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John Augustus Young Diary


John Augustus Young (1814-1888) was born in Iredell County. Young built the Rock Island Manufacturing Company, a woolen mill. Young served in the 4th Regiment of North Carolina Troops (1861-1862) but returned to wool manufacturing for troops. After the failure of his mill in 1870, Young served as clerk of Inferior Court, Mecklenburg County until 1885 and then as postmaster of Charlotte until his death.The collection includes a diary of thirty-one pages kept by Young in 1861, a sample pay voucher, a list of flare and cannon signals (1861), and a photocopy of Young's obituary (1888). The diary recounts the 4th Regiment's organization after his appointment in May; giving general details of Batt ... (more below)

Title

John Augustus Young Diary

Collection Number

PC.629

Date(s)

1861 - 1888

Language

English

Physical Description
Items
3
Abstract

John Augustus Young (1814-1888) was born in Iredell County. Young built the Rock Island Manufacturing Company, a woolen mill. Young served in the 4th Regiment of North Carolina Troops (1861-1862) but returned to wool manufacturing for troops. After the failure of his mill in 1870, Young served as clerk of Inferior Court, Mecklenburg County until 1885 and then as postmaster of Charlotte until his death.

The collection includes a diary of thirty-one pages kept by Young in 1861, a sample pay voucher, a list of flare and cannon signals (1861), and a photocopy of Young's obituary (1888). The diary recounts the 4th Regiment's organization after his appointment in May; giving general details of Battle of Bull Run; describing Col. George B. Anderson and leave spent with Maj. Bryan Grimes at a plantation in Virginia; and mentioning epidemic of measles, nursing service by ladies of Richmond, machinery ordered from England for his mill, and clothing for the regiment.

Physical Location

For current information on the location ofthese materials, please consult the Public Services Branch, State Archives of North Carolina.

Creator

Young, John Augustus

Repository

State Archives of North Carolina


Available for research.


Copyright is retained by the authors of these materials, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law (Title 17 US Code). Individual researchers are responsible for using these materials in conformance with copyright law as well as any donor restrictions accompanying the materials.


Processed by Ellen Z. McGrew, June, 1967

Encoded by Lee Todd, November, 2007


John Augustus Young, born Iredell County, 1814, son of Mary Osborne Sharpe and John M. Young, a lawyer; lived in Statesville and Charlotte; served in state senate, 1835; organized Independent Iredell Blues, 1840; married Malvina Sophia Graham, niece of Governor William A. Graham; built Rock Island Manufacturing Company (woolen mill) near Charlotte; served in N. C. House of Representatives, 1840-1843; commissioned lt. colonel in 4th Regiment N. C. S. T., May 21, 1861; promoted to colonel; resigned May 6, 1862, at request of Governor Vance to return home to manufacture woolen cloth for troops; in N. C. Senate, 1862; Rock Island Mills failed, 1870; clerk of Inferior Court, Mecklenberg County, 1877-1885; postmaster of Charlotte, 1885 until his death in 1888. A son John Graham Young joined the 4th Regiment in 1863; other children were J. Alphonso, Ernest F., Lelia, Addie, and Mary.


[Identification of item], PC.629, John Augustus Young Diary, State Archives of North Carolina, Raleigh, NC, USA.


From Biennial Reports: 1930-1932, diary received. No donor listed. Photocopy of newspaper obituary from  "Compiled Genealogies," Young family, July 5, 1867.


Additional information on topics found in this collection may be found in the Manuscript and Archives Reference System (MARS)  http://www.ncarchives.dcr.state.nc.us.

  1. John Graham Young Papers, PC.1076, State Archives of North Carolina Raleigh, N.C. Bryan Grimes (1828-1880) Papers, PC.3.1 - 3.4 (11 letters), State Archives of North Carolina Raleigh, N.C. Walter Clark (ed.)  Histories of the Several Regiments andBattalions from North Carolina in the Great War 1861-'65(Raleigh and Goldsboro: State of North Carolina, 5 volumes,1901), 229-280. State Library of North Carolina, Raleigh, N.C.

The diary of thirty-one pages begins with a history of the regiment, from its formation and equipping through its movements until arrival at Camp Pickens at Manassas on August 11, 1861, twenty-one days after the first Battle of Manassas. The diary summarizes in some detail the recent battles (July 18 and July 21), including the death of Colonel Charles F. Fisher. The regiment remained at Camp Pickens during the summer and winter of 1861,  "doing post and fatigue duty and drilling."

The daily entries begin on August 19, 1861, and end September 8, 1861, in Charlotte, where Lt. Colonel Young has gone to procure winter clothing for the regiment. Among the entries are references to the large number of men on the sick list, his own poor health, the arrival of Professor E. B. Neave to organize a brass band, and the Richmond newspapers. There is a characterization of the regimental commander, Colonel George Burgwin Anderson; a reference to the coastal blockade and to machinery Young had ordered from England for his woolen factory; and a five-page account of an idyllic three-day leave which he and Major Bryan Grimes spent on the plantation of a Mr. Harrison who lived  "near the thoroughfare in Bull Run Mountain" and  "had been a member of the Virginia legislature and the late state convention."

Included is a fragment of a pay voucher for service (September 1 - October 31, 1861) with a list of night signals for sentinels. About half the pages in the diary have been removed and there are a few irrelevant entries by a young girl in 1874.


  • Anderson, George Burgwin (Colonel), 1831-1862
  • Fisher, Charles F. (Colonel), 1816-1861
  • Grimes, Bryan, 1828-1880
  • Confederate States of America--Army--North Carolina Infantry Regiment, 4th
  • Bull Run, 1st Battle of, Va., 1861
  • Clothing and dress--United States--History--19th century.
  • Plantation life--Southern States--History--19th century
  • Woolen goods industry--United States--History--19th century.
  • Camp Pickens (Va.)
  • Harrison Plantation (Bull Run Mountain, Va.)
  • Manassas (Va.)
  • Richmond (Va.)
  • United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Blockades
  • United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Women