Finding Aid of the Caleb Winslow and Family Papers, 1712 - 1941, PC.90


Finding Aid of the Caleb Winslow and Family Papers, 1712 - 1941, PC.90


Caleb Winslow, a Quaker physician, was born in Hertford, Perquimans County in 1824. He moved to Baltimore, Maryland, in 1866, and died there in 1895. Caleb Winslow was married to Jane Paxson Parry on January 14, 1852, and they had eight children.
The papers include correspondence of the Winslow family and several items of the Leiper and Knowles families, deeds, land grants, bills of sale, bonds, accounts, receipts, bills, promissory notes, wills, marriage certificates, estate papers, advertisements, warrants, summons, miscellaneous court papers, account books, 2 letter books (including c. 275 items), histories of the Winslow and Fayssoux families, account of Philip Jones' descendants, genealogies of the Fayssoux and Winslow and allied families, newspaper clippings, photographs, magazine excerpts, and miscellaneous material including envelopes.

Descriptive Summary

Caleb Winslow and Family Papers
Call Number
Winslow family
1712 - 1941
3.200 cubic feet
State Archives of North Carolina

Restrictions on Access & Use

Access Restrictions

Available for research.

Use Restrictions

Copyright is retained by the authors of these materials, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law (Title 17 US Code). Individual researchers are responsible for using these materials in conformance with copyright law as well as any donor restrictions accompanying the materials.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], PC.90, Caleb Winslow and Family Papers, State Archives of North Carolina, Raleigh, NC, USA.

Collection Overview

The Caleb Winslow and Family Papers include material on the Winslow family as early as Timothy Winslow, great-grandfather of Caleb, and as late as Nathan Winslow and Jane Parry Winslow Carroll, grandchildren of Caleb. In addition to the material on the Winslows, there are various items from families who were related to the Windows. For example, there are six items of the Leiper family of Pennsylvania, dating from 1852 and the marriage of Mary Lewis Fayssoux and John Chew Leiper, parents of the wife of Randolph Winslow. Three letters written to James G. Knowles, Delaware, 1891-1898, have not been connected with the Winslow family in business or in ancestry.

The bulk of the papers are concerned with two major subjects: truck farming in Perquimans County and speculation in land in Minnesota, Iowa, and Illinois. Caleb and especially his brother John were both interested in land. When John died a bachelor in 1866, Caleb took over the management of the western lands owned by both of them. The correspondence concerning land, both to John and Caleb, concerns collecting interest on notes, paying taxes, bringing suits to collect mortgages, selling land, collecting rent, extending the time of notes, and various other business and legal matters connected with the ownership of property. Most of the letters on land are those received by the Winslows except for the letter books of John R. Winslow which cover the years of 1856-1866.

Most of the letters on truck farming were written by J. C. Perry, one of Caleb Winslow's agents in North Carolina. Perry worked the farm in Perquimans County and perhaps owned a part interest in it. From 1868 to 1873, there are numerous letters on crops, receipts, and troubles of a farm. As a sideline to the farm, Perry also traded horses and mules. Caleb Winslow bought the animals in Baltimore and shipped them south to be used by Perry. There are several letters giving an account of the animals which had been sold and the prices of each. Winslow also received letters from Thomas Gilliam and T. G. Skinner, his legal representatives in North Carolina, concerning various other pieces of property that he owned.
There is very little information on Caleb Winslow's professional life. There are a few letters written by his patients about various medical matters, and there are also some written by other doctors seeking his advice. The most information on the medical profession comes from a typewritten copy of a history of the Winslow family written by Randolph Winslow with additions by his son Nathan. Both of these men were physicians, and both studied in Europe at various times. Nathan's letters from Austria, copies of which are in the history, give some information on the study of medicine in Vienna. A copy of a speech made before the Medical and Chirurgical Faculty of the University of Maryland by Randolph Winslow on the occasion of his election to the presidency of that getup in 1914 is included and gives some of his ideas on the ethics of the medical profession. In another speech, he discusses some of the history of medical schools, especially in connection with Maryland.

There is also very little information on the Civil War. A draft notice for John R. Winslow, a receipt for $100 excusing Caleb Winslow from the draft, and a copy of the safeguard granted to Quakers for their property, September 2, 1863, are among the items in the collection. According to John Winslow, the people in Perquimans County were being plundered by troops of both sides. In January, 1863, seven bags of salt were given to Nathan Winslow (son of Caleb) for damage to his farm. In February, 1863, cotton was taken from Perquimans County by a detachment of United States soldiers. Several discussions on the conditions during the war as well as on various events of the war are in the history of the family; however, there is very little original information.

Numerous miscellaneous items in the collection include receipts, promissory notes, accounts, bills, bills of sale, warrants, summons, wills, marriage certificates, and an extensive collection of deeds. There are also several genealogical accounts of the Winslow and Fayssoux families and an account of the descendants of Philip Jones. Some of the miscellaneous items of interest include several letters from Raleigh in 1917 and one in 1921 which includes the comment that Raleigh people really delight in mourning...; excerpts from the Bulletin of the School of Medicine, University of Maryland, on the deaths of Randolph, John Randolph (brother of Randolph) and Nathan Winslow in 1937; a small notebook telling of some of the financial affairs of the Temperance Hall of Hertford, North Carolina; numerous bills of sale for slaves; a document with the signature of Governor Josiah Martin in 1775 appointing Caleb Winslow (grandfather of the latter Caleb) executor of the estate of Jacob, his brother; and a deed for 1/6 part of twelve town lots in Winton, 1852.

Biographical Note

Caleb Winslow, a Quaker physician, was born in Hertford, Perquimans County in 1824. He moved to Baltimore, Maryland, in 1866, and died there in 1895. Son of Nathan and grandson of Caleb Winslow, he traced his ancestry back to William Bundy who died in 1692 in Perquimans County. Caleb probably attended the Academy at Belvidere, and may have gone to a the Friends' Boarding School in Providence, Rhode Island. He was graduated from Haverford College, Pennsylvania, in 1842, and also from the University of Pennsylvania in 1849, receiving his medical degree from the latter. Apparently he was an excellent physician, gaining prominence in Perquimans County as well as in Baltimore. After he had moved to Baltimore, he was called back to North Carolina many times to tend various patients. Caleb Winslow was married to Jane Paxson Parry on January 14, 1852, and they had eight children, only three of which lived to adulthood. The eldest child, Randolph, the donor of the bulk of these papers, died in 1937 at the age of 84.

Contents of the Collection

1. Correspondence,1808-1891

Correspondence, 1808-1859
Correspondence, 1860-1861
Correspondence, 1862-1865
Correspondence, 1866-1867
Correspondence, 1868
Correspondence, January - April 1869
Correspondence, May - December 1869
Correspondence, 1870
Correspondence, January - March 1871
Correspondence, April - June 1871
Correspondence, July - December 1871
Correspondence, January - April 1872
Correspondence, May - December 1872
Correspondence, January - May 1873
Correspondence, June - December 1873
Correspondence, January - July 1874
Correspondence, August - December 1874
Correspondence, January - June 1875
Correspondence, July - December 1875
Correspondence, 1876
Correspondence, 1877
Correspondence, 1878-1880
Correspondence, 1881-1886
Correspondence, Accounts, 1840-1880, 1887-1891, no date

2. Legal and Financial Papers,1712-1937

Deeds, Land Grants and Papers, etc., 1712-1790
Deeds, Land Grants and Papers, etc., 1795-1858
Deeds, Land Grants and Papers, etc., 1859-1890
Accounts, Receipts, Bills, etc., 1809-1840
Accounts, Receipts, Bills, etc., 1841-1849
Accounts, Receipts, Bills, etc., 1850-1853
Accounts, Receipts, Bills, etc., 1854-1859
Accounts, Bills, etc., 1860-1866
Wills, 1752-1857
Accounts, Receipts, Bills, etc., 1867-1888, no date
Bills of sale, etc., 1817-1858
Marriage Certificates, 1797-1904, no date
Notes, 1832-1866
Miscellaneous Papers, Pamphlets, 1785-1937
Bonds, miscellaneous court papers, etc., 1802-1889
Estates papers (Riddick, Newby, Hurdle)
Warrants, summons, 1810-1869
Account and letter book, 1855-1869
Account and letter book, 1855-1869
Account and letter book, 1855-1869

3. Family History

Philip Jones and his Descendants
The Fayssoux Family, pages 1-65
The Fayssoux Family, pages 66-161
The Fayssoux Family
History of the Winslow Family
Winslow and allied families
Winslow and allied families
Winslow and allied families

4. Miscellaneous and Correspondence, 1852-1941

Leiper, Knowles, and Winslow Families

Subject Headings

  • Fayssoux, Peter Dott
  • Jones, Philip
  • Perry, J.C.
  • Winslow, John R.
  • Winslow, Nathan
  • Winslow, Randolph
  • Fayssoux family
  • Knowles Family
  • Leiper family
  • Winslow family
  • Winslow, Caleb, 1824-1895
  • Jordan Family
  • Cannon, Joseph S.
  • Mayo, Charles H.
  • Pool, John
  • Skinner, Thomas G.
  • Seward, William Henry
  • Wilson family
  • FitzRandolph Family
  • Jones family
  • Riddick Family
  • Goodwin Family
  • Hurdle Family
  • Norcom Family
  • Newby Family
  • Hoskins Family
  • Maddox Family
  • Buchanan, James, 1791-1868
  • Winslow, Randolph, 1852-1937
  • Winder Hospital (Richmond, Va.)
  • Hertford Academy
  • Quakers
  • Haverford College
  • Temperance Hall (Hertford)
  • Society of Friends
  • N.C. Yearly Meeting Board School
  • United States. Army
  • Horse trading
  • Land speculation
  • Quaker physicians
  • Quakers--North Carolina--History--19th century
  • Truck farming
  • United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Destruction and pillage
  • Physicians
  • Hospitals
  • Nonpublic Schools
  • Presidents
  • Genealogical Data
  • Truck farming
  • Horses
  • Inaugural ceremonies
  • Political campaigns
  • Slaves
  • Medical care
  • Universities and colleges
  • Medical colleges
  • Administration of estates
  • Military service
  • Draft
  • Belief and Doubt
  • Religion
  • Loyalty
  • Education
  • Travel
  • Voyages and Travels
  • Professional Associations
  • Pasquotank County (N.C.)
  • Perquimans County (N.C.)
  • Baltimore (Md.)
  • Pennsylvania
  • Minnesota
  • Iowa
  • Illinois
  • Gates County (N.C.)
  • Pasquotank County (N.C.)
  • Europe
  • Raleigh (N.C.)
  • New Bern (N.C.)
  • Vienna (Austria)
  • Philadelphia (Pa.)
  • Hertford (N.C.)
  • Dismal Swamp
  • Account books
  • Correspondence
  • Deeds
  • Estates (Law)
  • Genealogical papers
  • Land grants
  • Receipts (Acknowledgments)
  • Slave bills of sale
  • Wills
  • Acquisitions Information

    From the Biennial Report, 1924-1926, eight boxes of Winslow papers received from Randolph Winslow, Baltimore, Maryland; 1928-1930. Four manuscripts from Randolph Winslow; December 11, 1967, c. 65 items given by Mrs. Lloyd P. Tyler, Raleigh, North Carolina.

    Processing Information

    Processed by Betty H. Carter, January, 1968. Encoded by Lee Todd, February, 2008. Updated by Fran Tracy-Walls, November 2019, for publication in Discover Online Catalog (DOC).

    Collection re-foldered and re-boxed and folder listing created by Vann Evans, Cindy Bradley, Ian Dunn, and Mike Childs, January 10, 2023. The contents of 20 manuscript boxes were rehoused in 8 fibredex boxes; box indicaters maintain the original box numbers.