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Harry E. LeGrand Papers


Harry E. LeGrand (1917- ) was born near Mebane, Alamance County, and was graduated from the University of North Carolina in 1939 with a B.S. degree. Following service in World War II, he embarked on a career as a hydrogeologist that continued well past 2000. His earliest work was with the U.S. Geological Survey in Georgia, but he returned to North Carolina, based in Raleigh, where his focus was on studying the geology and ground water in the Southeast's Piedmont and Mountain Regions underlain by igneous and metamorphic rocks. Study of the Atlantic Coastal Plain, particularly in North Carolina, has been another area of interest. After 1974 LeGrand served as a consulting hydrogeologist with se ... (more below)

Title

Harry E. LeGrand Papers

Collection Number

PC.2004

Date(s)

1949-2010

Language

English

Physical Description
Cubic feet
2
Boxes
6
Abstract

Harry E. LeGrand (1917- ) was born near Mebane, Alamance County, and was graduated from the University of North Carolina in 1939 with a B.S. degree. Following service in World War II, he embarked on a career as a hydrogeologist that continued well past 2000. His earliest work was with the U.S. Geological Survey in Georgia, but he returned to North Carolina, based in Raleigh, where his focus was on studying the geology and ground water in the Southeast's Piedmont and Mountain Regions underlain by igneous and metamorphic rocks. Study of the Atlantic Coastal Plain, particularly in North Carolina, has been another area of interest. After 1974 LeGrand served as a consulting hydrogeologist with several agencies, conducting studies in North Carolina (consulting for North Carolina Dept. of Natural and Environmental Resources; later the North Carolina Dept. of Environment and Natural Resources) and various parts of the United States and also in Europe, Australia, and the Caribbean area. In addition to his published works in various journals and studies, his writings include some poems and essays.

The papers, 1949-2010, document a significant portion of LeGrand's career as a hydrogeologist, first with the U.S. Geological Survey and then as an independent hydrogeologist located in Raleigh, N.C. The collection is organized into six series: biographical material; unpublished writings in verse and essay, and a collection of memoranda, 1987-1992, written to raise serious issues about ground water, the aquifers that contain and transmit water, and the importance of geological considerations in locating safe radioactive disposal sites, addressed to the North Carolina Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Authority; published scientific articles, reports, etc. on hydrogeology and related areas, particularly in North Carolina, covering the Coastal Plain, Piedmont, and Mountain Region, but also the Southern States; miscellaneous materials related to hydrogeology; and illustrations of hydrogeological concepts: paper copy, transparencies, and lantern slides; and samples of data regarding various N.C. river basins and associated streams. The materials are primarily articles; addresses; reports; poems and essays; memoranda; abstracts; surveys; and illustrations of geological and hydrogeological phenomenas, utilizing diagrams, maps, charts, etc. and employed in transparencies and lantern slides. The bulk of the collection consists of LeGrand's professional writings selected by a variety of professional journals and published proceedings.

Physical Location

For current information on the location ofthese materials, please consult the Public Services Branch, North Carolina State Archives.

Creator

LeGrand, H.E. (Harry Elwood), 1917-

Repository

State Archives of North Carolina


When received, the collection had no discernible original order. Within each series the collection has been arranged chronologically, with small exceptions and the existence of numerous undated items in Series 5: Illustrations of Hydrogeological Concepts: Paper Copy, Transparencies, and Lantern Slides.


Available for research.


Copyright is retained by the authors of these materials, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law (Title 17 US Code). Individual researchers are responsible for using these materials in conformance with copyright law as well as any donor restrictions accompanying the materials.


Processed by Fran Tracy-Walls, September, 2010

Encoded by Fran Tracy-Walls, September, 2010


Harry E. LeGrand was born in Alamance County to Nannie White (1882-1959) and William Pleasant LeGrande (1874-1954) on May 19, 1917. One of several siblings, he spent his childhood on the family farm near Mebane, Alamance County. In 1938 he was graduated from the University of North Carolina with a B.S. in Geology, after which he worked for a few years as a geologic aide in economic geology. With the advent of World War II LeGrand entered the U.S. Army as a private and completed service as a captain with the First Army in the European Theatre of Operation, extending from the Normandy invasion through the Battle of the Bulge. Following the war he married Undine Nye, a graduate of the Women's College at Greensboro, N.C.

In 1946 LeGrande accepted a job with the Ground Water Branch of the United States Geological Service (USGS) as an assistant to the staff geologist in Georgia, and began working in the area ground water geology. That was the genesis of his study of the geology and ground water in the Georgia and Carolina Piedmont and the Mountain Region underlain by igneous and metamorphic rocks. No formal university training in ground water was available then and LeGrande like most others of that era learned on the job. In Georgia and most other states including North Carolina, the state agency that worked in conjunction with the USGS was the state's geological survey, and states depended almost solely on the USGS for ground water studies, funded coopreratively.

LeGrande left Georgia in 1949 and came to North Carolina as the state's only ground water specialist, continuing in that position until 1957. After two years service as a consulting geologist, he served two years of chief of the Radioactive Waste Section, U.S. Geological Survey. He worked as a research hydrogeologist with the Water Resources Division of the U.S. GS from 1962-1974. After 1974 he has served as a consulting hydrogeologist with several agencies, conducting studies in North Carolina (consulting for N.C. Dept. of Natural and Environmental Resources) and various parts of the United States and also in Europe, Australia, and the Caribbean area. Many of his studies and writings also included the Coastal Plain of the Carolinas and other southern Atlantic coastal states. In later years he found in hydrogeology a source of artful inspiration and expression, adding to his scientific writing a group of poems and essays. In touring the Piedmont and Mountains regions, in particular, he has continued to scientifically interpret the landscape above ground while visualizing the underlying ground water landscape.

LeGrande has written or co-authored around 100 reports and papers. Consonant with his professional work his writing has been chiefly in the fields of fractured-rock hydrology, the geology of groundwater, and ground-water contamination. His study and writing has also been in related areas, including groundwater movement in crystalline rocks, radon in surface and groundwater, and conceptual hydrological modeling. Many of LeGrand's poems and essays were published on his website in 2009, and a few of these are included in his papers.

Among LeGrande's numerous awards and recognitions are listings in Men in American Science, Who's Who in the South and Southwest, and receipt in 1986 of the Distinguished Service Award, Hydrogeology Division, Geological Society of America.

During most of his professional career LeGrand's home was in Raleigh, N.C. where he and his wife reared two sons. By 2009 or before, LeGrand was living, researching, and writing in Crossville, Tennessee, a town situated atop the Cumberland Plateau in the southern part of the Appalachian Plateau.

Note: Biographical information obtained from various papers within this collection, the U.S. Census Records, N.C. Death Certificates, and a blogger profile on the Internet under the name, Harry E. LeGrand, Sr.


[Identification of item], PC.2004. Harry E. LeGrand Papers, North Carolina State Archives, Raleigh, NC, USA.


Received as transfer on August 5, 2010 via Lisa Tolley, former librarian of the now defunct library of the N.C. Dept. of Environment and Natural Resources. A versed essay,  "Poetic Expression of the Carolina Bays," received via email on 12 September 2010 from Harry E. LeGrand.


Additional information on topics found in this collection may be found in the Manuscript and Archives Reference System (MARS)  http://mars.archives.ncdcr.gov/.


The papers, 1949-2010, document a significant portion of LeGrand's career as a hydrogeologist, first with the U.S. Geological Survey and then as an independent hydrogeologist located in Raleigh, N.C. The collection is organized into six series: biographical material; unpublished writings in verse and essay, and a collection of memoranda, 1987-1992, written to raise serious issues about ground water, the aquifers that contain and transmit water, and the importance of geological considerations in locating safe radioactive disposal sites, addressed to the North Carolina Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Authority; published scientific articles, reports, etc. on hydrogeology and related areas, particularly in North Carolina, covering the Coastal Plain, Piedmont, and Mountain Region, but also the Southern States; miscellaneous materials related to hydrogeology; and illustrations of hydrogeological concepts: paper copy, transparencies, and lantern slides; and samples of data regarding various N.C. river basins and associated streams. The materials are primarily articles; addresses; reports; poems and essays; memoranda; abstracts; surveys; abd illustrations of geological and hydrogeological phenomenas, utilizing diagrams, maps, charts, steps, etc. and employed in transparencies and lantern slides. The bulk of the collection consists of LeGrand's professional writings selected by a variety of professional journals and published proceedings.

When received, the collection had no discernible original order. Within each series the collection has been arranged chronologically, with small exceptions and the existence of numerous undated items in Series 5: Illustrations of Hydrogeological Concepts: Paper Copy, Transparencies, and Lantern Slides.


The papers, 1949-2010, document a significant portion of LeGrand's career as a hydrogeologist, first with the U.S. Geological Survey and then as an independent hydrogeologist located in Raleigh, N.C. The collection is organized into six series: biographical material; unpublished writings in verse and essay, and a collection of memoranda, 1987-1992, written to raise serious issues about ground water, the aquifers that contain and transmit water, and the importance of geological considerations in locating safe radioactive disposal sites, addressed to the North Carolina Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Authority; published scientific articles, reports, etc. on hydrogeology and related areas, particularly in North Carolina, covering the Coastal Plain, Piedmont, and Mountain Region, but also the Southern States; miscellaneous materials related to hydrogeology; and illustrations of hydrogeological concepts: paper copy, transparencies, and lantern slides; and samples of data regarding various N.C. river basins and associated streams. The materials are primarily articles; addresses; reports; poems and essays; memoranda; abstracts; surveys; abd illustrations of geological and hydrogeological phenomenas, utilizing diagrams, maps, charts, steps, etc. and employed in transparencies and lantern slides. The bulk of the collection consists of LeGrand's professional writings selected by a variety of professional journals and published proceedings.


  • Geological Survey (U.S.)
  • North Carolina. Dept. of Environment and Natural Resources.
  • North Carolina. Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Authority.
  • Aquifers--Southern States.
  • Bays
  • Geology--Southern States.
  • Groundwater
  • Groundwater--Southern States.
  • Hydrogeology--Appalachian Region.
  • Hydrogeology
  • Hydrology
  • Hydrogeology--South Carolina.
  • Hydrogeology--Georgia.
  • Hydrogeology--Florida.
  • Hydrogeology--Atlantic Coast(U.S.).
  • Low level radioactive waste disposal facilities
  • Natural resources
  • Water-supply
  • LeGrand, H.E. (Harry Elwood), 1917-

This series includes an undated bibliography of LeGrand's publications that was attached to his resume. The latter seems to be current through 1993.

Box: PC.1825.1  
Folder: 1  
Resume of Harry E. LeGrand, , ca.
1993

This series includes a one poem and two other writings that LeGrand described as a versed essay. All were written in large part to raise significant issues regarding ground water and aquifers that contain and transmit water. The series also includes a spiral-bound collection of memoranda. The set consists of memos issued by LeGrand from 1987-1992 and discusses technical issues and views of LeGrand as a private citizen, a scientist, and as a former member of the N.C. Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Authority. His hope was that the state would establish an economical, safe low-level radioactive waste facility, and that the authority would come to understand that geology and hydrogeology, rather than being inactive states, were dynamic subjects that control the behavior of radioactive wastes in the ground and constituted predominant considerations for safety.

Folder: 1  
Includes three poems,Listen To The Aquifers,The Quandary of Hydraulic Conductivity,Poetic Expression of the Carolina Bays,, and undated
2004-2010

Scope and Content

The poem  "The Quandary of Hydraulic Conductivity" includes a one page introduction by LeGrand. It is dated October 2004.  "Poetic Expression of the Carolina Bays" is dated September 2010. The remaining poem is undated.

Folder: 2  
Collection of Memoranda: To Members of the N.C. Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Authority,
1987-1992

Scope and Content

This group of memoranda consists of memos issued on various dates and includes an introductory memorandum and a table of contents. Photocopied typescript. Spiral bound.

Prior to becoming an independent hydrologist, LeGrand was with the U.S. Geological Survey between 1948 and 1974. During that time many of his articles and reports were published, including various ground-water studies he made in each of the state's counties of the Piedmont and Mountain region. Additionaly he authored and co-authored a variety of other papers during and after the period of 1948-1974. Examples of journals in which his writing appears include the  Journal of Hydrology; the U.S. Geological Survey  Journal Research;  Environmental Geology and Geology Science;  Water Resources Reseach; the  Geological Society of America Bulletin; the  Journal of Water Pollution Control Federation;  Carolina Geological Society Bulletin; and  Ground Water [Journal of]. Various other writings were presented and published as part of the proceedings of a number of conferences and symposiums. The organizations presented include but are not limited to the National Water Well Association; the Triangle Conference on Environmental Technology; Geological Society of America; Southeastern Conference, Water Resources Institute; Southern Water Resources and Pollution Control Conference; Conference on Ground Water in the Piedmont of the Eastern United States; and International Seminar of Hydrology Professors. This series includes many of LeGrand's published writings, organized by year, and also includes a bibliography and a list of LeGrand's abstracts and reports, 1949-1981, in bibliographic form. Also of interest is a manuel LeGrand prepared for the North Carolina Dept. of Environment and Natural Resources, Division of Water Quality, Groundwater Section under the following title:  "A Master Conceptual Model for Hydrogeological Site Characterization in the Piedmont and Mountain Region of North Carolina."

Folder: 1  
Undated

Scope and Content

Includes lists of abstracts and reports (1949-1981) and a bibliography (1949-1992).

Folder: 2  
1949
1949

Folder: 3  
1955
1955

Folder: 4  
1958
1958

Folder: 5  
1959
1959

Folder: 6  
(a)
1960

Folder: 7  
(b)
1960

Folder: 8  
(a)
1961

Folder: 9  
(b)
1961

Box: PC.1825.2  
Folder: 10  
1962
1962

Folder: 11  
1964
1964

Folder: 12  
(a)
1965

Folder: 13  
(b)
1965

Folder: 14  
1966
1966

Folder: 15  
1967
1967

Folder: 16  
1968
1968

Scope and Content

Folder: 17  
1969
1969

Folder: 18  
1970
1970

Folder: 19  
1971
1971

Folder: 20  
1972
1972

Box: PC.1825.3  
Folder: 21  
1973
1973

Folder: 22  
1974
1974

Folder: 23  
1973
1973

Folder: 24  
1975
1975

Folder: 25  
1976
1976

Folder: 26  
1977
1977

Folder: 27  
1978
1978

Folder: 28  
1979
1979

Folder: 29  
1981
1981

Folder: 30  
or after
1981

Folder: 31  
1982
1982

Folder: 32  
1983
1983

Folder: 33  
1984
1984

Folder: 34  
1985
1985

Box: PC.1825.4  
Folder: 35  
1987
1987

Folder: 36  
1988
1988

Folder: 37  
1989
1989

Folder: 38  
1990
1990

Folder: 39  
1992
1992

Folder: 40  
1996
1996

Folder: 41  
1997
1997

Folder: 42  
1998
1998

Folder: 43  
2000
2000

Folder: 44  
2001
2001

Folder: 45  
2004
2004

Folder: 46  
Undated (a)

Folder: 47  
Undated (b)

Folder: 48  
Undated (c)

Most (possibly all) of these items including addresses, notes, description of models, were apparently not authored by LeGrand. However, the material was with the collection and probably was used by LeGrand or influenced by his scholarship.

Box: PC.1825.x  
Folder: 1  
Address to N.C. Section of American Society of Agricultural Engineers. By Beverly C. Snow, Chief Engineer, Div. of Water Resources, Inlets and Coastal Waterways, N.C. Dept. of Conservation and Development, ca. 1950s or 1960s

Folder: 2  
Aldridge Renn Materials
2001

Folder: 3  
Miscellaneous Notes, undated

Folder: 4  
Notes on Medina Models, undated

Includes various paper illustrations of hydrogeological concepts possibly used for the creation of some of the transparencies and lantern slides also in this series. Indications are that these materials were used by LeGrand in lectures and presentations. The illustrations are chiefly diagrams, maps, charts, tables, and procedural steps. The slides consist of two glass plates and measure 3 1/4 by 4 inches. These are housed in an archival box measuring 5 3/4 inches wide, 4 3/4 inches high, and 12 inches long. Individually sleeved slides and groups of slides are housed in the order listed below.

Folder: 1  
Paper Copy (Diagrams, Maps, Charts, Etc.) for Transparencies and Glass Slides, undated

Folder: 2  
Transparencies, undated

Box: PC.1825.5  
Lantern Slides Illustrating Hydrogeological Concepts, undated

18155
1. Coastal Plain: Thickness of Cenozoic Deposits [two fused together: not intentional apparently], undated

18156
2. Coastal Plain, Generalized: Geologic Map, undated

18157
3. Diagram: Wilson-Washington-Cape Hatteras: Metamorphic and Igneous Rocks, etc. Section to 10,000 ft, undated

18158
4. #1. Section: Land Surface/Water Table: 300 ft., undated

18159
5. #2. Section: Land Surface/Water Table: 300 ft., undated

18160
5. #3. Section: Land Surface/Water Table: 300 ft., undated

18161
5. #4. Section: Land Surface/Water Table: 300 ft., undated

18162
6. #3. Section: Land Surface/Water Table: 300 ft., undated

18163
7. #4. Section: Land Surface/Water Table: 300 ft., undated

18164
8.#6. Table 3. Gems and Species, etc. North Carolina Coastal Plain, undated

18165
9. #5. Figure 3. Subsurface Relationships of Yorktown and Castle Hayne Formations, undated

18166
10. Map.Is the Water Table Falling? N.C. Coastal Plain, undated

18167
11. Map. N.C. Coastal Plain. Lower Cretaceous Generalized Thickness and Facies, undated

18168
12. Map. N.C. Coastal Plain. Tertiary Deposits, Etc., undated

18169
13. Table. Analysis: Parts per Million. Water Quality Branch, U.S. Geological Survey, undated

18170
14. Table and Map. Average Water Analysis from Crystalline Rocks. Rowan and Cabarrus County, undated

18171
15. Map. Rowan County. Showing Enclosed Depressions, undated

18172
16. Fig. 2. Oblique Photograph of Streamline Bay, 6 mi. North of Millen, Jenkins Co. Ga., undated

18173
17. Map. N.C. Coastal Plain Showing Salt Marsh Area, etc., undated

18174
18. Map. Geologic. N.C. Coastal Plain. Cenozoic Formations. From Berry, 1947. undated

18175
19. Figure 1. Map, Index. N.C. Coastal Plain, undated

18176
20. Map. N.C. Cities of Piedmont, Coastal Plain, etc., undated

18177
21. Map. N.C. Coastal Plain Highlighted, undated

18178
22. Table of Selected N.C. Genus and Species, undated

18179
23. Table of Miscene Species. (Fig. 3. Trent), undated

18180
24. Section: Fractured and Permeable Zone (Fig. 3.), undated

18181
25. Section, Idealized. Cone of Depression in a Permeable Rock, undated

18182
I. Group of Slides: Perspective on Hydrology,GSA, Houston
1962

18183
II. Group of Slides: Coastal Plain Hydrogeology,Baton Rouge, GSA Meeting
1963

18184
III. Group of Slides: Limestone Hydrology,Miami GSA Meeting
1964

18185
IV. Group of Slides: Limestone SymposiumYugoslavia
1965

18186
V. Group of Slides: Ground Water ClassificationAGU Meeting
1965

18187
VI. Group of Slides: Hydrology - PiedmontGSA Athens Meeting
1966

18188
VII. Group of Slides: Coastal Plain GeologyAAPG Meeting, undated

This series includes miscellaneous samples of data, surveys, and lists reflecting data collected on water courses in North Carolina including: Pasquotank River Basin; Cape Fear River Basin; Lumber River Basin; White Oak River Basin; Chowan Basin; Roanoke River. There is also an Index to Streams. These printouts have been placed in a large manuscript box.

Box: PC.1825.6[Lg.MssBox]  
Index: Downstream Order, 1982

18190
Folder with Portions of Indexes for Cape Fear River Basin; Lumber River Basin; White Oak River Basin; and Pasquotank River Basin, 1981-1985

18191
Roanoke River Survey, Aug 7, 1953

18192
Cape Fear River Basin and Streams, 1952-1953

18193
Chowan River Basin, Spring 1953

18194
Chowan River, 1983