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Frank Stick Papers


Frank Leonard Stick (1884-1966) was born in Huron, Dakota Territory (now South Dakota) to David Leonard and Lydia Jane Marcellus Stick. Frank Stick was a well known artist and illustrator, whose artwork graced the front of calendars, book jackets, advertisements, and the pages of such publications as Sports Afield, Outdoor America, Field and Stream, and Leslie's Weekly Illustrated. In addition to illustrations, he also submitted hunting and fishing articles to many of these same magazines. In 1908, he married Ada Maud Hayes, who he met as a student at the Howard Pyle School where she was a model for the artists. Together they had two children, Charlotte in 1909 and David, who became a noted ... (more below)

Title

Frank Stick Papers

Collection Number

PC.5089

Date(s)

1946-1996

Box 1Box 2Box 3Box 4
Language

English

Physical Description
Cubic feet
1.90
Abstract

Frank Leonard Stick (1884-1966) was born in Huron, Dakota Territory (now South Dakota) to David Leonard and Lydia Jane Marcellus Stick. Frank Stick was a well known artist and illustrator, whose artwork graced the front of calendars, book jackets, advertisements, and the pages of such publications as  Sports Afield,  Outdoor America,  Field and Stream, and  Leslie's Weekly Illustrated. In addition to illustrations, he also submitted hunting and fishing articles to many of these same magazines. In 1908, he married Ada Maud Hayes, who he met as a student at the Howard Pyle School where she was a model for the artists. Together they had two children, Charlotte in 1909 and David, who became a noted Outer Banks author, historian, and community leader and philanthrapist, in 1919. Though best known for his outdoor illustrations, Frank Stick later sold real estate and developed land after moving to North Carolina's Outer Banks in the mid-1920s. Stick was also an ardent convervationist and played a major role in establishing both the Cape Hatteras National Seashore and the Virgin Islands National Park.

The Frank Stick Papers contain correspondence, newspaper clippings, magazines, bank statements, income tax returns, canceled checks, court proceedings, and the last will and testaments of Frank Stick and his wife Maud Hayes Stick.

Physical Location

3F3-3F6

Creator

Stick, Frank

Repository

Outer Banks History Center


This collection is arranged into four main series: Correspondence, Business and Personal Papers, Magazines and Manuscripts, and Frank Stick's Unpublished Book on Fish of the Atlantic and Caribbean Waters.


Available for research.


Copyright is retained by the authors of these materials, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law (Title 17 US Code). Individual researchers are responsible for using these materials in conformance with copyright law as well as any donor restrictions accompanying the materials.


Processed by Kelly R. Grimm, September, 2009

Encoded by Kelly R. Grimm, October, 2009


Frank Leonard Stick (1884-1966) was born in Huron, Dakota Territory (now South Dakota) to David Leonard and Lydia Jane Marcellus Stick. In 1899, Stick moved with his family to the small mining town of Oglesby, Illinois, where his father operated a store owned by the Bents Coal Mine Company. Stick worked at the store with his father and older brother Claude. After two years of working as a stock and delivery boy, Stick had greater aspirations, so he struck out on his own and moved to Wisconsin. He spent the winter months trapping and the summer and fall as a hunting and fishing guide. It was during this time that he began sketching.

By 1904, Frank Stick decided to rejoin his family, who had moved to Chicago, and enroll in the Art Institute of Chicago. His instructors, impressed with his skill, suggested he go to Wilmington, Delaware and study with Howard Pyle, founder of the Brandywine School of Illustration. Pyle was a renowned and well-respected artist and illustrator. It was during his studies in Wilmington, that Frank met Ada Maud Hayes, an artists' model. Frank and Maud were both avid sportsmen who loved any activity that allowed them to be outdoors. The couple married in 1908 and together, had two children, Charlotte in 1909 and David, who would became a noted Outer Banks author, historian, and community leader and philanthrapist, in 1919.

Over the next twenty years, Frank Stick's career as an illustrator flourished. His artwork appeared on the front of calendars, book jackets, advertisements, and in publications such as  Sports Afield,  Outdoor America,  Field and Stream, and  Leslie's Illustrated Weekly. In addition to his illustrating, Stick was also an author. He submitted articles to many of the same magazines that ran his illustrations and in 1920, he co-authored the book  The Call of the Surf with Van Campen Heilner, the first book written on surf fishing. By 1929, Stick became disillusioned with the commercial art world. Tired of producing the same types of images over and over again for a living, Stick put down his paint brushes and moved his family to North Carolina's Outer Banks, an area he discovered while on a fishing trip to Hatteras in the early 1920s.

After Frank Stick's visit to Cape Hatteras, he began to invest in real estate and made land acquisitions with long-time friend and fellow artist Bill Koerner, and other partners. Together, they created the Dare County Development Company and the sub-division of Virginia Dare Shores. Stick continued these pursuits while moving his family to the area, and after weathering the Great Depression became a real estate developer and builder. One of Stick's many legacies to the heritage of the Outer Banks was the construction of the flat top cottages in Kill Devil Hills and Southern Shores. Borrowing design elements from the American Craftsman movement and his beloved Key West, Stick built these homes with extended overhangs which helped to reflect heat and kept the home's interior cooler during the summer. They were built with locally produced concrete at a fraction of the cost, and in shorter time, than a traditional wooden beach cottage, making them accessible to those of modest means.

Frank Stick was an ardent conservationist. He wanted to preserve both the natural beauty and the historical treasures of the Outer Banks. He was the driving force behind the creation of the Cape Hatteras National Seashore, and had a hand in establishing the Wright Brothers National Memorial and Fort Raleigh National Historic Site. He was also instrumental in the creation of the Virgin Islands National Park.

Later in life, in between his other activities, Frank Stick found time to pick up his paint brushes again, though this time for pleasure instead of money. He continued to paint the subjects and places he loved and tried his hand at sculpture. Frank Stick illustrated two of the books authored by his son David,  The Graveyard of the Atlantic (UNC Press, 1952) and  The Outer Banks of North Carolina (UNC Press, 1958). He also began work on a series of fish paintings he intended to use in a book on southern salt and freshwater fish. Though he had painted nearly 300 different fish species, he was unable to get them published before his death in 1966. They were published posthumously in 1981 under the title  An Artist's Catch: Watercolors by Frank Stick. A definitive biography,  Frank Stick, Splendid Painter of the Out-of-Doors was published in 2004, authored by Michael F. Mordell.


Formerly classified as 33MSS-89


[Identification of item], PC.5089, Frank Stick Papers, Outer Banks History Center, Manteo, N.C., U.S.A.


Donated by David Stick.


The Frank Stick Papers contain correspondence, newspaper clippings, magazines, bank statements, income tax returns, canceled checks, court proceedings, the last will and testaments of Frank Stick and his wife Maud Hayes Stick, and materials relating to his parents David L. and Lydia M. Stick. Topics covered in this collection include Southern Shores, Kitty Hawk and the Kitty Hawk Land Company, Cape Hatteras National Seashore, Virgin Islands National Park, Stick's artwork, a collection of images donated to the New York Museum of the American Indian, as well as sports fishing. There is also information on the Isle of Pines located in Cuba, as well as a map of the South Coast of Cuba and map of the proposed boundaries of the Everglades National Park. All magazine articles and manuscripts are either by or about Frank Stick.


  • Stick, Ada Maud Hayes, 1889-1972
  • Stick, David, 1919-2009
  • Stick, Frank, 1884-1966
  • Cape Hatteras National Seashore (N.C.)
  • Kitty Hawk Company (Kitty Hawk, N.C.)
  • Virgin Island National Park (V.I.)
  • Hatteras (N.C.)
  • Kitty Hawk (N.C.)
  • Southern Shores (N.C.)

6340  
General

Folder: 1:2.1  
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1948-1957</unitdate>
1948-1957
Folder: 1:2.2  
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1958-1966</unitdate>
1958-1966

Folder: 1:2.3  
Between Frank Stick and David Stick

Folder: 1:2.4  
Cape Hatteras National Seashore

Folder: 1:2.5  
Everglades National Park

Folder: 1:2.6  
Frank DeFebio Monument

Folder: 1:2.7  
Frank Stick's Paintings

Folder: 1:2.8  
Huntington Cairns, National Gallery of Art

Folder: 1:2.9  
Internal Revenue Service

Folder: 1:2.10  
Kitty Hawk Development Company/Kitty Hawk Land Company

Folder: 1:2.11  
Morris Marks

Folder: 1:2.12  
Museum of the American Indian

Folder: 1:2.13  
New York Zoological Park

Folder: 1:2.14  
Outer Banks Recreation Association

Folder: 1:2.15  
Ridge and Linda Folk of the Virgin Islands

Folder: 1:2.16  
David Stick's Resignation from the Kitty Hawk Land Company

Folder: 1:2.17  
Puerto Rico

Folder: 1:2.18  
On the Virgin Islands and the Virgin Islands National Park

Folder: 1:2.19  
Hale Publishing Company

Folder: 1:2.20  
Rand McNally and Company

Folder: 1:2.21  
Other Publishing Companies

Folder: 1:2.22  
Alan Kidd, Regarding Frank Stick's Fish Book

Folder: 1:2.23  
Misc. Regarding Frank Stick's Fish Book

Folder: 2:3.1  
Cuban Tourist Information: Isle of Pines

6366  
Maps

Folder: 2:3.2  
South Coast of Cuba: Bahia Siguanea
Folder: 2:3.3  
Proposed Bounderies of the Everglades National Park
1957

Folder: 2:3.4  
Blueprints: Piling Arrangements

Folder: 2:3.5  
Certificate of Incorporation: Hatteras Holding Company

Folder: 2:3.6  
Meeting Minutes: Dare County Chamber of Commerce
May, 1951

Folder: 2:3.7  
Report on Dare County Erosion Control Hearing
1964

Folder: 2:3.8  
Deed for Land in "Atlantic Township" Bought by Frank Stick
1946

Folder: 2:3.9  
Court Proceedings: United States of America vs. Certain Lands on Hatteras Island, Kinnakeet and Hatteras Townships, Dare County, North Carolina, Frank Britton and Unknown Owners
1963

Folder: 2:3.10  
Financial and Commission Information: Kitty Hawk Land Company

Folder: 2:3.11  
Invoices and Receipts: David L. and Lydia M. Stick

Folder: 2:3.12  
Misc. Invoices: Lydia M. Stick

Folder: 2:3.13  
Invoices: Frank Stick

6379  
Bank Statements

Folder: 2:3.14  
Bank of Manteo
Folder: 2:3.15  
First and Citizen's National Bank
Folder: 2:3.16  
Guaranty Trust Company

6383  
Canceled Checks

Folder: 2:3.17  
Bank of Manteo
1949-1951
Folder: 2:3.18  
First and Citizen's National Bank
1953-1962
Folder: 2:3.19  
Guaranty Trust Company
1949-1950

Folder: 2:3.20  
Tax Assesments and Statements, Frank and Maud Stick

Folder: 2:3.21  
Income Tax Returns: Frank and Maud Stick

Folder: 3:3.22  
Paintings at Caneel Bay Plantation
November, 1960

Folder: 3:3.23  
List of Frank Stick Paintings and Their Prices

Folder: 3:3.24  
Frank Stick's Listing of Completed Fish Paintings in his Southern Shores Studio

Folder: 3:3.25  
Certified Copy of Frank Stick's Birth Transcripts

6393  
Last Will and Testament

Folder: 3:3.26  
Maud Stick
1959
6395  
Frank Stick
Folder: 3:3.27  
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1959</unitdate>
1959
Folder: 3:3.28  
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">1966</unitdate>
1966

Folder: 3:4.1  
<title xlink:type="simple" render="italic">Argosy Magazine</title>
September, 1972

Folder: 3:4.2  
<title xlink:type="simple" render="italic">Izaak Walton League Monthly</title>
October, 1922

6401  
<title xlink:type="simple" render="italic">Outdoor America</title>

Folder: 3:4.3  
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">April, 1924</unitdate>
April, 1924
Folder: 3:4.4  
60th Anniversary Issue
April, 1982
Folder: 3:4.5  
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">June, 1982</unitdate>
June, 1982

6405  
<title xlink:type="simple" render="italic">The State</title> Magazine

Folder: 3:4.6  
Last Page
October, 1956
Folder: 3:4.7  
<unitdate type="inclusive" calendar="gregorian" era="ce">November, 1963</unitdate>
November, 1963

Folder: 3:4.8  
Newspaper Clippings, includes obituaries for Lydia M. Stick and Frank Stick

Folder: 3:4.9  
<title xlink:type="simple" render="italic">The Art of Frank Stick</title> Booklet

Folder: 3:4.10  
Article on Frank Stick's exhibit in Key West, Florida's East Martello Gallery

Folder: 3:4.11  
<title xlink:type="simple" render="italic">Report on New Jersey Beaches</title> by Peter Gannon
April, 1963

Folder: 4:4.12  
Notes and drafts on Various Frank Stick Manuscripts

Folder: 4:4.13  
<title xlink:type="simple" render="italic">Fishin' Round the Virgin Islands</title>

Folder: 4:4.14  
<title xlink:type="simple" render="italic">Our Virgin Islands National Park</title>

Folder: 4:4.15  
Ocean Highway Manuscript

Folder: 4:5.1  
Information on Fish

Folder: 4:5.2  
Suggested Subjects and Chapter Headings for Fishes of Atlantic and Caribbean Waters

6419  
Drafts

Folder: 4:5.3  
Foreword: Fishes of Atlantic and Caribbean Waters
Folder: 4:5.4  
Chapter 1: Of Fisherman and Fishes: Fishes of Atlantic and Caribbean Waters

6422  
Draft Notes

Folder: 4:5.5  
Rockfish
Folder: 4:5.6  
Barracuda
Folder: 4:5.7  
Herring Like Fish
Folder: 4:5.8  
Various Fish and Sharks

Folder: 4:5.9  
Pictures Eliminated from Frank Stick's Book

Folder: 4:5.10  
Listing of Fish with its Scientific Name

Folder: 4:5.11  
Sequence of Paintings in Frank Stick's Fish Book
1980