all of the family letters during the latter part of 1948 relate to stressful circumstances such as the possibility that Dreier might leave the college; his resignation as rector in August, but subsequent desire to stay on through the college's attempt at reorganization. Overall, the letters convey Dreier's and his family's vital interest in the college's ideals, its struggles and their overarching support. The letters also strongly convey the loving and affectionate connection shared among the Dreier family members, the Loines family members, and also extended family. The majority of the letters are to and from Dreier's parents, Henry Edward Dreier and Ethel Eyre Dreier, and to his brother, John Caspar Dreier. Other correspondents in the Dreier family include his sisters, Dorothea and Antoinette (Nan); aunts, Katherine Sophie Dreier (1877-1952); Margaret Dreier Robins (1868-1945) and her husband, Raymond Robins; and small quantities of correspondence with other family members, notably his sons Eddy and Theodore Dreier, Jr. Theodore Dreier's correspondence with members of Barbara Loines Dreier's family include her mother, Katherine Conger Loines; grandmother, Mary Hillard Loines; paternal aunt, Sylvia Loines Dalton, husband William Dalton, and stepson, John Dalton, who also worked as an engineer for Black Mountain College, 1938-1939; Margot Loines Morrow [Wilkie], and her husband Dwight W. Morrow, Jr. Extended family members in this subseries include the mother of Dwight Morrow, Jr. Elizabeth Morrow. Her letters indicate financial assistance through the foundation in a daughter's name, Elisabeth Reeve Morrow Morgan Foundation, during the financially strained period of the World War II years. At that time Dreier family members along with Elizabeth C. Morrow underwrote a second mortgage on the college property. There are a small number of letters also from Theodore Dreier to Mrs. Morrow's daughter, Anne Morrow Lindbergh and her husband, Charles Lindbergh, that date from 1955-1974, the only dates falling outside the bulk time span of this subseries. There are a few items relating to Katherine S. Dreier and to the designation of Yale University as the custodian of the Société Anonyme's collection (founded by artists Katherine S. Dreier, Marcel Duchamp and Man Ray in 1920), and also an eye witness account of the Bogota Revolution of April 1948, by John Caspar Dreier, then a diplomat in the United States Department of State, and director of the Office of Regional American Affairs.

Collection Arrangement:

Arranged chronologically within each subseries and sub-subseries.

Access Restrictions:

Available for research.

Processing Information:

Processed by Fran Tracy-Walls, 2008

Encoded by Fran Tracy-Walls, January, 2009

Consultation by Mary Emma Harris as part of agreement with donors.

Family Correspondence of Theodore Dreier, (<unitdate type="bulk" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">Bulk: 1930-1948</unitdate>), undated, 1930-1974 Bulk: 1930-1948

Henry Edward Dreier and Ethel Eyre Dreier (Parents of Theodore Dreier)
Box PC.1956.22
Theodore Dreier (TD) to Henry Edward Dreier and Ethel Eyre Dreier
Henry Edward Dreier and Ethel Eyre Dreier (Parents) to Theodore Dreier
Box PC.1956.24
Edward Dreier (Eddy/Eddie) (son of Theodore Dreier)
Theodore Dreier (TD) to Eddy Dreier (also spelled Eddie)
Eddy/Eddie Dreier to Grandmother, Ethel Eyre Dreier
Theodore Dreier, Jr. (Quintus, Ted, Jr.) (son of Theodore Dreier)
Theodore Dreier (TD), Ethel Eyre Dreier, Henry Edward Dreier, and Sylvia Loines Dalton to Ted Dreier, Jr.
Ted Dreier, Jr. to Grandmother, Ethel Eyre Dreier and to Mother, Barbara Loines Dreier
Antoinette Valentine Lamb (Aunt Nettie. TD's Maternal Aunt)
Theodore Dreier (TD) to Aunt Nettie (Mrs. George B. B. Lamb)
John Caspar Dreier (Brother of Theodore Dreier)
Box PC.1956.25
Theodore Dreier (TD) to John Caspar Dreier
John Dreier to Theodore Dreier (TD)
Dorothea Dreier Voorhees (Sister of Theodore Dreier)
Box PC.1956.26
Theodore Dreier (TD) to Dorothea (Dottie) Dreier Voorhees
Dorothea Dreier Voorhees to Theodore Dreier (TD)
Antoinette (Nan) Dreier Stearly (Sister of Theodore Dreier)
Theodore Dreier (TD) to Antoinette (Nan) Dreier Stearly
Antoinette (Nan) Dreier Stearly to Theodore Dreier (TD)
Katherine Sophie Dreier (Aunt of Theodore Dreier, Aunt Kate)
Theodore Dreier (TD) to Katherine Sophie Dreier
Katherine Sophie Dreier to Theodore Dreier (TD)
Margaret Dreier Robins and Raymond Robins (paternal aunt and uncle by marriage of Theodore Dreier)
Theodore Dreier (TD) to Margaret Dreier Robins and Raymond Robins
Margaret Dreier Robins and Raymond Robins to Theodore Dreier (TD)
Lisa Von Borowsky (Lived with Theodore Dreier's aunt and uncle)
Theodore Dreier (TD) to Lisa Von Borowsky
Lisa Von Borowsky to Theodore Dreier (TD)
Mary Elisabeth Dreier (Mimi)(Aunt of Theodore Dreier)
Box PC.1956.27
Theodore Dreier (TD) to Mary Elisabeth Dreier
Mary Elisabeth Dreier to Theodore Dreier (TD)
Mrs. Charles W. Dreier (Distant relative of Theodore Dreier?)
Theodore Dreier (TD) to Mrs. Charles W. Dreier
H. Edward Dreier, II (Cousin of Theodore Dreier?)
Theodore Dreier (TD) to Cousin Edward Dreier
Katherine Conger Loines (Mother of Barbara Loines Dreier)
Theodore Dreier (TD) to Katherine Conger Loines
Katherine Conger Loines to Theodore Dreier (TD)
Mary Hillard Loines (Grandmother of Barbara Loines Dreier)
Theodore Dreier (TD) to Mary Hillard Loines (Mrs. Stephen Loines)
Mary Hillard Loines to Theodore Dreier (TD)
Elma and Hilda Loines (Paternal Aunts of Barbara Loines Dreier)
Theodore Dreier (TD) to Elma and Hilda Loines
Elma and Hilda Loines to Theodore Dreier (TD)
Sylvia Loines Dalton and William (Will) Dalton (Paternal aunt of Barbara Loines Dreier and her husband)
Theodore Dreier (TD) to Sylvia Loines Dalton and William Dalton
Sylvia Loines Dalton and William Dalton to Theodore Dreier (TD)
John Dalton (Son of William Dalton and stepson of Sylvia Loines Dalton. Employed at General Electric Company and as an engineer at BMC Nov. 1937 - Nov. 1938)
Theodore Dreier (TD) to John Dalton
John Dalton to Theodore Dreier (TD)
Bessie Louden (Maternal Aunt of Theodore Dreier)
Theodore Dreier (TD) to Bessie Louden
Margot Loines [Morrow](Sister of Barbara Loines Dreier)
Theodore Dreier (TD) to Margot Loines [Morrow]
Margot Loines [Morrow] to Theodore Dreier (TD)
Dwight Whitney Morrow, Jr. (Married to Margot Loines, sister of Barbara Loines Dreier)
Theodore Dreier (TD) to Dwight Whitney Morrow, Jr.
Dwight Whitney Morrow, Jr. to Theodore Dreier (TD)
Elizabeth Morrow (Widow of Dwight Whitney Morrow, former U.S. Senator, and mother of Dwight W. Morrow, Jr. and Anne Morrow Lindbergh)
Theodore Dreier (TD) to Mrs. Dwight Whitney Morrow, (Elizabeth C. Morrow)
Mrs. Dwight Whitney Morrow, (Elizabeth C. Morrow) to Theodore Dreier (TD)
Charles Lindbergh and Anne Morrow Lindbergh (Sister-in-law of Margot Loines, sister of Barbara Loines Dreier)
Theodore Dreier (TD) to Charles Lindbergh and Anne Morrow Lindbergh

Theodore Dreier Personal Materials, 1925-1932

Collection Overview Collection Overview:

Subseries description: Contains early personal papers of Theodore Dreier including: a 1925-1926 Scrapbook and loose items dated as late as 1930; and two documents reflecting scientific work accomplished during his first employment with the General Electric Company, ending in 1930. The scrapbook and loose items indicate some of Dreier's intellectual interests as a young man and his sense of adventure and appreciation of natural beauty, as evidenced by a few pieces describing camping trips in the Great Smoky Mountains and deserts of the American West.

Collection Arrangement:

Arranged chronologically.

Access Restrictions:

Available for research.

Processing Information:

Processed by Fran Tracy-Walls, 2009.

Encoded by Fran Tracy-Walls, January, 2009

Consultation by Mary Emma Harris as part of agreement with donors.

Theodore Dreier Scrapbook and Loose Items,ca. 1925-1930

scopecontent:

Theodore Dreier Scrapbook and loose items reflect some of his intellectual interests as a young man and his sense of adventure and appreciation of natural landscape beauty, as evidenced by a few items describing camping trips in the Great Smokey Mountains and deserts of the American West.

Scrapbook of Theodore Dreier,ca. 1925-1926
Box Folder PC.1956.28 1
Two Letters Relating to Travel and Camping in the Great Smoky Mountains, Travel Descriptions and Other Loose Items Handwritten or Typed Items Removed from Scrapbook,ca. 1928-1930
Folder 2

Theodore Dreier Report and Patent Application,1930-1932

scopecontent:

Research for the report and the patent application were conducted during the first period of Dreier's employment at the General Electric Company, ending in 1930. According to the title page of the patent application, the work was done in collaboration with Charles E. Kilbourne. The application was submitted after Dreier's move to become an assistant professor of physics at Rollins College, Winter Park, Florida.

<title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Report on Experimental Thyratron</title>, , and Patent Application for Invention Titled <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Systems of Motor Control</title>, <unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1932</unitdate>, 1930 1932
Folder 3

Black Mountain College Founders and Founding Documents, 1933 - 1939

Collection Overview Collection Overview:

Subseries description: Includes documents, minutes, bylaws, correspondence, some writings, statements, and notes, lists, primarily from 1933 to 1939. Together these provide a view of the developing organizational structure of the Black Mountain College, early challenges, and the broad cooperative effort exerted by the college founders, primarily Theodore Dreier and John Andrew Rice, and also other faculty and outside supporters of the college. Much of the correspondence in this series shows the early involvement, financial contributions, and strong interest of Dreier's parents, Henry Edward Dreier and Ethel Eyre Dreier, and also that of his paternal aunt, Margaret Dreier Robins. Additionally, Theodore Dreier's brother, John Caspar Dreier was involved early on, having been appointed to the first Board of Fellows, while Mrs. Dreier was elected to the college Advisory Council in late 1933, and served actively in that position into the 1940s. Some correspondence of Barbara Loines Dreier gives glimpses of the early months of the college, including impressions of Josef and Anni Albers as they arrived at thc college and attended their first Thanksgiving party on December 1, 1933. A sampling of the founders' educational ideas and vision is reflected in a small quantity of writings, Rice's , reprint of article in , May 1937, and Theodore Dreier's address, , May 1939.

Collection Arrangement:

Folders within each sub-subseries are arranged chronologically and materials are arranged chronologically within each folder.

Access Restrictions:

Available for research.

Processing Information:

Processed by Fran Tracy-Walls, 2008

Encoded by Fran Tracy-Walls, January, 2009

Consultation by Mary Emma Harris as part of agreement with donors.

Founding Documents and Notes,, undated, 1933-1935

Statement: A New College in North Carolina,ca. July, 1933
Box Folder PC.1956.30 1
Announcement of State of North Carolina granting charter to Black Mountain College,August 24, 1933
Folder 2
Waiver of Notice of meeting on 29th of August by Incorporators of the Corporation of Black Mountain College,August 19, 1933
Folder 3
Minutes of first meeting of Incorporators of the Corporation of Black Mountain College,August 29, 1933
Folder 4
Certificate of Incorporation of the Corporation of Black Mountain College: Various drafts and revisions,ca. August 1933
Folder 5
Minutes, Notices of Faculty and Board of Fellows,August 29-November 15, 1933
Folder 6
Lists: Proposed Salaries of Possible Professors, and Personal Expenses, but undated, ca. August 1933
Folder 7
Lists: For and Against [founding Black Mountain College] and Challenges , but undated, ca. August 1933
Folder 8
Minutes of Special Meeting of Faculty, Draft,September 30, 1933
Folder 9
Minutes of Special Meeting of Faculty, Draft,October 2, 1933
Folder 10
<title xlink:type="simple" render="italic">Black Mountain College Catalogue</title>, Versions Predating Printing, and later, ca. October 7, 1933
Folder 11
Note with biographical information on Ralph Reed Lounsbury,October 18, 1933
Folder 12
Excerpt from letter of Theodore Dreier from Black Mountain College,October 19, 1933
Folder 13
By-laws with various drafts and revisions, and undated, ca. October 30, 1933
Folder 14
By-laws various drafts and revisions [continued], and undated, ca. March 12, 1935
Folder 15
Theodore Dreier's Notebook of BMC Documents, Publicity and Personal Notes,1933-1935
Folder 16

Family and Other Correspondence Regarding Founding and Funding of Black Mountain College, and undated, 1933-1935

scopecontent:

Theodore Dreier benefitted from a strong, supportive family network, as evidenced in these letters during the beginnings of the founding of Black Mountain College. Correspondents include his paternal aunt, Margaret Dreier Robins, his parents, Henry Edward Dreier and Ethel Eyre Dreier, his brother, John Caspar Dreier, and his wife, Barbara Loines Dreier, who shared his commitment to the risky venture of founding an experimental college with no predictable financial underpinnings. This group also contains two letters to Ethel Eyre Dreier from John Andrew Rice and Frederick R. Georgia, together constituting her official invitation to serve as a member of the college Advisory Council, a position in which she served actively into the 1940s.

Margaret Dreier Robins to Henry Edward Dreier and Ethel Eyre Dreier,July-August 1933
Folder 17
Theodore Dreier and Barbara Loines Dreier Correspondence to Parents, Henry Edward Dreier and Ethel Eyre Dreier and to Paternal Aunt, Katherine Sophie Dreier,July 11- December 4, 1933
Folder 18
Letters Inviting Ethel Eyre Dreier to join BMC Advisory Council from John Andrew Rice and Frederick Raymond Georgia,November 25 and December 14, 1933
Folder 19
Theodore Dreier Correspondence to Parents, Henry Edward Dreier and Ethel Eyre Dreier,February 6-April 4, 1934
Folder 20

Founders' Writings and Notes, and undated, 1937-1939

scopecontent:

John Andrew Rice, like Theodore Dreier, was a primary force in the creation of Black Mountain College and the attempt to articulate its ideas and aims. These writings, consisting of an articles, statement, address, notes, and reference material, constitute a glimpse of the educational ideas and concerns of the college leaders, and environment of the college during the first six years.

John Andrew Rice Article and Statement,1937-1939
Folder 20
Reprint from <title xlink:type="simple" render="italic">Harper's Magazine</title>, <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Fundamentalism and the Higher Learning</title>., May 1937,
John A. Rice Statement to BMC Faculty. ., September 1939
Theodore Dreier Notes on Educational Goals and File of Reference Material on Education, and various dates., May 1939
Folder 21
<title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">What Sort of A Graduate?</title>
<title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">My Pedagogic Creed</title>, Professor John Dewey, University of Chicago. Undated.
Typed copy of <title xlink:type="simple" render="italic">Bulletin: Progressive Education Association</title>, No. 9, ., September 1921
Notes from <title xlink:type="simple" render="italic">The Almost Perfect State</title>, by Don Marquis. Published by Doubleday, Page and Co., Garden City, NY, ., 1927
<title xlink:type="simple" render="italic">Remarks on Proposed New Program for Antioch College</title>, by Arthur E. Moran, ., May 4, 1932

Miscellaneous Legal and Other Materials Consulted in the Founding of Black Mountain College,, undated, 1929-1933

scopecontent:

These materials apparently were consulted as the college's founders, Theodore Dreier, John Andrew Rice, Ralph Reed Lounsbury, also an attorney and professor of government and political science, all worked on basic structural documents, requirements, and standards of the college, including a certificate of incorporation in compliance with state law.

North Carolina Legislative Documents and Other Documents Related to College Administration,1931-1933
Folder 22
North Carolina state documents or excerpts from: State Constitution; Education Code of NC, , Subchapter 16; School Machinery Act by the NC General Assembly, <unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1933</unitdate>, 1931 1933
North Carolina College Conference, <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Principles for Accrediting Institutions of Higher Learning</title>; as amended and adopted by the NCCC, ., November 10, 1932
Florida and Rollins College documents or excerpts from: State Constitution; Rollins College Constitution and Bylaws.

Theodore Dreier Black Mountain College Administrative and Subject Files, 1933 - 1949; undated

Collection Overview Collection Overview:

Subseries description: The Theodore Dreier Black Mountain College Administrative and Subject Files, 1933 - 1948, and undated, (subseries 5) ) are the personal professional files of Dreier as treasurer and rector of and faculty member at Black Mountain College and include materials relating directly to the administration and operations of the college. These consist of minutes of meetings of the faculty and Board of Fellows, college financial files, and subject files on various topics. The subseries also documents and references fundraising, contributions and gifts, financial data, the Blue Ridge property and the Lake Eden property and development, housing plans, the Walter Gropius and Marcel Breuer plans, the Kocher model, farm administration, the college work program, community meetings, the year-round college plan, the various college committees, etc. Issues considered included the 1944 Summer Resignations, otherwise known as the 1944 Crisis, and the Integration of Black Mountain College, which began during the 1944 and 1945 summer sessions, and became part of the regular academic year in the fall of 1945. There is also material concerning the college crises of 1947, 1948, efforts to reorganize the college, and Dreier's resignation and that of others, effective February 18, 1949.

Collection Arrangement:

Arranged by subject and arranged chronologically thereunder.

Access Restrictions:

Available for research.

Processing Information:

Processed by James Sorrell, 2009

Encoded by Fran Tracy-Walls, March, 2009

Consultation by Mary Emma Harris as part of agreement with donors.

Personal Professional Files of Theodore Dreier in Various Administrative and Faculty Roles

Certificate of Incorporation
Box Folder PC1956.31 1
By-Laws
Folder 2
Revision of Charter and By-Laws,1934-1948
Folder 3
Revision of Charter and By-Laws,1933
Folder 4
Board of Fellows Meetings,1933-1949
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1933-1944</unitdate>, 1933-1944
Folder 5
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1945-1946</unitdate>, 1945-1946
Folder 6
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1947-1949</unitdate>, 1947-1949
Folder 7
Faculty Meetings,1936-1949
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1936-1939</unitdate>, 1936-1939
Folder 8
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1940-1945</unitdate>, 1940-1945
Folder 9
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1946-1949</unitdate>, 1946-1949
Folder 10
Advisory Council,1945-1949
Box Folder PC1956.32 11
Black Mountain College Association, , undated, 1939-1940
Folder 12
Trustees,1948-1949
Folder 13
Committees, , undated, 1940-1946
Folder 14
Correspondence, , undated, 1937-1947
Folder 15
Memoranda,1940-1948
Folder 16
Press Items, , (years 1933, 1939, and 1941), 1933-1941
Folder 17
Announcements, , undated, 1944-1947
Folder 18
Radio Broadcast Schedules, undated
Folder 19
Students, , <unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1946</unitdate>, and undated, 1942 1946
Folder 20
Community Council,1946-1948
Folder 21
Community Meetings, and undated, 1945
Folder 22
Faculty, and undated, 1938-1946
Folder 23
Community Lists, and undated, 1940-1949
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1940-1943</unitdate>, 1940-1943
Folder 24
and undated, 1944-1949
Folder 25
College Catalogs, and undated, 1941-1943
Folder 26
Accreditation, and undated, 1941-1942
Folder 27
Course Offerings and Class Schedules, and undated, 1940-1949
Box Folder PC1956.33 28
Year Round Plan,1947
Folder 29
Admissions Committee, , <unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1948</unitdate>, and undated, 1944 1948
Folder 30
Prospective Students,1938-1947
Folder 31
Enrollment, and undated, 1937-1948
Folder 32
Scholarship Students, undated
Folder 33
Advisees, and undated, 1940-1948
Folder 34
Veterans and Military Service, and undated, 1941-1945
Folder 35
Refugees, and undated, 1940
Folder 36
Negroes, and 1946, 1944
Folder 37
Examinations, and undated, 1941-1947
Folder 38
Reports of Comprehensive Examinations, . <emph render="boldunderline">Restricted</emph>, 1935-1941
Folder 39
Curriculum and Teaching Notes, and undated, 1943-1947
Folder 40
School for Inter-American Affairs, and undated, 1942
Folder 41
Writings on Education, and undated, 1932-1946
Folder 42
Writings on Black Mountain College, and undated, 1933-1948
Box PC1956.34
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1933-1947</unitdate>, 1933-1947
Folder 43
and undated, 1948
Folder 44
Miscellaneous Writings, and undated, 1936-1943
Folder 45
Faculty Writings, and undated, 1938-1943
Folder 46
Summer Institutes,1944
Folder 47
Music Institute,1945
Folder 48
Art Institutes,1945-1946
Folder 49
Seminar on America,1943
Folder 50
Visitors' Week,1940
Folder 51
College Financial Files, and undated, 1933-1949
Box PC1956.35
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1933-1934</unitdate>, 1933-1934
Folder 52
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1934-1935</unitdate>, 1934-1935
Folder 53
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1935-1936</unitdate>, 1935-1936
Folder 54
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1936-1937</unitdate>, 1936-1937
Folder 55
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1937-1938</unitdate>, 1937-1938
Folder 56
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1938-1939</unitdate>, 1938-1939
Folder 57
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1939-1940</unitdate>, 1939-1940
Folder 58
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1940-1941</unitdate>, 1940-1941
Folder 59
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1941-1942</unitdate>, 1941-1942
Folder 60
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1942-1943</unitdate>, 1942-1943
Folder 61
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1943-1944</unitdate>, 1943-1944
Folder 62
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1944-1945</unitdate>, 1944-1945
Folder 63
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1945-1946</unitdate>, 1945-1946
Folder 64
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1946-1947</unitdate>, 1946-1947
Folder 65
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1947-1948</unitdate>, 1947-1948
Folder 66
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1948-1949</unitdate>, 1948-1949
Box Folder PC1956.36 67
College Financial Files, undated
Folder 68
Departmental Financial Files, and undated, 1933-1948
Folder 69
Faculty Financial Files,1935-1948
Faculty Financial Files,1935-1938
Folder 70
Faculty Financial Files, and also 1948, 1939-1943
Folder 71
Salary Issues, and undated, 1934-1947
Folder 72
Pensions, and undated, 1937-1949
Folder 73
Mortgages, , <unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1937</unitdate>, and undated, 1942-1949 1937
Folder 74
Audits,1934-1948
Folder 75
Financial Planning, and undated, 1935
Folder 76
Financial Correspondence, and undated, 1939-1949
Folder 77
Financial Bulletin, undated
Folder 78
Student Fees and Financial Aid, and undated, 1935-1948
Box Folder PC1956.37 79
Accounting and Bookkeeping, undated
Folder 80
College Expenses of Mary Rice, and <unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1944</unitdate>, 1940-1941 1944
Folder 81
Administrative Issues, and undated, 1938-1949
Folder 82
Housekeeping, and undated, 1944-1947
Folder 83
Fire Safety, and undated, 1943-1949
Folder 84
College Opening and Closing Routines, and 1947, 1943-1944
Folder 85
Insurance, and undated, 1937-1949
Folder 86
Fundraising and Development, and undated, 1937-1946
Fundraising and Development, and <unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1948</unitdate>, 1937-1943 1948
Folder 87
Fundraising and Development, and undated, 1944-1946
Folder 88
Small Gifts Campaign,1939
Folder 89
Grants, , <unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1941</unitdate>, and undated, 1937 1941
Folder 90
Bond Issue,1940-1941
Folder 91
Travel, and undated, 1938-1945
Folder 92
Expense Accounts,1936-1949
Folder 93
College Farm, , undated, 1933-1948
Box PC1956.38
College Farm,1933-1941
Folder 94
College Farm, and undated, 1942-1948
Folder 95
College Print Shop, , <unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1948</unitdate>, and undated, 1937-1938 1948
Folder 96
College Store,1936-1949
Folder 97
North Carolina Magnesium Development Corporation, and undated, 1944-1947
Folder 98
Mica,1944
Folder 99
Gravel,1947
Folder 100
Physical Plant, and undated, 1937-1945
Folder 101
Faculty and Student Housing, and undated, 1940-1946
Folder 102
Work Program, and undated, 1935-1948
Work Program,1935-1946
Folder 103
Work Program, and undated, 1947-1948
Folder 104
Work Schedules, undated, 1934-1944
Box PC1956.39
Work Schedules,1934-1940
Folder 105
Work Schedules, and undated, 1941-1944
Folder 106
Work Camps, and undated, 1940-1944
Folder 107
Lake Eden Steering Committee, and undated, 1940-1941
Folder 108
Lake Eden Construction Journal,1940
Folder 109
Lake Eden Construction, and undated, 1937-1942
Folder 110
Lake Eden Property, and undated, 1936-1941
Folder 111
Lease of the Blue Ridge Property,1933-1940
Box PC1956.40
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1933</unitdate>, 1933
Folder 112
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1934</unitdate>, 1934
Folder 113
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1935</unitdate>, 1935
Folder 114
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1936</unitdate>, 1936
Folder 115
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1937-1940</unitdate>, 1937-1940
Folder 116
Lake Lure Property,1940-1945
Box Folder PC1956.41 117
Possible Locations, Lake Toxaway, , undated, 1935-1936
Folder 118
Possible Locations, Blue Ridge, undated, 1936-1939
Folder 119
Possible Locations, Blue Ridge, undated, 1936-1939
Folder 119
Crisis, 1944
Folder 120
Crisis, 1947
Folder 121
Crisis, 1948-1949
Folder 122
Resignation,1949
Folder 123
Personal Business, , undated, 1935-1948
Folder 124
Writing Lists, undated
Folder 125
College Songs, , <unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1940</unitdate>, 1938 1940
Folder 126
Maps
Folder 125

Theodore Dreier College Correspondence, 1933-1949; undated

Subseries Overview Subseries Overview:

This subseries contains correspondence to and from Theodore Dreier during his tenure at Black Mountain College, 1933 to 1948, with a scant amount in 1949, and some undated. This subseries includes Theodore Dreier's (TD) college correspondence to and from a variety of individuals Dreier communicated with in the course of his various administrative activities and duties. These included recruiting faculty, and serving variously as fund-raiser, treasurer, rector, and recruiting, communicating with, and meeting with the Board of Advisors and various organizations and institutions. During the course of the Theodore Dreier's time at BMC, from 1933 to 1949 (ending officially on February 28 of that year) he wrote many hundreds of letters to potential donors, including family, to friends, and even to critics stating and explaining the college's goals, and at times dispelling rumors and misperceptions. Dreier also wrote many letters to faculty, prospective faculty, summer faculty, visiting scholars, lecturers, performers, and other visitors.

In the latter categories there is a small quantity of correspondence from notables of that period, including the following: Charles Austin Beard, constitutional historian and political scientist; Philip Lippincott Goodwin, one of the architects of the Museum of Modern Art, and on its board of directors, along with other architects and designers, John Burchard, Anatole Kopp, Walter Gropius, A. Lawrence Kocher, Jose Luis Sert; Frank Porter Graham, president of the University of North Carolina; Alfred Kazin, writer and critic; Paul Hindemith, composer; Langston Hughes, writer, poet, and thinker of the Harlem Renaissance; Yella Pessl, harpsichordist and summer faculty, 1944-45; Arnold Schoenberg, noted composer and teacher, whose work in the early part of the twentieth century transformed music history; Lillian Smith, southern writer and social critic; and Thornton Wilder, playwright and novelist. There is substantive correspondence with several individuals, including faculty members, Josef Albers and Anni Albers; John Evarts, who taught at BMC from 1933 until he enlisted in the U.S. Army in 1942 and remained a life-long friend of Theodore and Barbara Dreier; Frank Aydelotte, president of Swarthmore College and brother of Nell Rice; Thomas Whitney Surette, American composer, music educator, long associated with the Concord Music Summer School of Music (1915-1938) and reputed to have established a new basis of music education in the schools of America. Also noteworthy is: correspondence with John Andrew Rice, a founder of Black Mountain College and its first rector. Also of particular interest is correspondence with R. Buckminster Fuller; correspondence and papers associated with Fritz J. Hansgirg, a scientist of international repute and a German refugee who taught chemistry and physics at BMC from 1942-1947. There is also a small quantity of correspondence by and to Ethel Eyre Dreier, mother of Ted Dreier, and John C. Dreier, brother of Ted Dreier. Both served the college in several capacities, the former on the Advisory Council and the latter on the Board of Fellows.

Collection Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically by name of correspondent and corporate entities, and chronologically within each folder. Apparently in the original filing scheme, Theodore Dreier maintained a set of "A" to "Z" folders for correspondence and memoranda for individuals for whom a separate folder had not been established. In the processing of this subseries, when a group of correspondence has been removed from the general correspondence folder and placed in a separate folder it is noted in the finding aid. Decisions to remove a set of correspondence from a general letter folder were done for clarity and for ease of research and were based upon the following factors: when the quantity of letters exceeded four letters and if the prominence of the correspondent seemed to justify a separate folder.

This subseries is a merger of two originally separate filing systems that had been established during the course of Theodore Dreier's tenure as administrator from 1933 to 1949. The first were the college correspondence files established at the Blue Ridge campus of Black Mountain College, from 1933 to around 1940 and the second were the correspondence files maintained at the Lake Eden campus from approximately 1941 to 1949.

Access Restrictions:

Available for research.

Processing Information:

Processed by Fran Tracy-Walls, 2008, with the assistance of interns, Jennifer Davis, Terri Jones, and staff member Aisander Duda.

Encoded by Fran Tracy-Walls, January, 2009

Consultation by Mary Emma Harris as part of agreement with donors.

Theodore Dreier College Correspondence, and undated, 1933-1949

scopecontent:

Includes, for the most part, Theodore Dreier's correspondence with individuals and with a few corporate and educational institutions. In general, the folders include correspondence both to and from Theodore Dreier. The latter categories include Architects Collaborative, Inc., Bank of New York Trust and Company, Carnegie Corporation of New York, General Electric Company, Harvard University, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and the William C. Whitney Foundation, the only foundation to consistently support the college. There is substantive correspondence with several individuals, including Josef Albers, and his wife, Anni Albers; John Evarts, who taught at BMC from 1933 until he enlisted in the U.S. Army in 1942 and remained a life-long friend of Theodore and Barbara Dreier; Frank Adyelotte, president of Swarthmore College and brother of Nell Rice; Thomas Whitney Surette, American composer, music educator, long associated with the Concord Music Summer School of Music (1915-1938) and reputed to have established a new basis of music education in the schools of America. Also noteworthy is the correspondence with John Andrew Rice, a founder of Black Mountain College and its first rector, and correspondence and papers associated with Fritz J. Hansgirg, a scientist of international repute and a German refugee who taught chemistry and physics at BMC from 1942-1947.

There is a significant amount of correspondence with prominent individuals in various fields, though in general there is not a large quantity of correspondence. These names include John Dewey, Langston Hughes, Eleanor Butler Roosevelt, Clarence Hemingway, William Gayley Simpson, Thornton Wilder, Robert Ulich, etc.

Note: The correspondence from Theodore Dreier is most frequently a carbon copy that Dreier retained in the files for reference. Also, this subseries includes a small quantity of subject folders, such as Music Institutes. Names listed in general conform where possible with the authorized listing in the Library of Congress personal names authority files. This may be a slight variation from the name as originally listed on the file folder.

General Correspondence A, , n.d., 1933-1937
Box PC.1956.42
Adamic, Louis,1933-1937
Albers, Anni, ,n.d., 1938-1947
Albers, Josef, ,n.d., 1934-1948
Albers, Josef and Dreier, Theodore: Travel, 1935
Amory, Mrs. Copley (Ethel) ,n.d., 1944-1948
Architects Collaborative, Inc. , n.d., 1945-1948
Aydelotte, Frank, 1933-1939
Aydelotte, Frank andundated, 1940-1949
General Correspondence B, , n.d., 1934-1948
Box PC.1956.43
Babcock, Robert Shillingford and Mrs.,1940-1946
Baily, David, ,n.d., 1935-1939
Baker, Percy Hayes (Dr.),1945
Bank of New York and Trust Company,1933-1942
Barnes, Gerald, ,n.d., 1938
Barnes, Walter Carl, ,n.d., 1938-1944
Bayer, Herbert and Joella (originally in General Correspondence B Folder),1940-1948
Barstow, Mr. and Mrs. William S.,1940-1948
Beard, Charles Austin (originally in B General Correspondence Folder),1940-1948
Beidler, Paul, ,n.d., 1945-1946
Bennett, Peggy [Cole later],1947-1948
Bentley, Eric Russell, ,n.d., 1942-1944
Bergmann, Peter Gabriel,1941-1943
Bingham, Sylvester D.,1933-1938
Blaine, Lorna, , n.d., 1946-1948
Blaisdell, William,1932-1939
Bodky, Erwin and Mrs.,1940-1948
Box PC.1956.44
Bogue, Anna,1934-1939
Bondy, Curt (Dr.),1944-1945
Boyden, Helen Elizabeth, , n.d., 1934-1945
Boyden, Roland William ,n.d., 1938-1947
Bovingdon, Barbara Sieck,1943-1947
Bovingdon, Dereck, , n.d., 1939
Bovingdon, Dereck (Memorial),1940-1947
Bovingdon, Gertrude King,1943-1947
Bradshaw, Francis Foster,1936-1937
Brophy, Dr., Payne Whitney Psychiatric Clinic,1938
Business Manager and Teacher of Accounting Application, n.d.
Burchard, John E. (John Ely),1941-1948
General Correspondence C, , n.d., 1933-1948
Box PC.1956.45
Canivet, Jean,1935
Carnegie Corporation of New York, ,n.d., 1937-1944
Carpenter, J. Richard,1940-1943
Carr, Cynthia, ,n.d., 1942-1946
Carr, John P., ,n.d., 1941-1947
Carter, Sydney and Winthrop L.,1934-1935
Chapin, Nan,1934
Charlot, Jean, ,n.d., 1943-1944
Clemens, Harve,1933-1934
Cohen, Frederick,1942-1944
Cole, William Morse, ,n.d., 1934-1948
Conner, Ralph,1935-1936
Cooke, Flora J.,1934-1935
Cooley, Samuel and Polly,1942-1947
Collidge, W.D. (Dr.),1934
Corkran, David H., ,n.d., 1934-1948
Cramer, Isaac Doughtan,1936
Cummings, Charles K.,1934-1939
Cummings, Lydia L.,1934-1935
General Correspondence D-E, 1933-1947
Box PC.1956.46
Day, Frank Parker,1933-1934
Daniels, Josephus,1936
Dehn, Max,1945-1947
DeGraaf, Frances,1942-1945
Dewey, John,1937-1947
Dollard, Charles,1948
Draper, Mary Childs, , n.d., 1933-1945
Dreier, Ethel Eyre, and undated, 1934-1938
Dreier, John C.,1 March 1937
Duveneck, Josephine (originally in General Correspondence D Folder),1945-1947
Dwight, Mr. and Mrs. (daughter, Peggy),1934-1939
Dwight, Col. and Mrs. Arthur S.,1933-1935
Emerson, Amelia Forbes (Mrs. Raymond Emerson),1933-1946
Evarts, John, ,1933-1939
Evarts, John, , n.d., 1940-1948
Evarts, John, undated
General Correspondence F,1933-1948
Box PC.1956.47
Farrell, James A.,1935-1938
Feverstein, Richard, , n.d., 1933
Fiorillo, Dante,1936-1937
Forberg, Charles Lewis and Ati,1948
Forbes (Misc.),1933-1947
Forbes, Cameron W.,1937
Forbes, [J.] Malcolm, Mr. and Mrs., , n.d., 1933-1937
Forbes, [J.] Malcolm, Mr. and Mrs.,1938-1944
Forbes, Stephen (originally in General Correspondence F Folder),1937-1949
Forbes, Mrs. Waldo E., , n.d., 1936-1947
Foreman, Clark Howell, , n.d., 1942-1946
Foss, Kendall,1934-1935
French, Nathaniel Stowers and Peggy (originally in General Correspondence F Folder),1935-1946
French, John R.P. Jr., , n.d., 1938-1945
Fuller, R. Buckminster (Richard Buckminster),1948
General Correspondence G,1933-1948
Box PC.1956.48
Gage, Lucy,1937
Gardner, John (originally in General Correspondence G Folder),1942-1943
General Electric Company,1934-1937
Georgia, Frederick Raymond,1933-1945
Godfrey, Charles,1940-1942
Goldberg, Bertrand,1946-1947
Goodwin, Philip L.,1941-1943
Goodwin, Sarah S.,1933-1947
Goethe, Richard (Dr.), , n.d., 1940-1943
Graham, Frank Porter,1933-1949
Gregory, Mary (Molly),1941-1944
Box PC.1956.49
Gregory, Mary (Molly),1945-1948
Gropius, Ati,1943-1946
Gropius, Walter,1937-1948
General Correspondence H, I, and J,1934-1937
Box PC.1956.50
Hanford, Alford C.,1942
Hansgirg, Dr. Fritz J.: Legalities and Correspondence, , n.d., 1942
Hansgirg, Dr. Fritz J.: Affidavitt,1942
Hansgirg, Dr. Fritz J.: Sponsor Records, , n.d., 1942-1943
Hansgirg, Dr. Fritz J.: Legalities and Correspondence,1943-1949
Harvard University,1935-1942
Hazelrigg, Hal,1941-1942
Heinitz, Eva (originally in General Correspondence H Folder),1945-1948
Hemingway, Ernest and Clarence (originally in General Correspondence H Folder),1932-1935
Hinckley, William (Bill) and Meg (originally in General Correspondence H Folder),1933-1935
Hindemith, Paul (originally in General Correspondence H Folder),1946-1947
Howard, Tasker,1933-1939
Hoyt, Barbara (originally in General Correspondence H Folder),1935-1937
Hughes, Langston,1948-1949
General Correspondence J,1940-1945
Jalowetz, Heinrich, , n.d., 1939-1948
James, Henry,1939
Jamieson, Edward Boardman (Jimmie) (originally in General Correspondence J Folder),1942-1944
Jamieson, Mrs. Joseph B.,1940-1947
Johnson, Henry and Ann Biscon (originally in General Correspondence J Folder),1933-1936
Joseph, William Wolff,1942-1948
General Correspondence K, , n.d., 1933-1948
Box PC.1956.51
Kahler, Erich,1946-1947
Kazin, Alfred,1944-1945
Klein, Jascha,1944
Knickerbocker, Irving,1935
Kopp, Anatole and Kopp, Marianne Bjerke,1942-1944
Kocher, A. Lawrence (Alfred Lawrence),1937-1946
Kolisch, Rudolf,1944-1946
Krenek, Ernst,1944-1946
Kunz, Fritz L.,1947
Kurtz, Kenneth,1939-1946
General Correspondence L, , n.d., 1934-1948
Box PC.1956.52
Laughlin, Nancy Bartlett, , n.d., 1938-1939
Leigh, Robert D.,1933-1938
Leon (Family),1940-1948
Levi, Albert William (Bill) and his wife, Mary Caroline Richards (M.C.),1944-1948
Lindsey, Charles,1938-1947
Lewisohn, Mrs. Samuel (Margaret),1934-1936
Lipsey, Winston and Rubye,1943-1944
Livermore, Francesca (originally in General Correspondence L Folder),1935-1938
Locke, Walter,1937-1947
Loram, Hilda Margaret,1933
Lounsbury, Mrs. Ralph Reed,1933-1945
Lovejoy, Arthur D. (Prof.),1933
Lowinsky, Edward (Dr.),1942-1947
General Correspondence M,1934-1946
Box PC.1956.53
McClenahan, Mrs. Richard L.,1941
McClure, James Gore King Jr. (originally in General Correspondence F Folder),1936-1937
McGraw, Clara Louise, , n.d., 1939-1940
McLaughlin, Chester (originally in General Correspondence M Folder),1945-1948
Makaye, Christy (originally in General Correspondence M Folder),1934
Makemson, Maud Worcester,1932
Mangold, Anne Gilbert,1939-1947
Box PC.1956.54
Mangold, Frederick Rogers (Fred), , n.d., 1935-1938
Mangold, Frederick Rogers (Fred),1939-1947
Mangold, Isabel,1935-1938
Mardeen, Robert (originally in General Correspondence M Folder),1943-1948
Marquis, Lucian (originally in General Correspondence M Folder),1943-1946
Martin, Joseph W., , n.d., 1933-1939
Massachusetts Institute of Technology,1939-1945
Mattison, Gorman E.,1942-1945
Melish, (William) Howard,1934
Merida, Carlos,1940
Merrick, Elliot T.,1943-1946
Miller, Herbert A. (Dr.),1942-1946
Box PC.1956.55
Mitchell, Lucy Sprague (originally in General Correspondence M Folder),1936-1937
Mitchell, Wesley C.,1938
Mitrang, David,1936-1939
Moe, Henry Allen, , n.d., 1934-1948
Moellenhoff, Fritz (Dr.) and Anna, , n.d., 1935-1945
Moles, Clifford,1946
Monteux, Claude (originally in General Correspondence M Folder),1938-1946
Moore, Nell (originally in General Correspondence M Folder),1936
Morgan, Arthur E.,1937-1947
Morgenthau, Henry (originally in General Correspondence M Folder),1934
Morris, Dave H. Jr. (originally in General Correspondence M Folder),1933-1937
Mosley, Betty,1941-1942
Murphy, David,1939
Murphy, Robert Cushman (originally in General Correspondence M Folder),1934-1936
Music Institutes,1945
General Correspondence N,1939-1948
Nacke, Frank, , n.d., 1940
Nakata, Isaac,1942-1946
Nelson, Jay,1942-1944
Newhall, Beaumont, , n.d., 1947
Nicholas, Robert,1943-1945
Niebyl, Karl H.,1946
Nimmanahaeminda, A. (originally in General Correspondence N Folder),1942-1943
Oldman, Cecil R.,1933-1935
Oppenheimer, Herbert,1943-1945
Orr, Robert C.,1942-1944
Ostergaard, Soren K., , n.d., 1934
General Correspondence P,1933-1948
Box PC.1956.56
Paine, John B. Jr.,1932-1942
Parker, Haywood,1934-1942
Paul, Leslie (originally in General Correspondence P Folder),1942-1944
Pessl, Yella,1940-1945
Pickett, Clarence,1941-1946
Pittinger, Nicholas O.,1933-1942
Portell, Herminio,1935-1947
Porter, Dick,1938
General Correspondence R,1933-1946
Radin, Paul (Dr.), , n.d., 1942-1944
Raper, Arthur,1941-1946
Raymond, Harold B. (Cpl.),1941-1944
Reed, Alexander S.,1940-1948
Reiss, John J. (originally in General Correspondence R Folder),1947
Reis, Robert,1948
Rhodes, D.P. (Mrs.), , n.d., 1939-1948
Rice, John Andrew, , n.d., 1933-1944
Box PC.1956.57
Rice, Nell Aydelotte, , n.d., 1939-1946
Rondthaler, Theodore (Theo) and Alice, , n.d., 1944-1948
Roosevelt, Eleanor Butler , n.d., 1941-1943
Rosen, Nathan, , n.d., 1940-1941
Ross, Malcom,1941-1948
Ruml, Beardsley,1937
Russ, Nancy (originally in General Correspondence R Folder),1938-1939
Russell, James S.,1933-1942
Russell, William Foster (originally in General Correspondence R Folder),1936-1943
General Correspondence S,1933-1948
Box PC.1956.58
Sanders, Herbert (originally in General Correspondence S Folder),1940-1947
Sayles, Robert W.,1935
Schawinsky, Xanti,1936-1944
Schlesinger, Charlotte,1947-1948
Schoenberg, Arnold (letters originally in General Correspondence S Folder),1946
Schwartz, Frederick, Dr.,1945
Sert, J.L., , n.d., 1940-1943
Seasongood, Murray (originally in General Correspondence S Folder),1933-1944
Sessions, Roger,1944-1945
Shapley, Harlow, Dr. (originally in General Correspondence S Folder),1945-1947
Shawn, Ted,1933-1935
Shellens, Max, , n.d., 1945
Sieck, Herbert,1943-1945
Simpson, Eloise Cummings (originally in General Correspondence S Folder),1936-1937
Simpson, William Gayley (originally in General Correspondence S Folder),1936-1937
Smith, Lillian Eugenia,1944-1945
Sly, Alan, , n.d., 1935-1930
Sobotka, Henry (originally in General Correspondence S Folder),1943
Sproul, Harold,1934-1948
Spurr, J.E.,1933-1935
St. John's College,1942
Box PC.1956.59
St. John, George C. Jr. and Nancy (originally in General Correspondence S Folder),1938
Steinau, Morton,1935-1930
Steinau, Morton, , n.d., 1940-1948
Stephens, George (originally in General Correspondence S Folder), , n.d., 1942-1944
Stevenson, Alexander,1933-1946
Stix, John,1944-1946
Stokes, Isaac (Mrs.)(originally in General Correspondence S Folder), , n.d., 1942-1944
Stoller, Claude (originally in General Correspondence S Folder), , n.d., 1944-1945
Stone, Mrs. A. (originally in General Correspondence S Folder), , n.d., 1944-1947
Stone, Jane Robinson,1942-1944
Straight, Michael (originally in General Correspondence S Folder),1942-1947
Straus, Erwin, , n.d., 1938-1948
Straus, Harry H.,1943-1944
Surette, Thomas Whitney,1933-1934
Box PC.1956.60
Surette, Thomas Whitney,1935
Surette, Thomas Whitney,1936
Surette, Thomas Whitney,1937-1941
Swan, Alice Lee (originally in General Correspondence S Folder), , n.d., 1935
Swing, Mrs. Raymond Graham,1940-1941
Sylvester, Sarah (Sally) Natalie (originally in General Correspondence S Folder),1934-1935
General Correspondence T,1934-1935
Terzaghi, Karl (Dr.),1941-1947
Thomas, Giles and Ruthie,1943-1945
Thomas, Wendell (originally in General Correspondence T Folder),1945
Thompson, Elwood,1939
Tiedtke, John M.,1933-1936
Trayer, Raymond and Dorothy,1943-1946
Trowbridge, Mary,1933
Urquhart, Donald (Mr. and Mrs.),1939
Ulich, Robert,1945-1947
General Correspondence V,1933
Box PC.1956.61
Vail, Edith,1936-1937
Varda, Jean,1945-1947
Vogler, Betty (originally in General Correspondence V Folder),1945
Voigt, Bernard,1942
Von Barowsky, Lisa (originally in General Correspondence V Folder),1936
Von Moltke, Willo,1940-1941
General Correspondence W,1943-1948
Walcott, Robert,1945
Wale, Fred,1941-1947
Wallen, John,1945-1946
Warburg, Edward M.M.,1933-1941
Warren, Constance,1947-1949
Webb, Willoughby,1933
Weiss, Louis,1941-1947
Weston, Norman,1938-1948
Whitney, William C., Foundation (originally in General Correspondence W Folder),1937-1947
Wilder, Thornton,1934
Box PC.1956.62
Williams, R. R.,1933-1948
Wilson, E.B.(originally in General Correspondence W Folder),1934-1945
Wilson, M.L.(originally in General Correspondence W Folder)
Wood, H. McGuire,1942-1946
Woog, Alan (originally in General Correspondence W Folder)
Wright, W.M. (originally in General Correspondence W Folder),1943-1948
Wunsch, W. Robert, , n.d., 1936-1939
Wunsch, W. Robert,1940-1948
Yeomans, Charles,1939
Box PC.1956.63
Yeomans, Edward (Mr. and Mrs.), , n.d., 1933-1943
Yeomans, Edward, Jr.,1942
Young, Betty Williams,1933-1937
General Correspondence Z,1940-1945
Zabriskie, George, , n.d., 1944-1945
Zastrow, Emmy,1934-1935
Zeuch, William Edward,1936

Black Mountain College Related Correspondence, Post BMC Era, 1949 - 1988

Collection Overview Collection Overview:

Subseries description: This subseries spans the years from 1949 to 1988. It consists of correspondence related to Theodore Dreier's final resignation from Black Mountain College (BMC) in March of 1949, his report and statement on the first fifteen years of the college, along with cover letters sent to various members of the advisory council, to potential members of a proposed board of trustees in 1948-1949, and to other friends of the college; correspondence and enclosed materials with BMC-related individuals, 1951-1988, and undated; and correpondence and other materials from students, scholars, and professionals with an academic and professional interest in the history of the college, including Martin Duberman, Mary Emma Harris, Andrew S. Leinoff, M.L.H.L. Weaver, and a former assistant archivist and archivist of the State Archives of North Carolina, Cyrus B. King (1963) and Thornton B. Mitchell (1974). Of particular interest in terms of BMC-related individuals, Dreier corresponded with Trude Guermonprez Elesser, John Evarts, Stephen Forbes, R. Buckminster Fuller, Mary Gregory, Walter Gropius and Isi Gropius, Charlotte Schlesinger, Ted Shawn, Jose Yglesias, and others. These letters and enclosed materials such as a small quantities of photographs, articles, and invitations to art exhibitions, programs, and the like, reveal glimpses of the personal and professional lives of these former associates of BMC days, who continued the bonds of friendship long past their departure from the college. The greatest quantity of correspondence is from John Evarts, music teacher and performer at BMC from 1933 until enlistment in the U.S. Army in 1942. Evarts remained in Europe after the close of World War II, yet stayed in touch with the Dreiers through 1988. See also the Theodore Dreier Correspondence and Papers: Subseries 8, BMC Miscellaneous Materials, with a section describing material Evarts sent to the Dreiers, with items dated 1934-1980.

Collection Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically within each sub-subseries and chronologically thereunder.

Access Restrictions:

Available for research.

Processing Information:

Processed by Fran Tracy-Walls, 2008

Encoded by Fran Tracy-Walls, January, 2009

Consultation by Mary Emma Harris as part of agreement with donors.

Correspondence Related to Theodore Dreier's Resignation and Report andStatement by Dreier on the First Fifteen Years of Black Mountain College,1949

scopecontent:

Consists largely of cover letters written by Dreier enclosing mimeographed copies of his May 10, 1949 report and statement on the first fifteen years of BMC and the replies of the recipients.

Copy of report and statement by Dreier on the first fifteen years of Black Mountain College,May 10, 1949
Box Folder PC.1956.64 1
General Correspondence, Surnames G-W,1949
Folder 2
Sihvonen, Joan Couch (Loveless),1949
Folder 21
Albers, Anni,1949
Folder 3
Albers, Josef (Juppi),1949
Folder 4
Aydelotte, Frank,1949
Folder 5
Bannerman, Arthur M.,1949
Folder 6
Blaine, Katharine W. (Mrs. Graham Blaine),1949
Folder 7
Board of Fellows, Black Mountain College,1949
Folder 8
Bullock, Evelyn,1949
Folder 9
Burchard, John,1949
Folder 10
Cadbury, Henry J.,1949
Folder 11
Cole, William Morse,1949
Folder 12
Cooley, Samuel D.,1949
Folder 13
Dehn, Toni,1949
Folder 14
Duveneck, Mrs.,1949
Folder 15
Reed, Alexander (William F.) (Bill/Alex),1949
Folder 16
Rice, Nell Adeloytte,1949
Folder 17
Rockwell, Prue Smith (Mrs. Norman Ayres Rockwell),1949
Folder 18
Rondthaler, Theodore (Rondy) and Alice, and Bobbie,1949
Folder 19
Schlesinger, Charlotte,1949
Folder 20
Cole, William Morse,1949
Folder 22
Straus, Erwin W.,1949
Folder 23
Ulich, Robert,1949
Folder 24
Van Horn, Isaac,1949
Folder 25
Van Horn, Isaac,1949
Folder 26
Williams, Robert R., Jr.,1949
Folder 27
Williams, George and Cornelia,1949
Folder 28
Wood, Horace McGuire (Mac),1949
Folder 29
Wunsch, William Robert,1949
Folder 30

Theodore Dreier Correspondence with Black Mountain College Related Individuals,, and undated, 1951-1988

scopecontent:

Correspondents include a range of former teachers and students at Black Mountain College. The greatest quantity is from John Evarts, BMC music teacher and provider of piano solos, duets, dance music on numerous occasions from 1933 until he left the college in 1942 to enter the U.S. Army. After World War II, Evarts served as Music and Theatre Officer of the U.S. Army in Munich and later in Berlin. For a number of years he was in Paris as associate executive secretary of the International Music Council, an organization founded in 1949 upon request of the Director General of UNESCO as the advisory body to the agency on musical matters. Evarts returned to Berlin as assistant director of the International Institute for Comparative Music Studies and Documentation. In January 1987 he received a reward for distinguished services from the president of the Federal Republic of Germany.

Other correspondents include Josef and Anni Albers, Trude Guermonprez Elesser, Stephen Forbes, Mary Gregory, Walter Gropius and Isi Gropius, Charlotte Schlesinger (writing from London), Ted Shawn, Jose Yglesias, and others.

The various letters to and from Theodore Dreier from 1955 to 1988 reveal glimpses of the personal and professional lives of the these former associates of Black Mountain College, who continued the bonds of friendship long past their departure from the college. One glimpse of Dreier's life comes through a letter of October 4, 1972 to Trude Guermonprez Elesser, including an account of how his and Barbara's lives had been changed since meeting Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, the original teacher of transcendental meditation in the West. The Dreiers had been travelling with him and had become teachers themselves, with Dreier being, in his words, on the faculty of the newly established Maharishi International University in Fairfield, Iowa. The Dreiers, however, were active in the founding of the university, which opened in 1973, and its Dreier Building, named for Ted, was the first building on campus designed according to Maharishi Sthapatya Veda architecture.

Albers, Josef and Anni,1963-1967
Folder 31
Allen, Fannie,January 28, 1962
Folder 32
Asawa, Ruth,1972
Folder 33
Breuer, Marcel (Lajko),1955
Folder 34
Elesser, Trude Guermonprez,1971-1974
Folder 35
Evarts, John,1961-1988
Box PC.1956.65
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1961-1969</unitdate>, 1961-1969
Folder 36
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1973-1978</unitdate>, 1973-1978
Folder 37
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1984</unitdate>, 1984
Folder 38
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1985</unitdate>, 1985
Folder 39
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1986</unitdate>, 1986
Folder 40
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1987</unitdate>, 1987
Folder 41
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1988</unitdate>, 1988
Folder 42
Forbes, Stephen Hathaway,1966-1967
Folder 43
Fuller, R. Buckminster (Richard Buckminster),4 March 1951
Folder 44
Gregory, Mary (<emph render="doublequote">Molly,</emph>),1955-1980
Folder 45
Gropius, Walter and Isi,1955-1969
Folder 46
Kocher, A. Lawrence,1958
Folder 47
Mangold, Frederick R.,1966-1968
Folder 48
Moe, Henry Allen,1953-1961
Folder 49
Olson, Charles,February 22, 1956
Folder 50
Rice, John Andrew,1961-1963
Folder 51
Schlesinger, Charlotte,1967-1969
Folder 52
Shawn, Ted, , and undated, 1964-1966
Folder 53
Straus, Trude,June 1975
Folder 54
Yglesias, Jose,1967-1968
Folder 55

Black Mountain College Related Correspondence,1963-1986

scopecontent:

Consists of correspondence to and from individuals about Black Mountain College (BMC). Includes correspondence with East Tennessee State University regarding a BMC exhibition; Cyrus B. King and Thornton W. Mitchell of the State Archives of North Carolina encouraging Dreier to place his papers in the Archives; and Mary Harris, Martin Duberman, Andrew S. Leinoff, William Wasserstrom, and M.L.H.L. (Mike) Weaver in regard to their research on BMC.

General Correspondence, B-W, 1965-1968
Folder 56
Duberman, Martin, , undated, 1967-1968
Folder 57
Harris, Mary E.,1970-1986
Harris, Mary E., Correspondence,1970-1986
Folder 58
Harris, Mary E.,ca. 1973
Folder 59
Leinoff, Andrew S.,1969-1970
Leinoff, Andrew S., Correspondence, , and undated, 1969-1970
Folder 60
<title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Black Mountain College: A Historical College</title> by Andrew S. Leinoff,May 23, 1969
Folder 61
<title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Black Mountain College: A Historical College</title> by Andrew S. Leinoff,May 23, 1969
Folder 62
State Archives of North Carolina,1963-1974
Folder 63

Black Mountain College Miscellaneous Materials, 1934 - 1980; undated

Collection Overview Collection Overview:

Subseries description: Includes special miscellaneous materials that do not fit into the collection's other series and subseries. However, these items do relate to Theodore Dreier's professional, family, and/or personal interests and relationships during his sixteen years at Black Mountain College (BMC), with a few of the dates falling outside of the period from 1933-1949. These include a group of lectures (1932-1933 and undated) by Fritz Kunz and Dora Van Gelder Kunz, national leaders in the Theosophical Society during much of the twentieth century; a set of student papers from John Andrew Rice's Plato I and II classes, 1936-1937; material, including four reminiscent essays and two audiocassettes and program with BMC reference, sent to the Dreiers by long-time friend and former BMC professor of music, John Evarts, during the early 1980s; miscellaneous art, unsigned and undated with the exception of a dated pen and ink card sent to Dreier on the occasion of his first resignation from BMC, March 1947[?]; and two announcements of forthcoming exhibitions in New York City by former BMC students, Nicolas Muzenic and Joseph Fiore, during the years 1948 and 1965 respectively.

Collection Arrangement:

Arranged chronologically within each sub-subseries, with the exception of the John Andrew Rice Plato papers, arranged alphabetically.

Access Restrictions:

Available for research.

Processing Information:

Processed by Fran Tracy-Walls, 2008

Encoded by Fran Tracy-Walls, January, 2009

Consultation by Mary Emma Harris as part of agreement with donors.

Lectures and Special Course Material by Dora Van Gelder Kunz and Fritz Kunz,, and undated, 1932-1933

scopecontent:

Dora Van Gelder Kunz (1904-1999) and Fritz L. Kunz were national leaders in the Theosophical Society during much of the 20th century. Kunz was the founder of , a journal reflecting and exploring various facets of the theosophical point of view. He also established the Foundation for Integrative Education in New York City around 1947 to foster conceptual developments in education, and was dedicated to the search for unity behind various academic disciplines. Dora Van Gelder Kunz was a pioneer in a therapy known as Therapeutic Touch.

Barbara Loines Dreier's mother, Katherine Conger Loines, possibly had some interest in theosophy and sent the material to the Dreier's during their early days at Black Mountain College (BMC). Within the collection there is no early correspondence between Theodore or Barbara Loines Dreier with the Kunzs, but there are two letters exchanged between Kunz and Theodore Dreier on February 27 and March 9, 1947. (See Kunz folder in Theodore Dreier College Correspondence) In these letters, Kunz expressed the hope that his foundation might be able to provide financial support to BMC: Dreier's letter makes reference to Barbara's mother, with the statement that

These materials were mimeographed from typed pages.

Special Course Material by Dora Van Gelder Kunz, undated
Box PC.1956.67
<title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Sensitiveness and Daily Experience</title> and <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Delsarte Number 5</title> and <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Delsarte Number 6</title>, undated
Folder 1
Lectures by Fritz Kunz,1932-1933
Folder 2

John Andrew Rice Plato I and II Class Papers, and undated, 1936-1937

scopecontent:

John Andrew Rice's approach to his Plato classes included introducing a word or concept that people took for granted as being understood. In the course of discussing and writing about various themes, Rice prompted students to thorougly question and to rethink meanings and ideas that they had previously blindly accepted.

The papers that survive in this collection include the following titles: Democracy; Hate and Fear; Love and Justice; Ritual, Custom, Convention; Sentimentality; The Perfect State; Symbolism; and miscellaneous papers. Those that are dated are from the year 1936 and 1937. The papers are not consistently dated, or marked as being Plato I or Plato II. Additionally, some papers do not have a full name or any name at all.

Note: the processing archivist has supplied names in brackets where possible.

Democracy Papers, undated
Folder 3
Hate and Fear Papers, and undated, 1937
Folder 4
Love and Justice Papers, and undated, 1937
Folder 5
Ritual Custom, Convention, and undated, 1936
Folder 6
Symbolism. Plato I Papers and undated, 1936
Folder 7
Sentimentality. Plato II Papers and undated, 1936
Folder 8
The Perfect State. Plato II Papers and undated, 1937
Folder 9
Miscellaneous Topics. Plato I and Plato II Papers , undated, 1936-1937
Folder 10

Material sent by John Evarts to Theodore and Barbara Loines Dreier, and undated, 1934-1980

scopecontent:

John Evarts was born in 1908 in Windsor, Vermont. He studied at Yale and in Munich and Berlin between 1926 and 1931. After working as a music critic for the in New York during the winter of 1932-1933, Evarts attended the Thomas Whitney Surette Summer School for Music (Concord) the following summer. Fortuitously, Evart became acquainted there with fellow participants, Theodore and Barbara Loines Dreier. In August Evarts received a telegram from Mr. Surette saying that he had recommended Evarts for a music position at a college in the process of being founded. At Black Mountain College, Evart taught music classes and played piano informally and in numerious college performances from fall of 1933 to 1942 when Evarts joined the U.S. Army and was sent to Germany.

Following the end of the war in 1945, Evarts remained in Europe, where he served as Music and Theatre Officer of the U.S. Army in Munich and later in Berlin. For a number of years he was in Paris as associate executive secretary of the International Music Council, an organization founded in 1949 upon request of the Director General of UNESCO as the advisory body to the agency on musical matters. Evarts returned to Berlin as assistant director of the International Institute for Comparative Music Studies and Documentation. Interestly, Evart had composed a piano interpretation of Danse Macabre for a ballet by Xanti Schawinsky, performed at Black Mountain College on May 14, 1938. In 1976, Evarts' performance of the Danse Macabre musical score was recorded and broadcast by on May 3, 1976. In January 1987 he received a reward for distinguished services from the president of the Federal Republic of Germany.

John Evarts Reminiscent Essays, and undated, 1934-1967
Folder 11
<title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">A Description of a Recent Visit ofThornton Wilder to Black Mountain College,</title>, March 1934
<title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Black Mountain College: The Years 1933 to 1942. Reminiscences by John Evarts,</title>, April 1967
<title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Black Mountain College and the Work Program,</title>, October 1967
<title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Community Life at Black Mountain,</title> undated
John Evarts Performance Audiotapes with Program Enclosures, , including Black Mountain College Original Thanksgiving Party Program of <unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">November 23, 1939</unitdate>, September 18, 1980 November 23, 1939
Folder 12
Audiocassette of Opening at Bauhaus Archives Performance of <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Saga of Elmar: A Musical Portrait,</title>, spoken and played by John Evarts, September 18, 1980
Audiocassette of Opening at Bauhaus Archives Performance of Songs from Black Mountain College Days, including songs from <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Let Me Have Air</title>. Piano accompaniment and a solo improvisation by John Evarts, September 18, 1980
<title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Musik-Programm</title> for Opening of the Bauhaus Archives, Berlin, September 18, 1980
<title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Thanksgiving Program,</title>, November 23, 1939

Miscellaneous Art and Art-Related Items and undated, 1939-1980

Pen and ink card depicting in cartoon form <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">The Metamorphosis of the First Impression to the Final Impression</title>,March 19, 1947
Folder 13
Pen and ink card depicting in cartoon form <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Vector Analysis,</title> undated
Folder 14
Watercolor Painting of Young Child: a Girl in Motion, undated
Folder 15
Pencil Drawing of Young Child: A Boy Seated with a Ball, undated
Folder 16
Colored Geometric Shapes, undated
Folder 17

Miscellaneous Printed Materials, and undated, 1939-1980

Magazine Cover [?]: <title xlink:type="simple" render="italic">Interiors: Industrial Design</title>,January 1947
Folder 17
Folding announcement of forthcoming exhibition of Nicolas Muzenic at the American British Art Center, New York, Opening date,January 6, 1948
Folder 18
Folding announcement of forthcoming exhibition of Joseph Fiore at gallery of Robert Schoelkopf, New York, Opening date,October 25, 1965

Theodore Dreier Writings, Notes, Interviews, 1935 - 1979

Collection Overview Collection Overview:

Subseries description: Includes Theodore Dreier's thoughts, reflections, and writings about Black Mountain College and other areas of deep interest to Dreier from 1935 to 1979, with some items undated. Includes transcripts of two separate interviews of Theodore Dreier by Mary Emma Harris in 1971 and Joan Abrahamson in 1979, and also his manuscripts, notes, outlines, on topics including Black Mountain College, education, educational philosophy, teaching, mathematics, faith and religion, and philosophy. There is a small quantity of correspondence related to the effort to publish one of the manuscripts, and a letter from Ruth Asawa transmitting the transcript of 1979.

Collection Arrangement:

Arranged chronologically within each sub-subseries.

Access Restrictions:

Available for research.

Processing Information:

Processed by Fran Tracy-Walls, 2008

Encoded by Fran Tracy-Walls, January, 2009

Consultation by Mary Emma Harris as part of agreement with donors.

Interviews with Theodore Dreier,1971-1979

Transcripts of Theodore Dreier interviews with Mary Harris,May 6-May 8, 1971
Box Folder PC.1956.68 1
Transcripts of Theodore Dreier interviews with Joan Abrahamson,ca. 1979
Folder 2
[Continuation of] Transcripts of Theodore Dreier interviews with Joan Abrahamson, , <unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">ca. 1972</unitdate>, ca. 1979 ca. 1972
Folder 3

Theodore Dreier Manuscripts, Speech, and Related Correspondence and Notes,, and undated, 1947-1968

scopecontent:

Drafts of Manuscript, <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Some Basic Ideas of Black Mountain College - Notes on a New Design for General Education,</title>, 1947
Folder 4
Correspondence Concerning Publication of <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Some Basic Ideas of Black Mountain College - Notes on a New Design for General Education,</title>, 1947
Folder 5
Drafts of Speech, <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Black Mountain College and Its Philosophy of Education,</title> with Notes,October 1957
Folder 6
Draft of manuscript <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Black Mountain College - The Education of a Faculty Member: From Dream to Reality in Six Months,</title> although parts written as early as <unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1962</unitdate>, ca. 1967 1962
Folder 7
Notes Relating to Draft of manuscript <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Black Mountain College - The Education of a Faculty Member: From Dream to Reality in Six Months,</title> although parts written as early as <unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1962</unitdate>, ca. 1967 1962
Folder 8
Draft and Notes Relating to <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">The Embryo of an Open Ended Philosphy of Art and Science Based on Experience and Applicable to Any Culture that Wishes to Continue Becoming Human,</title> and undated, April 1967
Folder 9
Drafts of Manuscript <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Black Mountain College - An Arrow,</title> with Notes, and Outline,1968
Folder 10
Typescript of <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Black Mountain College - An Arrow,</title> Chapters I and II, and correspondence,1968
Folder 11

Miscellaneous Notes and Writings, , undated, 1935-1969

Miscellaneous Notes and Writings on Black Mountain College, , mostly undated., ca. 1935-1966
Box Folder PC.1956.69 12
Miscellaneous Notes and Writings, , undated, 1935-1948
Folder 13
Notes and Writings on Teaching, , undated, 1936-1967
Folder 14
Notes and Writings on Faith and Religion, , undated, 1940-1944
Folder 15
Notes and Writings on Mathematics and Its Teaching, , undated, 1940-1944
Folder 16
Notes and Commentary on John Dewey,1963
Folder 17
Handwritten draft of <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">What We Should Expect of a College Education Today, </title>, May 24, 1965
Folder 18
Notes and Miscellaneous Writings, , undated, 1966-1969
Folder 19
Theodore Dreier Diary, , undated, 1966-1969
Folder 20

Black Mountain College Related Clippings File, 1932 - 1982; undated

Collection Overview Collection Overview:

Subseries description: Consists of media clippings of newspapers, periodical articles, etc., 1932-1982 and undated, on persons related to Black Mountain College (BMC) and/or on BMC itself. The clippings relating to individuals involved with BMC include Ruth Asawa, Merce Cunningham, Barbara Loines Dreier, Jose de Creeft, Merce Cunningham, Walter Gropius, Trude Guermonprez (Elsesser), James Leo Herlihy, Heinrich Jalowetz, Charles Olson, John Andrew Rice, Ted Shawn, William Edward Zeuch, William Robert Wunsch (Bob). Because of additional material, there are separate folders for John Dewey, R. Buckminster Fuller, and Edith Eyre [Valentine] Dreier, mother of Theodore Dreier, and member of the BMC Advisory Council from 1933 to 1949. There are also obituaries for the following: Marcel Breuer, Edith Eyre [Valentine] Dreier, John Malcolm (Mac) Forbes, Walter Gropius, Fritz J. Hansgirg, John Andrew Rice, and Ted Shawn. Additionally, there a few clippings and a newspaper magazine relating to The Black Mountain College Retrospective in 1978.

Collection Arrangement:

Arranged chronologically within each folder.

Access Restrictions:

Available for research.

Processing Information:

Processed by Fran Tracy-Walls, 2009

Encoded by Fran Tracy-Walls, February, 2009

Consultation by Mary Emma Harris as part of agreement with donors.

Clippings and Articles On Black Mountain College and College-Affiliated People, undated, 1932-1978

Black Mountain College, , and undated, 1933-1977
Box Folder PC.1956.70 1
Clippings and Articles Relating to The Black Mountain College Retrospective,1978
Folder 2
Clippings About Various Individuals Involved with Black Mountain College,1936-1982
Folder 3
Dewey, John: Clippings and Miscellaneous Material,1944-1963
Folder 4
Dreier, Ethel Eyre [Valentine]: Feature Article on BMC Advisory Council Member and Mother of Theodore Dreier,March 26, 1936
Folder 5
Fuller, R. Buckminster: Clippings and Miscellaneous Material on,1932-1955
Folder 6

Obituaries of Individuals Involved with Black Mountain College,1941-1981

scopecontent:

These obituaries, clipped from various newspapers, have been collected from various parts of the collection. They were not enclosed with any accompanying correspondence.

Breuer, Marcel, 1902-1981,July 1, 1981
Folder 7
Dreier, Ethel Eyre [Valentine], 1874-1958,December 15, 1958
Folder 8
Forbes, J[ohn] Malcolm (Mac), 1901-1941,ca. November 16, 1941
Folder 9
Gropius, Walter, 1883-1969,July 5, 1969
Folder 10
Hansgirg, Fritz J., ca. 1891-1949,July 23, 1949
Folder 11
Rice, John Andrew, 1888-1968,November 17, 1968
Folder 12
Shawn, Ted, 1891-1972,January 9, 1972
Folder 13

Theodore Dreier Rollins College Materials, 1929 - 1934

Collection Overview Collection Overview:

Subseries description: These papers represent Theodore Dreier's involvements at Rollins College, consisting of a small quantity of personal materials and a larger amount related to his professional interests and activities as a member of the faculty, 1930-1933 (early July). Appointed as an assistant professor of physics, Dreier was active in campus extra-curricular activities and various faculty committees, including the following: president of the Orion Astronomical Society (1931); Radio Committee (1930-31); Museum Committee (1931-1932) Committee on Curriculum (1932-33) and Student-Faculty Committee (1932-33). Although Dreier was the assistant professor, he was the only one teaching physics, and thus responsible for the laboratory and its budget. The subseries includes materials he assembled in the course of these activities and duties. Correspondence includes some references to family life and relationships, but reflects to a larger degree the effort he dedicated to the responsibilities and challenges of his first teaching position.

Of general interest in this subseries is a report of a curriculum conference held at Rollins College, January 1931 and chaired by distinguished philosopher and educator, John Dewey. Of particular interest is Dreier's correspondence with Hamilton Holt, president of Rollins College during Dreier's tenure there; correspondence with his paternal aunt, Margaret () Dreier Robins, owner of the nearby Chinsegut Hill Sanctuary, and a member of the Rollins College Board of Trustees (term expired 1934); and with Arthur O. Lovejoy, of Johns Hopkins University and one of two professors as part of a committee of the American Association of University Professors to investigate issues that had arisen at the college and came to culmination during the spring of 1933. These included alleged violations of academic freedom and tenure, along with inquiry into the conduct and teaching methods of John Andrew Rice, professor of classics. Those circumstances and the departure of Rice, Dreier and others were a catalyst for the subsequent founding of Black Mountain College in the following months. In addition to correspondence (letters, telegrams, memos), materials in the subseries include notes, lists, programs, minutes, constitutions, bylaws, reports, conference reports, catalogs, newspapers, news clippings, articles and reprints.

Collection Arrangement:

Arranged by type of material or topic and arranged chronologically thereunder.

Access Restrictions:

Available for research.

Processing Information:

Processed by Fran Tracy-Walls, 2008

Encoded by Fran Tracy-Walls, January, 2009

Consultation by Mary Emma Harris as part of agreement with donors.

Theodore Dreier College Related Correspondence, Notes, and Contacts,1930-1933

scopecontent:

The correspondence includes typescript and typescript carbons, memos, and a telegram. The typescript carbons are from Theodore Dreier. There are letters and memos exchanged between Dreier and Hamilton Holt, Rollins College President. The earliest correspondence is a telegram dated June 9 from Holt to Dreier:

Theodore Dreier Correspondence (to and from)
Box PC1956.28
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1930</unitdate>, 1930
Folder 1
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1931</unitdate>, 1931
Folder 2
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1932</unitdate>, 1932
Folder 3
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1933</unitdate>, 1933
Folder 4
Correspondence (copies) transmitted to Theodore Dreier Relating to Dismissal of Rollins Theatre Workshop Director, Dorothea Thomas Lynch,1927-1933
Folder 5
Theodore Dreier Correspondence with Margaret Dreier Robins,1933
Folder 6
Theodore Dreier Correspondence with Arthur O. Lovejoy Re: John Andrew Rice dismissal,1933
Folder 7
Theodore Dreier Notes: [Grievances],ca. May 1933
Folder 8
Rollins Staff Summer Addresses List,ca. May 1933
Folder 9

Theodore Dreier College Extracurricular Activities,1931-1933

Orien Astronomical Society at the Rollins College Observatory: Minutes, Constitution, and Business Correspondence,1931
Folder 10
Theodore Dreier Correspondence with Dr. Russell (Russ) A. Williams,1931
Folder 11
Theodore Dreier Radio Address for Orien Astronomical Society,May 21, 1931
Folder 12
Program of Zora [Neale] Hurston and Native Negro Singers and Actors in <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">From Sun to Sun</title>: A Program of Negro Folklore., February 11, 1933
Folder 13

Theodore Dreier College Departmental, Faculty Committee, and Related Material,1929-1933

scopecontent:

As an assistant professor of physics, Dreier was appointed to several faculty committees, including Radio Committee (1930-31); Museum Committee (1931-1932) Committee on Curriculum (1932-33) and Student-Faculty Committee (1932-33).

Rollins College Constitution and By-laws of 1896 and Florida Constitution,ca. 1930
Box Folder PC1956.29 14
Rollins College Faculty Meeting Minutes,1929-1933
Folder 15
Rollins College Committee on Improvement of Instruction-Questionnaire,December 1931
Folder 16
Rollins College Physics Department Lists, Memos, Budget Requests and Related Documents, , undated, 1931-1932
Folder 17
Rollins College Faculty Committee Reports, Various,1931-1932
Folder 18
Rollins College Student-Faculty Committee Report,1931
Folder 19
Rollins College Reports, Miscellaneous, , undated, March 1933
Folder 20
Rollins College Committee on Curriculum,1931-1933
Folder 21

Curriculum Conference Held at Rollins College, January 19-24,1931

scopecontent:

The conference drew personnel from various colleges in the south, northeast, and midwest, including college presidents and professors and directors in different disciplines. It was chaired by philospher and progressive educator, John Dewey.

<title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Report of the Curriculum Conference, Together with the Reports of the Rollins College Committees on Curriculum </title> Printed in <title xlink:type="simple" render="italic">Rollins College Bulletin</title>, Volume 26, No. 3,February 1931
Folder 22
Theodore Dreier Notes on Curriculum Conference,ca. January 19-24, 1931
Folder 23

Published Material: Rollins College Related,1929-1934

Published Articles by Hamilton Holt,1929-1930
Folder 24
<title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">An Adventure in Old-fangled Education</title>. Reprint from <title xlink:type="simple" render="italic">Forum Magazine</title>, September, 1929.
<title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">The Rollins Idea</title>. <title xlink:type="simple" render="italic">The Nation</title>, October, 1930.
Rollins College Catalogues, 1932-1934
Folder 25
<title xlink:type="simple" render="italic">Rollins College Annual Catalogue</title>: 1932-1933. Volume 28, No. 3, February 1933
<title xlink:type="simple" render="italic">Rollins College Annual Catalogue</title>: 1933-1934. Volume 29, No. 3, February 1934.
Rollins College Newspapers and Clippings, 1933
Folder 26
<title xlink:type="simple" render="italic">Rollins College Bulletin</title>, Volume 29, No. 2, December . Frontpiece title: <title xlink:type="simple" render="italic">Rollins College versus The American Association of University Professors</title>, 1933
Folder 27

Rollins College Related: <title xlink:type="simple" render="italic">Bulletin of American Association University Professors</title>,1933

<title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Rollins College Report</title> in <title xlink:type="simple" render="italic">Bulletin of American Association University Professors</title>, Vol. 19, No. 7, November, 1933
Folder 28

4. Photographs and Negatives, 1930 - 1949; undated

Series Overview:

This series contains photographs and negatives depicting a wide variety of people, scenery, and activities at Black Mountain College and also relating to the lives of Theodore and Barbara Loines Dreier and a few other individuals outside of their involvement with the college. The photos and negatives in this series are not directly associated with any correspondence or other materials elsewhere in the Dreier Collection. Photos that were enclosed with or that clearly accompanied letters or documents are filed with their companion documents.

Includes photographs of or relating to: Anni Albers, Josef Albers, Ruth Asawa, Margaret Loram (Peggy) Bailey, Maude Dabbs Haase, Barbara Loines Dreier, Eddie Dreier, Theodore Dreier, Charles Dreyfus, Trude Guermonprez Elsesser, John Evarts, Frederick Raymond Georgia, Wilfred Gardiner Hamlin, Maria Hansgirg, William Hinkley, Fanny Hobart, Heinrich Jalowetz, Johanna Jalowetz, Edward Boardman (Jimmie) Jamieson, A. Lawrence (Alfred Lawrence) Kocher, Kenneth Kurtz, Helen Boyden Lamb Lamont, Gwendolyn Knight Lawrence, Jacob Lawrence, Francisco (Paco) León, Hilda Margaret (Bailey) Loram, Ralph Reed Lounsbury, Gretel Lowinsky, Frederick R. Mangold, J. W. (Joseph Walford) Martin, Carlos Mérida, Beaumont Newhall, Nancy Wynne Newhall, Leslie Paul, Herminio Portell-Vilá, Alexander (William F.) Reed, John Andrew Rice, Mary Caroline Richards, Sue Spayth Wolpert Riley, Barbara Sieck, Barbara Hall Steinau, Morton J. Steinau, John Stix, Claude Stoller, Frederick Mason Stone, Jane Robinson Stone, Erwin W. (Erwin Walter) Straus, Piet Swierstra, Leslie Paul Symington, Betty Vogler, and William Robert Wunsch.

Series Arrangement:

This series is divided into two subseries by format - Prints and Negatives. The prints are arranged in folders as follows: unidentified people, indentified people (filed alphabetically by person's last name), and subjects (filed alphabetically). Negatives are arranged numerically by their call number and cross-refernced to prints. Not all negatives have corresponding prints, and not all prints have negatives.

Access Restrictions:

Available for research.

Processing Information:

Processed by Kim Cumber, 2009

Encoded by Kim Cumber, 2009

Consultation by Mary Emma Harris as part of agreement with donors.

Prints

scopecontent:

Photographs depicting a variety of people, scenery, and activities at Black Mountain College and also relating to the lives of Theodore and Barbara Loines Dreier outside of their involvement with the college.

PC1956_Phot_Unidentified
Box 76
PC1956_Phot_Albers
PC1956_Phot_AsawaR
PC1956_Phot_Dreier
PC1956_Phot_DreierMexico
PC1956_Phot_EvartsJ
PC1956_Phot_GuermonprezT
PC1956_Phot_JalowetzH
PC1956_Phot_JalowetzJ
PC1956_Phot_Lawrence
PC1956_Phot_LeonFernando
PC1956_Phot_LeonFrancisco
PC1956_Phot_MangoldF
PC1956_Phot_MeridaC
PC1956_Phot_NewhallN
PC1956_Phot_Portell-VilaH
PC1956_Phot_ReedA
PC_1956_Phot_ReedA_001-002
PC_1956_Phot_ReedA_003-004
PC_1956_Phot_ReedA_005
PC_1956_Phot_ReedA_006-007
PC1956_Phot_RiceJA
PC1956_Phot_RichardsMC
PC1956_Phot_StrausE
PC1956_Phot_SwierstraP
PC1956_Phot_WunschR
PC1956_Phot_BMCComposite
PC1956_Phot_BMCDrama
PC1956_Phot_BMCFaculty
PC1956_Phot_BMCFarmLandscape
PC1956_Phot_BMCGroupsClasses
Box 77
PC1956_Phot_BMCInteriors
PC_1956_Phot_BMCInteriors_1
PC_1956_Phot_BMCInteriors_2
PC_1956_Phot_BMCInteriors_3
PC_1956_Phot_BMCInteriors_4
PC1956_Phot_BMCLakeEdenAerials
PC1956_Phot_BMCLeeHall
PC1956_Phot_BMCWrkProgConst

Negatives,1930-1950

scopecontent:

Digital surrogates of these images available upon request.

PC1956_Neg_001
PC1956_Neg_002
PC1956_Neg_003
PC1956_Neg_004
PC1956_Neg_005
PC1956_Neg_006
PC1956_Neg_007
PC1956_Neg_008
PC1956_Neg_009
PC1956_Neg_010
PC1956_Neg_011
PC1956_Neg_012
PC1956_Neg_013
PC1956_Neg_014
PC1956_Neg_014A
PC1956_Neg_015
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PC1956_Neg_017
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PC1956_Neg_019
PC1956_Neg_020
PC1956_Neg_021
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PC1956_Neg_030
PC1956_Neg_031
PC1956_Neg_032
PC1956_Neg_033
PC1956_Neg_034
PC1956_Neg_035
PC1956_Neg_036
PC1956_Neg_037
PC1956_Neg_038a
PC1956_Neg_038b
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PC1956_Neg_040
PC1956_Neg_041
PC1956_Neg_042
PC1956_Neg_043
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PC1956_Neg_065
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PC1956_Neg_067
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PC1956_Neg_069
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PC1956_Neg_071
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PC1956_Neg_073
PC1956_Neg_074
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PC1956_Neg_076
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PC1956_Neg_078
PC1956_Neg_079
PC1956_Neg_080
PC1956_Neg_081
PC1956_Neg_082
PC1956_Neg_083
PC1956_Neg_084
PC1956_Neg_085
PC1956_Neg_086
PC1956_Neg_087
PC1956_Neg_088
PC1956_Neg_089
PC1956_Neg_090
PC1956_Neg_091
PC1956_Neg_092
PC1956_Neg_093
PC1956_Neg_094
PC1956_Neg_095
PC1956_Neg_096
PC1956_Neg_097
PC1956_Neg_098
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PC1956_Neg_100
PC1956_Neg_101
PC1956_Neg_102
PC1956_Neg_103
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PC1956_Neg_106
PC1956_Neg_107
PC1956_Neg_108
PC1956_Neg_109
PC1956_Neg_110
PC1956_Neg_111
PC1956_Neg_112
PC1956_Neg_113
PC1956_Neg_114
PC1956_Neg_115
PC1956_Neg_DigitalThumbs

5. Black Mountain College Publications and Printed Materials, 1933- 1978

Collection Overview Collection Overview:

This series contains original print materials published for or by Black Mountain College and printed materials, including articles, published about the college. Also various materials collected by the Dreiers about education and other related topics. These items were filed in various parts of the papers, including the college administrative files, or were collected by Theodore and Barbara Dreier, or were later given to the Dreiers.

This series consists of 8 subseries. These subseries are: Black Mountain College Bulletins, published from 1933 to 1944; Black Mountain College Newsletters, published from November 1938 to November 1942; Black Mountain College Bulletin/Bulletin-Newsletters, published between 1942 and 1956; Black Mountain College Community Bulletins, published from 1942 to 1947; Publicity Flyers and Brochures, published from 1933 to 1956; Picture Postcards, printed between 1940 and 1945; Catalogues and Annual Announcements, from 1933 to 1953; Miscellaneous Publications, About Black Mountain College, dated from 1937 to 1946; and Miscellaneous Publications, Various Subjects, 1933 to 1978.

The sub-series descriptions were taken from: Harris, Mary Emma. . Cambridge, Massachusetts and London, England: The MIT Press, 1987.

Collection Arrangement:

Arranged chronologically within each subseries and sub-subseries.

Access Restrictions:

Available for research.

Processing Information:

Processed by Gwen Thomas Mays, December 2008

Encoded by Gwen Thomas Mays, December, 2008

Consultation by Mary Emma Harris as part of agreement with donors.

Black Mountain College Bulletins, Nos. 1-8,1933-1944

scopecontent:

With the exception of the third issue, which was an illustrated broadside, the published articles and lectures by members of the faculty. The first issue was mimeographed; others were designed by Josef Albers and printed commercially.

No. 1, ., November 1933
Box PC.1956.71
No. 2 Josef Albers, <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Concerning Art Instruction</title>. ., June 1934
No. 2 Josef Albers, <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Concerning Art Instruction</title>. ., June 1934
No. 3 <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Views of and from the College</title>. ., [1934-35]
No. 4 Herminio Portell-Vilá. <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">On the Civilization of the Two Americas</title>. ., May 1937
No. 5 Anni Albers. <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Work with Material</title>. ., November 1938
No. 6 <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">The Building Project and Work Program</title>. ., [1940-41]
No. 7 Erwin Straus. <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Education in a Time of Crisis.</title>., April 1941
No. 8 Kenneth Kurtz. <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Black Mountain College, Its Aims and Methods</title>. ., [1944]

Black Mountain College Bulletin/Bulletin-Newsletters, Vols. 1-12,1942-1954

scopecontent:

The and was a publication issued irregularly in twelve volumes from 1942 through 1956. The series includes catalogues; newsletters with articles about college activities, courses, visitors, faculty, students, and educational aims; announcements for the summer sessions; and financial appeals. Beginning with the 1943-44 academic year, catalogues and annual announcements were issued as a part of this series. The form of the publication varies. Most common is a booklet of four to twenty pages of sheets folded and fastened with staples. Other issues were published as broadsides or stiff cards. After the revival of the printshop in 1947, many of the issues were printed on the college press. During the 1950s some bulletins and amendments were issued as a typescript with carbons to satisfy requirements of the Veterans Administration.

Issues are identified by the bulletin title or by the title of the first article. Bulletins are indicated by B after the issue number; Bulletin-Newsletters with BN.

Vol. 1 No. 1/B <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Black Mountain College Offers as its Contribution to the Present Need 17 Wartime Scholarships.</title>., November 1942
Vol. 1 No. 2/BN <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Liberal Education Today as a Tool of War.</title>., January 1943
Vol. 1 No. 3/B <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Learning and Living.</title>., February 1943
Vol. 1 No. 3[4]/BN <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Three-fold Summer Program at Lake Eden.</title>., April 1943
Vol. 1 No. 5/B <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Graduation at Black Mountain.</title>., August 1943
Vol. 1 No. 6/B <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Annual Announcements, 1943-44.</title>., November 1943
Vol. 2 No. 1/BN <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">College Begins Eleventh Session.</title>., September 1943
Vol. 2 No. 3/B Catalogue, [1943-44] (light blue). ., December 1943
Vol. 2 No. 4/BN <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">College Makes Plans for Summer.</title>., January 1944
Vol. 2 No. 5/BN <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Music Institute, Summer 1944.</title>., February 1944
Vol. 2 No. 6/BN <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Art Institute, Summer 1944.</title>., April 1944
Vol. 2 No. 7/BN <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Summer session 1944, Work Camp 1944.</title>., April 1944
Vol. 2 No. 8/B <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Annual Announcements 1944-45.</title>., August 1944
Vol. 3 No. 1/B Ernst Krenek. <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Arnold Schoenberg at Seventy.</title>., November 1944
Vol. 3 No. 2/B Ernst Krenek. <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">The Composer and the Interpreter.</title>., December 1944
Vol. 3 No. 1/B and No. 2/B. Reissued as a single publication. (Light-blue cover.)
Vol. 3 No. 5/BN <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Music Institute, Summer 1945.</title>, ., April 1945
Vol. 3 No. [6]/BN <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Art Institute, Summer 1945.</title>., May 1945
Vol. 3 No. [7]/BN <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Announcements 1945-46.</title>., July 1945
Vol. 3 No. 9/B <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">work + study.</title>., September 1945
Vol. 4 No. 1/BN <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Fall Term 1945.</title>., November 1945
Box PC.1956.72
Vol. 4 No. 2/B <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Third Art Institute, Summer 1946.</title>., March 1946
Vol. 4 No. [3]/B <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Art Institute, Summer 1946.</title>., April 1946
Vol. 4 No. 4/B <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Announcements 1946-47.</title>., May 1946
Vol. 5 No. 1/BN <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Fourteenth College Year Opens.</title>., November 1946
Vol. 5 No. 2/B <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">BMC Print Shop.</title>., March 1947
Vol. 5 No. 3/B <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Announcements 1947-48.</title>., April 1947
Vol. 5 No. 4/B <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">News from the Farm</title> by Mary Gregory. ., May 1947
Vol. 5 No. 5/B <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Summer Session 1947</title> by Bill Levi. ., July 1947
Vol. 5 No. 6/B <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Black Mountain College Revisited-September 1947</title> by John Evarts. ., September 1947
Vol. 6 No. 1/B <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Opinions of former students: no agreement</title>. ., January 1948
Vol. 6 No. 2/B <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Exhibits</title>. ., March 1948
Vol. 6 No. 3/B <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Announcements 1948-49</title>. ., April 1948
Vol. 6 No. 4/B <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Experiment in education</title> by Jimmie Tite. ., May 1948
Vol. 6 No. 5/B <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Summer Session 1948</title>. ., September 1948
Vol. 7 No. 1/B <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Black Mountain Bulletin 1949-1950</title> (white with black emblem). ., March 1949
Vol. 7 No. 4/B <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">The New Year</title>. ., November 1949
Vol. 9 No. 1/B <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">BMC 1951, BMC 1951, Summer Session, July 9th to August 31st.</title>
Vol. 10 No. 1/B <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">The Black Mountain College Summer 1952</title>. Broadside.
Vol. 11 No. 1/B <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Black Mountain College Summer Institute in the Arts, June 22-August 29, 1953</title>.
Vol. 11 No. 3/B <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Black Mountain College, Summer 1954</title>.

Black Mountain College Newsletters, Vols. 1 and 2, Nos. 1-17,November 1938-November 1942

scopecontent:

The was a general information newsletter issued four or five times a year at irregular intervals. The first four newsletters were issued as Vol. 1, Nos. 1-4, the first two issues being identified by title but not by number or volume. The fifth issue was printed as Vol. 2, No. 1. Beginning with the sixth issue, the newsletters were numbered consecutively. All issues except those that were mimeographed were designed by Josef Albers and printed commercially. Issues are identified by the title of the first article.

Vol. 1 No. [2] <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Faculty</title>. ., November 1938
Vol. 1 No. 3 <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Internal Events</title>., December 1938
Vol. 1 No. 4 <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">College Prepares Permanent Home</title>. ., March 1939
Vol. 2 No. 1 [5] <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Faculty</title>.., August 1939
Vol. 2 No. 6 <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">College Enrollment Increases to 73</title>. ., November 1939
Vol. 2 No. 7 <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">College Plans for Visitors Week</title>. ., March 1940
Vol. 2 No. 8 <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">First Graduation in the Art Field</title>. ., May 1940
Vol. 2 No. 9 <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Greetings from Lake Eden!</title>., August 1940
Vol. 2 No. 10 <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Lake Eden Plans Becoming Realities</title>. ., December 1940
Vol. 2 No. 11 <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Student Building-drive Brings $6300</title>. ., February 1941
Vol. 2 No. 12 <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Visiting Speakers Provoke Discussions</title>. ., March 1941
Vol. 2 No. 13 <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Second Annual Visitors' Week</title>. ., May 1941
Vol. 2 No. 14 <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">College Moves to Permanent Home</title>. ., August 1941
Vol. 2 No. 15 <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Ninth Year Begins in New Quarters</title>. ., October 1941
Vol. 2 No. 16 <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">The College's Part in National Defense</title>. ., November 1941
Vol. 2 No. 17 <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">The College in a World at War</title>. ., November 1942

Black Mountain College Community Bulletin,1942-1947

scopecontent:

The is a mimeographed newsletter that was issued weekly. It contains announcements of college activities such as concerts and lectures, a list of visitors, faculty and student activities, lecture summaries, farm reports, alumni news (primarily excerpts from letters from servicemen during the war), course lists, and other general information. The was mailed to former faculty and students and to friends of the college. It was preceded by the a mimeographed notice of topics to be discussed at the meetings.

From the fall of 1942 through the spring of 1945, the bulletins were numbered and issued weekly, usually on a Monday. The volumes were indicated by college year. Three bulletins were issued in the summer of 1945. During the 1945-46 session, five bulletins were issued; and in 1946-47 four bulletins were issued. Issues are identified by Bulletin number, followed by date.

Bulletin 17, Monday, ., January 31, 1944
First August Bulletin, ., 1945
Bulletin 1, ., September 1946
<title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">The Bulletin</title>, ., November 1946

Selected Publicity Flyers and Brochures,1933-1956

scopecontent:

In addition to the series of bulletins and newsletters, the college issued publicity flyers and bulletins, audits, announcements, requests for money, and other publications as booklets, broadsides, stiff cards, and posters. Also included in this series are announcements of concerts and lectures, programs for performances, invitations to events, lists of course descriptions and of individuals enrolled in courses, faculty meeting bulletins, general information, and general financial appeals.

William Morse Cole. Audit for 1933-1934. ., November 13, 1934
William Morse Cole. Audit for 1934-1935. ., October 18, 1935
William Morse Cole. Audit for 1935-1936. ., November 5, 1936
William Morse Cole. Audit for 1936-1937. ., November 16, 1937
William Morse Cole. Audit for 1937-1938. ., November 12, 1938
William Morse Cole. Audit for 1938-1939. ., November 16, 1939
William Morse Cole. Audit for 1939-1940. ., November 13, 1940
William Morse Cole. Audit for 1940-1941. ., December 10, 1941
William Morse Cole. Audit for 1941-1942. ., November 5, 1942
William Morse Cole. Audit for 1942-1943. ., November 27, 1943
William Morse Cole. Audit for 1943-1944. ., November 14, 1944
William Morse Cole. Audit for 1944-1945. ., November 10, 1945
William Morse Cole. Audit for 1945-1946. ., November 9, 1946
William Morse Cole. Audit for 1947-1948. ., November 20, 1948
Announcement ., [1935]
Josef Albers. College bookplate and emblem with explanatory statement. ., March 1935
Announcement. <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">To the Friends of Black Mountain College.</title> Theodore Dreier. ., June 1937
<title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Black Mountain College, Black Mountain, North Carolina.</title>., 1938-1939
<title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Lake Eden Inn and Cottages.</title>., [Summer 1939]
<title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Lake Eden Inn and Cottages.</title>., [Summer 1940]
<title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Building Project.</title>., [1940-1941]
<title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Converting the Impossible into the Actual has Always been an American Tradition.</title>., [1940-1941]
<title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Black Mountain College Work Camp.</title>., [Summer 1941]
<title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">...And Beyond the Duration.</title>., [1941-1942]
Announcement. <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">To the Former Students of Black Mountain College.</title> Leslie Katz., 23 June 1942
General Information and Announcements, circa, 1940s
<title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Black Mountain College Art Institute Summer 1944.</title> Textile workshop.
General Information and Announcements, ., 1946-1947
<title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">The Idea of Black Mountain College.</title>., [June 1947]
Summer Session , list of students and faculty., 1947
General Information and Announcements, ., 1947-1948
Box PC.1956.73
General Information and Announcements, ., Summer 1948
General Information and Announcements, ., 1948-1949
Announcement. ., [1948]
Announcement. The Board of Fellows. ., 3 May 1949
Announcement. <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">To the Advisory Council and other friends of BMC who participated or helped in the venture of its first 15 years.</title> Theodore Dreier. ., 10 May 1949
Photographic viewbook designed by Hazel Larsen [Archer] and the photography students. ., [1949-1950]
<title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Black Mountain College 1949-1950.</title> Fields of study.
<title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Newsletter-March 1951.</title>
<title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Black Mountain College for its Spring Quarter, March 29 to June 12, 1954.</title>
Announcement. <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">To all those who care for BMC and what it has stood for, and now more than ever stands for, in American education.</title> Charles Olson. 15 December 1954.
Program-Dance. ., 20 August 1948
Programs-Drama. ., circa 1940s
Programs-Music. ., 1939-1948
Picture Postcards. ., 1933, 1940-1945

Catalogues and Annual Announcements,., 1933-1953

scopecontent:

The college issued catalogues for 1933-34 through 1943-44 and for 1949-50, 1950-51, and 1952-53. were issued for 1942-43 through 1948-49. Both a catalogue and were issued for 1943-44. Beginning with the the catalogues and announcements were issued as part of the series and are listed with that series.

Beginning with the second printing of the 1934-35 catalogue, the college emblem designed by Josef Albers appeared on the cover (the color of the covers is indicated in parentheses). With the exception of the catalogue for 1936-37, which was designed by Xanti Schawinsky, Albers designed the catalogues through 1949. All of the catalogues listed in this section (except for designated mimeographed statements) were printed commercially.

Preliminary Statement. [Theodore Dreier]. <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">A New College in North Carolina.</title>., [Summer 1933]
<title xlink:type="simple" render="italic">Black Mountain College 1933-34.</title>
<title xlink:type="simple" render="italic">Black Mountain College: A Foreword.</title>
<title xlink:type="simple" render="italic">Black Mountain College 1934-35</title> and insert <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Black Mountain College, Fall Semester, 1935,</title> listing officers and members of the college.
<title xlink:type="simple" render="italic">Black Mountain College 1935-36.</title> (maroon).
<title xlink:type="simple" render="italic">Black Mountain College 1936-37.</title> (green).
<title xlink:type="simple" render="italic">Black Mountain College 1937-38.</title> (gray).
<title xlink:type="simple" render="italic">Black Mountain College 1938-39.</title> (light blue).
<title xlink:type="simple" render="italic">Black Mountain College 1939-40.</title> (red).
<title xlink:type="simple" render="italic">Black Mountain College 1940-41.</title> (navy blue).
<title xlink:type="simple" render="italic">Black Mountain College 1941-42.</title> (orange). And <title xlink:type="simple" render="italic">Supplement to 1941-42 Catalog, Summer School 1942,...Summer Work Camp 1942</title>.
Box PC.1956.74
<title xlink:type="simple" render="italic">Announcements 1942-43.</title> Supplements and amendments: <title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Black Mountain College Expenses.</title>

Miscellaneous Publications, About Black Mountain College,., 1937-1946

scopecontent:

This first subseries of miscellaneous publications includes articles about Black Mountain College that appeared in publications that were published outside of the school itself, as well as various materials published at the school which do not properly belong in any other subseries.

<title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">...toward a projected College magazine.</title> [Undated].
<title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Proposal for an organic democracy at Black Mountain College.</title> [Undated].
<title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">The story of Black Mountain College.</title> [Undated].
<title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">New York Week.</title> [Undated].
Form letter from W. R. Wunsch, Rector at Black Mountain College. [Undated].
<title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Although it is quite impossible to define exactly what the word...</title> [Undated].
<title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Education in a self-governing community.</title>., [circa 1940s]
<title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Writing by members of the class in advanced writing.</title>., June 1946
Envelopes and Forms.
Tickets and Invitations.
<title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Designing,</title> by Anni Albers.
<title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">One aspect of art work,</title> by Anni Albers.
<title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Constructing Textiles,</title> by Anni Albers.
<title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Handweaving Today: Textile Work at Black Mountain College,</title> by Anni Albers.
<title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Art as a Fourth R: A new American college is combating the idea that only painters can paint,</title> by Grace Alexandra Young.
Josef Albers materials. and [Undated]., 1931-1948
<title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Realm of the Road,</title> by Walter Locke.
<title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Black Mountain College: A Pedagogical Innovation.</title>
<title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">A Decrusted College,</title> by George Stoney.
<title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Education on a Mountain: The Story of black Mountain College,</title> by Louis Adamic.
<title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Students Building New Plant: Manual Labor Combined with Book Learning,</title> by James M. Rogers.
<title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Students and Faculty Construct Their College Building.</title>
<title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Black Mountain College,</title> by Will Hamlin.
<title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">A North Carolinian Writes From New York City,</title> by Edward A. Oldham.
<title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Black Mountain College: A Stirring Example of Democratic Education.</title>
<title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">College of the Future.</title>
<title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Black Mountain's Tenth.</title>
<title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Report from the Academy: The Experimental College,</title> by Eric Russell Bentley.
<title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Special Issue: Black Mountain College.</title>
<title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Black Mountain College.</title>
<title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">The College That Built Itself: Black Mountain points its program to the future.</title>
Box PC.1956.75
<title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">A Conversation with Anni Albers.</title>
<title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Black Mountain College,</title> by Roger Wicker.
Black Mountain College Retrospective, ., 1978

Miscellaneous Publications, Various Subjects,., 1933-1978

scopecontent:

This second subseries of miscellaneous materials includes publications found elsewhere in the papers, on various topics, collected by the family, which do not properly fit into any other subseries.

Fritz Kunz lecture series, ., 1933
<title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Rollins Group, Ousted in Row, Founds College.</title>
<title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Rollins College Report.</title>
<title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Fundamentalism and the Higher Learning,</title> by John A. Rice.
<title xlink:type="simple" render="italic">Motive for Work and Study</title>, Vol. 2 No. 3, November ., 1941
<title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">A Winter Scene from the Porch of Lee Hall, Blue Ridge.</title>
<title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Designing a New Industry.</title>
<title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Fuller's House: Why Buckminster Fuller's designs for low-cost, truly modern, mass-produced homes may well upset a notoriously tradition-bound building industry.</title>
Ordway Tead Writings, ., 1946-1947
<title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">Walter Gropius-The Spread of an Idea,</title> by Douglas Haskell.
Student Publication, University of Michigan, Vol. 1 No. 1, ., Spring 1955
<title xlink:type="simple" render="doublequote">On the Report of the President's Commission...The Future of American Education,</title> by Harold Taylor.
<title xlink:type="simple" render="italic">Dorothea Adelheid Dreier</title>.
<title xlink:type="simple" render="italic">The Alvarado Experience: Ten Years of a School-Community Art Program</title>, ., 1978

6. Oversized Materials, 1938 - 1940

Collection Overview Collection Overview:

This series includes two Black Mountain College (BMC) scrapbooks, 1937-1938 and 1938-1939, and a Walter Gropius and Marcel Breuer folio: Designs for the Lake Eden Campus, 1939-1940. The scrapbooks contain items apparently taken from the college bulletin boards and provide a remarkable glimpse of the daily life of the college, from the beginning of the semester each fall, ending with the semester just before summer. The folio is a group of eight renderings and photographs of plans for proposed buildings. Five are mounted photographs signed by Ezra Stoller, brother of BMC student Claude Stoller, and a major architectural photographer of the twentieth century. Though never constructed because of the college's financial difficulties, these buildings would have been the architects' first major architectural project in the United States.

The series consists of the following two subseries: Black Mountain College Scrapbooks, 1937-1939; and Folio: Designs for the Lake Eden Campus, 1939-1940, by Walter Gropius and Marcel Breuer, Associated Architects, Cambridge, MA.

Collection Arrangement:

Arranged chronologically by item within the scrapbook subseries.

Access Restrictions:

Available for research.

Processing Information:

Processed by Fran Tracy-Walls, December 2008

Encoded by Fran Tracy-Walls, December, 2008

Consultation by Mary Emma Harris as part of agreement with donors.

Dreier Black Mountain College Collection: Oversize Materials,1937-1940

Black Mountain College Scrapbooks,1937-1939

scopecontent:

Each of the two scrapbooks contains items apparently taken from the college bulletin boards and provide a remarkable glimpse of the daily life of the college, from the beginning of the semester each fall, ending with the semester just before summer. The scrapbooks contain materials such as notices, announcements, schedules, including student and faculty work schedules, invitations, programs, clippings, cast lists, and various other lists, and miscellaneous postings concerning student life and extra-curricula activies. It is thought that the scrapbooks were kept from the 1930s until possibly 1949, but only two are represented in this collection.

<title xlink:type="simple" render="italic">[Black Mountain College] Scrapbook </title>, 1937-1938
Box PC.1956.79.Oversized
<title xlink:type="simple" render="italic">[Black Mountain College] Scrapbook </title>, 1938-1939
Box PC.1956.80.Oversized

Folio: Designs for the Lake Eden Campus, , by Walter Gropius and Marcel Breuer, Associated Architects, Cambridge, MA, 1939-1940

scopecontent:

In January 1939, Gropius, who had formed a partnership with Marcel Breuer (also a Bauhaus and Harvard colleague), was commissioned by Black Mountain College (BMC) to design a complex of buildings for the Lake Eden campus. Though never constructed because of the college's financial difficulties, these buildings would have been the architects' first major architectural project in the United States.

The five mounted photographic prints are signed by Ezra Stoller, brother of BMC student Claude Stoller, and a major architectural photographer of the twentieth century. In 1961 he became the first recipient of the AIA Gold Medal for Photography.

Subject Headings

  • Dreier, Barbara Loines, 1907-2006.
  • Dreier, Theodore, 1902-1997.
  • Dreier Family
  • Loines Family
  • Black Mountain College (Black Mountain, N.C.)
  • Arts--Experimental methods.
  • Art--Study and teaching--North Carolina--History--20th century.
  • College students--North Carolina--Social life and customs--20th century.
  • College teachers--North Carolina--Social life and customs--20th century.
  • Collective settlements--North Carolina--History--20th century.
  • Dance--Study and teaching--North Carolina--History--20th century.
  • Drama--Study and teaching--North Carolina--History--20th century.
  • Education, Humanistic.
  • Music--Instruction and study.
  • Universities and colleges--North Carolina--Curricula.
  • Universities and colleges--North Carolina--Administration.
  • College teachers
  • Collective settlements
  • Dance
  • Education, Humanistic
  • Music
  • College students
  • Drama
  • Universities and colleges
  • Arts
  • Acquisitions Information

    Received as a gift from Theodore Dreier, Jr., and Barbara B. Dreier, of Belmont, Massachusetts, and Fairfield, Iowa, respectively. Accessioned January 5, 2007. During March-April, 2012, these records were moved from the State Archives building in Raleigh to the Western Regional Archives, Asheville, N.C.

    Processing Information

  • Processed by the Special Collections professional staff, with the assistance of interns and volunteers Jennifer Davis, Terri Jones, Terry Moore, Rachel Roos; 2008-2009
  • Encoded by Fran Tracy-Walls with the assistance of Ashley Yandle, Gwen Mays, Kim Cumber, and intern, Lindsay Matson; 2008-2009
  • Consultation by Mary Emma Harris as part of agreement with donors.