Finding Aid for the John Devereux Papers, <date calendar="gregorian" era="ce" normal="1712/1892">1712 - 1892</date>, PC.34

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Finding Aid for the John Devereux Papers, <date calendar="gregorian" era="ce" normal="1712/1892">1712 - 1892</date>, PC.34

Abstract

This collection contains papers relating to the Pollock and Devereux families, among the largest landowners and slaveholders in North Carolina during the antebellum period. This small lot of documents includes some papers of the Pollock family prior to as well as after the connection formed with the Devereux family by the 1790 marriage of Frances Pollock (1771-1849) and John Devereux, Sr. (1761-1844). The family papers are made up principally of patents for land, deeds, in Halifax and Bertie counties and the Hawfield land in Orange (now Alamance) County. Papers relating to slaves owned by the family are located in folders concerning the estates of George Pollock, 1839-1840, and John Devereux, 1844. Of particular interest is the last will and testament of Frances (Pollock) Devereux (1771-1849) leaving several charitable bequests to the Presbyterian Church in the United States, its schools and foreign missions, to the Presbyterian Church, Raleigh, N.C., to The Seaman's Friend Society, Norfolk, Va., and a continuing annual fund to help pay a teacher giving religious instruction to slaves on Roanoke River plantations. While the record of Mrs. Devereux's estate indicates the value of her slaves, the file includes no list of them; and only a few of her slaves were named in the will. Also of interest are the group of papers relating to the Griffin Free School New Bern, N.C., 1834-1867. These are primarily fiscal records dating from the time when Thomas Pollock Devereux (1793-1869) and his son were trustees. Additionally, a large portion of the collection consists of military papers and accounts relating to John Devereux's (1819-1893) service during most of the Civil War as the state's chief quartermaster, with the rank of major.

Descriptive Summary

Title
John Devereux (1819-1893) Papers
Call Number
PC.34
Creator
Devereux, John
Date
1712 - 1892
Extent
14.00 Archive Boxes, 5000.00 items
Language
English
Repository
State Archives of North Carolina

Restrictions on Access & Use

Access Restrictions

Available for research.

Use Restrictions

Copyright is retained by the authors of these materials, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law (Title 17 US Code). Individual researchers are responsible for using these materials in conformance with copyright law as well as any donor restrictions accompanying the materials.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], PC.34, John Devereux Papers, State Archives of North Carolina, Raleigh, NC, USA.

Collection Overview

This collection contains papers relating to the Pollock and Devereux families, among the largest landowners and slaveholders in North Carolina during the antebellum period. This small lot of documents includes some papers of the Pollock family prior to as well as after the connection formed with the Devereux family by the 1790 marriage of Frances Pollock (1771-1849) and John Devereux, Sr. (1761-1844). The family papers are made up principally of patents for land, deeds, in Halifax and Bertie counties and the Hawfield land in Orange (now Alamance) County. Papers relating to slaves owned by the family are located in folders concerning the estates of George Pollock, 1839-1840, and John Devereux, 1844. Of particular interest is the last will and testament of Frances (Pollock) Devereux (1771-1849) leaving several charitable bequests to the Presbyterian Church in the United States, its schools and foreign missions, to the Presbyterian Church, Raleigh, N.C., to The Seaman's Friend Society, Norfolk, Va., and a continuing annual fund to help pay a teacher giving religious instruction to slaves on Roanoke River plantations. While the record of Mrs. Devereux's estate indicates the value of her slaves, the file includes no list of them; and only a few of her slaves were named in the will. Also of interest are the group of papers relating to the Griffin Free School New Bern, N.C., 1834-1867. These are primarily fiscal records dating from the time when Thomas Pollock Devereux (1793-1869) and his son were trustees. Additionally, a large portion of the collection consists of military papers and accounts relating to John Devereux's (1819-1893) service during most of the Civil War as the state's chief quartermaster, with the rank of major.

This Collection is part of a larger body of papers relating to the Pollock and Devereux families of North Carolina that was divided sometime in the past into three independent collections: Thomas Pollock Papers (PC.31); Pollock-Devereux Papers (PC.32); and John Devereux Papers (PC.34). The division was not a particularly neat one. Consequently, this collection includes materials that properly ought to have been put into one or the other of the three collections - or all treated as a single group of papers. Not only does this collection include Pollock family papers and Pollock-Devereux family papers, but it includes a series of the papers of Thomas Pollock Devereux (1793-1869), papers of John Devereux (1819-1893), and papers of James Nicolson Edmondston (1831-1896). The collection is, therefore, arranged in three principal sub-groups: (1) Family Papers, 1712-1892; (2) John Devereux Civil War Papers, 1861-1863; and (3) James N. Edmondston Civil War Papers, 1862-1963.

The address list, or more properly, the "Contract Check List," in Box 7 is under seal until the year 2002 and may not be used without the permission of Professor Lane before that date.

Arrangement Note

The collection is arranged in three principal sub-groups: (1) Family Papers, 1712-1892; (2) John Devereux Civil War Papers, 1861-1863; and (3) James N. Edmondston Civil War Papers, 1862-1863. A description of the contents of the primary sections of the Devereux collection follows:

Biographical Note

The Pollock and the Devereux families were among the largest landowners and slaveholders in North Carolina. This small lot of documents includes some papers of the Pollock family prior to as well as after the connection formed with the Devereux family by the 1790 marriage of Frances Pollock (1771-1849) and John Devereux, Sr. (1761-1844). (See family chart at end of the paper finding aid in the Search Room of the State Archives..)

Contents of the Collection

1. Family Papers

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The Pollock and the Devereux families were among the largest landowners and slaveholders in North Carolina. This small lot of documents includes some papers of the Pollock family prior to as well as after the connection formed with the Devereux family by the 1790 marriage of Frances Pollock (1771-1849) and John Devereux, Sr. (1761-1844). (See family chart at end of the paper finding aid.) The Pollock family papers range in date from the time of Governor Thomas Pollock (1654-1722), and commence with the signed by Pollock for the government of North Carolina on November 25, 1712, and by King Tom Blount (c.1675-c.1739) and five chief men for the upper towns of the Tuscarora Indian nation. The papers are, for the most part, arranged chronologically by the family member to whom they pertain, and they are made up principally of patents for land, deed, in Halifax and Bertie counties and the Hawfield land in Orange (now Alamance) County. Papers relating to slaves owned by the family are to be found in the folders concerning the estates of George Pollock, 1839-1840, and John Devereux, 1844. The last will and testament of Frances (Pollock) Devereux (1771-1849) leaves several charitable bequests to the Presbyterian Church in the United States and its schools and foreign missions, to the Presbyterian Church, Raleigh, N.C., and to The Seaman's Friend Society, Norfolk, Virginia.

It provides, as well, for a continuing annual fund to help pay a teacher to give religious instruction to slaves on Roanoke River plantations. Only a few of her slaves were named in specific bequests and provisions of the will, and while the record of her estate indicates the value of her slaves to have been approximately $20,000, the file includes no list of them. The last folder in the box contains a few letters and miscellaneous documents dating between 1863 and 1892, relating for the most part to the law practice of Thomas Pollock Devereux, Jr. (1845-1913).

Pollock-Devereux Papers,1712-1892
Box PC.34.1
Pollock
Thomas Pollock
. Tuscarora Treaty, 1712
. Patents, 1714-1720
Cullen Pollock, . Patents, 1713-1726
George Pollock, . Patents, 1726-1730
Cullen Pollock, . Deed (incomplete), 1769
Thomas Pollock, . Will, 1777
George Pollock
. Miscellaneous Papers, 1799-1835
. Estate, 1839-1850
Pollock-Devereux
Hawfield Lands,1823-1841
Miscellaneous Patents and Deeds,1713-1847
Miscellaneous Plats and Land Descriptions, 1826, n.d.
Montrose Plantation Survey,1797
Devereux
John Devereux
Land Dispute with Gen. Williams,1810
Estate - Partition of slaves,1844
Frances (Pollock) Devereux
Will,1847
Estate,1849-1856
Thomas Pollock Devereux Jr., Papers, 1863-1892, n.d.
Thomas Pollock Devereux Papers,1836-1883
Box PC.34.2
Burgwyn Trust Settlement,1848
Correspondence,1836-1861
Cotton Confiscation Claim,1866
Estate
Blake, et al vs. Hawkins et al,1880
Mordecai Extrx vs. Devereux et al, (SHC), 1883
Maitland, Robert & Co. - Account dispute,1858-1867
Plantation Accounts
Misc.,1844-1869
McMahon and Devereux,1836-1867
J.M. Smith & Bro.
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1858-1860</unitdate>, 1858-1860
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1861-1865</unitdate>, 1861-1865
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1866-1868</unitdate>, 1866-1868
Plantation Labor Accounts
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1866-1867 </unitdate>, 1866-1867
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1869, n.d.</unitdate>, 1869, n.d.
Plantation Labor Regulations,c.1866-1869
Plantation Overseer - Richard J. Vick,1865-1868
Plantation, Sale of Stock and Slaves (Polenta),1856-1857
Promissory Notes and CSA Bonds Agreement (Badger),1851-1864
Promissory Notes and CSA Bonds Agreement (Mordecai),1855-1864
Salt Sulphur Springs (VA),1858-1862
Slave Bill of Sale (Montrose Plantation),1860
Slave Papers (Misc.),1842-1848, n.d.
Tax Assessment (CSA),1863-1864
Tax Receipts,1854
John Devereux Papers,1844-1872
Box PC. 34.3
Accounts
J. M. Smith & Bro.,1866
Plantation,1844-1862, n.d.
Bills and Receipts
Blacksmith,1855-1860
Books and Magazines,1859-1860
Cabinetry, ), 1860
Carriage and Harness,1856-1860
Clothing,1859-1861
Education,1859-1860
Horticulture,1858-1860
House (Wills Forest),1858-1860
Household,1853-1860
Insurance,1857-1858
Jewelry,1860
Miscellaneous,1857-1867
Shoes,1857-1861
Correspondence,1844-1872
Estates
Clark, William F.,1858
Jones, Thomas F.,1857-1868
Freedman's Contract,1867
Land Papers,1859-1872
Runiroy Plantation Agreements,1844, 1848
Wills Forest (Tract Plat),1844

Griffin Free School,1834-1867

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By provisions of his last will and testament Moses Griffin of New Bern, N.C., converted his estate into a trust upon his death in 1816, and directed his executors to use the profits from the trust to purchase land in the town, to erect a schoolhouse, and to engage a teacher. The school was to be nonsectarian and was to provide a free education to children and orphans, both boys and girls, of indigent parents. After a delay occasioned by lawsuits lasting until 1828, brought by heirs to invalidate the trust, the free school was opened in the spring of 1832 and was incorporated in 1834. As it turned out, only girls were admitted as students to the school, which was long under the superintendence of Miss Arete S. Ellis (1802-1865). One of the original trustees was John Devereux, his son Thomas Pollock Devereux and grandson John subsequently serving, too, as trustees. After the fall of New Bern to United States forces in 1862, the school was briefly moved to Raleigh, but returned to New Bern upon the close of the Civil War. In 1882 funds from the Griffin Free School trust were merged with other funds in order to finance the newly created New Bern Graded Schools.

This group of papers relating to the school is made up of fiscal records and date from the period when Thomas Pollock Devereux and his son were trustees. The files contain: a draft of the private act incorporating the school; correspondence from the New Bern attorney, George S. Attmore, who represented the trustees and his annual accounting to them; the trustees' annual accounts to the Craven County Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions; papers from lawsuits relating to the charitable trust fund and its disbursements; and miscellaneous papers.

Articles of Incorporation [1834]
Correspondence,1844-1860
Funds Transfer,1859-1860
Income and Disbursements,1849-1859
Income and Disbursements (Attmore Accounts),1841, 1849-1858
Miscellaneous,1842-1844
Suits
Devereux vs. Hawks and Stanley,1851-1853
Devereux vs. Oliver et al,1849-1867

2. John Devereux Civil War Papers,1861-1863

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Even before the North Carolina seceded from the Union, the state began to prepare itself militarily by purchasing arms and ammunition and enlarging the staff of the state adjutant general. In the commissary department, the commissary general was given four assistants, and in the quartermaster department, the quartermaster general was given a number of assistants as well. John Devereux was appointed an assistant commissary of subsistence on May 1, 1861, and given the rank of captain. On September 20, 1861, Devereux was reassigned to duties as the state's chief quartermaster and later in December of that year was promoted to the rank of major. He held both the rank and position throughout the remainder of the war. At the close of the war, he was one of the delegation sent from Raleigh to meet General Sherman in order to arrange terms for surrender of the city.

Devereux's office as assistant commissary for subsistence was located at Weldon where he spent the summer of 1861 gathering and issuing provisions to feed the state's regiments in training camps at Weldon and Garysburg. His papers are very incomplete, being stronger for the months of May and June than for the third quarter of the year. It may be that some of the papers have been removed and put into the

Upon his appointment as chief quartermaster, Devereux was given assistants with specialized duties:

Devereux had two special agents for the purchase of cotton - Captain William H. Oliver in the eastern part of the state, and Captain James Sloan in the central part. The two special agents purchased ginned and baled cotton and sent it either to the Saxapahaw mills to be made into cloth, or to Wilmington to be run out through the U.S. blockade to England and sold in order to purchase medicine and medical supplies, spirits, coffee, grey cloth, flannels, army cloth, blankets, boots, leather, and so forth that could hardly be obtained in the Confederacy.

Devereux made quarterly reports using standardized forms called , each having a distinctive letter to designate the nature of the report. For every expenditure and every receipt or disbursement within the various categories, Devereux was expected to have supporting vouchers so that his accounts could be audited. Despite the fact that Devereux was scrupulous in his record keeping, some vouchers are not present with their abstracts. More than that, abstracts and vouchers are lacking either in some quarters, or for entire quarters, or for entire years. During the biennium of 1920-1922 a large part of Devereux's papers were removed and put into the . Some years later the papers of Thomas D. Hogg, chief commissary, and briefly, ordnance officer, were similarly treated. This resulted in an intermingling of some of the Devereux Papers with the Hogg Papers in which quartermaster, commissary, and ordnance are indiscriminately commingled. The following files are no longer to be found in the John Devereux Papers but are, presumably, to be found in the 1862 Third Quarter; 1863 Second Quarter; 1863 Fourth Quarter; 1864-1865 All Quarters.

NC Commissary,1861
Box PC.34.9
Appointment to Office letters, May, June 1861
Salary and Labor, abstracts w/ vouchers, May 1861
Subsistence Purchases made by Army, abstracts w/ vouchers,May, June 1861
Subsistence vouchers, numbered, June, July 1861
Subsistence vouchers, numbered, Aug. 1861
Subsistence Receipts, numbered, 1861
Receipt of Bills, numbered, July-Sept. 1861
Colonel Johnston vouchers, May, June 1861
Vouchers from shipments on Steamer Loper, May 1861
Miscellaneous vouchers, May-Nov. 1861
Inventories, June 1861
Distributions, June, July 1861
Correspondence & Miscellaneous, May-Oct. 1861
Monthly Provision Returns, Weldon, June, 1861
NC Quartermaster, Fourth Quarter, 1861
Box PC. 34.5
Abstract A
Purchases, w/ vouchers 3-240
Abstract A's vouchers continued 251-495
Abstract B
Expenditures, w/ vouchers 1-200
Abstract B's vouchers continued 200-500
Abstract Bb - Advances to Officers for disbursement, w/ vouchers
Abstract E - Articles received, issued, and expended
Abstract I - Stationery/Special Requisitions, w/ vouchers
Abstract L - Quartermaster's Stores expended to the public
Abstract M - Articles Transferred to Officers
Abstract P - Accts paid by order of Commander in Chief w/ vouchers
Report of Persons and Articles Hired, monthly reports
Advances to Officers, monthly reports
Account Current
Miscellaneous
Wrappers
NC Quartermaster, First Quarter,1862
Box PC. 34.6
Abstract A
Purchases, w/ vouchers 1-1991
Abstract A's vouchers continued 200-440
Abstract B
Expenditures, w/ vouchers 1-227
Abstract B's vouchers continued 231-439, 444
Abstract Bb - Advances to Officers for disbursement, w/ vouchers
Abstract I - Stationery/Special Requisitions, w/ vouchers
[Abstract M] - Articles Transferred to Officers
Report of Persons and Articles Hired, monthly reports
Advances to Officers, monthly reports
Account Current
Miscellaneous
NC Quartermaster, Second Quarter [1862] & First Quarter [1863], 1862-1863
Box PC.34.7
2nd Quarter 1862
[Abstract A and vouchers LACKING FROM COLLECTION]
Abstract B - Expenditures, w/ vouchers
Abstract Bb - Advances to Officers, w/ vouchers
Abstract E - Articles issued and received, w/ vouchers
Abstract I - Stationary/Special Requisitions, w/ vouchers
Report of Persons & Articles Hired, monthly reports
[3rd Quarter 1862 LACKING FROM COLLECTION]
[4th Quarter 1862 LACKING FROM COLLECTION]
1st Quarter 1863
Abstract A - Purchases, w/ vouchers
Abstract B - Expenditures, w/ vouchers
Abstract Bb - Advances to Officers, w/ vouchers
Abstract D - Articles Purchased in Kinston or Raleigh w/ vouchers
Abstract E - Articles received from Officers, w/ vouchers
Abstract F - Fuel, w/ vouchers
Abstract G - Forage, w/ vouchers
Abstract K - Special Requisitions, w/ vouchers
Abstract L - Forage Sold
Cotton Purchases
Account Current
Quarterly Returns
Miscellaneous
NC Quartermaster, Second & Third Quarters,1863
Box PC.34.8
2nd Quarter 1863
Abstract A - Purchases, w/ vouchers
Abstract B - Expenditures, w/ vouchers
Abstract Bb - Advances to Officers, w/ vouchers
Abstract D - Purchases to be Accounted for
Abstract F - Fuel, w/ vouchers
Abstract G - Forage, w/ vouchers
Abstract K - Special Requisitions, w/ vouchers
Abstract L - Articles Lost, Sold, Destroyed, w/ vouchers
Cotton Purchases
Abstract of Money Received from Various Sources
Account Current
Miscellaneous
3rd Quarter 1863
Abstract A - Purchases, w/ vouchers
Abstract B - Expenditures, w/ vouchers
Abstract Bb - Advances to Officers, w/ vouchers
Abstract D - Purchases to be Accounted for
Abstract E - Articles received from Officers, w/ vouchers
Abstract G - Forage, w/ vouchers
Abstract K - Special Requisitions, w/ vouchers
Cotton Purchases
Account Current
Miscellaneous

3. James N. Edmondston Civil War Papers,1862-1863

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James Nicolson Edmondston (1831-1896) was brother to Patrick M. Edmondston, husband of John Devereux's sister Catherine. The family arranged in October, 1861, to get James Edmondston an appointment, with the rank of captain, in Devereux's quartermaster operation. In May, 1862, he received an appointment to the staff of the C.S.A quartermaster general with rank of major and was assigned duties as assistant quartermaster for Daniel's Brigade which was then stationed at Drewry's Bluff, Virginia. In January, 1863, the brigade was dispatched first to Goldsboro then to Kinston, N.C., to take part in Gen. D. H. Hill's effort to recapture the towns of New Bern and Washington from the Yankees. The brigade was ordered back to Virginia in May, 1863, preparatory to the Gettysburg Campaign, on which Edmondston accompanied the brigade as quartermaster. He remained assigned to Daniel's Brigade until May, 1864, though it is unclear to what extent he was able to perform duties as brigade quartermaster after September, 1863. He entered the hospital at Richmond at the beginning of December, 1863, and did not return to duty with the brigade until sometime in February, 1864. In May he was reassigned to duties in the department of the C.S.A. inspector general of transportation. Edmondston spent the remainder of the war headquartered at Greensboro, N.C., as C.S.A. inspector of field transportation, holding the chief power of impressment of horses and mules in the state for the Confederate Army.

Edmondston's records as quartermaster to Daniel's Brigade appear to be reasonably complete for the period he is known to have executed the duties of the office personally. It is presumed that another officer served as brigade quartermaster after September, 1864 and that Edmondston put his retained copies of reports and their supporting vouchers into the hands of Devereux for safekeeping. There is no connection between the reports of Edmondston and those of Devereux. Though Edmondston was concerned with the supplying of a brigade and not the troops of a state, his reports, too, are in the standard form of lettered abstracts with supporting vouchers.

These include records for some regiments that were constituent elements of Daniel's Brigade and some that were not. The muster and pay rolls are, rather, for regiments paid at Drewry's Bluff, Va., or Kinston and Goldsboro, N.C., by Edmondston as a C.S.A. assistant quartermaster acting for the C.S.A. pay department. When regiments paid were mustered for pay purposes, they were mustered by company and rolls were made out and certified by the mustering officer. When each soldier was paid, the amount of pay was entered on the roll, and the soldier signed the roll as he received his pay.

CSA Quartermaster, Second & Third Quarters,1862
2nd Quarter 1862
Abstract A - Purchases, w/ vouchers
Abstract B - Expenditures at Weldon and Petersburg, w/ vouchers
Abstract Bb - Advances to Officers, w/ vouchers
Abstract D - Articles Purchased at Goldsboro, Weldon, andPetersburg, w/ vouchers
Abstract E - Articles Issued and Received, w/ vouchers
Abstract G - Forage, w/ vouchers 1-49
Abstract M - Articles Transferred to Officers, w/ vouchers
Report of Persons and Articles Employed and Hired
Monthly Reports
Quarterly Report
3rd Quarter 1862
Abstract A - Purchases, w/ vouchers
Abstract B - Expenditures, w/ vouchers
Abstract Bb - Advances to Officers, w/ vouchers
Abstract C - Medical Requisitions, w/ vouchers
Abstract D - Articles Purchased at Camp near Petersburg andDrewry's Bluff
Abstract E - Articles Received from Officers, w/ vouchers
Abstract G - Forage, w/ vouchers
Abstract K - Special Requisitions, w/ vouchers
Abstract L - Articles Lost or Destroyed, w/ vouchers
Abstract M - Articles Transferred to Officers, w/ vouchers
Quarterly Reports
Miscellaneous
CSA Quartermaster, Fourth Quarter,1862
Box PC.34.10
Abstract A - Purchases, w/ vouchers
Abstract B - Expenditures, w/ vouchers
Abstract Bb - Advances to Officers, w/ vouchers
Abstract D - Articles purchased at Drewry's Bluff
Abstract E - Stores Received from Officers, w/ vouchers
Abstract F - Fuel, w/ vouchers
Abstract G - Forage, w/ vouchers
Abstract G's vouchers continued
Abstract H - Straw issued at Drewry's Bluff, w/ vouchers
Abstract I - Stationery, w/ vouchers
Abstract K - Special Requisitions, w/ vouchers
Abstract L - Articles Expended, Lost, Destroyed, w/ vouchers
Abstract M - Articles Transferred to Officers, w/ vouchers
Account Current
Quarterly Reports
CSA Quartermaster, First Quarter,1863
Box PC.34.11
Abstract A - Purchases, w/ vouchers
Abstract B - Expenditures, w/ vouchers
Abstract Bb - Advances to Officers, w/ vouchers
Abstract D - Articles Purchased at Kinston
Abstract E - Articles Received from Officers, w/ vouchers
Abstract F - Fuel, w/ vouchers
Abstract G - Forage, w/ vouchers
Abstract I - Stationery, w/ vouchers
Abstract K - Articles Issued on Special Requisitions, w/ vouchers
Abstract M - Articles Transferred to Officers, w/ vouchers
Account Current
Quarterly Return
Miscellaneous
CSA Quartermaster, Second & Third Quarters,1863
Box PC.34.12
2nd Quarter 1863
Abstract A - Purchases, w/ vouchers
Abstract B - Expenditures, w/ vouchers
Abstract Bb - Advances to Officers, w/ vouchers
Abstract E - Articles Received from Officers, w/ vouchers
Abstract G - Forage, w/ vouchers
Abstract K - Special Requisitions, w/ vouchers
Abstract L - Articles Lost, Sold, Destroyed, w/ vouchers
Abstract M - Articles Transferred to Officers, w/ vouchers
Account Current
3rd Quarter 1863
Abstract A - Purchases, w/ vouchers
Abstract B - Expenditures, w/ vouchers
Abstract D - Articles purchased in the Field
Abstract E - Articles Received from Officers, w/ vouchers
Abstract G - Forage, w/ vouchers
Abstract K - Special Requisitions, w/ vouchers
Abstract L - Articles Lost, Sold, Destroyed, etc. w/ vouchers
Abstract M - Articles Transferred to Officers, w/ vouchers
Stores Expended in Public Service in the field
Account Current
CSA Pay Department,1862-1863
Box PC.34.13
[Abstract Bb] vouchers (Abstract, lacking), 2nd Quarter 1862
Abstract and vouchers of payments, May-June, 1862
Abstract and vouchers of payments continued, May-June, 1862
Abstract and vouchers of payments, 3rd Quarter 1862
Transfer of Funds from Pay Department to Officers, 3rd Quarter1862
Abstract Bb - Advances to Officers, 4th Quarter 1862
Abstract and vouchers of payments, 4th Quarter 1862
Abstract and vouchers of payments continued, 4th Quarter 1862
Abstract Bb - Advances to Officers, 1st Quarter 1863
Vouchers of payments, 1st Quarter 1863
Abstract Bb - Advances to Officers, 2nd Quarter 1863
Vouchers of payments, 2nd Quarter 1863
CSA Pay Department - Muster Rolls/Pay Rolls,1862-1863
Box PC.34.14. Double Oversize
1st Regiment NC Artillery, Company C, July 1862-Apr 1863
3rd Regiment NC Artillery, Company G, Sept.-Oct. 1862
2nd Regiment NC Cavalry, Company C, Sept.-Oct. 1862
[2nd Regiment NC Cavalry], Company K, July-Oct. 1862
3rd Regiment NC Cavalry, Company D May-Oct. 1862
2nd Battalion NC Infantry, Company
A, April-Oct. 1862
B, June-Oct. 1862
D, April-Oct. 1862
E, Sept.-Oct. 1862
F, Feb.-Oct. 1862
G, Feb.-Oct. 1862
H, Apr.-Oct. 1862
45th Regiment NC Infantry, Company
A, Mar-May 1862
B, Mar-May 1862
C, Mar-May 1862
D, Mar-May 1862
E, Mar-May 1862
F, Mar-May 1862
G, Mar-May 1862
H, Mar-May 1862
I, Mar-May 1862
K, Mar-May 1862

4. Family Papers, 1712-1892

Scope and Content:

Series is part of the John Devereux Papers collection.

The Pollock and the Devereux families were among the largest landowners and slaveholders in North Carolina. This small lot of documents includes some papers of the Pollock family prior to as well as after the connection formed with the Devereux family by the 1790 marriage of Frances Pollock (1771-1849) and John Devereux, Sr. (1761-1844). (See family chart at end of the paper finding aid.) The Pollock family papers range in date from the time of Governor Thomas Pollock (1654-1722), and commence with the Preliminary Articles in Order to a General Peace, signed by Pollock for the government of North Carolina on November 25, 1712, and by King Tom Blount (c.1675-c.1739) and five chief men for the upper towns of the Tuscarora Indian nation. The papers are, for the most part, arranged chronologically by the family member to whom they pertain, and they are made up principally of patents for land, deed, in Halifax and Bertie counties and the Hawfield land in Orange (now Alamance) County. Papers relating to slaves owned by the family are to be found in the folders concerning the estates of George Pollock, 1839-1840, and John Devereux, 1844. The last will and testament of Frances (Pollock) Devereux (1771-1849) leaves several charitable bequests to the Presbyterian Church in the United States and its schools and foreign missions, to the Presbyterian Church, Raleigh, N.C., and to The Seaman's Friend Society, Norfolk, Virginia.

It provides, as well, for a continuing annual fund to help pay a teacher to give religious instruction to slaves on Roanoke River plantations. Only a few of her slaves were named in specific bequests and provisions of the will, and while the record of her estate indicates the value of her slaves to have been approximately $20,000, the file includes no list of them. The last folder in the box contains a few letters and miscellaneous documents dating between 1863 and 1892, relating for the most part to the law practice of Thomas Pollock Devereux, Jr. (1845-1913).

5. John Devereux Civil War Papers, 1861-1863

Scope and Content:

Series is part of the John Devereux Papers collection.

Even before the North Carolina seceded from the Union, the state began to prepare itself militarily by purchasing arms and ammunition and enlarging the staff of the state adjutant general. In the commissary department, the commissary general was given four assistants, and in the quartermaster department, the quartermaster general was given a number of assistants as well. John Devereux was appointed an assistant commissary of subsistence on May 1, 1861, and given the rank of captain. On September 20, 1861, Devereux was reassigned to duties as the state's chief quartermaster and later in December of that year was promoted to the rank of major. He held both the rank and position throughout the remainder of the war. At the close of the war, he was one of the delegation sent from Raleigh to meet General Sherman in order to arrange terms for surrender of the city.
Devereux's office as assistant commissary for subsistence was located at Weldon where he spent the summer of 1861 gathering and issuing provisions to feed the state's regiments in training camps at Weldon and Garysburg. His papers are very incomplete, being stronger for the months of May and June than for the third quarter of the year. It may be that some of the papers have been removed and put into the Military Collection.
Upon his appointment as chief quartermaster, Devereux was given assistants with specialized duties:


1. Captain Moses A. Bledsoe, transportation (cavalry horses, forage, mules, wagons, harness);
2. Captain Abraham Myers, supplies (camp and garrison equipage such as tents of all sorts, knapsacks, haversacks, canteens, cooking and eating utensils, small tools such as axes, picks, shovels, spades);
3. Captain I. W. Garrett and Major Clement Dowd, clothing manufacture (hats, coats, pants, shirts, socks, undergarments, woolen and cotton jeans cloth, thread, buttons, needles).

Devereux had two special agents for the purchase of cotton - Captain William H. Oliver in the eastern part of the state, and Captain James Sloan in the central part. The two special agents purchased ginned and baled cotton and sent it either to the Saxapahaw mills to be made into cloth, or to Wilmington to be run out through the U.S. blockade to England and sold in order to purchase medicine and medical supplies, spirits, coffee, grey cloth, flannels, army cloth, blankets, boots, leather, and so forth that could hardly be obtained in the Confederacy.
Devereux made quarterly reports using standardized forms called abstracts, each having a distinctive letter to designate the nature of the report. For every expenditure and every receipt or disbursement within the various categories, Devereux was expected to have supporting vouchers so that his accounts could be audited. Despite the fact that Devereux was scrupulous in his record keeping, some vouchers are not present with their abstracts. More than that, abstracts and vouchers are lacking either in some quarters, or for entire quarters, or for entire years. During the biennium of 1920-1922 a large part of Devereux's papers were removed and put into the Military Collection. Some years later the papers of Thomas D. Hogg, chief commissary, and briefly, ordnance officer, were similarly treated. This resulted in an intermingling of some of the Devereux Papers with the Hogg Papers in which quartermaster, commissary, and ordnance are indiscriminately commingled. The following files are no longer to be found in the John Devereux Papers but are, presumably, to be found in the Military Collection: 1862 Third Quarter; 1863 Second Quarter; 1863 Fourth Quarter; 1864-1865 All Quarters.

6. James N. Edmondston Civil War Papers, 1862-1863

Scope and Content:

Series is part of the John Devereux Papers collection.

James Nicolson Edmondston (1831-1896) was brother to Patrick M. Edmondston, husband of John Devereux's sister Catherine. The family arranged in October, 1861, to get James Edmondston an appointment, with the rank of captain, in Devereux's quartermaster operation. In May, 1862, he received an appointment to the staff of the C.S.A quartermaster general with rank of major and was assigned duties as assistant quartermaster for Daniel's Brigade which was then stationed at Drewry's Bluff, Virginia. In January, 1863, the brigade was dispatched first to Goldsboro then to Kinston, N.C., to take part in Gen. D. H. Hill's effort to recapture the towns of New Bern and Washington from the Yankees. The brigade was ordered back to Virginia in May, 1863, preparatory to the Gettysburg Campaign, on which Edmondston accompanied the brigade as quartermaster. He remained assigned to Daniel's Brigade until May, 1864, though it is unclear to what extent he was able to perform duties as brigade quartermaster after September, 1863. He entered the hospital at Richmond at the beginning of December, 1863, and did not return to duty with the brigade until sometime in February, 1864. In May he was reassigned to duties in the department of the C.S.A. inspector general of transportation. Edmondston spent the remainder of the war headquartered at Greensboro, N.C., as C.S.A. inspector of field transportation, holding the chief power of impressment of horses and mules in the state for the Confederate Army.

Edmondston's records as quartermaster to Daniel's Brigade appear to be reasonably complete for the period he is known to have executed the duties of the office personally. It is presumed that another officer served as brigade quartermaster after September, 1864 and that Edmondston put his retained copies of reports and their supporting vouchers into the hands of Devereux for safekeeping. There is no connection between the reports of Edmondston and those of Devereux. Though Edmondston was concerned with the supplying of a brigade and not the troops of a state, his reports, too, are in the standard form of lettered abstracts with supporting vouchers.
These include records for some regiments that were constituent elements of Daniel's Brigade and some that were not. The muster and pay rolls are, rather, for regiments paid at Drewry's Bluff, Va., or Kinston and Goldsboro, N.C., by Edmondston as a C.S.A. assistant quartermaster acting for the C.S.A. pay department. When regiments paid were mustered for pay purposes, they were mustered by company and rolls were made out and certified by the mustering officer. When each soldier was paid, the amount of pay was entered on the roll, and the soldier signed the roll as he received his pay.

Subject Headings

  • Clarke, William F., 1811-1844.
  • Devereux family.
  • Devereux, Frances (Pollock), 1771-1849.
  • Devereux, John, 1761-1844.
  • Devereux, Thomas P. (Thomas Pollock), 1793-1869.
  • Devereux, Thomas Pollock, 1845-1913.
  • Edmondston, James Nicolson, 1831-1896.
  • Jones, Thomas Francis, 1812-1857.
  • Pollock, George, 1772-1836.
  • Pollock, Thomas, 1654-1722.
  • Polk, Leonidas, 1806-1864.
  • Vick, Richard J., d.1866.
  • Devereux, John
  • Pollock Family
  • Devereux Family
  • Devereux, Frances Pollock
  • Devereux, Thomas P.
  • Jones, Thomas F.
  • Griffin, Moses
  • Polk, L. L. (Leonidas La Fayette), 1837-1892
  • Devereux, Thomas Pollock, Sr.
  • Edmonston, James M.
  • Blunt, Tom
  • Clark, William F.
  • Pollock, George
  • Pollock, Thomas
  • Carter and Hamilton (Raleigh, N.C.)
  • Confederate States of America. Armed Forces--Uniforms.
  • Confederate States of America. Army. Daniel's Brigade.
  • Confederate States of America. Army. North Carolina Artillery Regiment, 1st
  • Confederate States of America. Army. North Carolina Artillery Regiment, 3rd
  • Confederate States of America. Army. North Carolina Artillery Regiment, 2nd
  • Confederate States of America. Army. North Carolina Infantry, Battalion, 2n
  • Confederate States of America. Army. North Carolina Infantry Regiment, 45th
  • Confederate States of America. Army--Supplies and stores.
  • Confederate States of America. Quartermaster General's Office.
  • Confederate States of America. War Dept.
  • Dodd and Hinsdale (Raleigh, N.C.)
  • First Presbyterian Church (Raleigh, N.C.)
  • Griffin Free School (New Bern, N.C.)
  • McMahon and Devereux (Halifax, N.C.)
  • North Carolina. Adjutant General's Dept.
  • Presbyterian Church in the U.S.
  • Saint Mary's School and Junior College (Raleigh, N.C.)
  • Seaman's Friend Society (Norfolk, Va.)
  • Smith, J.M. and Co. (Norfolk, Va.)
  • Griffin Free School
  • Court of Equity
  • Peace Institute (Raleigh, N.C.)
  • United States. Army
  • Confederate States of America. Quartermaster General's Office
  • Hamilton and Carter
  • First Presbyterian Church (Raleigh, N.C.)
  • Seaman's Friend Society
  • Saint Mary's School and Junior College (Raleigh, N.C.)
  • Agriculture--Southern States--History--19th century.
  • Agricultural laborers.
  • Blacksmiths.
  • Cabinetmakers.
  • Cotton trade--Confederate States of America.
  • Family--North Carolina--History--19th century.
  • Farm management.
  • Farm produce--Marketing
  • Forage.
  • Freedmen.
  • Horticulture.
  • Household supplies.
  • Medicine, Military.
  • Military supplies.
  • Payrolls.
  • Plantations.
  • Requisitions, Military.
  • Slave records.
  • Slaves.
  • Tuscarora Indians--Treaties.
  • Tuscarora Indians--Wars, 1711-1713.
  • Wheelwrights.
  • Schools
  • Bishops
  • Plantations
  • Plantation Owners
  • Slaves
  • Hospitals
  • Officer
  • Railroads
  • Tuscarora Indians
  • Indians
  • Governors
  • Treaties
  • Landlord and Tenant
  • Quartermasters
  • Trustees, Boards of
  • Agricultural laborers
  • Blacksmiths
  • Cabinetmakers
  • Cotton trade
  • Farm management
  • Freedmen
  • Horticulture
  • Medicine, Military
  • Military supplies
  • Slave Patrols
  • Halifax County (N.C.)
  • Alamance County (N.C.)
  • Bertie County (N.C.)
  • Conoconnara Plantation (N.C.)
  • Craven County (N.C.)
  • Haw Fields (N.C.)
  • Montrose Plantation (N.C.)
  • Polenta Plantation (N.C.)
  • Salt Sulphur Springs (Va.)
  • United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Equipment and supplies.
  • United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Medical care.
  • Wake County (N.C.)
  • Wills Forest (N.C.)
  • United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865
  • Bath County
  • Bertie County (N.C.)
  • Halifax County
  • Northampton County (N.C.)
  • Craven County
  • Raleigh (N.C.)
  • New York
  • Norfolk (Va.)
  • Orange County (N.C.)
  • Alamance County (N.C.)
  • Conoconnara Plantation
  • Montrose Plantation
  • Polenta Plantation
  • Salt Sulphur Springs (Va.)
  • Acquisitions Information

    Received from Margaret (Mordecai) Devereux (Mrs. John Devereux), Raleigh, N.C., biennium of 1902-1904.

    Processing Information

  • Processed by George Stevenson and Abigail Rovner, September 26, 2002
  • Encoded by Fran Tracy-Walls, January 29, 2003; Fran Tracy-Walls revised the AXAEM records in June 2019
  • Encoded into EAD 2002 by Ashley Yandle, July 14, 2004