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George W. Wright Ledgers


George W. Wright (1850- ) was a farmer in southeastern Richmond (now southern Scotland) County, with cotton as his primary crop. Wright's farm was located on Gum Swamp, south of Laurel Hill and southwest of Laurinburg. In 1884 Wright rented a local gin and press where he baled cotton for himself and for the public.The collection includes the following two ledgers: a 94-page ruled book marked Book C, covering the years from 1885 to 1887; and a 180-page ruled book marked Book D, covering the years from 1887 to 1889. Both volumes contain accounts of creditors and accounts of debtors.

Title

George W. Wright Ledgers

Collection Number

PC.AB.530

Date(s)

1885-1889

Language

English

Physical Description
2 ledgers, cloth-bound with leather corners
Physical Description
Items
2.00
Abstract

George W. Wright (1850- ) was a farmer in southeastern Richmond (now southern Scotland) County, with cotton as his primary crop. Wright's farm was located on Gum Swamp, south of Laurel Hill and southwest of Laurinburg. In 1884 Wright rented a local gin and press where he baled cotton for himself and for the public.

The collection includes the following two ledgers: a 94-page ruled book marked Book C, covering the years from 1885 to 1887; and a 180-page ruled book marked Book D, covering the years from 1887 to 1889. Both volumes contain accounts of creditors and accounts of debtors.

Creator

Wright, George W., 1850-

Repository

State Archives of North Carolina


Available for research


Copyright is retained by the authors of these materials, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law (Title 17 US Code). Individual researchers are responsible for using these materials in conformance with copyright law as well as any donor restrictions accompanying the materials.


Processed by George Stevenson, 2003

Encoded by Fran Tracy-Walls, September 2003; additional encoding by Lea Walker, November 2016


The farm of George W. Wright (1850- ) in southeastern Richmond (now southern Scotland) County was located on Gum Swamp south of Laurel Hill and southwest of Laurinburg. His principal crop was cotton, and in 1885 he rented a local gin and press where he baled cotton for himself as well as for the public.


[Identification of item], PC.AB.530, George W. Wright Ledgers, State Archives of North Carolina, Raleigh, NC, USA.


Gift, Robert M. Wright, Raleigh, N.C., 2003.


The two volumes described here are a 94-page ruled book marked Book C, covering the years from 1885 to 1887, and a 180-page ruled book marked Book D, covering the years from 1887 to 1889. They contain references to balances brought forward from Book B, or taken forward to Book E, confirming the supposition that these are random survivals of a larger series of books relating to Wright's costs of farming over a period of years. Both volumes are roughly in the form of ledgers, though individual accounts are carried in widely separated continuation pages. The number of each continuation page is clearly indicated either in one of the margins or following the last entry in an account being continued elsewhere in the volume. Book D is indexed; Book C is not.

Both volumes contain accounts of creditors as well as accounts of debtors. Each also contains an account of ready cash paid by Wright for purchases, charitable contributions, personal services, and so forth. There are creditor accounts in the name of Laurinburg and Laurel Hill general merchants from whom Wright purchased textiles and notions, shoes, hardware, and so forth, on credit and with whom he settled by paying in cotton or in money after his crop was sold. The debtor accounts are in the names of farm laborers to whom Wright supplied basic provisions (bacon, flour, meal, molasses) and chewing or smoking tobacco. The debtors paid off their debts to Wright by performing seasonal labor such as removing stumps from fields, plowing, stripping fodder, and picking cotton. Sometimes the labor was performed by the wife and/or the children of the laborer in whose name an account runs.


  • Agricultural laborers--North Carolina--History--19th century
  • Account books--North Carolina--History--19th century
  • Cotton--North Carolina--History--19th century
  • Agriculture--North Carolina--History--19th century
  • Agriculture--North Carolina--Richmond County
  • Agriculture--North Carolina--Scotland County
  • Richmond County (N.C.)
  • Scotland County (N.C.)

This volume was formerly marked Book C. Its 94 pages list names and accounts from 1885 to 1887.There is no index.

This volume was formerly marked Book D. Its 180 pages list names and accounts from 1887 to 1889.It includes an index.