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Jonathan Worth Papers


Governor Jonathan Worth was born in 1802 in Guilford County, son of Eunice Gardner and Dr. David Worth, a descendent of Nantucket Quakers. Worth served as governor of North Carolina from 1865-1868 and supported President Andrew Johnson's reconstruction policies.The collection consists of copies of outgoing correspondence (13 letter press books) between 1850 and 1869 and incoming correspondence from 1831 until after his death in 1869.

Title

Jonathan Worth Papers

Collection Number

PC.49

Date(s)

1831 - 1889

Language

English

Physical Description
Items
c. 5,300
Physical Description
Items
5300.00
Letters
5318.00
Abstract

Governor Jonathan Worth was born in 1802 in Guilford County, son of Eunice Gardner and Dr. David Worth, a descendent of Nantucket Quakers. Worth served as governor of North Carolina from 1865-1868 and supported President Andrew Johnson's reconstruction policies.

The collection consists of copies of outgoing correspondence (13 letter press books) between 1850 and 1869 and incoming correspondence from 1831 until after his death in 1869.

Physical Location

For current information on the location ofthese materials, please consult the Public Services Branch, State Archives of North Carolina.

Creator

Worth, Jonathan

Repository

State Archives of North Carolina


Divided into outgoing and incoming correspondence and arranged chronologically. A check in the upper right hand corner of the page indicates the letter has been published. The volumes for 1865-1869 have considerable overlapping of dates. Each letter press book has an index in the front.


Available for research. However, several letter press books are in a delicate condition with shattered bindings and fragile paper. Readability runs the gamut from illegible, partly legible, to completely legible. Occasionally a letter can only be read by holding a mirror to the reverse side of the tissue.


Copyright is retained by the authors of these materials, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law (Title 17 US Code). Individual researchers are responsible for using these materials in conformance with copyright law as well as any donor restrictions accompanying the materials.


Processed by Betty H. Carter, June, 1967

Encoded by Lee Todd, February, 2008


Jonathan Worth, born 1802, Guilford County, son of Eunice Gardner and Dr. David Worth, a descendent of Nantucket Quakers. Educated at Caldwell Institute, Greensboro; studied law with Archibald DeBow Murphey, whose niece Martitia Daniel he married in 1824, the year he began a law practice in Asheboro. State representative from Randolph County, 1830-1832, opposed to nullification; clerk and master in equity, Randolph County court; business partner with brothers John Milton, Joseph Addison, Barzillai Gardner, and Thomas Clarkson, and son David Gaston; legal partner with sons-in-law, the brothers Joseph John Jackson and Samuel Spencer Jackson; state senator, 1858-1862, opposed secession; state treasurer, 1862-1865; governor, 1865-1868, supported President Johnson's reconstruction policies; died, Raleigh, 1869. For further biographical information see Samuel A. Ashe (ed.),  Biographical History of North Carolina, III, 435-454. This biographical history also contains articles on his brothers Milton, Addison, Barzillai; his son David; and his daughter Elvira.


Jonathan Worth, born 1802, Guilford County, son of Eunice Gardner and Dr. David Worth, a descendent of Nantucket Quakers. Educated at Caldwell Institute, Greensboro; studied law with Archibald DeBow Murphey, whose niece Martitia Daniel he married in 1824, the year he began a law practice in Asheboro. State representative from Randolph County, 1830-1832, opposed to nullification; clerk and master in equity, Randolph County court; business partner with brothers John Milton, Joseph Addison, Barzillai Gardner, and Thomas Clarkson, and son David Gaston; legal partner with sons-in-law, the brothers Joseph John Jackson and Samuel Spencer Jackson; state senator, 1858-1862, opposed secession; state treasurer, 1862-1865; governor, 1865-1868, supported President Johnson's reconstruction policies; died, Raleigh, 1869. For further biographical information see Samuel A. Ashe (ed.),  Biographical History of North Carolina, III, 435-454. This biographical history also contains articles on his brothers Milton, Addison, Barzillai; his son David; and his daughter Elvira.


[Identification of item], PC.49, Jonathan Worth Papers, State Archives of North Carolina, Raleigh, NC, USA.


From Biennial Reports: 1906-1908 letters and private letter press books of Jonathan Worth (1,307 items) presented by Mrs. Adelaide Worth Bagley and Mrs. Elvira Worth Moffitt, daughters of Governor Worth; 1916-1918, papers (1862-1865) of John Milton Worth, brother of Jonathan and state salt commissioner during the Civil War, presented by Charles W. Worth of Wilmington; 1930-1932, letters to and from Jonathan Worth, also presented by Charles W. Worth. Transferred from State Treasurer's Papers, April 4, 1961 - 13 items; and from Governor's Letter Books, January 26, 1967, 5 letter press books which were part of the above collection presented by Worth's two daughters. At some earlier date two other letter press books transferred back to private collections.


Additional information on topics found in this collection may be found in the Manuscript and Archives Reference System (MARS)  http://mars.archives.ncdcr.gov/.

The most significant letters in this collection have been published in J. G. deRoulhac Hamilton (ed.),  The Correspondence of Jonathan Worth, (Raleigh: N. C. Historical Commission, 1909). Volume I contains a biographical sketch of Worth and correspondence from February, 1841, to June, 1866. Volume II continues the letters to February, 1868, with the index. There are 1,064 letters by Worth; the remaining 246 items are letters to Worth and miscellaneous letters and documents. The preface in Volume I states,  "With but few exceptions the letters written by Governor Worth are from his private tissue letter-books. Those written to him which are here included, a very small part of his correspondence, were also loaned by members of his family. All are now in the possession of the North Carolina Historical Commission [forerunner of the Department of Archives and History]." However, not all the published letters are in the Worth papers. For example, eleven letters to J. J. Jackson during Sherman's March toward Raleigh (March-April, 1865) are not among the papers; and of the four letters in the appendix, none is in the Worth papers, but two (April 22, 1865, to J. Addison Worth and February 12, 1868, to Roxana McNeill) were received with the Hodges Collection (PC. 1242.1) in 1966.

  1. Elvira Worth Moffitt Papers, PC.770 Governors' Letter Books (1865-1867), GLB.53 Governors' Letter Books (1867-1869), GLB.54 Hodges Collection, PC.1242 William Henry Bagley Collection, PC.207
  1. Bardolph, Richard.  "Inconstant Rebels: Desertion of North Carolina Troops in the Civil War."  The North Carolina Historical Review XLI (April 1964): 163-189. Barrett, John G.  "General Sherman's March Through North Carolina."  The North Carolina Historical Review XLII (April 1965): 192-207. Dorris, Jonathan Truman.  "Pardoning North Carolinians."  The North Carolina Historical Review XXIII (July 1946): 360-401. Ewing, Cortez A.  "Two Reconstruction Impeachments."  The North Carolina Historical Review XV (July 1938): 204-230.  Guide to Civil War Records in the State Archives of North Carolina, (Raleigh: State Department of Archives and History, 1966). Hamilton, J.G. deRoulhac (ed).  Reconstruction in North Carolina, (New York: Longmans, Green and Company [Number 114 of Columbia University Studies in History, Economics and Public Law, 605 studies, 1897-1962] 1914). Heyman, Max L., Jr.  "The Great Reconstructer: General E. R. S. Canby and the Second Military District."  The North Carolina Historical Review XXXII (January 1955): 52-80. Morrill, James Roy.  "North Carolina and the Administration of Brevet Major General Sickles."  The North Carolina Historical Review XLII (July 1965): 291-305. Russ, William A., Jr.  "Radical Disfranchisement in North Carolina."  The North Carolina Historical Review XI (October 1934): 271-283. Zuber, Richard L.  Jonathan Worth, A Biography of a Southern Unionist, (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1965).

The correspondence contains political discussion and relates to Whigs, nominations, campaigns, elections, and conventions--national, state, and county. Other frequent topics are the administration of his daughter Roxana McNeill's plantations; business enterprises with his brothers and son; legal business with his sons-in-law; secession; salt works at Wilmington; state and personal finances; peace movement; William W. Holden; evacuation of archives; Reconstruction; military occupation; Generals Thomas H. Ruger, Daniel B. Sickles, and E. R. S. Canby; federal and state appointments; taxes; conflict of civil and military justice; pardons; railroad matters; literary board; swamp lands; freedmen; 14th amendment; radicals in Congress and in North Carolina; Albion W. Tourgee; the U. S. Supreme Court. Worth relied on the advice of Josiah Turner, Patrick H. Winston, John A. Gilmer, and Governors William A. Graham, David L. Swain, and Zebulon B. Vance. He also, sought opinions from Judges R. M. Pearson and A. S. Merrimon. Worth's formal political views are most fully set forth in letters to Andrew Johnson, David F. Caldwell of Greensboro (  "an ardent, honest, and eccentric man"), and Quakers Cyrus and Nerus Mendenhall, Darius H. Starbuck, Allen M. Tomlinson, J. M. Coffin, Joseph Newlin, etc. His more informal political views are found in c. 85 letters to Benjamin Sherwood Hedrick, the state's unpaid, unofficial agent in Washington during Reconstruction, and to his many relatives including brother-in-law William Clark of Indiana, son David of Wilmington, brothers Milton of Asheboro, Barzillai of Wilmington and New York, Addison of Fayetteville (Clarkson died in the 1862 epidemic in Wilmington), and his sons-in-law S. S. Jackson of Asheboro and J. J. Jackson of Pittsboro.

Divided into outgoing and incoming correspondence and arranged chronologically. A check in the upper right hand corner of the page indicates the letter has been published. The volumes for 1865-1869 have considerable overlapping of dates. Each letter press book has an index in the front.


The correspondence contains political discussion and relates to Whigs, nominations, campaigns, elections, and conventions--national, state, and county. Other frequent topics are the administration of his daughter Roxana McNeill's plantations; business enterprises with his brothers and son; legal business with his sons-in-law; secession; salt works at Wilmington; state and personal finances; peace movement; William W. Holden; evacuation of archives; Reconstruction; military occupation; Generals Thomas H. Ruger, Daniel B. Sickles, and E. R. S. Canby; federal and state appointments; taxes; conflict of civil and military justice; pardons; railroad matters; literary board; swamp lands; freedmen; 14th amendment; radicals in Congress and in North Carolina; Albion W. Tourgee; the U. S. Supreme Court. Worth relied on the advice of Josiah Turner, Patrick H. Winston, John A. Gilmer, and Governors William A. Graham, David L. Swain, and Zebulon B. Vance. He also, sought opinions from Judges R. M. Pearson and A. S. Merrimon. Worth's formal political views are most fully set forth in letters to Andrew Johnson, David F. Caldwell of Greensboro (  "an ardent, honest, and eccentric man"), and Quakers Cyrus and Nerus Mendenhall, Darius H. Starbuck, Allen M. Tomlinson, J. M. Coffin, Joseph Newlin, etc. His more informal political views are found in c. 85 letters to Benjamin Sherwood Hedrick, the state's unpaid, unofficial agent in Washington during Reconstruction, and to his many relatives including brother-in-law William Clark of Indiana, son David of Wilmington, brothers Milton of Asheboro, Barzillai of Wilmington and New York, Addison of Fayetteville (Clarkson died in the 1862 epidemic in Wilmington), and his sons-in-law S. S. Jackson of Asheboro and J. J. Jackson of Pittsboro.


  • Gilmer, John A. (John Adams), 1805-1868
  • Caldwell, David F.
  • Canby, Edward Richard Sprigg, 1817-1873
  • Graham, William A. (William Alexander), 1804-1875
  • Hedrick, Benjamin Sherwood, 1827-1886
  • Holden, W. W. (William Woods), 1818-1892
  • Johnson, Andrew, 1808-1875
  • McNeill, Roxana
  • Mendenhall, C. P. (Cyrus P.)
  • Mendenhall, Nereus, 1810-1893
  • Merrimon, Augustus Summerfield
  • Newlin, Joseph
  • Pearson, Richmond Mumford, 1805-1878
  • Ruger, Thomas Howard, 1833-1907
  • Sickles, Daniel Edgar, 1819-1914
  • Starbuck, Darius H.
  • Swain, David L. (David Lowry), 1801-1868
  • Tomlinson, Allen M.
  • Tourgee, Albion Winegar, 1838-1905
  • Turner, Josiah, 1821-1901
  • Vance, Zebulon Baird, 1830-1894
  • Worth, Jonathan, 1802-1869
  • North Carolina. Division of Archives and History. Archives and Records Sect
  • Archival moving.
  • Governors--North Carolina
  • Lawyers--North Carolina
  • North Carolina--Politics and government--1775-1865
  • North Carolina--Politics and government--1861-1865
  • North Carolina--Politics and government--1865-1950
  • Peace movements--United States--History--19th century
  • Plantations--North Carolina--History--19th century
  • Quakers--North Carolina
  • Railroads--North Carolina
  • Reconstruction (U.S. history, 1865-1877)--North Carolina
  • Salt industry and trade--North Carolina--Wilmington
  • Secession--Southern States
  • United States--Constitution--14th Amendment
  • United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Correspondence
  • United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Economic aspects
  • Wilmington (N.C.)

Physical Description
Letters
1505.00

Approximately 1,500 original letters to Worth.

Box: PC.49.14  
1831-1865
1831-1865

Descriptive Information
Physical Description
288 letters

Scope and Content

Includes original incoming correspondence 1831-1865. There are only 25 letters before 1862, including an occasional item in Worth's handwriting. The 1831-1853 period contains family letters, with one from his father (1831) and another from a cousin in the Iowa Territory (1841). Other correspondence relates to Worth's unsuccessful bid for Congress in 1841 against Abraham Rencher. The 1856-1861 period contains a fragment by Worth referring to Thomas Clingman's election to the U. S. Senate and the manipulation of an originally pro-Union legislature by secessionist leaders. An additional item by Worth in January, 1861, indicates he regards as unconstitutional and revolutionary the bid for a convention on national affairs. However, in a later letter to his constituents, he urges them to unite in defense of the South, pointing out that Lincoln and Congress failed to execute the law and protect public property when seven states asserted the doctrine of secession, set up a new government, and took possession of most of the federal forts. The letter further denounces Lincoln's later action in sending ships to Charleston Harbor to precipitate the war. Letters in 1862 refer to the salt works and General William H. C. Whiting at Wilmington; farms in Chatham and Cumberland counties; death of brother Clarkson; clothing for soldiers; exemptions; volunteers; state treasurer; chief clerk (Philip Wiley); and the move from Asheboro to Raleigh. The 1863 letters pertain to the Cape Fear Steam Boat Company and the Cedar Falls (yarn and cotton sheeting) Company; exemptions; health of daughter Mary, planting crops; cloth for suit from the  "Advance"; unionist Bryan Tyson; money due state for clothing troops and for per diem on cavalry horses; tithe on produce; assets of literary fund. The 1864 letters concern the birth of a grandson, the Cedar Falls Company, problems of the Salt Works at Wilmington. Those of 1865 refer to the salt works and General Whiting, Cedar Falls Company, Negroes hired out for corn, plan to organize  "better class of deserters" to drive out looting deserters; General Lee's letter on arming and freeing slaves; destruction of brother Barzillai's property in Fayetteville; cavalry and wagon trains in Asheboro enroute to Raleigh (March 16); refugees; Worth and party with archives in Greensboro (March 25); Stoneman's direction; Raleigh capture expected; hope for evacuation of goods; plans to farm in Cumberland County. There are no further letters until July, 1865, with provisional treasurer Worth receiving letters concerning state property (cotton and rosin), including state property abroad (agents: White, Flanner, Morris, Collie and Sons of London); army mules and horses; gubernatorial election; acceptance of resignation as provisional treasurer; business in Philadelphia and New York; commission agents in New York (Swepson and Mendenhall; Dibble and Worth); Calvin Wiley and the common schools.

Box: PC.49.15-17  
1866
1866

Descriptive Information
Physical Description
487 letters

Scope and Content

Cotton on New York market; rosin; horses; agents Hedrick and Powell; Quakers; appointments (railroad directors, custom officer, tax collectors, West Point); pardons; Freedman's Bureau; Negro suffrage and testimony, river boat  "Governor Worth"; N. C. bonds; proclamation on justice for Negroes (not issued); justice in western counties; military and civil courts; W. W. Holden: Calvin Wiley; Zebulon Vance; Morehead City; graduation ball incident; plan of some northern conservatives; literary board and swamp land; elections; internal improvements; Howard amendment (14th); German immigration; John Pool; Worth to Washington; the  "Red Strings"; Worth-Dockery campaign; speculation in state's cotton; Philadelphia conventions; Albion Tourgee; Union Leagues; death of daughter Mary.

Box: PC.49.18-19  
1867
1867

Descriptive Information
Physical Description
316 letters

Scope and Content

Quaker emigrations; German immigration; transportation; Congressional activities; Negro suffrage; reconstruction plans; commission to Washington; advice of Thomas Ruffin and Patrick H. Winston; Benjamin Hedrick, constitutionality of reconstruction acts; carpetbaggers; military trials; registers, test oath; lawlessness; Mary Ann Buie and proposed school for female orphans of veterans; views of Swain, Turner, Leak, and Bragg; threat of war crimes trial in Tennessee; script for land grant college; George T. Winston; insane asylum; President Johnson's visit to Raleigh and Chapel Hill; Union Leagues; fishing trip; investigation of University; Wiley in New York with Gwynn and Kerr; John White to Liverpool; consecration of first synagogue in state (Wilmington); anti-Holden publication (W. H. Bagley and J. J. Jackson).

Box: PC.49.20-21  
1868
1868

Descriptive Information
Physical Description
268 letters

Scope and Content

Reconstruction convention, applications for state librarian, justice of military courts; rent on governor's mansion; Tourgee as judge; Worth's removal as governor; land on Long Island, Worth's will (March 8, 1868); elections;  "The Holden Record", publication by H. H. Helper and W. H. Bagley; Supreme Court; Hedrick's summation of political situation; poor health; radicals; state supreme court; judges; Johnson's impeachment; Holden-ites in Washington; General Canby; Quakers; W. A. Graham; penitentiary; National Democratic Convention; Holden - governor; Worth visits Connecticut and Indiana; Presidential campaign; banking; building and repairing activities.

Box: PC.49.22  
1869, [1869-1889]
1869, [1869-1889]

Descriptive Information
Physical Description
146 letters

Scope and Content

Business investments and politics; state cotton; sister Ruth Porter; mansion rent; fishing; Alum Spring, Virginia. Letters after Worth's death (September 5, 1869) are relevant to members of his family, especially his son-in-law and private secretary, William W. Bagley.

Physical Description
Letters
3813.00

The letter press books contain c. 3,800 copies of letters written by Jonathan Worth. The earlier letter press books (1850-1862) cover Worth's Asheboro days and are concerned with his business, legal, and political interests.

The outgoing letters of his years as state treasurer (1862-1865) concern both private and public matters. [Related correspondence is in the Treasurer's and Comptroller's Papers (Correspondence #8 and #9).]

Letter press books kept during his years as governor (1865-1868) also have private and public correspondence; some of these letters are also in the Governor's Letter Books (GLB 53-54) of incoming and outgoing correspondence. [Related material is also in the Governor's Papers (GP 192-209).]

Box: PC.49.1  
1850-1853
1850-1853

Descriptive Information
Physical Description
172 letters

Scope and Content

Fayetteville and Western Plank Road; saw mills; debts owed; debts collected for clients; national election; plans for mother, son, sister-in-law; financial problems of nephew (father of O. Henry); building of a jail. Letters to James T. Morehead, John H. Wheeler, Charles Manly, Braxton Craven, John D. Williams, and members of the Worth family.

Box: PC.49.2  
1853-1856
1853-1856

Descriptive Information
Physical Description
351 letters

Scope and Content

Turpentine stills; gold and copper mines; family stores and businesses (Worth and Elliott, J. Worth and Sons, Worth and Utley, J. and B. G. Worth, Worth and Burgess, etc.); escheat lands for University of North Carolina; repair of plank road; Negro labor (hired and slave); financial status and problems; debt collections with J. J. Jackson in Randolph, Chatham, Moore, Montgomery, and Harnett counties for northern business firms and southern clients; common schools (Chairman in Randolph County). Letters to Charles Manly, Thomas Bragg, Algernon S. Porter, John H. Bryan, Richmond M. Pearson, Calvin H. Wiley, George McNeill, etc.

Box: PC.49.3  
1857-1859
1857-1859

Descriptive Information
Physical Description
433 letters

Scope and Content

Tolls and repairs on plank road; turpentine and saw mills; business failure in Wilmington; banks; resignation as master of equity; election to state senate; controversy with Charles Fisher; Harper's Ferry; fugitive slave law; family deaths; poor dentistry; settlement of estates of John McNeill, Sr. and Jr. Letters to J. M. Clark, C. Manly, B. F. Moore, C. H. Wiley, John A. Gilmer, Thomas Ruffin, Jr., John W. Syme, Patrick H. Winston, William W. Holden, George C. Mendenhall, etc.

Box: PC.49.4  
1859-1860
1859-1860

Descriptive Information
Physical Description
369 letters

Scope and Content

Gold mine; turpentine business; plank road; steamboat company; Negro labor; collections; Reverend Daniel Worth, abolitionist; controversy with Charles Fisher; elections for General Assembly; Whig newspapers; union and disunion sediment; ad valorum tax; fugitive slave law; Harper's Ferry; daughter's plantations; surgical operations. Letters to Tod R. and David F. Caldwell, C. M. Wiley, J. M. A. Drake, Henry B. Elliott, J. M. Coffin, etc.

Box: PC.49.5  
, Part I
1860-1861

Descriptive Information
Physical Description
94 letters

Scope and Content

Plank road, Trinity College, secession movement, plans for compromise. Letters to John A. Gilmer and northern business firms.

18934
, Part II
1864-1865

Descriptive Information
Physical Description
208 letters

Scope and Content

Confederate debt to North Carolina; gubernatorial election; overseers; buying and selling land and corn; exemptions; blockade running and profits; peace movements; terrorization by deserters; food shortage; state and county tax on land; Confederate taxes on produce (agricultural) and stocks (boat and factory); Confederate money, state bonds, and treasury notes; cotton yarn and sheeting; fall of Fort Fisher; readiness for reconstruction with protection of property and general amnesty; price of Negroes rising; price of cotton falling; peace proposition in legislature; Sherman in Columbia; Lincoln's terms; expectation of immediate emancipation and sweeping confiscations; no spirit of resistance; daughter's plantations; state, property; state debt. Letters to J. J. Hamlin, S. S. and J. J. Jackson, Jesse H. Lindsay, C. P. and Delphina Mendenhall, George Makepeace, Spring, Oak and Company, James Russell, David L. Swain, Zebulon B. Vance, W. A. Graham, J. A. Gilmer, G. B. Mallett, James M. Parrott, Darius Starbuck, A. M. Tomlinson.

Box: PC.49.6  
1861-1864
1861-1864

Descriptive Information
Physical Description
474 letters

Scope and Content

William A. Graham's judgment; arguments against secession; Lincoln's course; beef and pork for the military; salt works at Wilmington (Commissioner Milton Worth); raising volunteers; bonuses; exemptions; Quakers; conscriptions; impressment of free Negroes (servants to military); searching for conscriptees and deserters; election as state treasurer; advice to family and friends (pay debts, buy land and cotton); transportation problems; praise for  The Standard; yellow fever at Wilmington and death of brother; McNeill estate; money (Confederate and North Carolina); conscriptions to age 45; profits of the  "Advance"; General Whiting in Wilmington; Holden and the peace movement; money and food (plentiful); clothing (scarce); horses (impressed); need to plant crops (future shortages); tax (cotton and naval stores); tithe (agricultural produce); destruction of newspaper offices; buying and selling cotton; shortage of food and labor (1864); deteriorating state finances; relationship to Confederate government;, anticipation of sale of military stores and ships to Confederacy; Vance-Holden gubernatorial campaign; salt works at Wilmington (Commissioner David Worth); swamp lands; peace petition to newspapers (written by Jonathan Worth); suspension of habeas corpus; investments to get rid of money; peace under U. S. Constitution (no emancipation); agreement with Holden's views; faith in Vance's political ability; land speculation on Long Island, New York; marriage of daughter; suitor of another daughter. Letters to Robert Bingham, Braxton Craven, Ebenezer Emmons, William A. Graham, John A. Gilmer, W. W. Holden, Cyrus P. Mendenhall, C. B. and Peter Mallett, George Makepeace, George McNeill, Joseph Newlin, George W. Swepson, Z. B. Vance, Dr. Edward Warren, etc.

Box: PC.49.7  
July 1865-July 1866
July 1865-July 1866

Descriptive Information
Physical Description
253 letters

Scope and Content

Provisional treasurer; state finances (pre-war debt - 12 million: war debt - 19 million; Confederate debt to state - 8 million); repudiation; collections; property; business with New York and Philadelphia; property in England and West Indies. (Vance, White, Flanner); General Roger; common schools; finances of University of North Carolina; Benjamin S. Hedrick, agent in Washington; resignation as state treasurer; Holden's  "crafty malevolence," gubernatorial campaign; acceptance of resignation; Freedman's Bureau; Wiley and Holden; sale of cotton to Swepson and Mendenhall; Literary Fund; constitutional convention; cotton trading; land on Long Island; provisional treasurer (Sloan) and sale of cotton; condition of banks; Presidential pardons; appointment recommendations to West Point; radical congress; Negro suffrage, testimony, and inferiority; railroad directors; artificial limbs for veterans; relief for destitute. Letters to James A. Bryan, David L. Swain, Robert Bingham, C. B. Dibble, J. M. Coffin, William A. Graham, P. H. Winston, W. W. Holden, Benjamin S. Hedrick, Thomas M. Holt, Lewis Hanes, Z. B. Vance, George Swepson, Darius Starbuck, Andrew Johnson.

Box: PC.49.8  
December 1865-April 1866
December 1865-April 1866

Descriptive Information
Physical Description
118 letters

Scope and Content

Horses; lack of magistrates; military and civil jurisdiction of courts; tax assessors; artificial limbs; weights and measures missing; return of archives; pardons; Freedman's Bureau; marauders; papers of Ebenezer Emmons; court martial of Major Gee; taxation; Swain, Battle, and Graham to Washington. Letters to Louis Hanes, E. J. Hale, B. S. Hedrick, R. J. Powell, Hugh McCullock, John H. Wheeler, Gen. Thomas H. Ruger, Sion H. Rogers, William P. Sloan, David L. Swain, W. S. Mason.

Box: PC.49.9  
January 1866
January 1866

Descriptive Information
Physical Description
24 letters

Scope and Content

Tax collectors; agents in Washington; courts; Negro testimony and education; state debt. Letter to William A. Graham.

Box: PC.49.10  
April 1866-July 1867
April 1866-July 1867

Descriptive Information
Physical Description
552 letters

Scope and Content

Appointments (tax collectors, railroad directors, attorney general); pardons (Dortch, Turner, Graham, Vance, etc.); Freedman's Bureau, swamp lands and minerals; internal improvements; destitution in western counties; test oath; missions to Washington; justice in civil courts; Howard amendment (14th); benevolent societies; Negro suffrage; state credit; state convention; state legislature; military reconstruction; General Sickles; Congress; Supreme Court; reconstruction acts; organization of Republican Party; Colonel Bomford; mail delivery; search for registrars; financial problems of son-in-law druggist; desire for German immigrants; need to sell swamp lands for common school support; Long Island land; penitentiary bill; tutor for grandchildren; railroad finances; Cedar Falls Company. Letters to J. A. Gilmer, Nathaniel Boyden, Drury Lacy, J. W. Alspaugh, Asa Biggs, William H. Bryan, R. R. Bridgers, David F. Ca ldwell, Moses Ashley Curtis, Henry T. Clark, Clinton A. Cilley, J. A. Englehard, B. S. Hedrick, W. A. Graham, J. R. Mendenhall, H. H. Helper, P. S. Benbow, Andrew Johnson, J. T. Morehead, James L. Orr, Z. B. Vance, William J. Yates, J. H. Wheeler, C. H. Wiley, Mrs. George Badger, Miss Mary A. Buie.

Box: PC.49.11  
July 1866-November 1867
July 1866-November 1867

Descriptive Information
Physical Description
236 letters

Scope and Content

Voting apathy; postal routes; economic problems; drought; taxes; gubernatorial pardons (prisoners); trials of military commissions; relief work (northerners, Freedmen's Bureau, ministers); literary board, swamp lands and immigrants; newspapers; death of daughter Mary; Holden's political vacillation; debts owed and held; criticism and defense of appointments; civil courts; monument to General Lee's daughter; anxiety over son; boat stock; 14th amendment; Quakers and politics; test oath; bonds in England; Philadelphia convention (radical); repudiation; investigations of reports of civil injustice in western courts; missions to Washington; secret organizations; penitentiary; financial problems of brother Addison in Fayetteville, daughter Roxana in Cumberland and Harnett counties, and son-in-law W. C. Roberts in Salisbury; high price of whiskey; replacement of civil government; Supreme Court intervention (hope for); lawlessness in Lenoir and Jones counties; need for people to speak; corporal punishment and penitentiary; Negro suffrage, education, and equality; Cedar Falls Company; registrars, Presidential pardons; plans for future. Letters to General James V. Bomford, Bedford Brown, David F. Caldwell, B. S. Hedrick,  Wilmington Journal, J. T. Leak, C. P. Mendenhall, General Nelson A. Miles,  National Intelligencer, Reverend Robert Newmann, A. G. Rhoades, William C. Roberts, William H. Seward, Hugh McCullock, Z. B. Vance.

Box: PC.49.12  
July 1867-October 15, 1868
July 1867-October 15, 1868

Descriptive Information
Physical Description
322 letters

Scope and Content

Resignation of Merrimon; request for military intervention; artificial limbs; weights and measures; poor dentistry; Cedar Falls Company; swamp land; immigration society; financial problems of brother Addison, daughter Roxana, and son-in-law Roberts; prisoners (punishment, pardon, work); Long Island land; invitations to agricultural fair and consecration of synagogue (Wilmington); order for boots from Chapel Hill and a hat from Philadelphia; fear of confiscation; rights of property owners; jury composition; taxes vs. freehold; General Canby; military trials (especially McRae, Tolar et al); convention of 1868; 14th amendment; test oath; Negro suffrage and ignorance; sectional hatred; desire to emigrate; request for military guard for prisoners; gubernatorial nominations; Supreme Court; Colonel Bomford; impeachment of Andrew Johnson; new state constitution; Holden's record; appeal to moderate Congressmen (Fessenden, etc.); elections under military surveillance; Presidential election; future plans; gold in Hoover mine; Addison Worth solvent. Letters to Samuel S. Ashley, John Baxter, W. P. Bynum, Paris S. Benbow, Nathaniel Boyden, Henry T. Clark, E. R. S. Canby, H. C. Cowles, A. D. Cooke, Addison Coffin,  National Intelligencer,  New York World, Calvin Graves, W. A. Graham, D. R. and H. H. Goodies, B. S. Hedrick, E. J. Hale, W. W. Holden, Nathaniel Jacobi, Andrew Johnson, A. Jobe, J. T. Morehead, William G. Moore, C. B. Mallett, J. S. Orr, J. M. Parrott, Benjamin Robinson, J. G. Ramsay, General Daniel E. Sickles, G. W. Swepson, D. L. Swain, C. Seymour, Josiah Turner, John White, C. H. Wiley, W. J. Yates.

Box: PC.49.13  
December 1867-September 1869
December 1867-September 1869

Descriptive Information
Physical Description
207 letters

Scope and Content

Swamp Lands; Long Island; estate of Roxana McNeill; personal finances and health; politics; Cedar Falls Company; George W. Swepson; rent for governor's mansion; care of former slaves; plans for future; military arrests and trials; actions of military commanders; Quaker views; Supreme Court; asks advice of Graham, Turner, Pearson; appointments of judges and county officials; Wiley and expense account; Congress; convention of 1868; Tourgee; nominations for governor; trip north and west; national elections; immigrants; [reference to] 30-page letter to President on military usurpation's (later sent to newspapers in state). Letters to John Baxter, E. R. S. Canby, D. F. Caldwell, C. A. Cilley, H. T., Charles C. and William Clark, William Eaton, B. S. Hedrick, D. Heaton, James P. Hodges, T. S., Lewis, and R. R. Lutterloh, Roxana C. McNeill, John M. Morehead, Mack (former slave), G. B. Poulson, D. L. Swain, George W. Swepson, Josiah Turner, Sion H. Rogers, A. M. Tomlinson, Z. B. Vance, C. H. Wiley, John D. Williams.