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Collection of Civil War Letters and Manuscripts


North Carolina's Outer Banks was the setting for two important Civil War engagments. Union victories at Hatteras Inlet and Roanoke Island early in the war placed the area under Federal control and extended their blockade to the Southern Coast. This collection contains a group of letters written by soldiers during the Civil War, a Confederate requisition, a receipt, and an accompanying pass issued to soldiers.

Title

Collection of Civil War Letters and Manuscripts

Collection Number

PC.5055

Date(s)

1861-1864

Box 1Box 2
Language

English

Physical Description
Boxes
1.00
Cubic feet
0.19
Folders
14.00
Abstract

North Carolina's Outer Banks was the setting for two important Civil War engagments. Union victories at Hatteras Inlet and Roanoke Island early in the war placed the area under Federal control and extended their blockade to the Southern Coast. This collection contains a group of letters written by soldiers during the Civil War, a Confederate requisition, a receipt, and an accompanying pass issued to soldiers.

Physical Location

3B3

Creator

Outer Banks History Center

Repository

Outer Banks History Center


Available for research.


Copyright is retained by the authors of these materials, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law (Title 17 US Code). Individual researchers are responsible for using these materials in conformance with copyright law as well as any donor restrictions accompanying the materials.


Processed by Christine A. Dumoulin,

Encoded by Kelly Grimm, August, 2009


North Carolina's Outer Banks was the setting for two important Civil War engagements. Union victories at Hatteras Inlet and Roanoke Island early in the war placed the area under Federal control and extended the blockade to the southern coast. The Hatteras Inlet bombardment began on August 27, 1861, when Commodore Silas Stringham and General Benjamin Butler launched an amphibious assault on the two small forts, Fort Hatteras and Fort Clark. Since the Confederate government placed a higher priority on conflicts in Virginia, the Hatteras Inlet forts were poorly equipped and the militia stationed there was poorly trained. Both forts fell within two days. The battle on Hatteras Island is significant in several ways; it was the first amphibious assault in U.S. Naval history, it was the first joint forces operation, and it was the first territory seized by the Union and held for the duration of the war.

A few months later, in February 1862, the Union assembled another fleet for an attack on Roanoke Island. Once again, the Confederate government had most of their forces committed to the defense of Richmond. They had sent only 1400 soldiers to defend the island compared with the 13,000 men and 67 vessels commissioned by the Union. Though the Confederate soldiers fought to defend the island, they were overwhelmed by the Union's far superior numbers. Hundreds of rebel troops were taken prisoner.


This collection originally existed as two discrete collections: 33MSS-27 Civil War Manuscripts and 33MSS-55 Civil War Letters. Due to similarities in provenance and subject matter, the two collections were combined into this collection during a major reorganization and reclassification project in 2018.


[Identification of item], PC.5055, Collection of Civil War Letters and Manuscripts, Outer Banks History Center, Manteo, N.C., U.S.A.


The materials in this collection were compiled from multiple sources. Most materials were purchased by the Outer Banks History Center or the Outer Banks History Center Associates/Friends of the Outer Banks History Center prior to 2009. The C. C. Herrington letter was donated by William C. Wooldridge.


This collection primarily consists of a group of letters written by soldiers during the Civil War. Topics discussed in the letters include: Fort Hatteras, the Fort Hatteras garrison flag, Camp Raleigh, Camp Brightwood, provost duty, the Burnside Expedition, the victory at Roanoke Island, and army food rations. One of these important letters also discusses Confederate efforts to dislodge Union forces from North Carolina's Outer Banks. This is an artificial collection assembled by the Outer Banks History Center. Letters were purchased by the Outer Banks History Center, with the exception of the C. C. Herrington letter, which was donated by William C. Wooldridge of Suffolk, Virginia, in 2009. Transcripts of all letters are included. Also included are reference articles and the research paper:  "Confederate letter: Early Operations on North Carolina's Outer Banks and Blowing Up the Cape Hatteras Lighthouse". In addition to the letters, the collection includes a Confederate requisition, a receipt, and an accompanying pass issued to soldiers.


  • Weber, Max, 1824-1901
  • Wool, John Ellis, 1784-1869
  • Cape Hatteras Lighthouse (N.C.)
  • York (Privateer)
  • Burnside's Expedition to North Carolina, 1862
  • North Carolina--History--Civil War, 1861-1865
  • United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865
  • United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Destruction and pillage
  • Camp Brightwood (N.C.)
  • Camp Raleigh (N.C.)
  • Hatteras Island (N.C.)
  • Roanoke Island (N.C.)

Physical Description
1 box, 14 folders
Physical Description
Boxes
1.00
Folders
14.00

Folder: 1:1.1  
Finding Aid

PC.5055  
Civil War Letters
1861-1864

Folder: 1:2.1  
Col. Max Webber, 20th New York Volunteers to Maj. Gen. Wool, Regarding Charges of his Men Plundering at Camp Hatteras
Sept. 26, 1861
Folder: 1:2.2  
Lt. Col. Francis Weiss, 20th New York Volunteers to Maj. Gen. Wool, Regarding the Taking of Fort Hatteras and the Rebel Flag
Sept. 6, 1861
Folder: 1:2.3  
Reference Articles
Folder: 1:2.4  
Capt. Edward G. Yellowley, 8th North Carolina Infantry, Regarding Early Confederate Efforts to Dislodge Union Forces and Blowing Up of the Cape Hatteras Lighthouse
Oct. 8, 1861
Folder: 1:2.5  
Research Paper, Confederate letter: Early Operations on North Carolina's Outer Banks and Blowing Up the Cape Hatteras Lighthouse
Folder: 1:2.6  
W. R. Potter, 11th Connecticut Volunteers to a Friend, discussing sailing for Hatteras Inlet
Feb. 5, 1862
Folder: 1:2.7  
Henry L. Battey, 2nd Rhode Island, to his Family, on Burnside Expedition while on provost duty at Camp Brightwood
Feb. 11, 1862
Folder: 1:2.8  
C. C. Herrington, Regarding the Confederate Privateer, <title xlink:type="simple" render="italic">York</title>
Aug. 4, 1861
Folder: 1:2.9  
Byron Dow, 4th Rhode Island Volunteers, 2nd Brigade Burnside Division, Fort Monroe
May 7, 1862
Folder: 1:2.10  
William Greaves, A Slave Plantation Overseer, to James C. Johnston
Oct. 31, 1862
Folder: 1:2.11  
A Union soldier Writes of His Raids into North Carolina
Dec. 20, 1862
Folder: 1:2.12  
John Fisk, 189th New York Infantry, Pertaining to the Destruction of Weldon Railroad
Dec. 13, 1864
Folder: 1:2.13  
Lewis H. Bodine, 2nd Regiment, U. S. Artillary to his Sister About the Battle at Hatteras
Sept. 1861

Folder: 2:3.1  
Special Requisition, Steamer Ship <title xlink:type="simple" render="italic">Junaluska</title>
August 29, 1861

Folder: 2:3.2  
Receipt, Confederate States of America
September 30, 1861

Folder: 2:3.3  
Pass to New Bern