Horace Dough Papers, PC.5298

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Horace Dough Papers, PC.5298

Abstract

Horace Dough (1893-1973) was a fisherman, boat builder, and fishing guide for groups of visitors to the Outer Banks in the late 1920s and early 1930s. In 1933, he was made caretaker of the monument that would eventually become the Wright Brothers National Memorial in Kill Devil Hills and was officially appointed as monument superintendent in early 1934. He was also closely involved in the Manteo and greater Outer Banks community throughout his life. The Horace Dough Papers, 1928-1961 and undated, contains correspondence; advertisements; clippings; catalogs; financial and business records; bulletins and other publications; informational packets; booklets; campaign stickers; event invitations, programs, and schedules; and construction notes, plans, costs, and sketches.

Descriptive Summary

Title
Horace Dough Papers
Call Number
PC.5298
Creator
Dough, Horace
Date
1928-1961 and undated
Language
English English
Repository
Outer Banks History Center

Restrictions on Access & Use

Access Restrictions

Available for research.

Use Restrictions

Copyright is retained by the authors of these materials, or their descendants, as stipulated by the United States copyright law (Title 17 US Code). Individual researchers are responsible for using these materials in conformance with copyright law as well as any donor restrictions accompanying these materials.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], PC.5298, Horace Dough Papers, Outer Banks History Center, Manteo, NC, U.S.A.

Collection Overview

The Horace Dough Papers, 1928-1961 and undated, contains correspondence; advertisements; clippings; catalogs; financial and business records; bulletins and other publications; informational packets; booklets; campaign stickers; event invitations, programs, and schedules; and construction notes, plans, costs, and sketches. Materials are arranged into three series: Fishing Guide Records, 1928-1934 and undated; National Park Service, 1932-1960; and Personal Papers, 1929-1961 and undated.

The Fishing Guide Records series contains materials produced and collected by Horace Dough during his time as a fishing guide. Materials encompass financial and official records connected to the business, clippings and other materials advertising Dough's services, advertisements and catalogs for fishing-related products sent to Dough during his time as a guide, and correspondence. Correspondents and party members discussed in the letters include U.S. Congressman Lindsay C. Warren, famous New York financier Louis Eliasberg, the Izaak Walton League, author Paul Gallico, and Joseph Patterson, founder of the New York Daily News. Alongside fishing seasons and the logistics of fishing in the Outer Banks, these letters touch upon other subjects such as crime in Manteo and visitor accommodations on Roanoke Island, including the Tranquil House and Ft. Raleigh Hotel. Materials date from 1928 to 1934.

The National Park Service series contains records, ephemera, and memorabilia related to Dough's position as monument superintendent for the National Park Service, as well as both general and Outer Banks focused National Park Service developments that occurred during this period. Materials include correspondence; event invitations and programs; informational booklets; conference bulletins and schedules; project notes; and construction plans, cost estimates, and sketches. Materials date from 1932 to 1960.

The Personal Papers series contains materials documenting Dough's personal life and interests, including clippings, advertisements, financial records and purchase invoices, business cards, campaign stickers, and booklets of jokes and sketches. The series also contains materials connected to Dough's involvement in the Manteo and greater Outer Banks community, including a juror summons, event programs and invitations, and correspondence regarding community businesses and the Manteo Grammar School. Also included is the July 4th edition of the publication "The Daily Independent" from 1937, which discusses Outer Banks businesses, the Virginia Dare Transportation Company, and the Elizabeth City State Normal School, an African-American teaching college that was at the time the closest institute of higher learning for black students to the Outer Banks. Materials date from 1929 to 1961.

Arrangement Note

Materials arranged chronologically within series.

Biographical/Historical

Horace Dough was born 16 February 1893 to Walter and Elizabeth Dough. He married Martha Meekins in 1913. Dough began his career as a boatbuilder and fisherman. In the late 1920s and early 1930s, he expanded upon these skills by working as a fishing guide for groups of visitors in partnership with the Old Bay Line of the Baltimore Steam Packing Company. As a fishing guide he acted as a consultant on various fishing seasons in the Outer Banks, arranged for lodging and supplies, and accompanied his clients on daily excursions. These clients included famous New York financier Louis Eliasberg, the Izaak Walton League, author Paul Gallico, and Joseph Patterson, founder of the New York Daily News.

Later, Dough served as a laborer on what would eventually become the Wright Brothers National Memorial in the 1930s. After construction he was appointed temporary curator of what was then called the Kill Devil Hills Monument National Memorial, shortly before the monument's transfer to the custody of the National Park Service from the War Department in August of 1933. In early 1934, Dough was offered the permanent position of monument superintendent.

One of the first projects that Dough was involved in during his tenure of superintendent was the construction of monument additions including the superintendent's quarters, an associated access road, and a comfort suite from 1934 to 1936. He was later required by the National Park Service to move into the superintendent's quarters from his home in Manteo full-time. Other projects that Dough oversaw as superintendent included the hiring of night guards to discourage petty vandalism in 1937, moving the original Wright Flyer back to the Outer Banks from England in 1942, the installation of exhibits and environmental improvements to the memorial in 1947, and post-war proposals to change the name of the monument. He retired after twenty-nine years in the position.

Despite moving to Kill Devil Hills for his work with the National Park Service, Dough commuted frequently to his original home in Manteo and was closely involved in the Manteo community throughout his life, especially the local grammar school system. Horace Dough died 16 February 1973.

Contents of the Collection

1. Fishing Guide Records, 1928-1934 and undated

"Fisherman's Luck and Hunting Notes" by Peter C. Chambliss; Clippings Featuring Captain Horace Dough, 1928
Box 2
Linen Thread Company; Advertisements and Information Forms, 1928-1933
Box 1
Correspondence: A-F, 1928-1934
Box 1
Correspondence: G-P, 1928-1934
Box 1
Correspondence: R-Y, 1928-1934
Box 1
Horace A. Dough Fishing Guide and Baltimore Steam Packet Company; Advertisement, circa early 1930s
Box 1
Gray Marine Motor Company; Advertisement and Information Form, 1931
Box 1
South Bend Bait Company; Advertisement and Catalog, 1932
Box 1
Edward vom Hofe & Co. Incorporated Fine Fishing Tackle; Catalog, 1933
Box 1
Invoices, 1933 and undated
Box 1
Statement in Account with M. L. Daniels, Dealer in General Merchandise, Agent for Standard Oil Company, 1933
Box 1
Power Boat License, 1934
Box 1

2. National Park Service, 1932-1960

Correspondence; Bureau of Biological Survey, 1932
Box 1
Correspondence; Wright Brothers National Memorial and Kill Devil Hill National Monument, 1934-1958
Box 1
Monument Additions; Construction Costs and Planning, circa mid 1930s
Box 1
Monument Additions; Construction Sketches, circa mid 1930s
Box 1
Air Force Reproduction of the 1902 Glider Notes, circa 1930s-1950s
Box 1
Wright Brothers National Memorial; Signage and Lettering Plans, circa 1930s-1950s
Box 1
Kill Devil Hills Memorial Association and National Park Service First Flight Anniversary Celebrations Invitations, 1950-1952
Box 1
"Some Questions and Answers": Cape Hatteras National Seashore Recreational Area Project Informational Booklet, 1952
Box 1
Wright Brothers National Memorial; Programs of Anniversary of Powered Flight Celebrations, 1952-1953
Box 1
Wright Brothers National Memorial; Wright Memorial Flight Program, 1955
Box 1
Park Development Conference; Bulletin Volumes I-II, 1957
Box 1
Park Development Conference; Tour Schedule, 1957
Box 1
Wright Brothers National Memorial; Buildings and Utilities Account, 1960
Box 1

3. Personal Papers, 1929-1961 and undated

Checks, Receipts, and Bank Statements, circa 1920s-1961
Box 1
"The Specialist" by Charles (Chic) Sale, 1929
Box 1
"To the Wright Brothers" by J. A. White, circa early 1930s
Box 1
"Views of Duke University", 1932
Box 1
Juror Summons, 1933
Box 1
Correspondence; Manteo Grammar School, 1933-1934
Box 1
Correspondence; Community Businesses, 1933-1960
Box 1
Cooperative Agreement Between the State of North Carolina and the Land Upon which Sand Fixation, Foredune Construction, Reforestation, and Forest Stand Improvement are to be Conducted, 1934
Box 1
Mail Order Advertisements, 1936 and undated
Box 1
The Daily Independent: Week of July 4 Edition, 1937
Box 2
Browning Arms Company Invoice, 1939
Box 1
Business Cards, circa mid 1900s
Box 1
Explorers Club Clipping, circa mid 1900s
Box 1
Program of Ceremonies Dedicating the Elizabethan Garden of Roanoke, N.C., 1955
Box 1
Support the AMVETS: "We Remember" Campaign Stickers, 1956-1957
Box 1
Horace and Martha Dough Event Invitations, 1957-1960
Box 1
Programs of Meetings of Cultural Societies of the State of North Carolina, 1958-1959
Box 1
Financial Schedule, undated
Box 1

Subject Headings

  • Eliasberg, Louis E., 1896-1976.
  • Gallico, Paul, 1897-1976
  • Warren, Lindsay C. (Lindsay Carter), 1889-1976
  • Patterson, Joseph Medill, 1879-1946
  • Baltimore Steam Packet Company
  • National Park Service
  • Wright Brothers National Memorial (N.C.)
  • Izaak Walton League of America
  • Edward vom Hofe & Co.
  • Elizabeth City State Colored Normal School
  • Gray Marine Motor Company
  • Old Bay Line
  • Construction--1930-1940
  • Transportation--North Carolina--Outer Banks
  • Bluefish fishing--North Carolina--Outer Banks
  • Channel bass fishing--North Carolina--Outer Banks
  • Fishing guides--North Carolina
  • Cape Hatteras National Seashore (N.C.)
  • Manteo (N.C.)--Social life and customs
  • Oregon Inlet (N.C.)
  • Pea Island (N.C.)
  • Roanoke Island (N.C.)
  • Acquisitions Information

    Donated by Fay and Brian Edwards, December 2009.

    Processing Information

  • Processed by McKenzie Long, July 2019.