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Black Mountain College Photograph Collection


Black Mountain College was an experimental school located in Black Mountain, N.C. Established in 1933 by John A. Rice and others, the purpose of the college was to educate the whole person, with an emphasis on the role of the arts and creative thinking.This collection of photographs includes views of the construction of the Studies Building, interiors of art classes, and activities of faculty and students between 1940 and 1945.

Title

Black Mountain College Photograph Collection

Collection Number

PHC.69

Date(s)

1940-1945

Language

English

Physical Description
Items
21
Genre/Physical Characteristic

Includes black and white photographic negatives of Black Mountain College.

Physical Description
Items
21.00
Abstract

Black Mountain College was an experimental school located in Black Mountain, N.C. Established in 1933 by John A. Rice and others, the purpose of the college was to educate the whole person, with an emphasis on the role of the arts and creative thinking.

This collection of photographs includes views of the construction of the Studies Building, interiors of art classes, and activities of faculty and students between 1940 and 1945.

Physical Location

For current information on the location ofthese materials, please consult the Western Regional Archives.

Creator

Campbell, John Harvey

Repository

Western Regional Archives, State Archives of North Carolina


The photographs are arranged chronologically.


Available for research.


Copyright is retained by the authors of these materials, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law (Title 17 US Code). Individual researchers are responsible for using these materials in conformance with copyright law as well as any donor restrictions accompanying the materials.


Processed by Stephen E. Massengill, May, 1997

Encoded by Aaron Cusick, January, 2012


Black Mountain College was an experimental school located in Black Mountain, N.C. Established in 1933 by John A. Rice and others, the purpose of the college was to educate the whole person, with an emphasis on the role of the arts and creative thinking. Despite the fact that Black Mountain College could rarely offer faculty more than room and board, a number of important teachers and artists were drawn to the school as part of the regular faculty or to participate in the school's Summer Institutes. Josef and Anni Albers, John Cage, Robert Creeley, Merce Cunningham, Max Dehn, Joseph Fiore, Buckminister Fuller, Edward Lowinsky, Robert Motherwell, Charles Olson, M.C. Richards, and Xanti Schawinsky were only a few of those who taught at Black Mountain College. In addition, the success of several of the college's students (such as Ruth Asawa, Edward Dorn, Kenneth Noland, and Robert Rauschenberg) helped to further the college's reputation in the area of the arts and the avant garde.

The character and focus of Black Mountain College shifted over time, according to the make-up of the faculty and students. Personal and ideological conflicts were common and sometimes lead to major changes in the college community. Lack of funds added to the stress of the situation, as did the school's physical isolation and its sometimes strained relations with the local population. Eventually, the student enrollment and available funds dwindled until the college was forced to close in 1956.


[Identification of item], PhC.69, Black Mountain College Photograph Collection, State Archives of North Carolina, Western Regional Archives, Asheville, NC, USA.


The photographs were donated to the Archives by John Harvey Campbell, Monteverde 5655, Pontarenas, Costa Rica on May 2, 1997. He was a student and sometimes visitor to the college. During March-April, 2012, these records were moved from the State Archives building in Raleigh to the Western Regional Archives, Asheville, N.C.


Additional information on topics found in this collection may be found in the Manuscript and Archives Reference System (MARS)  http://mars.archives.ncdcr.gov.


The collection of photographs includes views of construction of the Studies Building, the work program, interiors of art classes, and activities of faculty and students between 1940 and 1945.

The photographs are arranged chronologically.


  • Black Mountain College (Black Mountain, N.C.)
  • Art--Study and teaching--United States--History--20th century.
  • Universities and colleges
  • College buildings--North Carolina--Design and construction.
  • College students--North Carolina--Social life and customs--20th century.
  • College teachers--North Carolina--Social life and customs--20th century.

Box: 1  
1. Digging ditch to divert stream from site of Study Building
September 12, 1940

27412  
2. Digging foundation for the Study Building
October 31, 1940

27413  
3. Nailing joists at the new Study Building
October 31, 1940

27414  
4. Working on south side of stonewall near Study Building
November 16, 1940

27415  
5. Truck leaving Lee Hall for Lake Eden
May 13, 1941

27416  
6. Albers' drawing class, Ruth O'Neil posing, Albers is in the left foreground
November 14, 1941

27417  
7. Albers' drawing class
November 18, 1941

27418  
8. Faith Murray and her puppets
February 19, 1942

27419  
9. Fran and Ronny, faculty members, cutting down tree on campus
March 14, 1942

27420  
10. Bob Marden's news summary to the Black Mountain College community
May 5, 1942

27421  
11. Albers' color class
February 25, 1943

27422  
12. Mica mining, Hangsgings and Ken looking down shaft, fall
1943

27423  
13. Bob Wunch in his office
December, 1943

27424  
14. View from upper pasture, college buildings in lower portion of picture
April, 1944

27425  
15. Eddie Lowinsky Trio
April, 1944

27426  
16. Weaving on hand looms on sundeck
April, 1944

27427  
17. Albers' design class
August 4, 1945

27428  
18. Roland Hays concert
August 4, 1945

27429  
19. Students at the swimming hole
August 5, 1945

27430  
20. Practice cubicle
August 6, 1945

27431  
21. Albers' class, n.d.